What do I do AFTER an earthquake?
WEAR STURDY SHOES
- to avoid injury from broken glass and debris. Expect aftershocks
CHECK FOR INJURIES
- If a person is bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound, use clean gauze or cloth if available
- If a person is not breathing administer CPR
- DO NOT attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in further danger of injury
- COVER injured persons with blankets to keep warm
- SEEK medical help for serious injuries
CHECK FOR HAZARDS
- Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help
- Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor
- Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring
- Downed or damaged utility lines--do not touch downed power lines or any objects in contact with them
- SPILLS--clean up any spilled medicines, drugs, or other harmful materials such as bleach, lye, gas
- DOWNED OR DAMAGED CHIMNEYS--Approach with caution--don't use damaged chimney (it could start a fire or let poisonous gases into your house)
- FALLEN ITEMS--beware of items tumbling off shelves when you open doors of closets and cupboards
- CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass
- If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days)
- Don't light your kitchen stove if you suspect a gas leak
- USE BBQ or camp stoves, outdoors only for emergency cooking
- If your water is off you can drink supplies from water heaters, melted ice cubes or canned vegetables (AVOID drinking water from swimming pools or especially spas--it may have too many chemicals in it to be safe)
Los Angeles will have the nation's toughest earthquake safety rules
ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion
Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People
In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property.
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With a press run of more than three million copies, "The Next Big Earthquake In The Bay Area May Come Sooner Than You Think-- Are You Prepared?" is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents.
House damage in central Oklahoma from the magnitude 5.6 earthquake on Nov. 6, 2011. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS
Damaged unreinforced masonry building on Main Street in downtown Napa, California. Photograph credit: Erol Kalkan, USGS
Pavement buckling and tented sidewalk resulting from the South Napa Earthquake. Photograph credit: Thomas Holzer, USGS
Example of a home emergency first aid kit