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Filter Total Items: 493
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Year Published: 2015

Long-term monitoring of endangered Laysan ducks: Index validation and population estimates 1998–2012

Monitoring endangered wildlife is essential to assessing management or recovery objectives and learning about population status. We tested assumptions of a population index for endangered Laysan duck (or teal; Anas laysanensis) monitored using mark–resight methods on Laysan Island, Hawai’i. We marked 723 Laysan ducks between 1998 and...

Reynolds, Michelle H.; Courtot, Karen; Brinck, Kevin W.; Rehkemper, Cynthia; Hatfield, Jeffrey
Reynolds, M.H., K.N. Courtot, K.W. Brinck, C.L. Rehkemper, and J.S. Hatfield. 2015. Long-Term Monitoring of Endangered Laysan Ducks: Index Validation and Population Estimates 1998–2012. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, 6(1).

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Year Published: 2015

Book review: Restoring paradise: Rethinking and rebuilding nature in Hawaii

The native ecosystems of Hawai‘i have been severely degraded by the introduction of herbivorous mammals and a myriad of invasive plant species. Left unmanaged, most natural areas would continue along a trajectory towards domination by nonnative species; however, several projects have undertaken the daunting task of ecological restoration,...

Hess, Steven C.
Hess, S.C. 2015. Book reviews: Restoring Paradise: Rethinking and Rebuilding Nature in Hawai‘i. Pacific Conservation Biology 21: 168–171

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Year Published: 2015

Book review: Flight ways: Life and loss at the edge of extinction.

In less than 200 pages, Thom van Dooren aims in his ambitious book, Flight Ways, to reconnect humans empathetically with the rest of the planet's inhabitants, but especially vanishing species. This is asking a lot, but he succeeds—or at least makes great strides—using evocative storytelling and compelling discourse. A number of...

Banko, Paul C.
Banko, P.C. 2015. Book review of Flight ways: life and loss at the edge of extinction. Journal of Field Ornithology. 86: 180-182.

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Year Published: 2015

Behavior of the Hawaiian Hawaiian Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) at wind turbines and its distribution across the North Ko'olau Mountains, O'ahu

We studied the landscape distribution of endemic Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) on the north Ko‘olau Mountains of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i, from May 2013 to May 2014, while simultaneously studying their behavior at wind turbines within the broader landscape. This research aimed to assess the risk that wind turbines pose to bats on the...

Gorresen, P.M.; Cryan, Paul M.; Huso, Manuela M.P.; Hein, Cris D.; Schirmacher, Michael; Johnson, Jessica H.; Montoya-Aiona, Kristina; Brinck, Kevin W.; Bonaccorso, Frank
Gorresen, P.M., P.M. Cryan, M.M. Huso, C.D. Heln, M.R. Schirmacher, J.A. Johnson, K.M. Montoya-Aiona, K.W. Brinck, and F.J. Bonaccorso. 2015. Behavior of the Hawaiian Hawaiian Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus ) at wind turbines and its distribution across the North Ko`olau Mountains , O`ahu. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HSCU-064. University of Hawai`i at Hilo, 73 pp.

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Year Published: 2015

Climate trends and projections for Guam

The island of Guam experiences a tropical marine climate, which is warm and humid moderated by seasonal tradewinds and a wet and dry season. The dry season lasts from January to June, while the rainy months are from July to December. Annual rainfall totals 84-116 inches (2133-2946 mm), of which two-thirds fall during the rainy season. Seasonal...

Gingerich, Stephen B.; Keener, Victoria; Finucane, Melissa L.

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Year Published: 2015

Global phylogeography of the avian malaria pathogen Plasmodium relictum based on MSP1 allelic diversity

Knowing the genetic variation that occurs in pathogen populations and how it is distributed across geographical areas is essential to understand parasite epidemiology, local patterns of virulence, and evolution of host-resistance. In addition, it is important to identify populations of pathogens that are evolutionarily independent and thus ‘...

Hellgren, Olof; Atkinson, Carter T.; Bensch, Staffan; Albayrak, Tamer; Dimitrov, Dimitar; Ewen, John G.; Kim, Kyeong Soon; Lima, Marcos R.; Martin, Lynn; Palinauskas, Vaidas; Ricklefs, Robert; Sehgal, Ravinder N. M.; Gediminas, Valkiunas; Tsuda, Yoshio; Marzal, Alfonso
Hellgren, O., Atkinson, C. T., Bensch, S., Albayrak, T., Dimitrov, D., Ewen, J. G., Kim, K. S., Lima, M. R., Martin, L., Palinauskas, V., Ricklefs, R., Sehgal, R. N. M., Valkiūnas, G., Tsuda, Y. and Marzal, A. 2015. Global phylogeography of the avian malaria pathogen Plasmodium relictum based on MSP1 allelic diversity. Ecography, 38: 001-009.

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Year Published: 2015

Foraging range movements of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)

We documented nightly movements of Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) on the island of Hawai’i. Based on data from 28 radiotagged individuals mean foraging range (FR) was 230.7±72.3 ha, core-use area (CUA) was 25.5±6.9 ha (or 11.1% of mean FR), and the mean long axis (LAX) across the FR was 3,390.8±754.3 m....

Bonaccorso, Frank J.; Todd, Christopher M.; Miles, Adam C.; Gorresen, P. Marcos
Bonaccorso, F.J., Todd, C.M., Miles, A.C., and Gorresen, P.M. 2015. Foraging range movements of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Journal of Mammalogy, 96(1): 64-71.

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Year Published: 2015

Peregrine falcon predation of endangered Laysan teal and Laysan Finches on remote Hawaiian atolls

We report the first records of Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) predation on endangered Laysan teal (or duck; Anas laysanensis) and predation on endangered Laysan finches (Telespiza cantans). At Midway Atoll, vagrant Peregrine falcons killed ≥4% of a newly translocated Laysan teal population in 2006 and ≥2% in 2008. On Laysan Island...

Reynolds, Michelle H.; Nash, Sarah A.B.; Courtot, Karen

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Year Published: 2015

Home range use and movement patterns of non-native feral goats in a tropical island montane dry landscape

Advances in wildlife telemetry and remote sensing technology facilitate studies of broad-scale movements of ungulates in relation to phenological shifts in vegetation. In tropical island dry landscapes, home range use and movements of non-native feral goats (Capra hircus) are largely unknown, yet this information is important to help guide the...

Chynoweth, Mark W.; Lepczyk, Christopher A.; Litton, Creighton M.; Hess, Steve C.; Kellner, James; Cordell, Susan
Chynoweth MW, Lepczyk CA, Litton CM, Hess SC, Kellner JR, Cordell S (2015) Home Range Use and Movement Patterns of Non-Native Feral Goats in a Tropical Island Montane Dry Landscape. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0119231. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0119231

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Year Published: 2015

Vegetation and non-native ungulate monitoring at the Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex 2010–2014.

The Hakalau Forest Unit (HFU) of Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex (BINWRC) has intensively managed feral cattle (Bos taurus) and pigs (Sus scrofa) and monitored non-native ungulate presence and distribution during surveys of all managed areas since 1988. We: 1) provide results from recent ungulate surveys at HFU to determine current...

Hess, Steven C.; Leopold, Christina R.; Kendall, Steven J.
Leopold, C. R., S.C. Hess, and S.J. Kendall. 2015. Vegetation and non-native ungulate monitoring at the Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex 2010–2014. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HCSU-0062. University of Hawaii at Hilo, 31 pp.

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Year Published: 2015

Spring resource phenology and timing of songbird migration across the Gulf of Mexico

Migratory songbirds are advancing their arrival to breeding areas in response to climatic warming at temperate latitudes. Less is understood about the impacts of climate changes outside the breeding period. Every spring, millions of migrating songbirds that overwinter in the Caribbean and Central and South America stop to rest and refuel in the...

Paxton, Eben H.; Cohen, Emily B.; Németh, Zoltan; Zenzal, Theodore J.; Paxton, Kristina L.; Diehl, Robert H.; Moore, Frank R.
Cohen, E.B., Z. Nemeth, T.J. Zenzal, Jr., K.L. Paxton, R. Diehl, and E.H. Paxton. 2015. Spring resource phenology and timing of songbird migration across the Gulf of Mexico. In: Studies in Avian Biology, Edition: No. 47. Phenological synchrony and bird migration: Changing climate and seasonal resources in North America, Eds: Eric M. Wood, Jherime L. Kellermann, CRC Press, London. pp.63-82.

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Year Published: 2015

Farallon de Medinilla seabird and Tinian moorhen analyses

This report assesses the trends in brown booby (Sula leucogaster), masked booby (S. dactylatra), and red-footed booby (S. sula) counts collected on Farallon de Medinilla and Mariana common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus guami) counts on Tinian, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to help elucidate patterns in bird numbers. During either...

Camp, Richard J.; Leopold, Christina R.; Brinck, Kevin W.; Juola, Franz
Camp, R.J., C. Leopold, K.W. Brinck, and F. Juola. 2014. Farallon de Medinilla seabird and Tinian moorhen analyses. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HCSU-0060, 44 pp.

Our scientists in the Northwest Region conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring on a large range of natural-resource issues that impact the quality of life of citizens of the Northwest states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.

Filter Total Items: 301
August 8, 2015

A1 West Transect – 2015

Permanent Site: A1 West Transect; Depth: 8.7 Meters (28.5 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 1.9 Kilometers (1.2 Miles) West; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.13870775, -123.586203; Site Description: Transect is in eastern part of Freshwater Bay. Sediment is primarily sand/sandy mud with patches of boulders. Seaweeds have returned. A boulder

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August 8, 2015

K1 East Transect – 2015

Permanent Site: K1 East Transect; Depth: 6.7 Meters (22.0 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 4.5 Kilometers (2.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.13592923,-123.5101581; Site Description: This is a shallow site. Sediment is a gravel/sand mixture. Both red (0:44, 0:48 seconds) and brown seaweed was abundant and appears close to pre-dam

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August 8, 2015

A1 East Transect – 2015

Permanent Site: A1 East Transect; Depth: 8.3 Meters (27.1 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 1.8 Kilometers (1.1 Miles) West; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.13870775, -123.5855312; Site Description: Transect is in eastern part of Freshwater Bay. Sediment is primarily sand/sandy mud. Previous small boulders appear to be buried. Seaweeds are very

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August 7, 2015

H1 West Transect – 2015

Permanent Site: H1 West Transect; Depth: 5.7 Meters (Feet 18.6); Distance from river mouth: 2.4 Kilometers (1.5 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.14803012,-123.53535558; Site Description: This is a shallow site and one of the farthest removed from the effects of the sediment plume outside of the control sites. Substrate is still

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August 7, 2015

C2 East Transect – 2015

Permanent Site: C2 East Transect; Depth: 16.3 Meters (Feet 53.4); Distance from river mouth: 0.7 Kilometers (0.4 Miles); Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.147841,-123.57596074; Site Description: One of our deepest sites. Substrate is all muddy sand. Seaweed is absent. Some woody debris is seen (0:39 seconds). Featherduster tubeworms, mainly

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August 7, 2015

H1 East Transect – 2015

Permanent Site: H1 East Transect; Depth: 5.5 Meters (Feet 18.2); Distance from river mouth: 2.4 Kilometers (1.5 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.1479177,-123.53472865; Site Description: This is a shallow site and one of the farthest removed from the effects of the sediment plume outside of the control sites. Substrate is still

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August 7, 2015

C2 West Transect – 2015

Permanent Site: C2 West Transect; Depth: 16.6 Meters (Feet 54.5); Distance from river mouth: 0.7 Kilometers (0.5 Miles); Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.147841,-123.57663268; Site Description: One of our deepest sites. Substrate is all muddy sand. Seaweed is absent. Lots of woody debris is present (0:42, 0:44, 0:53 seconds). Featherduster

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August 6, 2015

GP2 East Transect – 2015

Permanent Control Site: GP2 East Transect; Depth: 13.2 Meters (43.2 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 18.8 Kilometers (11.7 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.12781102,-123.31645664; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Substrate is mainly a gravel sand mixture. A few large boulders are located off

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August 6, 2015

GP1 West Transect – 2015

Permanent Control Site: GP1 West Transect; Depth: 8.0 Meters (26.1 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 19.0 Kilometers (11.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.11852521,-123.31605203; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Depth is medium-shallow. Substrate is mainly a gravel/sand/cobble mixture surrounding

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August 6, 2015

GP2 West Transect – 2016

Permanent Control Site: GP2 West Transect; Depth: 12.9 Meters (42.3 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 18.8 Kilometers (11.6 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.12781102,-123.31712832; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Substrate is mainly a gravel/sand/cobble mixture surrounding boulders. Red and brown

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August 6, 2015

GP1 East Transect – 2015

Permanent Control Site: GP1 East Transect; Depth: 7.3 Meters (24 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 19.0 Kilometers (11.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.11852521,-123.31538047; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Depth is medium-shallow. Substrate is mainly a gravel/sand/cobble mixture surrounding

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August 5, 2015

D2 West Transect – 2015

Permanent Site: D2 West Transect; Depth: 12.7 Meters (41.7 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.3 Kilometers (0.2 Miles); Pre/Post Dam Removal: 4 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15233001,-123.56896603; Site Description: This site is right off the mouth of the river. Substrate is mainly gravel and cobble. This year lots of dead clam shells (0:18, 0:32 seconds) are

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Our scientists in the Northwest Region conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring on a large range of natural-resource issues that impact the quality of life of citizens of the Northwest states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.