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The USGS Water Resources Mission Area provides water information that is fundamental to our economic well-being, protection of life and property, and effective management of our water resources. Listed below are discrete data releases and datasets produced during our science and research activities. To explore and interact with our data using online tools and products, view our web tools.

Filter Total Items: 509

Multispectral images and field measurements of water depth from the Sacramento River near Glenn, California, acquired September 14-16, 2021

This data release includes multispectral images and field measurements of water depth from the Sacramento River near Glenn, California, used to evaluate the potential for efficient reach-scale mapping of river bathymetry using Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS). The images were acquired by a MicaSense RedEdge-MX Dual Camera deployed from a Trinity F90 vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) UAS. The 4 k

Simulating changes in the distribution of ammonium and ammonia versus physical and chemical conditions using PHREEQC with applications to toxicity to fish

Two sets of PHREEQC input and output files are provided that illustrate the distribution of aqueous ammonium and ammonia as a function of physical (temperature) and chemical (pH and solution composition) conditions. One set of simulations calculates the distribution of aqueous ammonia and aqueous ammonium over a range of temperatures and pH values in different solution compositions. The other set

Dataset of C1-C6 Dissolved Trace Hydrocarbon Measurements in the Western "Wet Gas" Part of the Marcellus Shale Oil and Gas Play in West Virginia, U.S.A. Collected Between June and August 2018

This dataset contains measurements of dissolved hydrocarbons in from groundwater samples collected in the shale gas producing regions of West Virginia, USA, between June and August of 2018. The target analytes in this study were: methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), ethene (C2H4), ethyne (C2H2), propane (C3H8), propene (C3H6), i-butane (C4H10), n-butane (C4H10), 1-butene (C4H8), propyne (C3H4), i-pentane

Microbial community analyses of groundwater collected during an enhanced bioremediation experiment of trichlorethylene in a fractured rock aquifer, West Trenton, NJ (2008-2015)

These datasets contain microbial community data from groundwater samples collected at an in situ bioremediation site located at the former Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC), West Trenton, NJ. DNA was extracted from groundwater samples collected from monitoring wells at the NAWC study site from July 2008 through July 2015 and analyzed for microbial community structure. Sample collection coincided wit

Nutrient and pesticide data collected from the USGS National Water Quality Network and previous networks, 1963-2018

The National Water Quality Network (NWQN) for Rivers and Streams includes 110 surface-water river and stream sites monitored by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water Quality Program, National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project. The NWQN includes 20 large river coastal sites, 41 large river inland sites, 30 wadeable stream reference sites, 10 wadeable stream urban sites, and 9 wade

Harmonized continuous water quality data in support of modeling harmful algal blooms in the United States, 2005 - 2022

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are overgrowths of algae or cyanobacteria in water and can be harmful to humans and animals directly via toxin exposure or indirectly via changes in water quality and related impacts to ecosystems services, drinking water characteristics, and recreation. While HABs occur frequently throughout the United States, the driving conditions behind them are not well understood,

A deep learning model and associated data to support understanding and simulation of salinity dynamics in Delaware Bay

Salinity dynamics in the Delaware Bay estuary are a critical water quality concern as elevated salinity can damage infrastructure and threaten drinking water supplies. Current state-of-the-art modeling approaches use hydrodynamic models, which can produce accurate results but are limited by significant computational costs. We developed a machine learning (ML) model to predict the 250 mg/L Cl- isoc

Data from Decadal Change in Groundwater Quality Web Site, 1988-2022

Evaluating Decadal Changes in Groundwater Quality: Groundwater-quality data were collected from 5,000 wells between 1988-2001 (first decadal sampling event) by the National Water-Quality Assessment Project. Samples are collected in groups of 20-30 wells with similar characteristics called networks. About 1,500 of these wells in 67 networks were sampled again approximately 10 years later between 20

Data in support of peak streamflows and flooding in select areas of Pennsylvania from the remnants of Hurricane Ida, September 1-2, 2021

Heavy rainfall occurred across Pennsylvania on September 1 and 2, 2021, as a result of the remnants of Hurricane Ida. Much of eastern and southcentral Pennsylvania received five to ten inches of rain and most of the rainfall occurred in a little more than six hours. Widespread substantial flooding occurred in the area, particularly impacted was the city of Philadelphia and surrounding areas. Flood

Algorithms for model parameter estimation and state estimation using the Kalman Filter for forecasting, filtering, and fixed-lag smoothing applied to a state-space model for one-dimensional vertical infiltration

The algorithms in this data release implement a State-Space Model (SSM) of vertical infiltration through the unsaturated zone and recharge to the water table. These algorithms build on previous investigations available at and The SSM is defined by observed states (i.e., the water-table altitude) and unobserved states (i.e., f

Coded Water Conflict and Crisis Events in the Colorado River Basin, Derived from LexisNexis search 2005-2021

The data in this data release are from an effort focused on understanding social vulnerability to water insecurity, resiliency demonstrated by institutions, and conflict or crisis around water resource management. This data release focuses on the conflict in crisis aspects of work. To characterize crisis a dual-prong, qualitative triangulation was used to identify and provide context for water co

Literature Summary of Indicators of Water Vulnerability in the Western US 2000-2022

This data release contains records from research focused on understanding social vulnerability to water insecurity, resiliency demonstrated by institutions, and conflict or crisis around water resource management. This data release focuses on social vulnerability to water insecurity. The data were derived from a meta-analysis of studies in the empirical literature which measured factors of social