# Which volcanic eruptions were the deadliest?

Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions Since 1500 A.D.

 Eruption Year Casualties Major Cause Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia 1985 25,0001,3 Mudflows3 Mont Pelée, Martinique 1902 30,0001 (29,025)2 Pyroclastic flows2 Krakatau, Indonesia 1883 36,0001 (36,417)2 Tsunami2 Tambora, Indonesia 1815 92,0001,2 Starvation2 Unzendake, Japan 1792 15,0001 (14,030)2 Volcano collapse, Tsunami2 Lakagigar (Laki), Iceland 1783 9,0001 (9,350)2 Starvation2 Kelut, Indonesia 1586 10,0001

Other Notable Eruptions

 Eruption Year Casualties Major Cause Mount Pinatubo, Philippines 1991 3503 Roof Collapse3 Mount St. Helens, Washington 1980 573 Asphyxiation from ash Kilauea, Hawaii 1924 11 Falling rock1 Lassen Peak, California 1915 04 Mount Vesuvius, Italy 79 A.D. 3,3602 Pyroclastic Flow2

Eruptions of Mount St. Helens: Past, Present, and Future
Blong, R.J., 1984, Volcanic Hazards: A Sourcebook on the Effects of Eruptions: Orlando, Florida, Academic Press, 424p.
Living With Volcanoes: The U.S. Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program
Spall, H. (ed.), 1980, Earthquake Information Bulletin: July-August, 1980, v.12, no.4, 167p.

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