Wayne E Thogmartin, Ph.D.
PhD, Zoology, SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY, May, 2002
MS, Zoology, UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS, May, 1998
BA, Ecology / Behavior / Evolution, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO, June, 1990
2014 to the present Research Ecologist, US Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54603
2002 to 2014 Research Statistician (Biology), US Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54603
1995 Wildlife Biologist, United States Forest Service, Forestry Sciences Lab (Central California spotted owl surveyor)
1994 Wildlife Biologist 1, Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife (Puget Sound salmon gillnet monitoring supervisor)
1994 Scientific Technician 1, Washington State Department of Natural Resources (North Cascades spotted owl surveyor)
1993 Scientific Technician 1, Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife (Puget Sound salmon gillnet monitor)
1992 to 1993 Domestic Groundfish Observer, Arctic Observers Corporation (defunct), Seattle, WA (Bering Sea groundfish observer)
1992 Fish and Wildlife Technician III, Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (Columbia River salmon gillnet monitor)
1991 to 1992 Zoologist, National Marine Fisheries Service (observer debriefer, observers returning from trips aboard high-seas driftnet vessels operating in the north Pacific out of Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea)
1990 to 1991 Foreign High Seas Driftnet Observer, Frank Orth & Associates (high-seas driftnet observer, aboard Taiwanese high-seas driftnet vessels)
Hamilton, C., M. Baumann, A. M. Pidgeon, D. P. Helmers, W. E. Thogmartin, P. J. Heglund, and V. C. Radeloff. 2016. Past and predicted future effects of housing growth on conservation opportunity areas and habitat connectivity around National Wildlife Refuges. Landscape Ecology 31:2175–2186.
Rosenberg, K. V., T. Will, D. A. Buehler, S. Barker Swarthout, W. E. Thogmartin, R. E. Bennett, and R. B. Chandler. 2016. Dynamic distributions and population declines of Golden-winged Warblers. Pp. 3–28 in H. M. Streby, D. Buehler, and D. E. Andersen (editors). Golden-winged Warbler ecology, conservation, and habitat management. Studies in Avian Biology (no. 49), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Martinuzzi, S., A. J. Allstadt, B. L. Bateman, P. J. Heglund, A. M. Pidgeon, W. E. Thogmartin, S. J. Vavrus, and V. C. Radeloff. 2016. Future frequencies of extreme weather events in the National Wildlife Refuges of the conterminous U.S. Biological Conservation 201:327–335.
Behnke, R., S. Vavrus, A. Allstadt, T. Albright, W. E. Thogmartin, and V. C. Radeloff. 2016. Evaluation of downscaled, gridded climate data for the conterminous United States. Ecological Applications 26:1338–1351.
LeBrun, J. J., W. E. Thogmartin, F. R. Thompson III, W. D. Dijak, and J. J. Millspaugh. 2016. Assessing the sensitivity of avian species abundance to potential land cover and climate change. Ecosphere 7(6):e01359. 10.1002/ecs2.1359
Lonsdorf, E. V., W. E. Thogmartin, S. Jacobi, K. Aagaard, J. Coppen, A. Davis, T. Fox, P. Heglund, R. Johnson, M. T. Jones, K. Kenow, J. E. Lyons, K. Luke, S. Still, and B. Tavernia. 2016. A generalizable energetics-based model of avian migration to facilitate continental-scale waterbird conservation. Ecological Applications 26:1136–1153.
Gorzo, J., A. Pidgeon, W. E. Thogmartin, A. Allstadt, V. C. Radeloff, P. J. Heglund, and S. Vavrus. 2016. Using the North American Breeding Bird Survey to assess broad-scale response of the continent's most imperiled avian community, grassland birds, to weather variability. Condor 118:502–512.
Nicol, S., R. Wiederholt, J. Diffendorfer, B. J. Mattsson, W. E. Thogmartin, D. Semmens, and D. R. Norris. 2016. A management-oriented framework for selecting metrics used to assess habitat- and path-specific quality in spatially structured populations. Ecological Indicators 69:792–802.
Crimmins, S. M., L. R. Walleser, D. R. Hertel, P. C. McKann, J. J. Rohweder, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2016. Relating mesocarnivore relative abundance to anthropogenic land-use with a hierarchical spatial count model. Ecography 39:524–532.
Ryu, H. R., K. T. Shoemaker, E. Kneip, A. Pidgeon, P. Heglund, B. Bateman, W. E. Thogmartin, and H. R. Akçakaya. 2016. Developing population models with data from marked individuals. Biological Conservation 197:190–199.
Crimmins, S. M., P. C. McKann, J. R. Robb, J. P. Lewis, T. Vanosdal, B. A. Walker, P. J. Williams, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2016. Factors affecting Henslow’s Sparrow nest survival in southern Indiana. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 128:108-119.
Semmens, B. X., D. J. Semmens, W. E. Thogmartin, R. Wiederholt, L. López-Hoffman, J. E. Diffendorfer, J. Pleasants, K. Oberhauser, and O. Taylor. 2016. Quasi-extinction risk and population targets for the Eastern, migratory population of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus). Scientific Reports 6:23265, DOI: 10.1038/srep23265.
For more, see http://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=4480#.VvAAjuIrK70
Bateman, B. L., A. M. Pidgeon, V. C. Radeloff, J. VanDerWal, W. E. Thogmartin, S. J. Vavrus, and P. J. Heglund. 2016. The pace of past climate change versus potential bird distributions and land use in the U.S. Global Change Biology 22:1130–1144.
For more details, see http://news.wisc.edu/bird-habitat-changing-quickly-as-climate-change-pro...
Stanton, J. C., B. X. Semmens, P. C. McKann, T. Will, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2016. Customizable risk metrics for identifying and monitoring conservation-priority species. Ecological Indicators 61:683–692.
Erickson, R. A., E. A. Eager, J. C. Stanton, J. Beston, J. E. Diffendorfer, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2015. Assessing local population vulnerability with branching process models: An application to wind energy development. Ecosphere 6:art254.
For more details, see https://sites.google.com/a/uwlax.edu/eric-eager/service/university-of-wi...
Aagaard, K., S. M. Crimmins, W. E. Thogmartin, B. Tavernia, and J. E. Lyons. 2015. Evaluating predictors of local dabbling duck abundance during migration: managing the spectrum of conditions faced by migrants. Wildfowl 65:100–120.
Strassburg, M., G. M. Linz, S. M. Crimmins, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2015. Habitat associations of native blackbirds and invasive European starlings wintering in the southeastern United States. Human-Wildlife Interactions 9:171–179.
Allstadt, A. J., S. J. Vavrus, P. J. Heglund, A. M. Pidgeon, W. E. Thogmartin, and V. C. Radeloff. 2015. Spring plant phenology and false springs in the conterminous US during the 21st century. Environmental Research Letters, 104008 (doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/10/104008)
For more, see http://environmentalresearchweb.org/cws/article/news/62894
This article was identified as one of 25 Highlights of 2015 by the Editors of ERL.
Russell, R. E., W. E. Thogmartin, R. A. Erickson, J. Szymanski, and K. Tinsley. 2015. Estimating the short-term recovery potential of little brown bats in the face of White-nose Syndrome. Ecological Modelling 314:111–117.
See USGS press release at http://goo.gl/FlNmDO
Forcey, G. M., W. E. Thogmartin, G. M. Linz, P. C. McKann, and S. M. Crimmins. 2015. Spatially explicit modeling of blackbird abundance in the Prairie Pothole Region. Journal of Wildlife Management 79:1022–1033.
Bateman, B. L., A. M. Pidgeon, V. C. Radeloff, A. J. Allstadt, H. R. Akçakaya, W. E. Thogmartin, S. J. Vavrus, and P. J. Heglund. 2015. The importance of range edge during extreme weather events. Landscape Ecology 30:1095‒1110.
For more, see http://silvis.forest.wisc.edu/research/if-you-cant-stand-when-it-gets-dr...
Rohweder, J., S. Vacek, S. M. Crimmins, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2015. A case study of assigning conservation value to dispersed habitat units for conservation planning. Journal of Conservation Planning 11:13‒27. http://www.journalconsplanning.org/2015/JCP_11_2_Rohweder.pdf
Bigorgne, E., T. W. Custer, P. M. Dummer, R. A. Erickson, N. Karouna, C. M. Custer, W. E. Thogmartin, and C. W. Matson. 2015. Chromosomal damage and EROD induction in tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) along the Upper Mississippi River, Minnesota, USA. Ecotoxicology 24:1028–1039.
Hamilton, C. M., W. E. Thogmartin, V. C. Radeloff, A. J. Plantinga, P. J. Heglund, S. Martinuzzi, and A. M. Pidgeon. 2015. Change in agricultural land use constrains adaptation of National Wildlife Refuges to climate change. Environmental Conservation 42:12‒19.
Crimmins, S. M., P. Boma, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2015. Projected risk of population declines for native fish species in the Upper Mississippi River. River Research and Applications 31:135‒142.
Wiederholt, R., C. Svancara, L. López-Hoffman, W. Thogmartin, G. McCracken, J. E. Diffendorfer, K. Bagstad, P. Cryan, A. Russell, D. Semmens, and R. A. Medellín. 2015. Optimizing conservation strategies for Mexican free-tailed bats: A population viability and ecosystem services approach. Biodiversity and Conservation 24:63‒82.
Russell, R. E., K. Tinsley, R. A. Erickson, W. E. Thogmartin, and J. Szymanski. 2014. Estimating the spatial distribution of wintering little brown bat populations in the eastern United States. Ecology and Evolution 4:3746–3754.
Erickson, R. A., W. E. Thogmartin, R. E. Russell, J. E. Diffendorfer, and J. Szymanski. 2014. A stage-structured, spatially explicit migration model for Myotis bats: mortality location affects system dynamics. Letters in Biomathematics 1:157‒172.
Crimmins, S. M., P. C. McKann, J. A. Szymanski, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2014. Effects of cave gating on local Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) population trends. Acta Chiropterologica 16:129‒137.
Goldstein, J. H., W. E. Thogmartin, K. J. Bagstad, J. Dubovsky, D. J. Semmens, B. J. Mattsson, L. López-Hoffman, and J. E. Diffendorfer. 2014. Harvest estimates and economic valuation of native consumption of Northern Pintails (Anas acuta) in Arctic and sub-Arctic North America. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 19:347‒354.
Thogmartin, W. E., S. M. Crimmins, and J. Pearce. 2014. Prioritizing bird conservation actions in the prairie hardwood transition of the midwestern United States. Biological Conservation 176:212‒223.
Erickson, R. A., W. E. Thogmartin, and J. A. Szymanski. 2014. BatTool: an R package with GUI for assessing the effect of White-nose Syndrome and other take events on Myotis spp. of bats. Source Code for Biology and Medicine 9:9.
With Correction Source Code for Biology and Medicine 9:X.
Diffendorfer, J. E., L. Ries, J. B. Loomis, K. Oberhauser, L. Lopez-Hoffman, B. Semmens, B. Butterfield, D. Semmens, K. Bagstad, J. Goldstein, R. Wiederholt, J. Dubovsky, B. Mattsson, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2014. National valuation of monarch butterflies indicates an untapped potential for incentive-based conservation. Conservation Letters 7:253‒262.
Forcey, G. M., W. E. Thogmartin, G. M. Linz, and P. C. McKann. 2014. Land use and climate affect black tern, northern harrier, and marsh wren abundance in the Prairie Pothole Region of the United States. Condor: Ornithological Applications 116:226‒241.
Custer, C. M., T. W. Custer, P. M. Dummer, M. Etterson, W. E. Thogmartin, Q. Wu, K. Kannan, A. Trowbridge, and P. C. McKann. 2014. Exposure and effects of perfluoroalkyl substances in tree swallows nesting in Minnesota and Wisconsin, USA. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 66:120‒138.
Thogmartin, W. E., and P. C. McKann. 2014. Large-scale climate variation modifies winter group size in the endangered Indiana bat. Journal of Mammalogy 95:117–127.
Machtans, C. S., and W. E. Thogmartin. 2014. Perspective: Understanding the value of imperfect science from national estimates of bird-window mortality. Condor: Ornithological Applications 116:3–7.
McDonald, L., B. Manly, F. Huettmann, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2013. Location-only and use-availability data: analysis methods converge. Journal of Animal Ecology 82:1120–1124.
Thogmartin, W. E., C. Sanders-Reed, J. A. Szymanski, R. A. King, L. Pruitt, P. C. McKann, M. C. Runge, and R. E. Russell. 2013. White-nose syndrome is likely to extirpate the endangered Indiana bat over large parts of its range. Biological Conservation 160:162–172.
Hamilton, C. M., S. Martinuzzi, A. J. Plantinga, V. C. Radeloff, D. J. Lewis, W. E. Thogmartin, P. J. Heglund, and A. M. Pidgeon. 2013. Current and future land use around United States’ National Wildlife Refuges. Public Library of Science (PLoS) One 8:e55737
Thogmartin, W. E. 2013. The QWERTY effect does not extend to birth names. Names: A Journal of Onomastics 61:47–52.
McKann, P., B. R. Gray, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2013. Small sample bias in dynamic occupancy models. Journal of Wildlife Management 77:172–180.
Thogmartin, W. E., R. A. King, J. A Szymanski, and L. Pruitt. 2012. Space-time models for a panzootic in bats, with a focus on the endangered Indiana bat. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48:876–887.
Thogmartin, W. E., P. C. McKann, R. A. King, J. A. Szymanski, and L. Pruitt. 2012. Population-level impact of white-nose syndrome on the endangered Indiana bat. Journal of Mammalogy 93:1086–1098.
LeBrun, J. J., W. E. Thogmartin, and J. R. Miller. 2012. Evaluating regional landscape models for predicting local avian abundance. Journal of Wildlife Management 76:1177–1187.
Custer, T. W., C. M. Custer, W. E. Thogmartin, R. Rossmann, K. Kenow, and M. W. Meyer. 2012. Mercury and other element exposure in tree swallows nesting at low pH and neutral pH lakes in northern Wisconsin USA. Environmental Pollution 163:68–76.
Mattsson, B. J., M. C. Runge, J. H. Devries, G. S. Boomer, J. M. Eadie, D. A. Haukos, J. P. Fleskes, D. N. Koons, W. E. Thogmartin, and R. G. Clark. 2012. A modeling framework for integrated harvest and habitat management of North American waterfowl: Case-study of northern pintail metapopulation dynamics. Ecological Modelling 225:146–158.
Jones-Farrand, D. T., T. M. Fearer, W. E. Thogmartin, F. R. Thompson III, M. Nelson, and J. Tirpak. 2011. Comparison of statistical and theoretical habitat models for conservation planning. Ecological Applications 21:2269–2282.
Forcey, G. M., W. E. Thogmartin, G. M. Linz, and W. J. Bleier. 2011. Land use and climate influences on waterbirds in the Prairie Pothole Region of the United States. Journal of Biogeography 38:1694–1707.
Thogmartin, W. E., B. A. Potter, and G. J. Soulliere. 2011. Bridging the conservation design and delivery gap for wetland bird habitat maintenance and restoration in the Midwestern United States. Journal of Conservation Planning 7:1–12.
Thogmartin, W. E. 2011. Letter: Substitutability of bats in agricultural systems: why ecosystem valuation is not likely to sway agricultural interests. Bat Research News 52:41–44.
Thogmartin, W. E. 2010. Modeling and mapping Golden-winged Warbler abundance to improve regional conservation strategies. Avian Conservation and Ecology - Écologie et conservation des oiseaux 5 (2):12. [online] URL: http://www.ace-eco.org/vol5/iss2/art12/
Bronte, C. R., M. H. Hoff, O. T. Gorman, W. E. Thogmartin, P. J. Schneeberger, and T. N. Todd. 2010. Decline of the shortjaw cisco in Lake Superior: the role of overfishing and risk of extinction. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139:735–748.
Thogmartin, W. E. 2010. Letter: Color blindness and visualizing georeferenced data in mapped products: We can do more. The Auk 127:460–462.
Thogmartin, W. E. 2010. Sensitivity analysis of North American bird population estimates. Ecological Modelling 221:173–177.
Laurent, E., C. A. Drew, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2010. The role of assumptions in predictions of habitat availability and quality. Pages 71–90 in C. A. Drew, F. Huettmann, and Y. Wiersma, editors. Predictive Modeling in Landscape Ecology, Springer, New York.
Thogmartin, W. E., and J. J. Rohweder. 2010. Important areas for managing American Woodcock in the midwestern and northeastern United States. Proceedings of the American Woodcock Symposium 10:213–222.
Zimmerman, G. S., R. J. Gutiérrez, W. E. Thogmartin, and S. Banerjee. 2009. Multiscale habitat selection of Ruffed Grouse: predictions for habitat quality at low population densities. Condor 111:294–304.
Thogmartin, W. E., M. Gallagher, N. Young, J. J. Rohweder, F. Durbian, and M. G. Knutson. 2009. Avian assemblages in the lower Missouri River floodplain. Wetlands 29:552–562.
Thogmartin, W. E., J. A. Fitzgerald, and M. T. Jones. 2009. Conservation design: Where do we go from here? Pages 426–436 in Rich, T.D., C. Arizmendi, D. Demarest and C. Thompson [eds.]. Tundra to Tropics: Connecting Birds, Habitats and People. Proceedings of the 4th International Partners in Flight Conference, 13-16 February 2008. McAllen, TX. Partners in Flight.
Thogmartin, W. E., and J. J. Rohweder. 2009. Conservation opportunity assessment for rare birds in the midwestern United States: a private lands imperative. Pages 419–425 in Rich, T.D., C. Arizmendi, D. Demarest and C. Thompson [eds.]. Tundra to Tropics: Connecting Birds, Habitats and People. Proceedings of the 4th International Partners in Flight Conference, 13-16 February 2008. McAllen, TX.
Thogmartin, W. E., M. Gallagher, N. Young, J. J. Rohweder, and M. G. Knutson. 2009. Factors associated with succession of abandoned agricultural lands along the lower Missouri River. Restoration Ecology 17:290–296.
Fitzgerald, J. A., W. E. Thogmartin, R. Dettmers, T. Jones, C. Rustay, J. M. Ruth, T. C. Will, and F. R. Thompson III. 2008. Application of models to conservation planning for terrestrial birds in North America. Pages 593–624 in J. J. Millspaugh and F. R. Thompson III, editors. Models for planning wildlife conservation in large landscapes. Academic/Elsevier, Boston, Massachusetts, USA/Amersterdam, The Netherlands.
Murray, L. D., C. A. Ribic, W. E. Thogmartin, and M. G. Knutson. 2008. Accuracy assessment of predictive models of grassland bird abundance in the Prairie Hardwood Transition Bird Conservation Region. Condor 110:747–755.
Forcey, G. M., G. M. Linz, W. E. Thogmartin, and W. J. Bleier. 2008. Modeling wetland blackbird populations as a function of waterfowl abundance in the Prairie Pothole region of the United States and Canada. Environmental Bioindicators 3:124–135.
Colorado, Z., J. G., P. Hamel, A. Rodewald, and W. Thogmartin. 2008. El Grupo Cerúleo: collaboration to assess nonbreeding range of Cerulean Warbler in South America. Ornitologia Neotropical 19 (Suppl.):521–529.
Beever, E. A., R. J. Tausch, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2008. Multi-scale responses of vegetation to removal of horse grazing from Great Basin (U.S.A.) mountain ranges. Plant Ecology 196:163–184.
Murray, L. D., C. A. Ribic, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2008. Relationship of obligate grassland birds to landscape structure in Wisconsin. Journal of Wildlife Management 72: 463–467.
Petersen, M. L., G. M. Linz, G. Forcey, W. Thogmartin, and W. J. Bleier. 2008. Evaluation of stop-level vs. route-level breeding bird survey counts for modeling the influence of land use and climate on breeding blackbird abundance in North Dakota. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:122–124.
Thogmartin, W. E., B. R. Gray, M. Gallagher, N. Young, J. J. Rohweder, and M. G. Knutson. 2007. Power to detect trend in short-term time series of bird abundance. Condor 109:943–948.
Kirsch, E. M., B. R. Gray, T. J. Fox, and W. E. Thogmartin. 2007. Breeding bird territory placement in riparian wet meadows in relation to invasive reed canary grass, Phalaris arundinacea. Wetlands 27:644–655.
Thogmartin, W. E. 2007. Letter: Effects at the landscape scale may constrain habitat relations at finer scales. Avian Conservation and Ecology - Écologie et conservation des oiseaux 2 (2): 6. [online] URL:http://www.ace-eco.org/vol2/iss2/art6/
Forcey, G. M., G. M. Linz, W. E. Thogmartin, and W. J. Bleier. 2007. Influence of land use and climate on wetland breeding birds in the Prairie Pothole Region of Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology - Revue Canadienne De Zoologie 85:421–436.
Thogmartin, W. E., J. R. Sauer, and M. G. Knutson. 2007. Modeling and mapping abundance of American woodcock across their breeding range in the United States. Journal of Wildlife Management 71:376–382.
Thogmartin, W. E., and M. G. Knutson. 2007. Scaling local species-habitat relations to the larger landscape with a hierarchical spatial count model. Landscape Ecology 22:61–75.
Thogmartin, W. E., F. P. Howe, F. C. James, D. H. Johnson, E. Reed, J. R. Sauer, and F. R. Thompson III. 2006. A review of the population estimation approach of the North American Landbird Conservation Plan. The Auk 123:892–904.
Thogmartin, W. E., T. J. Fox , J. J. Rohweder, M. G. Knutson, and T. C. Will. 2006. Emerging Technologies: LINK: a land conservation decision support tool. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 87(3) [online] URL: http://esapubs.org/bulletin/backissues/087-3/web_pdfs_july/emergingjul06...
Thogmartin, W. E. 2006. Letter: Why not consider commercialization of deer harvest? BioScience 56:957.
Thogmartin, W. E., M. G. Knutson, and J. R. Sauer. 2006. Predicting regional abundance of rare grassland birds with a hierarchical spatial count model. Condor 108:25–46.
Thogmartin, W. E., J. R. Sauer, and M. G. Knutson. 2004. A hierarchical spatial count model of avian abundance with application to Cerulean Warbler. Ecological Applications 14:1766–1779.
Thogmartin, W. E., A. Gallant, T. Fox, M. G. Knutson, and M. Suárez. 2004. Commentary: A cautionary tale regarding use of the 1992 National Land Cover Dataset. Wildlife Society Bulletin 32:960–968.
Thogmartin, W. E., J. L. Roseberry, and A. Woolf. 2002. Cyclicity of northern bobwhite: a time-analytic review of the evidence. Proceedings of the National Quail Symposium 5:177–185.
Thogmartin, W. E. 2001. Home-range size and habitat selection in wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) of Arkansas. American Midland Naturalist 145:247–260.
Thogmartin, W. E., and J. H. Herner-Thogmartin. 2001. Stork. Pages 1176–1179 in C. E. Bell, editor. Encyclopedia of the World's Zoos, Volume 3. Fitzroy Dearborn, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Morzillo, A. T., H. A. Brown, W. E. Thogmartin, and J. H. Herner-Thogmartin. 2000. Barn Owl (Tyto alba) food habits at Yellowbank Wildlife Management Area, Breckinridge County, Kentucky. Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science 61:163–164.
Thogmartin, W. E., and B. A. Schaeffer. 2000. Landscape attributes associated with mortality events in wild turkeys of Arkansas. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29:865–874.
Thogmartin, W. E., J. A. Johnson, B. A. Schaeffer, and C. C. Ciriano. 2000. Survey of diseases in wild turkeys of Arkansas. Journal of the 83rd Arkansas Academy of Science 53:114–119.
Thogmartin, W. E., and J. A. Johnson. 1999. Reproduction in a declining population of wild turkeys in Arkansas. Journal of Wildlife Management 63:1281–1290.
Thogmartin, W. E. 1999. Landscape attributes and nest-site selection in Wild Turkeys of Arkansas. The Auk 116:912–923.