Wetland and Aquatic Research Center

Publications

Explore WARC's science publications.

Filter Total Items: 2,490
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Year Published: 2019

Plot Locator: An app for locating plots in the field

PREMISE: One of the challenges in field biology is locating previously sampled plots. The Plot Locator app was developed to assist field biologists with plot identification and location, with or without GPS or online connectivity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Plot Locator Android app helps users locate field plots by creating a searchable database...

Boudell, Jere ; Middleton, Beth

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Year Published: 2019

Using maintenance records from a long-term sensor monitoring network to evaluate the relationship between maintenance schedule and data quality

Sensor-based environmental monitoring networks are beginning to provide the large-scale, long-term data required to address important fundamental and applied questions in ecology. However, the data quality from deployed sensors can be difficult and costly to ensure. In this study, we use maintenance records from the 12-year history of Louisiana’s...

Schoolmaster, Donald; Piazza, Sarai

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Year Published: 2019

Response of tidal marsh vegetation to pulsed increases in flooding and nitrogen

Worldwide, human activities have modified hydrology and nutrient loading regimes in coastal wetlands. Understanding the interplay between these drivers and subsequent response of wetland plant communities is essential to informing wetland management and restoration efforts. Recent restoration strategies in Louisiana proposes to use sediment...

McCoy, Meagan M; Sloey, Taylor M; Howard, Rebecca J.; Hester, Mark W.

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Year Published: 2019

Comparing live-capture methods for nutria: single- versus multiple-capture cage traps

Herbivory and burrowing by nutria (Myocastor coypus) cause substantial ecological and economic damage. Trapping is a common, effective practice for reducing nutria damage; however, trapping approaches must continually be adapted to keep pace with evolving animal welfare and ethical issues and to more effectively target pest species of interest....

Sheffels, Trevor R.; Carter, Jacoby; Sytsma, Mark S.; Taylor, Jimmy D.

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Year Published: 2019

Asian swamp eels in North America linked to the live-food trade and prayer-release rituals

We provide a history of swamp eel (family Synbranchidae) introductions around the globe and report the first confirmed nonindigenous records of Amphipnous cuchia in the wild. The species, native to Asia, is documented from five sites in the USA: the Passaic River, New Jersey (2007), Lake Needwood, Maryland (2014), a stream in Pennsylvania (2015),...

Nico, Leo; Kilian, Jay V.; Ropicki, Andrew J.; Harper, Matthew

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Year Published: 2019

Using δ13C and δ18O to analyze loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) response to experimental drought and fertilization

Drought frequency and intensity are projected to increase throughout the southeastern USA, the natural range of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.), and are expected to have major ecological and economic implications. We analyzed the carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions in tree ring cellulose of loblolly pine in a factorial drought (~30% throughfall...

Lin, Wen; Domec, Jean-Christophe; Ward, Eric; Marshall, John D.; King, John S; Laviner, Marshall A.; Fox, Thomas R; West, Jason B.; Sun, Ge; McNulty, Steve G; Noormets, Asko

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Year Published: 2019

The importance of natural versus human factors for ecological conditions of streams and rivers

Streams are influenced by watershed-scale factors, such as climate, geology, topography, hydrology, and soils, which mostly vary naturally among sites, as well as human factors, agriculture and urban development. Thus, natural factors could complicate assessment of human disturbance. In the present study, we use structural equation modeling and...

Tang, Tao; Stevenson, R. Jan; Grace, James

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Year Published: 2019

Estimating the value of mangrove leaf litter in sesarmid crab diets: The importance of fractionation factors

Sesarmid crabs play an important role in organic matter and carbon cycling of mangrove forests. Visual observations and gut content studies have verified that sesarmid crabs are feeding on mangrove leaves, yet stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen (13C and 15N) have indicated that leaf litter is not assimilated as a food source. Sesarmid...

MacKenzie, R.A.; Cormier, N.; Demopoulos, Amanda

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Year Published: 2019

Serum iron analytes in healthy and diseased Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris)

Serum iron concentration is usually decreased in true iron deficiency and with inflammatory disease in man and domestic animals. Serum total iron binding capacity (TIBC) may be increased in true iron deficiency and decreased with inflammatory disease. This prospective study was designed to measure serum iron analytes in healthy free-ranging and...

Harvey, John W.; Harr, Kendal E; Murphy, David; Walsh, Michael T.; deWit, Martine; Deutsch, Charles J.; Bonde, Robert

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Year Published: 2019

The potential resiliency of a created tidal marsh to sea-level rise

The purpose of this study was to determine the elevation dynamics of a created tidal marsh on the North Carolina coast. Deep rod surface elevation tables (RSET) and feldspar marker horizons (MH) were installed in plots to measure net surface elevation changes and to quantify contributing processes. Twelve total plots were placed on four elevation...

Kamrath, Brock J. W.; Burchell, Michael R.; Cormier, Nicole; Krauss, Ken W.; Johnson, Darren

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Year Published: 2019

Genetic Characterization of Non-Native African Jewelfish, Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880, in Florida

The African Jewelfish, Hemichromis letourneuxi, is an invasive, predatory cichlid fish introduced at least once to Florida. Its native range is in northern Africa. First encountered in Miami in the 1960s, it has since been found west and north within the State of Florida. It thrives in a wide range of aquatic habitats, including shallow,...

Belfiore, Natalia M.; Schofield, Pamela J.

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Year Published: 2019

Targeting wildlife crime interventions through geographic profiling

Seeing an animal hanging lifelessly from a snare is a heart-wrenching experience. Knowing that most animals caught in snares are left to rot without being used for meat or any other purpose might be worse. Over an eight-year period, 2001–2009, we recorded 10,231 incidents of illegal hunting in a wildlife conservation area in southeastern Zimbabwe...

Romanach, Stephanie; Faulkner, Sally C.; Stevens, Michael C.A.; Lindsey, Peter A.; Le Comber, Steven C.