James E McKenna, Jr., Ph.D.


Dr. James E. McKenna, Jr. is a Research Ecologist with the Tunison Laboratory of Aquatic Science (TLAS, USGS/GLSC) in Cortland, NY. He has an M.S. and a Ph.D. in Biological Oceanography from the University of Rhode Island. He came to Central New York after studying fish community and fisheries issues in the Antarctic and Florida. He has conducted research on Great Lakes ecosystems, including Great Lake tributaries, and the St. Lawrence River for the past 18 years. He is a Principal Investigator for the Great Lakes Regional Aquatic Gap Analysis Project. His recent work includes extensive examination and modeling of the fish and benthic invertebrate assemblages and species distribution in Lake Ontario and throughout the Great Lakes Basin.





McKenna J.E.Jr. 1987. An Analysis of Food Limitation in the Benthic Communities of Narragansett Bay Using a Numerical Simulation Model. - M.S. thesis, URI, 293pp.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 1987. The Birds of Narragansett Bay. Maritimes. University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography. (Aug.87);5-7.

McKenna J.E.Jr., Saila S.B. 1989. Results of Fish Stock Assessment Survey, South Georgia, December 1987 - January 1988. Selected Publications of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, vol. II (SC-CAMLR-VII/BG/23).

McKenna J.E.Jr.  1990. Ecology of an exploited Antarctic fish community. - Ph.D. Dissertation, URI, 295pp.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 1991. Trophic relationships of Antarctic demersal fish through gut content analysis. Fishery Bulletin. 89:643-654.

McKenna J.E.Jr., Saila S.B. 1991. Application of an objective method for detecting changes in fish communities: Samar Sea, the Philippines. Asian Fisheries Science. 4:201-210.

McKenna J.E.Jr., Saila S.B. 1991. Shifts in the Antarctic demersal fish community of South Georgia. Fisheries Research. 12:109-124.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 1993. Spatial structure and temporal continuity of the South Georgian Antarctic fish community. Fishery Bulletin 91:475-490.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 1996. Ecosystem management and fishery resources of the Antarctic. Journal of Ecosystem Health 2:110-126.

Saila S.B., McKenna J.E., Formacion S., Silvestre G., McManus J. 1996. Empirical methods and models for multispecies stock assessment. Manual on assessment of tropical multispecies fish stocks. Gallucci V.F., Saila S.B., Gustafson D.J., Rothschild B.J. (eds.) Stock assessment, quantitative methods and applications for small-scale fisheries. Lewis Publishers:New York; 403-472.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 1997. Influence of physical disturbance on the structure of coral reef fish assemblages in the Dry Tortugas. Caribbean Journal of Science 33:82-97.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 1997. Structure and dynamics of the fishery harvest in Broward County, Florida, during 1989. Fishery Bulletin 95:114-125.

Johnson, J.H., Dropkin D.S., LaPan S.R., McKenna, J.E.Jr., Klindt R.M. 1998. Age and growth of lake sturgeon in the upper St. Lawrence River. Journal of Great Lakes Research 24:474-478.

McKenna, J.E.Jr., Chiotti T.L., Kappel W.M. 1999. Ecological status of Onondaga Creek in Tully, Valley, New York – Summer 1998. Fact Sheet FS 141-99. US. Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, December 1999; 6pp.

McKenna, J.E.Jr. 2000. FITPOP, a heuristic simulation model of population dynamics and genetics with special reference to fisheries. Ecological Modelling 127:81-95.

McKenna, J.E.Jr. 2001. Biological Structure and Dynamics of Littoral Fish Assemblages in the Eastern Finger Lakes. Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Health 4:91-114.

McKenna, J.E.Jr. 2001. Littoral zone fish assemblages of northern Cayuga Lake. Proceedings of the Symposium on Environmental Research in the Cayuga Lake Watershed, Cornell University, October 12, 1999; 175-187.

Myers D.N., McKenna J., Passino-Reader D., Stewart J. 2002. Great Lakes Aquatic GAP Project. Gap Analysis Program Bulletin No. 11;34-37.

McKenna, J.E.Jr. 2003. An enhanced cluster analysis program with bootstrap significance testing for ecological community analysis. Environmental Modelling & Software 18:205-220.

McKenna, J.E.Jr. 2003. Biological Structure and Dynamics of Fish Assemblages in Tributaries of Eastern Lake Ontario. Munawar M. (ed.). State of Lake Ontario (SOLO) – Past, Present and Future. Ecovision World Monograph Series. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society. Goodword Books Pvt. Ltd:New Delhi;443-474.

McKenna, J.E.Jr. 2003. Community metabolism during early development of a restored wetland. Wetlands 23:35-50.

      Morrison S.S., Passino-reader D.R., Myers D.N., McKenna J.E., Stewart J., Scudder B.C., Lohman K. 2003. Great Lakes Regional Aquatic Gap Analysis—preserving biodiversity in the Great Lakes Basin. USGS Great Lakes Science Center, GLSC Fact Sheet 2003-1: 6pp.

McKenna, J.E.Jr. and J.H. Johnson. 2005. Juvenile Rainbow Trout Production in New York Tributaries of Lake Ontario: Implications for Atlantic Salmon Restoration. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25:391–403

McKenna, J.E.Jr., Castiglione, C., Greer, B., and McDonald, D., 2005, Development of a Coastal Habitat Framework for Near-Shore Coastal Systems, In: Maxwell, J., Gergely, K.J.,  Aycrigg, J., Beard, D., Sajwaj, T., and Coffey, N., (eds), Gap Analysis Bulletin No.13, USGS/BRD/Gap Analysis Program, Moscow, Idaho.

McKenna, J.E., J.H. Johnson, and J. Barkley.  2005.  Influence of the St Lawrence River hydrologic regime on fish assemblages in the vicinity of the Akwesasne Wetland Complex. Final Report submitted to the Army Corps of Engineers, Buffalo, New York April 2006.  http://www.srmtenv.org/pdf_files/wetlands/IJC_Report.pdf,

Johnson J.H., McKenna J.E.Jr., Dropkin D.S., and Andrews W.D. 2005. A novel approach to fitting the Von Bertalanffy relationship to a mixed stock of Atlantic sturgeon harvested off the New Jersey coast. Northeastern Naturalist 12:195-202.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 2005. Application of neural networks to prediction of fish diversity and salmonid production in the Lake Ontario Basin. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:28-43.

McKenna, J.E., Jr., McDonald, R.P., Castiglione, C., Morrison, S., Kowalski, K., Passino-Reader, D., 2006. A Broadscale Fish-Habitat Model Development Process:  Genesee Basin, New York. Pages 533 – 554 In R.M. Hughes, L. Wang, P.W. Seelbach, editors. Proceedings of the Symposium on Landscape Influences on Stream Habitats and Biological Assemblages, American Fisheries Society, Symposium 48, Bethesda, Maryland.

Johnson J.H., R.M. Ross, J.E. McKenna, and G.E. Lewis. 2006. Estimating the Size of Fish Consumed by Double-crested Cormorants: Considerations for Better Understanding Cormorant-Fish Interactions. Journal of Great Lakes Research 32:91–101.

Johnson J.H. and McKenna J.E.Jr. 2007. Diel periodicity of drift of larval fishes in tributaries of Lake Ontario. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 22:347-350.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 2008. Diel variation in near-shore Great Lakes fish assemblages and implications for assessment sampling and coastal management. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 23:131-141.

McKenna, J.E.Jr., P.J. Steen, J. Lyons, and J. Stewart. 2008. Applications of a Broad-spectrum Tool for Conservation and Fisheries Analysis: Aquatic Gap Analysis. In: Maxwell, J., Gergely, K.J., Aycrigg, J., Beard, D., Sajwaj, T., and Coffey, N., (eds), Gap Analysis Bulletin No.16, USGS/BRD/Gap Analysis Program, Moscow, Idaho.

Johnson, J.H., McKenna, J.E. Jr., Nack, C.C., Chalupnicki, M.A. 2008. Diel diet composition and feeding activity of round goby in the nearshore region of Lake Ontario. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 23:607-612.

McKenna, J.E.Jr., B.M. Davis, M.C. Fabrizio, J.F. Savino, T.N. Todd, and M. Bur. 2008. Ichthyoplankton Assemblages of Coastal West-Central Lake Erie and Associated Habitat Characteristics. Journal of Great Lakes Research 755-769.

McKenna, J.E.Jr., J.L. Barkley, and J.H. Johnson. 2008. Influence of summer water-level variability on St. Lawrence River-wetland fish assemblages. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 23:513-517.

McKenna J.E.Jr. and J.H. Johnson. 2009. Spatial and Temporal Variation in Distribution of Larval Lake Whitefish in Eastern Lake Ontario: Signs of Recovery? Journal of Great Lakes Research 35:94-100.

Johnson J.H., McKenna J.E.Jr., M.A. Chalupnicki, T. Wallbridge, and R. Chiavelli. 2009. Feeding ecology of lake whitefish larvae in eastern Lake Ontario. Journal of Great Lakes Research 35:603-607.

McKenna J.E.Jr., R.S. Butryn, and R.P. McDonald. 2010. Summer stream water temperature models for Great Lakes streams: New York. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139:1399-1414.

Johnson J.H., C.C. Nack, and McKenna J.E.Jr. 2010. Migratory salmonid red habitat characteristics in the Salmon River, New York. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:387-392.

McKenna J.E.Jr. and C. Castiglione. 2010. Hierarchical multi-scale classification of nearshore aquatic habitats of the Great Lakes: Western Lake Erie. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:757-771.

Chalupnicki M.A., H.G. Ketola, M.H. Zehfus, J.R., Crosswait, and McKenna J.E.Jr. 2010. Thiamine status and culture of rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) from Owasco Laek, New York. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 25:211-217.

Lantry B.F., Walsh M.G., J.H. Johnson., J.E. McKenna Jr. 2010. Occurrence of the Great Lake’s most recent invader, Hemimysis anomala, in the diet of fishes in southeastern Lake Ontario. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:179-183.

Walsh M.G., B.F. Lantry, B. Boscarino, K. Bowen, J. Gerlofsma, T. Schaner, R. Back., J. Questel., A.G. Smythe., R. Cap., M. Goehle, B. Young., M. Chalupnicki., J.H. Johnson., J.E. McKenna Jr. 2010. Early observations on an emerging Great Lakes invader Hemimysis anomala in Lake Ontario. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:499-504.

Chalupnicki M.A., J.H. Johnson, J.E. McKenna Jr., and D.E. Dittman. 2010. Habitat selection and spawning success of walleyes in a tributary to Owasco Lake, New York. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30:170-178.

McKenna, J.E. Jr., and Chalupnicki M.A. 2011. A heuristic simulation model of Lake Ontario circulation and mass balance transport. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 26:123-132.

McKenna J.E.Jr. and J.H. Johnson. 2011. Landscape models of brook trout abundance and distribution in lotic habitat with field validation. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31:742-756.

McKenna, J.E. Jr., R. Abbett, E. Waldt, A. David, and J. Snyder. 2012. Hybrid seine for full fish community collections. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 26:123-132.

Kocovsky P.M., D.C. Chapman, and J.E. McKenna Jr. 2012. Thermal and hydrologic suitability of Lake Erie and its major tributaries for spawning of Asian carps. Journal of Great Lakes Research 38:159-166.

McKenna J.E. Jr., J.E. Ruggirello, and. 2012. A landscape-based distribution model for fallfish (Semotilus corporalis) in the Great Lakes drainage of New York. Journal of Great Lakes Research 38:413-417.

Waldt E., R. Abbett, J.H. Johnson, D.E. Dittman, and J.E. McKenna, Jr. 2013. Fall diel diet composition of American eel (Anguilla rostrata) in a tributary of the Hudson River, New York, USA. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 28:91-98.

Johnson J.H., J.E. McKenna Jr., and K.A. Douglass. 2013. Movement and feeding ecology of recently emerged steelhead in Lake Ontario tributaries. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 29:221-225.

McKenna J.E.Jr., D.M. Carlson, and M.L. Payne-Wynne. 2013. Predicting locations of rare aquatic species’ habitat with a combination of species-specific and assemblage-based models. Diversity and Distributions 19:503-517.

McKenna J.E.Jr. 2013. Multi-Class Community Structure within a Temperate Freshwater Wetland Complex: Evidence for the Metacommunity. The Open Ecology Journal. 

Abbett R., E.M. Waldt, J.H. Johnson, J.E.Jr. McKenna, and D.E. Dittman. 2013. Interactions between invasive round gobies (Neogobius melanostomus) and fantail darters (Etheostoma flabellare) in a tributary of the St. Lawrence River, NY. Journal of Freshwater Ecology; 20pp.  Online release: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02705060.2013.794165 

McKenna J.E.Jr., M.T. Slattery, and K. Clifford. In press. Broad-scale Patterns of Brook Trout Responses to Introduced Brown Trout in New York. North American Journal of Fisheries Research.