Cooperative Research Units

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The Cooperative Research Units Program conducts research on a wide range of disciplines related to fish, wildlife, and natural resource management. Our 40 Units collectively conduct research on virtually every type of North American ecological community. 

Data and Tools Technical Publications
Filter Total Items: 104
Date published: January 21, 2020

Southern hognose snake Species Status Assessment data products

The three datasets were used in a model estimating the current and future persistence of 222 populations of southern hognose snakes, as estimated as part of the USFWS Species Status Assessment. Because these datasets contain information about sensitive species at risk of overcollection and harassment, they do not contain any spatial identifying information. The "HESIM_locs" dataset conta

Date published: December 5, 2019

Mercury concentrations in American alligators in South Carolina, 2010-2017

This dataset comprises whole blood mercury concentrations, sex, predicted age, snout-vent length, and body mass index in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) captured at Yawkey Wildlife Center, South Carolina, from 2010 to 2017. Funding for this study was provided by the U.S. Geological Survey (Cooperative Agreement nos. G12AC20329, G15AC00264) and the South Car

Date published: October 11, 2019

GPS tracking of Brown Pelican in the South Atlantic Bight during cyclonic activity (2017-2018)

This dataset comprises GPS locations analyzed in Wilkinson et al. (20XX): 14,478 deployed GPS locations, for 32 Eastern brown pelicans tracked during Hurricanes Irma, Florence, and Michael in autumn 2017 and 2018, respectively. Funding for this study was provided by the U.S. Geological Survey Ecosystem Missions Area, and facilitated by Mona Khalil (USGS). Among seabirds%2

Date published: March 19, 2019

Data Supporting a Framework to Incorporate Established Conservation Networks into Freshwater Conservation Planning

This data set provides the results of a conservation prioritization analysis for wadeable streams in Missouri, USA. Higher values (Maximum of 1) represent higher conservation value. Conservation values were derived using Zonation conservation planning software which used species distribution models, a prioritization algorithm (either Core-Area or Additive Benefit), species weighting

Date published: January 1, 2019

Bluegill catch rates and total length distributions among four sampling gears used in two Wisconsin lakes 2017

Data represent catch rates and total lengths of bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) collected from two northern Wisconsin lakes using four different sampling gears.The data include number of bluegills captured in individual units of effort for 4 different sampling gears (Isermann_Bluegill_Sampling_catch.csv) and total lengths measured for a subsample of those fish (Isermann_Bluegill_Sampling

Date published: December 3, 2018

Wyoming Range Stream Data (2012-2016)

This data release supports the manuscript entitled "Multiple approaches to surface water quality assessment provide insight for small streams experiencing oil and natural gas development" (DOI )and includes two data sets: 1) Mean daily discharge, temperature, and conductivity data from three stream sites in the Wyoming Range for summers 2012-2016; 2) Suspended sediment and mac

Date published: June 6, 2018

Avian point count survey-specific data in Northern New England 2013 to 2015

Avian point count, vegetation, and management data from surveys in Northern New England at four National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs), Baxter State Park, and prviate lands in Northern Maine surveyed during the breeding and postbreeding season bewteen 1 June and 4 August 2013 to 2015. NWRs include Nulhegan (Silvio O. Conte), Umbagog, Moosehorn, and Aroostook. This data release inc

Date published: February 15, 2018

Fish collection and hydrological data for oxbows in western Iowa

The data set associated with this metadata is included in three separate csv files: 'Occupancy_Data', 'Stage_Raw', and 'Flood_Stage_Height'. 'Occupancy_Data' was used to fit the dynamic occupancy models and includes 17 columns: Time: time periods numbered 1 to 5; 'Oxbow': individual oxbows numbered 1 through 10; 'OxbowName': the name of each oxbow; %2

Date published: February 15, 2018

Habitat and fish field survey data from Wyoming Range streams in 2012 and 2013

Stream habitat characteristics, energy development metrics, and fish catch per unit effort data for 91 sites (100m stream reach) sampled in the summers of 2012 and 2013.We sampled four streams in the Dry Piney Drainage (Dry Piney, Beaver Dam, Black Canyon, and North Black Canyon), five in the Fogarty Drainage (North and South Fogarty, North and South Pine Grove, and Sa

Date published: January 1, 2018

Activity patterns in regional and long-distance migrant bat species during the fall and spring along ridgelines in the central Appalachians, 2015-2017

Data contain zero-crossing, frequency acoustic detector locations, date to hour, species of bats recorded and identified and various wind and precipitation values associated with either day or hour for ridges,sideslopes and valleys at 5 locations in western Virginia's Appalachian Mountains.

Date published: January 1, 2018

Activity patterns of cave-dwelling bat species during pre-hibernation swarming and post-hibernation emergence in the central Appalachians

Bat activity around known hibernacula in Virginia and West Virginia portion of the central Appalachians during the fall swarm and spring emergence, 2015-2017

Date published: January 1, 2018

Amphibian Occupancy and Effects of Habitat Use on Pesticide Exposure in Iowa Wetlands

Amphibians living in agricultural areas encounter many challenges. Two factors affecting individuals in these landscapes are habitat loss and pesticides. This thesis focuses on amphibians using agricultural wetlands in Iowa, where row crops such as corn and soybeans dominate the landscape. The goal of my first study was to determine the influences of site characteristics on amphibian presence...

Filter Total Items: 2,921
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Year Published: 2019

Diel feeding and movement activity of Northern Snakehead Channa argus

Understanding the diel activity of a species can shed light on potential interactions with other species and inform management practices. To understand the diel activity of Northern Snakehead Channa argus, feeding habits and movement patterns were observed. Two hundred seventy-three Northern Snakehead were captured by boat electrofishing...

Lapointe, Nicolas W. R.; Saylor, Ryan K.; Angermeier, Paul

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Year Published: 2019

Predation strategies of larval clownfish capturing evasive copepod prey

Fish larvae depend on finding and capturing enough prey for rapid growth during the planktonic phase. The diet of many fish larvae is dominated by copepods, small crustaceans that are highly sensitive to hydrodynamic disturbances and possess strong escape responses. We examined how fish larvae with immature jaws, musculature and fins capture such...

Robinson, H. Eve; Strickler, J. Rudi; Henderson, Mark J.; Hartline, Daniel K.; Lenz, Petra H.

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Year Published: 2019

Migrating bison engineer the green wave

Newly emerging plants provide the best forage for herbivores. To exploit this fleeting resource, migrating herbivores align their movements to surf the wave of spring green-up. With new technology to track migrating animals, the Green Wave Hypothesis has steadily gained empirical support across a diversity of migratory taxa. This hypothesis...

Geremia, Chris; Merkle, Jerod; Eacker, Daniel R.; Wallen, Rick L.; White, P. J.; Hebblewhite, Mark; Kauffman, Matthew J.

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Year Published: 2019

Geometric targets for UAS Lidar

Lidar from small unoccupied aerial systems (UAS) is a viable method for collecting geospatial data associated with a wide variety of applications. Point clouds from UAS lidar require a means for accuracy assessment, calibration, and adjustment. In order to carry out these procedures, specific locations within the point cloud must be precisely...

Wilkinson, B.; Lassiter, H.A.; Abd-Elrahman, A.; Carthy, Raymond; Ifju, P.; Broadbent, E.; Grimes, N.

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Year Published: 2019

Population characteristics and the potential suppression of common carp in Lake Spokane, Washington

Common Carp Cyprinus carpio is a nonnative species that often has deleterious effects on aquatic systems. As such, there is interest in suppressing nonnative Common Carp populations in areas where humans have introduced them. The objectives of this study were to 1) provide insight on efficient techniques for capturing Common Carp, 2)...

Feeken, Stacey; Klein, Zachary B.; Quist, Michael C.; Horner, Ned

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Year Published: 2019

Salinity and water clarity dictate seasonal variability in coastal submerged aquatic vegetation in subtropical estuarine environments

Spatial and temporal variability characterize submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) assemblages, but understanding the complex interactions of environmental drivers of SAV assemblages remains elusive. We documented SAV composition and biomass across a salinity gradient in a coastal estuary over 12 mo. Ten macrophyte species were identified. The...

Hillmann, Eva R.; DeMarco, Kristin; La Peyre, Megan K.

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Year Published: 2019

Potential threats facing a globally important population of the magnificent frigatebird Fregata magnificens

Tracking of seabirds has been used to identify foraging hotspots, migratory routes and to assess at-sea threats facing populations. One such threat is the potential negative interaction between seabirds and fisheries through incidental by-catch. In 2012, 60 magnificent frigatebirds Fregata magnificens were found dead, entangled in...

Zaluski, S.; Soanes, L.M.; Bright, J.A.; Georges, A.; Jodice, Patrick G.R.; Meyer, K.; Woodfield- Pascoe N.; Green, J.A

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Year Published: 2019

Creating figures in R that meet the AFS style guide: Standardization and supporting script

Visual display of information in scientific and non‐scientific literature is the most efficient way to summarize large amounts data, focus the readers’ attention on patterns, and substantiate the message in the narrative. Figures often represent years of data collection and substantial monetary investment, and it is worth repeating the cliché “a [...

Glassic, Hayley C.; Heim, Kurt C.; Guy, Christopher S.

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Year Published: 2019

Chronic wasting disease—Research by the U.S. Geological Survey and partners

IntroductionChronic wasting disease (CWD) is the only transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, a class of invariably fatal neurodegenerative mammalian diseases associated with a misfolded cellular prion protein found in wild free-ranging animals. Because it has a long incubation period, affected animals in Cervidae (the deer family; referred to as...

Hopkins, M. Camille; Carlson, Christina M.; Cross, Paul C.; Johnson, Christopher J.; Richards, Bryan J.; Russell, Robin E.; Samuel, Michael D.; Sargeant, Glen A.; Walsh, Daniel P.; Walter, W. David
Hopkins, M.C., Carlson, C.M., Cross, P.C., Johnson, C.J., Richards, B.J., Russell, R.E., Samuel, M.D., Sargeant, G.A., Walsh, D.P., and Walter, W.D., 2019, Chronic wasting disease—Research by the U.S. Geological Survey and partners (ver. 2.0, November 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1109, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191109.

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Year Published: 2019

Behavioural plasticity modulates temperature-related constraints on foraging time for a montane mammal

Contemporary climate change is altering temperature profiles across the globe. Increasing temperatures can reduce the amount of time during which conditions are suitable for animals to engage in essential activities, such as securing food. Behavioural plasticity, the ability to alter behaviour in response to the environment, may provide animals...

L. Embere Hall; Chalfoun, Anna D.

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Year Published: 2019

Simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) model

Simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) models are useful for accommodating various forms of dependence among data that have discrete support in a space of interest. These models are often specified hierarchically as mixed-effects regression models with first-moment structure controlled by a conventional linear regression term and second-moment...

Hooten, Mevin; Ver Hoef, Jay M.; Hanks, Ephraim M.

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Year Published: 2019

Within-group relatedness and patterns of reproductive sharing and cooperation in the tropical chestnut-crested yuhina

In cooperatively breeding animals, genetic relatedness among group members often determines the extent of reproductive sharing, cooperation and competition within a group. Studies of species for which cooperative behaviour is not entirely based on kinship are key for understanding the benefits favouring the evolution and maintenance of cooperative...

Kaiser, Sara A.; Martin, Thomas E.; Oteyza, Juan C.; Danner, Julie E.; Armstad, Connor E.; Fleischer, Robert C.