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Inventory of water bottling facilities in the United States, 2023, and select water-use data, 1955-2022

October 16, 2023

An inventory of facilities that bottle water or other beverages containing water (including soft drinks, beer, wine, or spirits) or that manufacture ice was compiled by combining available datasets from multiple sources. This water bottling inventory dataset includes facilities within all 50 states of the United States, one federal district (Washington, District of Columbia), and three territories (Guam, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands). The inventory focuses on presently active facilities in 2023. Most closed water bottling facilities are not included; however, facilities identified as being a former production site (meaning the facility is still active but the business function has changed) or as closed during data review were kept and had their status marked. This data release includes water bottling facilities that operate their own infrastructure and source water through their own water sources, including wells, springs, and surface waters; are on a public-supply water system; or are diversified in that they obtain water from their own sources and receive public-supply water deliveries.

Facility classifications were based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code. The NAICS is the standard used by Federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the US business economy. The NAICS is organized into a hierarchical structure with 3-digit codes representing the subsector and 6-digit codes representing the national industry. Beverage types in subsector 312 (Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing) were compiled for this effort and included facilities with the following NAICS codes as a primary or secondary classification type:
312111: Soft drink manufacturing
312112: Bottled water manufacturing
312113: Ice manufacturing
312120: Breweries
312130: Wineries
312140: Distilleries

This data release includes three tables:
WBinventory_FacilityList.txt - a tab-delimited text file (TXT) with the inventory of water bottling facilities and associated facility information
WBinventory_WaterUse.txt - a tab-delimited text file (TXT) with water-use (withdrawal) information for selected water bottling facilities
WBinventory_DataSources.txt - a tab-delimited text file (TXT) that lists the source name, state, year acquired, data type, and how data were acquired to construct the facility inventory and water-use tables.

This project is part of the Water Availability and Use Science Program which assists in the determination of water that is available for human and ecological uses, now and in the future.

Publication Year 2023
Title Inventory of water bottling facilities in the United States, 2023, and select water-use data, 1955-2022
DOI 10.5066/P90Z125H
Authors Cheryl A Buchwald, Carol L Luukkonen, Gary R Martin, James L Kennedy, John T Wilson, Meghan E Hian, Cheryl A Dieter
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Upper Midwest Water Science Center