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Year Published: 2019

Field-level characteristics influence wild bee functional guilds on public lands managed for conservation

Throughout the Midwestern US, many public lands set aside for conservation engage in management activities (e.g., agriculture) that may act as stressors on wild bee populations. Several studies have investigated how wild bees respond to large-scale agriculture production; however, there has been limited assessment of how wild bees may be...

Main, A.R.; Webb, Elisabeth B.; Goyne, K.W.; Mengel, D.

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Year Published: 2019

Comparison of aquatic invertebrate communities in near-shore areas with high or low boating activity

Lakeshore areas provide important habitat for aquatic invertebrates in shallow lakes. However, these zones are prone to anthropogenic disturbances that include shoreline development, urbanization, nutrient inputs, agricultural and(or) recreational use. Among recreational uses, public access sites are often developed to accommodate boaters and...

Smith, Bradley; Chipps, Steven R.; Grote, Jeff; Mecham, Jake; Stevens, Tanner M.; Rapp, Tobias

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Year Published: 2019

Accounting for phenology in the analysis of animal movement

The analysis of animal tracking data provides important scientific understanding and discovery in ecology. Observations of animal trajectories using telemetry devices provide researchers with information about the way animals interact with their environment and each other. For many species, specific geographical features in the landscape can have...

Scharf, Henry R. ; Hooten, Mevin; Wilson, Ryan R. ; Durner, George M.; Atwood, Todd C.

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Year Published: 2019

Evidence of age-related improvement in the foraging efficiency of Adélie penguins

Age variation in reproductive performance is well-documented but the mechanisms underlying this variation remain unclear. Foraging efficiency is likely to be a key source of demographic variation as it determines the amount of energy that can be invested in fitness-related activities. Evidence of age-related changes in the foraging efficiency of...

Lescroël, Amélie; Ballard, Grant; Massaro, Melanie; Dugger, Catherine M.; Jennings, Scott; Pollard, Annie M.; Porzig, Elizabeth L.; Schmidt, Annie; Varsani, Arvind; Grémillet, David; Ainley, David G.

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Year Published: 2019

A hierarchical Bayesian approach for handling missing classification data

Ecologists use classifications of individuals in categories to understand composition of populations and communities. These categories might be defined by demographics, functional traits, or species. Assignment of categories is often imperfect, but frequently treated as observations without error. When individuals are observed but not classified,...

Alison C. Ketz; Therese L. Johnson; Hooten, Mevin; N. Thompson Hobbs

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Year Published: 2019

Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units program—2018 year in review

The Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units (CRU) program had an interesting and challenging year in 2018. We made significant strategic advances on many fronts and had setbacks in others.Our relationship with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the agency we belonged to from 1935 to the mid-1990s, was further reinforced through strategic...

Organ, John F.; Thompson, John D.; Childs, Dawn E.; Dennerline, Donald E.
Organ, J.F., Thompson, J.D., Childs, D.E., and Dennerline, D.E., 2019, Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units program—2018 year in review (ver. 1.1, March 29, 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1452, 52 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1452.

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Year Published: 2019

Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units program—2018 year in review postcard

This postcard provides details about the "Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program—2018 Year in Review," U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1452, now available at https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1452. In this report, you will find details about the Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units (CRU) program relating to its background, fish and...

Organ, John F.; Thompson, John D.; Childs, Dawn; Dennerline, Donald E.
Organ, J.F., Thompson, J.D., Childs, D.E., and Dennerline, D.E., 2019, Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units program—2018 year in review postcard: U.S. Geological Survey General Information Product 187, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/gip187.

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Year Published: 2019

Fish growth changes over time in a Midwestern U.S. lake

Growth of Walleyes Sander vitreus, Yellow Bass Morone mississippiensis, Common Carp Cyprinus carpio, and Black Bullheads Ameiurus melas was assessed in Clear Lake, Iowa, over several decades and in relation to environmental variables. Growth of Common Carp was positively correlated with phytoplankton concentration. Recent Black Bullhead growth was...

Pierce, Clay

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Year Published: 2019

Role of recovering river herring population on smallmouth bass diet and growth

Fish assemblages in Atlantic coastal rivers have undergone extensive ecological change in the last two and a half centuries due to human influence, including extirpation of many migratory fish species, such as river herring (Alosa spp.) and introduction of nonnative piscivores, notably Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieu. Recently, dam removals...

Watson, Jonathan M.; Coghlan, Stephen M.; Zydlewski, Joseph D.; Hayes, Daniel B.; Stich, Daniel S.

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Year Published: 2019

Life history of the endemic saddleback crayfish, Faxonius medius (Faxon, 1884), (Decapoda: Cambaridae) in Missouri, USA

The saddleback crayfish, Faxonius medius (Faxon, 1884), is endemic to a single drainage in eastern Missouri, USA, that is affected by heavy metals mining, and adjacent to a rapidly-expanding urban area. We studied populations of F. medius in two small streams for 18 months to describe the annual reproductive cycle and gather information about...

DiStefano, R.J.; Westhoff, J.T.; Rice, C.J.; Rosenberger, Amanda E.

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Year Published: 2019

Integration of social and ecological sciences for natural resource decision making: Challenges and opportunities

The last 25 years have witnessed growing recognition that natural resource management decisions depend as much on understanding humans and their social interactions as on understanding the interactions between non-human organisms and their environment. Decision science provides a framework for integrating ecological and social factors into a...

Fuller, Angela K.; Kelly F. Robinson; Richard C. Stedman; William F. Siemer; Daniel J. Decker

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Year Published: 2019

Elk forage and risk tradeoffs during the fall archery season

During late summer and fall, elk (Cervus canadensis) need access to adequate nutrition to support physiological requirements for reproduction and overwinter survival. The archery hunting season often occurs during this period and can affect distributions of elk as they seek areas that minimize perceived harvest risk. Areas that confer lower...

DeVoe, Jesse; Proffitt, Kelly M.; Mitchell, Michael S.; Jourdonnais, Craig; Barker, Kristin J.