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GECSC staff are responsible for the development of data and information products that support global environmental research, landscape change investigations, geologic studies and emergency response activities. 

Filter Total Items: 223

Data release for climate change impacts on surface water extents across the central United States

High-frequency observations of surface water at fine spatial scales are critical to effectively manage aquatic habitat, flood risk and water quality. We developed inundation algorithms for Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 across 12 sites within the conterminous United States (CONUS) covering >536,000 km2 and representing diverse hydrologic and vegetation landscapes. These algorithms were trained on data

A gridded database of the modern distributions of climate, woody plant taxa, and ecoregions for the continental United States and Canada

On the continental scale, climate is an important determinant of the distributions of plant taxa and ecoregions.  To quantify and depict the relations between specific climate variables and these distributions, we placed modern climate and plant taxa distribution data on an approximately 25-kilometer (km) equal-area grid with 27,984 points that cover Canada and the continental United States (Thomp

Strontium isotope, amino acid, and fossil taxonomy data to aid in identifying instances of marine terrace reoccupation on Anacapa and San Miguel Islands, California, USA

In areas of low uplift rate on the Pacific Coast of North America, reoccupation of emergent marine terraces by later high-sea stands has been hypothesized to explain the existence of thermally anomalous faunas (mixtures of warm and cool species) of last interglacial age. If uplift rates have been low for much of the Quaternary, it follows that higher (older) terraces should also show evidence of r

Isotopic, geochronologic and soil temperature data for Holocene and late Pleistocene soil carbonates of the San Luis Valley, Colorado and New Mexico, USA

This data release contains radiocarbon dates and clumped isotope ratios for soil carbonates as well as observed soil temperatures for study sites in the San Luis Valley, Colorado and New Mexico, USA. The companion publication can be found at

Data release of zircon U-Pb geochronology and whole-rock isotope geochemistry for drill core samples from Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, and Wyoming

This U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) data release provides zircon U-Pb geochronology and whole rock isotope geochemistry for drill core samples from Montana, Nebraska, Nevada and Wyoming. The drill core samples were obtained from the USGS Core Research Center in Denver, Colorado. The samples were in order to constrain the age, provenance, metamorphic history, and geochemical character of basement te

Digital Data for Land and climate change in Mexico and Texas reveals small effects on migratory habitat of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus).

The decline of the iconic monarch butterfly in North America has motivated research on the impacts of land use and land cover (LULC) change and climate variability on monarch habitat and population dynamics. We investigated spring and fall trends in LULC, milkweed and nectar resources over a 20-year period, and ~30 years of climate variables in Mexico and Texas, a key region supporting spring and

Detrital zircon U-Pb data for Upper Triassic sandstones of the Auld Lang Syne basin, northwest Nevada, USA

This data release includes raw detrital zircon U-Pb data for isolated sandstones in Upper Triassic deposits of the Auld Lang Syne basin of northwest Nevada, USA. Detrital zircon U-Pb data for 11 sandstone samples (3269 zircon U-Pb dates) were acquired via LA-ICP-MS at the University of Arizona LaserChron Center for 11 sandstone samples. Primary insights from the data are twofold: 1) The data provi

Digital Data from a Previously Published Tectonic Map of the Colorado Plateau

This digital dataset release of the Tectonic Map of the Colorado Plateau is a courtesy publication of the previously published legacy report by V.C. Kelley in 1955. The original publication, "Tectonic Map of the Colorado Plateau Showing Uranium Deposits" contains elevation contours from the top of the Chinle formation in 1000 ft intervals and geologic structural formations such as monoclinal, sync

Data release for land-use and land-cover change in the Lower Rio Grande ecoregions, Texas (2001 to 2006 and 2006 to 2011 time intervals)

These data were created to describe the causes of land cover change that occurred in the Lower Rio Grande (LRG) Valley and Alluvial Floodplain ecoregions of Texas for the time intervals of 2001 to 2006 and 2006 to 2011. The study area covers approximately 600,000 hectares at the southernmost tip of Texas and is one of the fastest growing regions in the United States. Some of the largest cities in

Geologic Map of the valley corridor of the Niobrara National Scenic River, Nebraska

This release of digital geologic map data covers the Niobrara National Scenic River, a 76-mile stretch of river at the northern edge of the Nebraska Sand Hills. The mapped area includes the National Park Service unit of the Niobrara National Scenic River and the adjoining Middle Niobrara Preserve of The Nature Conservancy, and the Fort Niobrara Wildlife Refuge of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Seamless Integrated Geologic Map Database of the Intermountain West: Contributions to The National Geologic Map

This dataset is intended to provide seamless, integrated geologic mapping of the U.S. Intermountain West region as a contribution to The National Geologic Map supported by the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program of the U.S. Geological Survey. Surficial and bedrock geology are included in this data release as independent datasets at a variable resolution from 1:50,000 to 1:250,000 scale.

Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS) natural color, multispectral, lidar, and hyperspectral remote sensing data products collected at dryland sites 40 km south of Moab, Utah in May 2023

In support of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Southwest Biological Science Center researchers, and in coordination with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON), the USGS National Uncrewed Systems Office (NUSO) conducted uncrewed aircraft systems (UAS) remote sensing flights over two BLM Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) plots at the NEON Moab