Wetland and Aquatic Research Center

Publications

Explore WARC's science publications.

Filter Total Items: 2,164
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Year Published: 2018

Tropical wetlands in the Anthropocene: The critical role of wet-dry cycles

In the face of climate change and increasing human water demands for agriculture, industry, and cities, the fate of wetland ecosystems in tropical wet-dry climates is threatened. To maximize biodiversity and ecological resilience, the value of the ecosystem services provided by tropical wetlands can be incorporated into regional land use and water...

Osland, Michael J.; Middleton, Beth A.
Osland, M.J., and Middleton, B.A., 2018, Tropical wetlands in the Anthropocene: the critical role of wet-dry cycles: The Solutions Journal, v. 9, no.3, July 2018, https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/tropical-wetlands-anthropocene-critical-role-wet-dry-cycles/.

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Year Published: 2018

Turning on the faucet to a healthy coast

Coastal re-engineering and freshwater extraction have reduced water flow into the estuaries of the world. Because of these activities, stressed coastal vegetation is especially vulnerable to die-off during droughts, contributing to a loss of human services related to storm protection, fisheries and water quality. The subsequent collapse of...

Middleton, Beth; Montagna, Paul A.
Middleton, B.A., and Montagna, P.A., 2018, Turning on the faucet to coastal wetlands: The Solutions Journal, v. 9, no. 3, July 2018, https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/turning-faucet-healthy-coast/.

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Year Published: 2018

An interim harvest strategy for Taiga Bean geese

In 2016 the AEWA European Goose Management International Working Group (EGM IWG) adopted document AEWA/EGM IWG 1.8 (Johnson et al. 2016), which contained initial elements of an Adaptive Harvest Management programme for Taiga Bean Geese. This report addresses a number of limitations with the population model presented in that document, and provides...

Johnson, Fred A.; Alhainen, Mikko; Fox, Anthony D.; Madsen, Jesper
Johnson, F.A., Alhainen, M., Fox, A.D., and Madsen, J., 2018, An interim harvest strategy for Taiga Bean geese [ext. abs.], 2nd meeting of the AEWA European Goose Management International Working Group, June 15-16, 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark, 12 p., http://www.unep-aewa.org/sites/default/files/document/aewa_egm_iwg_2_8_tbg_interim_harvest_strategy.pdf.

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Year Published: 2018

A multiscale natural community and species-level vulnerability assessment of the Gulf Coast, USA

Vulnerability assessments combine quantitative and qualitative evaluations of the exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity of species or natural communities to current and future threats. When combined with the economic, ecological or evolutionary value of the species, vulnerability assessments quantify the relative risk to regional species...

Reece, Joshua S.; Watson, Amanda; Dalyander, Patricia (Soupy); Edwards, C.; Geselbracht, Laura; LaPeyre, Megan K.; Tirpak, Blair; John M. Tirpak; Woodrey, Mark

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Year Published: 2018

Climate and plant controls on soil organic matter in coastal wetlands

Coastal wetlands are among the most productive and carbon‐rich ecosystems on Earth. Long‐term carbon storage in coastal wetlands occurs primarily belowground as soil organic matter (SOM). In addition to serving as a carbon sink, SOM influences wetland ecosystem structure, function, and stability. To anticipate and mitigate the effects of climate...

Osland, Michael J.; Gabler, Christopher A.; Grace, James B.; Day, Richard H.; McCoy, Meagan L.; McLeod, Jennie L.; From, Andrew S.; Enwright, Nicholas M.; Feher, Laura C.; Stagg, Camille L.; Hartley, Stephen B.
Osland, M.J., Gabler, C.A., Grace, J.B., Day, R.H., McCoy, M.L., McLeod, J.L., From, A.S., Enwright, N.M., Feher, L.C., Stagg, C.L., and Hartley, S.B., 2018, Climate and plant controls on soil organic matter in coastal wetlands: Global Change Biology, Accepted Articles, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14376.

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Year Published: 2018

Book review: A new view on the species abundance distribution Stochastic communities: A mathematical theory of biodiversity

The sampled relative abundances of species of a taxonomic group, whether birds, trees, or moths, in a natural community at a particular place vary in a way that suggests a consistent underlying pattern, referred to as the species abundance distribution (SAD). Preston [1] conjectured that the numbers of species, plotted as a histogram of...

DeAngelis, Donald L.
DeAngelis, D.L., 2018, Book Review: A new view on the species abundance distribution: Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Available Online, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.05.002.

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Year Published: 2018

Variation in home range size and patterns in adult female American crocodiles Crocodylus acutus

The American crocodile Crocodylus acutus is a threatened species that uses relatively deep, open-water habitats with low salinity. Adult female American crocodiles nest on sandy coastal beaches, islands or human-made berms, assist in the hatching process, and can travel long distances to nesting habitat. We satellite-tracked 15 adult...

Hart, Kristen M.; Beauchamp, Jeffrey S.; Cherkiss, Michael S.; Mazzotti, Frank

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Year Published: 2018

Flooding alters plant-mediated carbon cycling independently of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations

Plant‐mediated processes determine carbon (C) cycling and storage in many ecosystems; how plant‐associated processes may be altered by climate‐induced changes in environmental drivers is therefore an essential question for understanding global C cycling. In this study, we hypothesize that environmental alterations associated with near‐term climate...

Jones, Scott F.; Stagg, Camille L.; Krauss, Ken W.; Hester, Mark W.
Jones, S.F., Stagg, C.L., Krauss, K.W., and Hester, M.W., 2018, Flooding alters plant-mediated carbon cycling independently of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Accepted Articles, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JG004369.

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Year Published: 2018

Quantifying relative importance: Computing standardized effects in models with binary outcomes

Scientists commonly ask questions about the relative importances of processes, and then turn to statistical models for answers. Standardized coefficients are typically used in such situations, with the goal being to compare effects on a common scale. Traditional approaches to obtaining standardized coefficients were developed with idealized...

Grace, James B.; Johnson, Darren; Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; Byrnes, Jarrett E.K.
Grace, J.B., Johnson, D.J., Lefcheck, J.S., and Byrnes, J.E.K., 2018, Quantifying relative importance: computing standardized effects in models with binary outcomes: Ecosphere, v. 9, no. 6, art. e02283, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2283.

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Year Published: 2018

Coastal wetland adaptation to sea level rise: Quantifying potential for landward migration and coastal squeeze

Coastal wetland ecosystems are expected to migrate landwards in response to rising seas. However, due to differences in topography and coastal urbanization, estuaries vary in their ability to accommodate migration. Low‐lying urban areas can constrain migration and lead to wetland loss (i.e. coastal squeeze), especially where existing wetlands...

Borchert, Sinéad M.; Osland, Michael J.; Enwright, Nicholas M.; Griffith, Kereen
Borchert, S.M., Osland, M.J., Enwright, N.M., and Griffith, K.T., 2018, Coastal wetland adaptation to sea level rise: Quantifying potential for landward migration and coastal squeeze: Journal of Applied Ecology, Early View, https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13169.

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Year Published: 2018

Cumulative spring discharge and survey effort influence occupancy and detection of a threatened freshwater mussel, the Suwannee Moccasinshell

Freshwater mussels (Unionidae) are among the most imperiled groups of organisms in the world, and the lack of information regarding species distributions, life-history characteristics, and ecological and biological requirements may limit the protection of remaining mussel populations. We examined the influence of hydrologic factors on the...

Holcomb, Jordan M.; Shea, Colin P.; Johnson, Nathan A.
Holcomb, J.M., Shea, C.P., and Johnson, N.A., 2018, Cumulative spring discharge and survey effort influence occupancy and detection of a threatened freshwater mussel, the Suwannee moccasinshell: Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, v. 9, no. 1, p. 95-105, https://doi.org/10.3996/052017-JFWM-042.

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Year Published: 2018

President elect's message

The first morning home the day after I became president of SWS at the annual meeting in Denver, I note the wilting of my garden and the grumpiness of my cats as the dawn of my new reality. The extra hours that I will spend as president of SWS will manifest itself as more cat and garden unhappiness as travel and responsibilities grow. The cats...

Middleton, Beth A.
Middleton, B.A., 2018, SWS President’s Address: Wetland Science and Practice, June 2018, http://www.sws.org/Publications/wetland-science-and-practice.html.