I have a list of historical Landsat Level-1 Scene IDs; how can I determine the corresponding Landsat Collections Level-1 Product Identifier?

The historical Landsat Level-1 Scene ID is in the EarthExplorer metadata. After entering a search using the historical Scene ID, the Landsat Level-1 Collection 1 Product Identifier will be returned in the search results. The results can be exported from EarthExplorer in a variety of formats for metadata parsing.

We also encourage use of the Bulk Metadata Service to download files that contain both the Collection 1 Level-1 Product Identifier and the corresponding historical Scene ID.

Explore Landsat data: Landsat Data Access

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What are the Landsat Collection 1 Level-1 data product file sizes?

The file sizes of Landsat Collection 1 Level-1 data products are listed in the table below. Sensor Compressed file Uncompressed file Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS 919 MB 1.61 GB Landsat 7 ETM+ 235 MB 785 MB Landsat 4-5 TM 150 MB 500 MB Landsat 1-5 MSS 20 MB 75 MB

How do I rescale Landsat Level-1 digital numbers to reflectance, radiance, and brightness temperature?

Landsat Level-1 data can be rescaled to the top of atmosphere (TOA) reflectance and/or radiance using radiometric rescaling coefficients provided in the metadata file (MTL.txt) that is delivered with the Landsat Level-1 product. The MTL file also contains the thermal constants needed to convert thermal band data to TOA brightness temperature (BT...

Are all acquired Landsat scenes held in the USGS Landsat archive?

The USGS archive contains data acquired by the Landsat satellites from 1972 to present. Data is downlinked to various ground stations around the world. While each ground station in the International Cooperator (IC) network is the primary source for distributing the captured data in their area, copies of the data have also been made available to...

How do I search for and download ascending (nighttime) Landsat scenes?

Ascending (nighttime) WRS-2 Path/Row numbers are different from descending (daytime) Path/Rows. Cloud cover values for Landsat night scenes will always be zero. If you know the daytime path/row or coordinates and want to know the nighttime path/row, use the WRS-2 Path/Row to Latitude/Longitude Converter . Use EarthExplorer to search using path/row...

What is the naming convention for Landsat Collections Level-1 scenes?

The Landsat Collection 1 Level-1 product identifier includes the Collection processing levels, processing date, collection number, and collection iter category: LXSS_LLLL_PPPRRR_YYYYMMDD_yyyymmdd_CC_TX Where: L = Landsat X = Sensor (“C”=OLI/TIRS combined, “O”=OLI-only, “T”=TIRS-only, “E”=ETM+, “T”=“TM, “M”=MSS) SS = Satellite (”07”=Landsat 7, “08...

Does Landsat Level-1 data processing include atmospheric correction?

Landsat Collection 1 Level-1 data are not corrected for atmospheric conditions, however Landsat Science Products , which include Level-2 Surface Reflectance and Provisional Surface Temperature, and Level-3 Burned Area, Dynamic Surface Water Extent, and Fractional Snow Covered Area are atmospherically corrected. Learn more: Landsat Collections...

What are the processing levels for Landsat Level-1 data?

The table below shows the Landsat Collections Level-1 processing levels: Landsat Level-1 Processing Levels Processing Level Description Terrain Precision Correction (L1TP) Radiometrically calibrated and orthorectified using ground control points (GCPs) and digital elevation model (DEM) data to correct for relief displacement.The highest quality...
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Date published: July 5, 2018

A Testimonial for Analysis Ready Data

Jim Vogelmann discovered something interesting about Analysis Ready Data (ARD) these last few months as he and his colleagues worked on finding a better way to quantify fire risk in the Great Basin of the western United States.

ARD, Vogelmann learned, works really well.

Date published: April 17, 2018

Free, Open Landsat Data Unleashed the Power of Remote Sensing a Decade Ago

In the old days, before 2008, a view of planet Earth from space often came at a cost.

Date published: November 8, 2017

USGS Releases Landsat Analysis Ready Data

Application scientists who download and prepare large amounts of Landsat scene-based data for time-series investigative analysis now will have that preparatory work greatly reduced for them through Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD) recently released by the U.S...

Filter Total Items: 8
March 23, 2018

Landsat in Action - The Importance of Landsat with Curtis Woodcock

Boston University Professor Curtis Woodcock talks about the significance Landsat was had in science and what he hopes to see as the mission continues.
 

December 31, 2017

Landsat Collections

Landsat Collections: Providing a Stable Environmental Record for Time Series Analysis

This video introduces the new U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat Collection 1 inventory structure. Collection 1 required the reprocessing of all archived Landsat data to achieve radiometric and geometric consistency of Level-1 products through time and across all Landsat sensors

...
September 19, 2017

Landsat Collections — What are Tiers?

This is the third video in a series describing the new U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat Collection 1 inventory structure. Collection 1 required the reprocessing of all archived Landsat data to achieve radiometric and geometric consistency of Level-1 products through time and across all Landsat sensors. This video explains how Landsat Collection Level-1 data products

...
June 30, 2017

Landsat Collections - RMSE

Landsat Collections: Providing a Stable Environment Record for Time Series Analysis

This is the second of a three-part video series describing the new U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat Collection 1 inventory structure. Collection 1 required the reprocessing of all archived Landsat data to achieve radiometric and geometric consistency of Level-1 products through

...
December 11, 2015

What's the Big Idea? — Charting Change from the Skies

Tom Loveland, research scientist with the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, explains how he uses data — both past and present — to help scientists, natural resource managers, and the public better understand how the face of the planet is shifting and what that change means.

Earth As Art image of Kazakhstan
September 9, 2013

Cubism—Landsat Style

Startling red patches sprout from an agricultural landscape that looks almost like a Cubist painting. The fields in this part of eastern Kazakhstan follow the contours of the land—long and narrow in mountain valleys, and large and rectangular over the plains.

  • Collection: Earth as Art 4
  • Source: Landsat 8
  • Download: 
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Craters of the Moon Lava Field, Idaho, Landsat 7 natural-color imag...
August 1, 2000

Craters of the Moon Lava Field, Idaho, Landsat 7 natural-color imag...

Craters of the Moon Lava Field, Idaho, Landsat 7 natural-color image. Lava flows black and dark brown, agricultural town of Carey and Pioneer Mountains to west.

Landsat Collection 1 Product Identifier

Landsat Collection 1 Product Identifier

This image displays the Landsat Collection 1 Product Identifier structure.