Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 377
Date published: December 13, 2018
Status: Active

Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center Watercams for Florida

Webcams have been installed at several real-time stream-gaging sites. The webcams provide valuable information to the National Weather Service, emergency managers, and area residents to evaluate real-time conditions in river environments during storms. The visual record of flooding and other river events also provides valuable research data for the USGS. Many of these webcam installations are...

Contacts: Wesley W Stone
Date published: December 12, 2018
Status: Active

Water-Use in Florida

Consistent and accurate statewide water-use data are essential for the sound management of Florida's water resources. The five water management districts (WMD), which are the primary collectors of water-use information, tailor their water use programs to each of their own needs and priorities. Consequently, within the State, there are several different levels of data collection, storage,...

Date published: December 12, 2018
Status: Active

Hydrology Monitoring Tools

The U.S. Geological Survey provides local and national web-based tools so that policy makers and the public can easily access the information they need to enhance preparedness, response, and resilience.

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Cincinnati Arch Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Cincinnati Arch Province (5066) :


Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Arkoma Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Arkoma Basin Province 5062:

Date published: December 6, 2018
Status: Active

Real-time and Historical Data

These pages provide access to water-resources data collected at approximately 1.9 million sites in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Online access to this data is organized around the categories listed at the bottom.

The USGS investigates the occurrence, quantity, quality...

Date published: December 3, 2018
Status: Active

Real-Time Data Links

The U.S. Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center operates and maintains approximately 929 real-time sites in Florida, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands which provide long-term, accurate, and unbiased information that meets the needs of many diverse users. The USGS collects the streamflow data needed by Federal, State, and local agencies for planning and operating water-resources projects and...

Contacts: Wesley W Stone
Date published: November 30, 2018
Status: Completed

Black Warrior Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Black Warrior Basin Province 5065:

Date published: November 30, 2018
Status: Active

Illinois Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered continuous oil and gas resources of the  Illinois Basin Province 5064:

Date published: November 29, 2018
Status: Active

Gulf Coast Petroleum Systems Project - Research

This site highlights the research on the processes that impact the formation, accumulation, occurrence and alteration of hydrocarbon energy resources of the Gulf Coast of Mexico.  This portion of the project also conducts assessments of undiscovered, technically recoverable hydrocarbon resources (click here for...

Date published: November 28, 2018
Status: Active

Natural Drought and Flood Histories from Lacustrine Archives

Previous work performed as part of the USGS Holocene Synthesis project illuminated complex centennial-scale patterns of drought and wetter-than-average conditions across the North American continent interior during the past two millennia, where paleorecord data coverage is sparse.  In order to explain the patterns of naturally-occurring drought, floods, and storms for the past, identified by...

Date published: November 27, 2018
Status: Completed

Understanding Drivers of Cyanotoxin Production in the Lake Okeechobee Waterway

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and other researchers combined field and laboratory approaches in two studies to understand the factors that drive cyanobacterial bloom development and associated cyanotoxin production in Lake Okeechobee, the St. Lucie River and Estuary, and the Indian River Lagoon in response to the large-scale Lake Okeechobee cyanobacteria bloom in 2016.

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Year Published: 2020

Seafloor change around the Mississippi barrier islands, 1920 to 2016—The influence of storm effects on inlet and island morphodynamics

The Mississippi Barrier Islands in the northern Gulf of Mexico experienced high rates of spatial change over recorded history. Wave-induced sediment transport induced island migration, landward retreat, and inlet evolution. These processes can be measured using repeat bathymetric surveys to analyze elevation change over time. This study analyzes...

Flocks, James G.; Buster, Noreen A.; Brenner, Owen T.
Flocks, J.G., Buster, N.A., and Brenner, O.T., 2020, Seafloor change around the Mississippi barrier islands, 1920 to 2016—The influence of storm effects on inlet and island morphodynamics: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1140, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191140.

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Year Published: 2020

Shifts in hatching date of American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) in southern Florida

Globally temperature of marine environments is on the rise and temperature plays an important role in the life-history of reptiles. In this study, we examined the relationship between sea surface temperature and average date of hatching for American crocodiles (Crocodylus acutus) over a 37-year period at two nesting sites, Everglades National Park...

Cherkiss, Michael; Watling, James I.; Brandt, Laura A.; Mazzotti, Frank J.; Linsay, Jim; Beauchamp, Jeffrey S.; Lorenz, Jerome J.; Wasilewski, Joseph; Fujisaki, Ikuko; Hart, Kristen

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Year Published: 2020

A revised Holocene coral sea-level database from the Florida reef tract, USA

The coral reefs and mangrove habitats of the south Florida region have long been used in sea-level studies for the western Atlantic because of their broad geographic extent and composition of sea-level tracking biota. The data from this region have been used to support several very different Holocene sea-level reconstructions (SLRs) over the years...

Stathakopoulos, Anastasios; Riegl, Bernhard M; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2020

The use of support vectors from support vector machines for hydrometeorologic monitoring network analyses

Hydrometeorologic monitoring networks are ubiquitous in contemporary earth-system science. Network stakeholders often inquire about the importance of sites and their locations when discussing funding and monitoring design. Support vector machines (SVMs) can be useful by their assigning each monitoring site as either a support or nonsupport vector...

Asquith, William H.

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Year Published: 2020

Soil surface elevation dynamics in a mangrove-to-marsh ecotone characterized by vegetation shifts

Mangrove forest encroachment into coastal marsh habitats has been described in subtropical regions worldwide in recent decades. To better understand how soil processes may influence vegetation change, we studied soil surface elevation change, accretion rates, and soil subsurface change across a coastal salinity gradient in Florida, USA, an area...

Howard, Rebecca J.; From, Andrew; Krauss, Ken W.; Andres, Kimberly D.; Cormier, Nicole; Allain, Larry K.; Savarese, Michael

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Year Published: 2020

Seasonal drivers of chemical and hydrological patterns in roadside infiltration-based green infrastructure

Infiltration-based green infrastructure has become a popular means of reducing stormwater hazards in urban areas. However, the long-term effects of green infrastructure on the geochemistry of roadside environments are poorly defined, particularly given the considerable roadside legacy metal contamination from historic industrial activity and...

Mullins, Angela R.; Bain, Daniel J; Pfeil McCullough, Erin; Hopkins, Kristina G.; Lavin, S.; Copeland, Erin

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Year Published: 2020

Fluxes of agricultural nitrogen and metolachlor metabolites are highly correlated in a first order stream in Maryland, USA

Nitrogen pollution in watersheds containing significant cropland area is generally problematic. Conservation practices intended to reduce nitrate-N (NO3--N) export from watersheds are being implemented by many regions without necessary tools to assess effectiveness of these abatement tools. A commonly used herbicide metolachlor degrades in the...

Rice, Cliff; Hively, W. Dean; McCarty, Gregory W.; Hapeman, Cathleen

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Year Published: 2020

Trends of litter decomposition and soil organic matter stocks across forested swamp environments of the southeastern US

A common idea in the discussion of soil carbon processes is that litter decomposition rates and soil carbon stocks are inversely related. To test this overall hypothesis, simultaneous studies were conducted of the relationship of environmental gradients to leaf and wood decomposition, buried cloth decomposition and percent soil organic matter in...

Middleton, Beth A.

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Year Published: 2020

Carrying capacity of a population diffusing in a heterogeneous environment

The carrying capacity of the environment for a population is one of the key concepts in ecology and it is incorporated in the growth term of reaction-diffusion equations describing populations in space. Analysis of reaction-diffusion models of populations in heterogeneous space have shown that, when the maximum growth rate and carrying capacity in...

DeAngelis, Don; Zhang, Bo; Ni, Wei-Ming; Wang, Yuanshi

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Year Published: 2020

Benthic infaunal communities of Baltimore and Norfolk Canyons

The imperative for finding, cataloging, and understanding continental margin diversity derives from the many key functions, goods and services provided by margin ecosystems and by an increasingly deleterious human footprint on our continental slopes (Levin and Dayton 2009). Progress in seafloor mapping technology and direct observation has...

Robertson, Craig M.; Bourque, Jill; Demopoulos, Amanda

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Year Published: 2020

Envisioning a national invasive species information framework

With a view toward creating a national Early Detection and Rapid Response Program (EDRR) program, the United States National Invasive Species Council Management Plan for 2016–2018 calls for a series of assessments of federal EDRR capacities, including the evaluation of “relevant federal information systems to provide the data and other...

Reaser, Jamie K; Simpson, Annie; Guala, Gerald; Morisette, Jeffrey; Fuller, Pam

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Year Published: 2020

Event and decadal-scale modeling of barrier island restoration designs for decision support

An interdisciplinary project team was convened to develop a modeling framework that simulates the potential impacts of storms and sea level-rise to habitat availability at Breton Island, Louisiana (Breton) for existing conditions and potential future restoration designs. The model framework was iteratively developed through evaluation of model...

Long, Joseph W.; Dalyander, P. Soupy; Poff, Michael; Spears, Brian; Borne, Brett; Thompson, David M.; Mickey, Rangley C.; Dartez, Steve; Gandy, Gregory

Filter Total Items: 510
A house destroyed by Hurricane Michael on Cape San Blas, Florida
October 15, 2018

Hurricane Michael destroyed many houses on Cape San Blas, Florida

A beach house in Cape San Blas, Florida destroyed by Hurricane Michael, which struck the Florida Panhandle as a Category Four storm Oct. 10, 2018.

Map showing new Gulf of Mexico storm tide bracket network
October 10, 2018

New Gulf of Mexico network speeds USGS hurricane preparations

Each one these blue dots represents a site where a storm-tide sensor bracket has been installed for the Gulf of Mexico pre-defined network. There are currently 85 brackets in Florida, 6 in Alabama, 3 in Mississippi, 18 in Louisiana and 26 in Texas, for a total of 138 bracketed sites. (Not all brackets will be used in all storms.)


Hurricane Michael Flood Event Viewer (map)
October 10, 2018

This Flood Event Viewer is a one-stop information source

The USGS creates a Flood Event Viewer for major flooding incidents, as a one-stop, interactive information source. On that website, viewers can click on each red dot (storm-tide sensor) to see details about it. The Flood Event Viewer for Hurricane Michael is at https://stn.wim.usgs.gov/FEV/#MichaelOct2018

One-story yellow concrete block house in Cape San Blas, Florida
October 9, 2018

Fish Inn, the scientists' field station, before Hurricane Michael

For ten years, this yellow concrete block house in Cape San Blas, Florida, dubbed Fish Inn, was the seasonal office, laboratory and living quarters for a team of USGS sea turtle researchers during their field season from November till April.

Eastern FL Panhandle map of predicted beach erosion, overwash, inundation
October 9, 2018

Strong hurricane impacts predicted for many Panhandle beaches

Coastal Change Storm Hazard Team map created Tuesday, 10/89/18 showing current forecasted beach erosion, overwash and inundation effects of Hurricane Michael's predicted landfall in the Florida Panhandle. Forecast will change with subsequent National Hurricane Center forecasts.


October 5, 2018

Image of the Week - Hurricane Florence

Hurricane Florence hit the Carolina coast on September 14, 2018, but it took much longer for the full impact to emerge.
Remotely-sensed images show the slow devastation that 13 trillion gallons of rain can bring as it moves back toward the sea.
Each week, the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center highlights a new satellite image(s) featuring

Map shows 10.3.18 flood event viewer data for Hurricane Florence
October 3, 2018

USGS science on a map of the Carolinas after Hurricane Florence

This flood event viewer map, dated Oct. 3, 2018, shows the extent and type of information collected by USGS hydrologists in North and South Carolina in the wake of historic flooding brought on by Hurricane Florence.

A hydrographer checks a high water mark on a door frame
September 25, 2018

Double-checking a high water mark on a church door near Maxton, NC

USGS hydrographer Daniel McCay uses a level to double-check a high water mark on a church door near Maxton, NC as his USGS colleague Mary Winsor observes on Sept. 25, 2018, in the wake of flooding brought on by Hurricane Florence.

A hydrographer marks a high water mark on the eaves of a church
September 21, 2018

A high water mark above the eaves of a Spring Hill, NC house

USGS hydrologic technician Rob Forde flags a high water mark above the eaves at Presbyterian Church of the Covenant, 118 Manchester Road, Spring Hill, North Carolina on Sept. 21, 2018, in the wake of flooding brought on by Hurricane Florence.

September 20, 2018

Habitat Connectivity: Assessing Threats and IDing Conservation Actions

An important conservation strategy for climate change is to enhance and maintain regional habitat connectivity for the long-term viability of wildlife populations. Modeling habitat connectivity for wildlife species often results in a mapped network of linkages between habitat patches. A critical next step is to determine which of those linkages are priorities for

A hydrographer kneels in water to measure a high water mark on a wall.
September 18, 2018

Measuring a high water mark as flooding recedes

USGS hydrographer Kyle Marchman measures a high water mark on the rear wall of a Kangaroo gas station on Highway 24 north of Fayetteville, NC on Sept. 18, 2018, after flooding caused by Hurricane Florence.

USGS intern James Stonecypher measures Lumber River floodwaters
September 17, 2018

Measuring the Lumber River floodwaters

James Stonecypher measures flood waters from the Lumber River that breached a dam in Lumberton, North Carolina after the passage of Hurricane Florence, Sept. 17, 2018. 

Filter Total Items: 382
Earth Day 2016 — USGS Graphic
April 21, 2016

Celebrate Earth Day on April 22! Learn about USGS science for a changing world.

American oystercatcher with chick.
March 16, 2016

The American oystercatchers studied on Cape Lookout National Seashore in North Carolina were disturbed more by pedestrians and off-road vehicles passing their nests than the U.S. military aircraft flying overhead.

USGS science for a changing world logo
March 14, 2016

The U.S. Geological Survey has created 20 new flood inundation maps that can help South Carolinians take steps to prevent or reduce future flood damage in the areas affected by the widespread floods of October 2015.

USGS science for a changing world logo
February 17, 2016

USGS scientists have detected toxins known as microcystins produced by various forms of algae in 39 percent of the small streams assessed throughout the southeastern United States. Their recent study looked at 75 streams in portions of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia.

Image: USGS Measures Historic Flooding Across the Nation
January 4, 2016

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring record flooding on rivers and streams in 12 states across the country. USGS is making preparations for a prolonged field effort along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers as major flooding will extend well into mid-to-late January, particularly along the lower Mississippi River.

Image:  Big Sagebrush Re-establishing 15 Years Post-wildfire Along the Boise Front Mountains
December 7, 2015

CORVALLIS, Ore. — Ecosystem restoration is complex and requires an understanding of how the land, plants, and animals all interact with each other over large areas and over time. Today, the U.S. Geological Survey published part two of a three-part handbook addressing restoration of sagebrush ecosystems from the landscape to the site level.

Planned US Topo map production schedule for the next three- year revision cycle
November 19, 2015

With the release of new US Topo maps for Illinois and South Dakota, the USGS has completed the second, three-year cycle of revising and updating electronic US Topo quadrangles. This means that since late 2009, the USGS has published nearly every map in the conterminous U.S., twice.

November 10, 2015

A new interactive Flood Inundation Map to improve flood warnings and assist with emergency management along Big Creek in Alpharetta and Roswell, Georgia, was debuted during a ceremony today in Alpharetta’s Rock Mill Park.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 28, 2015

Alligators and the Everglades go hand-in-hand, and as water conditions change in the greater Everglades ecosystem, gators are one of the key species that could be affected.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 284