Wetland and Aquatic Research Center

Wetlands

Wetlands offer many significant benefits for fish and wildlife as well as society. They provide habitat for thousands of species of aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. Wetlands are valuable to humans for flood protection, water quality improvement, shoreline erosion control, natural products, recreation, and aesthetics. WARC researchers provide scientific understanding of how wetlands work and the importance of wetlands to both humans and the plants and animals that rely on healthy wetlands to survive.
Filter Total Items: 28
Date published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Identification of Hydrologic Controls on Coastal Spartina patens Marshes and Optimal Hydrological Conditions for Sustainable Mottled Duck Habitat

Mottled ducks rely on the coastal marshes of the Texas Chenier Plain, which are considered among the most critically endangered habitats in the United States. USGS scientists are evaluating what might be contributing to the degradation of high-quality mottled duck habitat to better understand the causes of habitat loss and subsequently mitigate those losses.

Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Active

Effects of Native and Non-native Fishes on Native Apple Snail Population Dynamics

The Florida apple snail is a critical component of the state's wetland food webs. USGS scientists assess the effects of native and non-native fishes on the native snail populations.

Contacts: Pamela J Schofield, Ph.D., Daniel Slone, Ph.D., Kristen Reaver, Philip C. Darby, Ph.D., Silvia M. Gutierre, Ph.D.
Date published: August 1, 2018
Status: Active

Wetland Forest Regeneration Dynamics and Productivity in Southeastern Cypress Swamp Ecosystems

Relict forests (i.e., forests unable to reestablish after disturbance) may develop in the southeastern U.S. in future predicted extreme climates of temperature, flooding, and drought, according to the International Panel on Climate Change.

Date published: June 22, 2016

Status and Trends of Emergent Wetlands in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: 1950-2010

Throughout the past century, emergent wetlands have been declining across the Gulf of Mexico. Emergent wetland ecosystems provide a plethora of resources including plant and wildlife habitat, commercial and recreational economic activity, water quality, and natural barriers against storms.

Contacts: Kathryn Spear
Date published: June 17, 2016

Monitoring of Amphibians at St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge in Northwest Florida

Freshwater wetlands provide critical habitat for a diverse array of organisms, including many amphibians. Yet, under the threat of climate change, these habitats are among the most imperiled ecosystems on Earth.

Date published: May 19, 2016

Mapping Fort A.P. Hill Military Training Center’s Vast Wetlands

Mapping of Fort A.P Hill utilizes 2-D interpretation of 2013, 1-foot Color Infrared orthorectified imagery, affording greater detail in wetland interpretation and classification.

Contacts: William Royce Jones, Jason Dugas, Irene Huber
Date published: May 19, 2016
Status: Active

Ecology and Management of “Tropical Dry Wetlands” (Palo Verde National Park, Costa Rica)

In Central America, “tropical dry wetlands” provide numerous ecosystem goods and services. The mosaic of wetlands within and around Palo Verde National Park (a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance) is one of the largest complexes in the region.

Date published: May 11, 2016

Wildlife Indicators of Greater Everglades Restoration Progress, Climate Change, and Shifts in Ecosystem Service

As Greater Everglades restoration project implementation progresses, wetlands in near coastal areas may undergo changes in salinity, hydroperiod, and water depth.

Date published: April 25, 2016
Status: Active

Investigation of Causal Mechanisms of Coastal Wetland Change in Coastal Louisiana

This task will involve the compilation of all data sources and expert knowledge of causal mechanisms of specific areas of wetland loss throughout the coastal zone of Louisiana.

Date published: April 18, 2016

Mangroves vs. Salt Marshes: Mangrove Forest Range Expansion at the Expense of Salt Marshes

Winter climate change has the potential to have a large impact on coastal wetlands in the southeastern United States.

Date published: April 17, 2016

Mangrove Migration Network

At the poleward marsh-mangrove ecotone, mangrove abundance and coverage is winter temperature-sensitive in that it oscillates in response to the frequency, duration, and/or intensity of extreme winter temperatures. Future winter climate change is expected to facilitate poleward mangrove range expansion at the expense of salt marshes in Texas, Louisiana, and parts of Florida. 

Date published: April 17, 2016

Watershed Controls of Freshwater Wetland Nutrient Stoichiometry and Sensitivity to Eutrophication

When it comes to freshwater wetlands, hydrology plays a large role in nutrient stoichiometry and sensitivity to nutrient inputs. Although wetland biogeochemists intuitively understand these important relationships between landscape position, hydrology, and sensitivity to nutrient inputs, these relationships have never been quantified using geospatial data. The objective of this project will be...