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Year Published: 2019

Landscape structure and temporal dynamic effects on Wintering Mallard abundance and distributions in the Mississippi alluvial valley

Context Management of wintering waterfowl in North America requires adaptability because constant landscape and environmental change challenges existing management strategies regarding waterfowl habitat use at large spatial scales. Migratory waterfowl including mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) use the lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley (MAV) for...

Herbert, John A.; Chakraborty, Avishek; Naylor, Luke W.; Beattty, William S.; Krementz, David G.

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Year Published: 2019

Capture versus tagging impacts on chum salmon freshwater spawning migration travel times

The spawning migration travel times of chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum), fitted with gastrically implanted radio tags vs external spaghetti tags were tested for a short [≈60 river km (rkm)] and long migration route (≈730 rkm) on the Koyukuk River, Alaska, USA. Using a novel application of statistical arrival curve models to infer travel...

Sethi, Suresh

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Year Published: 2019

Optimal treatment allocations in space and time for online control of anemerging infectious disease

A key component in controlling the spread of an epidemic is deciding where, when and to whom to apply an intervention. We develop a framework for using data to inform these decisions in realtime. We formalize a treatment allocation strategy as a sequence of functions, one per treatment period, that map up‐to‐date information on the spread of an...

Laber, Eric B.; Meyer, Nick J.; Reich, Brian J.; Pacifici, Krishna; Collazo, Jaime A.; Drake, John M.

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Year Published: 2019

Predicting species-habitat relationships: Does body size matter?

Context. Allometric scaling laws are foundational to structuring processes from cellular to ecosystem levels. The idea that allometric relationships underlie species characteristic selection scales, the spatial scales at which species respond to landscape features, has recently been investigated, however, supporting empirical evidence is scarce....

Stuber, E.F.; Gruber, L.; Fontaine, Joseph J.

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Year Published: 2019

Effects of landscape characteristics on annual survival of Lesser Prairie-Chickens

Agriculture and development have caused landscape change throughout the southwestern Great Plains in the range of the lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus). Landscape alteration within the lesser prairie-chicken range may contribute to range contraction and population losses through decreases in survival rates. Our objectives were to...

Robinson, Samantha G.; Haukos, David A.; Plumb, Reid T.; Kraft, John D.; Sullins, Daniel S.; Lautenbach, Joseph M.; Lautenbach, Jonathan D.; Sandercock, Brett K.; Christian A. Hagen; Bartuszevige, Anne M.; Rice, Mindy B.

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Year Published: 2019

Historical sediment mercury deposition for select South Dakota, USA, lakes: implications for watershed transport and flooding

PurposeSelect South Dakota, USA water bodies, including both natural lakes and man-made impoundments, were sampled and analyzed to assess mercury (Hg) dynamics and historical patterns of total Hg deposition.Materials and methodsSediment cores were collected from seven South Dakota lakes. Mercury concentrations and flux profiles were determined...

Squillace, Maria K.; Sieverding, Heidi L.; Betemariam, Hailemelekot H.; Urban, Noel R.; Penn, Michael R.; DeSutter, Thomas M.; Chipps, Steven R.; Stone, James J.

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Year Published: 2019

Are waterfowl food resources limited during spring migration? A bioenergetic assessment of playas in Nebraska's rainwater basin

Accurate bioenergetic carrying capacity estimates of wetlands on public and private lands, as well as those managed for crop production are important for managing waterfowl populations and habitats. Given the importance of wetlands in the Rainwater Basin region of Nebraska for spring migrating waterfowl, we quantified and compared seed and...

Schepker, Travis J.; LaGrange, Ted; Webb, Elisabeth B.

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Year Published: 2019

Influences of spawning timing, water temperature, and climatic warming on early life history phenology in western Alaska sockeye salmon

We applied an empirical model to predict hatching and emergence timing for 25 western Alaska sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) populations in four lake-nursery systems to explore current patterns and potential responses of early life history phenology to warming water temperatures. Given experienced temperature regimes during development, we...

Sparks, Morgan M.; Falke, Jeffrey A.; Quinn, Thomas P.; Adkison, Milo D.; Schindler, Daniel E.; Bartz, Krista K.; Young, Daniel B.; Westley, Peter A. H.

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Year Published: 2019

Using spatially‐explicit capture–recapture models to explain variation in seasonal density patterns of sympatric ursids

Understanding how environmental factors interact to determine the abundance and distribution of animals is a primary goal of ecology, and fundamental to the conservation of wildlife populations. Studies of these relationships, however, often assume static environmental conditions, and rarely consider effects of competition with ecologically...

Stetz, Jeffrey B.; Mitchell, Michael S.; Kendall, Katherine C.

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Year Published: 2019

On the relationship between conditional (CAR) and simultaneous (SAR) autoregressive models

We clarify relationships between conditional (CAR) and simultaneous (SAR) autoregressive models. We review the literature on this topic and find that it is mostly incomplete. Our main result is that a SAR model can be written as a unique CAR model, and while a CAR model can be written as a SAR model, it is not unique. In fact, we show how any...

Jay M. Ver Hoef; Ephraim M. Hanksb; Hooten, Mevin B.

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Year Published: 2019

Estimating abundance of an open population with an N-mixture model using auxiliary data on animal movements

Accurate assessment of abundance forms a central challenge in population ecology and wildlife management. Many statistical techniques have been developed to estimate population sizes because populations change over time and space and to correct for the bias resulting from animals that are present in a study area but not observed. The mobility of...

Ketz, Alison C.; Johnson, Therese L.; Monello, Ryan J.; Mack, John A.; George, Janet L.; Hooten, Mevin B.; Kraft, Benjamin R.; Wild, Margaret A.; Hobbs, N. Thompson

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Year Published: 2019

Spatial autoregressive models for statistical inference from ecological data

Ecological data often exhibit spatial pattern, which can be modeled as autocorrelation. Conditional autoregressive (CAR) and simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) models are network‐based models (also known as graphical models) specifically designed to model spatially autocorrelated data based on neighborhood relationships. We identify and discuss six...

Ver Hoef, Jay M.; Peterson, Erin E.; Hooten, Mevin B.; Hanks, Ephraim M.; Fortin, Marie-Josée