Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: January 20, 2017
Status: Active

North Carolina Shale Gas Baseline Groundwater Sampling Project

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) South Atlantic Water Science Center is conducted an inventory of well records and baseline groundwater-quality sampling to better delineate areas of groundwater use and groundwater-quality characteristics prior to potential shale gas exploration in the Triassic Basins of Lee and Chatham Counties, North Carolina. The compilation of baseline groundwater-quality...

Date published: January 19, 2017
Status: Completed

Roanoke River Water-Quality Monitoring and Modeling, N.C.

The relations among river flow, floodplain water level, and instream dissolved-oxygen (DO) concentrations are important but poorly understood for the Roanoke River. Flooding and floodplain inundation no longer follow a natural seasonal pattern of flooding in the winter and occasionally in the fall, and lower flows throughout the remainder of the year, but are primarily governed by upstream...

Contacts: Sean D Egen
Date published: January 17, 2017
Status: Active

Water Use in North Carolina, 2010

In North Carolina and across the Nation, water is a vital resource and it is used for a variety of purposes. Water use for 2010 was estimated for each county in North Carolina using data obtained from various Federal and State agencies and other sources. Estimates of water use in North Carolina were developed for the categories of public supply, domestic, industrial, mining, aquaculture,...

Contacts: Douglas G Smith
Date published: January 11, 2017

Surface-Water Quality in Agricultural Watersheds of the North Carolina Coastal Plain Associated with Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

The effects of concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) on water quality were investigated at 54 agricultural stream sites throughout the North Carolina Coastal Plain during 2012 and 2013.

Three general watershed land-use types were examined during the study, including 18 background watersheds with no active CAFOs, 18 watersheds with one or more active swine CAFOs but no poultry...

Date published: January 9, 2017
Status: Active

Water Use in South Carolina, 2010

The future health and welfare of the Nation's population is dependent upon a continuing supply of uncontaminated fresh water. Increasing withdrawals and increasing demands for instream flows are limiting the water available for future use. The USGS compiles water-use data from numerous sources for all parts of the country, and since 1950 has published a series of Circulars on the estimated use...

Date published: December 29, 2016
Status: Active

Low-Flow Frequency and Flow Duration Statistics at Continuous-Record Gages in South Carolina

South Carolina State agencies use low-flow statistics for many applications, including determining waste-load allocations for point sources, development of total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) for streams, determining the quantity of water that can be safely withdrawn from a particular stream, and preparing the State Water Plan. This project will monitor the low-flow frequency and duration...

Contacts: Toby D Feaster
Date published: December 22, 2016

Selected Roadway High-Water Mark Data from Hurricane Joaquin Flooding, October 2015

As part of the statewide response to the flooding, the USGS and S.C. Department of Transportation (SCDOT) conducted a cooperative study to collect high-water mark (HWM) data at 50 selected road crossings.

The HWM elevations and descriptive data have been posted on the USGS Short-Term Network (STN). The STN is a national-...

Date published: December 16, 2016
Status: Active

Environmental Fate and Transport of Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC), South Carolina

The contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) umbrella covers several broad classes of contaminants that include: pharmaceuticals and personal care products, organic wastewater compounds, antimicrobials, antibiotics, animal and human hormones, as well as domestic and industrial detergents. The potential impacts of CECs on the environment, in general, and on natural surface-water and riparian...

Contacts:
Date published: December 13, 2016
Status: Completed

Update for the South Carolina Atlantic Coastal Plain Groundwater Availability Model

Groundwater use from the Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifers in South Carolina has increased during the past 70 years as the population has increased along with demands for municipal, industrial, and agricultural water needs. While South Carolina works to increase development of water supplies in response to the rapid population growth, the State is facing a number of unanswered questions...

Contacts: Bruce Campbell
Date published: December 12, 2016
Status: Active

Development of a Guidance Manual for Assessing Scour Using the South Carolina Bridge-Scour Envelope Curves

The primary objective of this project is to develop an integrated procedure for assessing scour potential at riverine bridges in South Carolina utilizing the regional bridge-scour envelope curves developed in the three previous field investigations.

Date published: December 9, 2016
Status: Active

Determination of Changes in Water Quality, Streambed Sediment, and Benthic Macroinvertebrates as a Result of Stormwater Runoff from Selected Bridges in South Carolina

Past stormwater monitoring has indicated that bridge deck runoff has relatively high concentrations of a variety of constituents such as nutrients, solids, pesticides, trace metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The objective of this investigation is to quantify the downstream changes in receiving water-quality conditions during periods of observable stormwater runoff from...

Date published: December 5, 2016
Status: Active

Quantifying Effects of Flow Variability on Riverine Biota

Stream and river biota around the world are imperiled by alterations to stream flow regimes that result from dams, land-use changes, water diversions and changing climate patterns. To manage and conserve stream-dependent species threatened by flow alterations, natural resource managers need quantitative information relating multiple aspects of ecological response to changes in a stream’s flow...

Filter Total Items: 5,355
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Year Published: 2020

Legacy effects of hydrologic alteration in playa wetland responses to droughts

Wetland conservation increasingly must account for climate change and legacies of previous land-use practices. Playa wetlands provide critical wildlife habitat, but may be impacted by intensifying droughts and previous hydrologic modifications. To inform playa restoration planning, we asked: (1) what are the trends in playa inundation? (2) what...

Russell, Micah T.; Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Collins, Gail H.; Long, Ryan A.; Eitel, Jan H.

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Year Published: 2020

A guidebook to spatial datasets for conservation planning under climate change in the Pacific Northwest

This guidebook provides user-friendly overviews of a variety of spatial datasets relevant to conservation and management of natural resources in the face of climate change in the Pacific Northwest, United States. Each guidebook chapter was created using a standardized template to summarize a spatial dataset or a group of closely related datasets....

Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Belote, Travis; Blasch, Kyle W.; Campbell, Steve; Chambers, Jeanne C.; Davis, Raymond J.; Dobrowski, Solomon; Dunham, Jason B.; Gergel, Diana; Isaak, Daniel; Jaeger, Kristin; Krosby, Meade; Langdon, Jesse; Lawler, Joshua J.; Littlefield, Caitlin E; Luce, Charles H; Maestas, Jeremy D; Martinez, Anthony; Meddens, Arjan J.H.; Michalak, Julia; Parks, Sean A.; Peterman, Wendy; Popper, Ken; Ringo, Chris; Sando, Roy; Schindel, Michael; Stralberg, Diana; Theobald, David M.; Walker, Nathan; Wilsey, Chad; Yang, Zhiqiang; Yost, Andrew

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Year Published: 2020

Monitoring and real-time modeling of Escherichia coli bacteria for the Chattahoochee River, Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area, Georgia, 2000–2019

The Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area (CRNRA) is a National Park Service unit/park with 48 miles of urban waterway in the Atlanta metropolitan area. The Chattahoochee River within the CRNRA is a popular place for water-based recreation but is known to periodically experience elevated levels of fecal-coliform bacteria associated with...

Aulenbach, Brent T.; McKee, Anna M.
Aulenbach, B.T., and McKee, A.M., 2020, Monitoring and real-time modeling of Escherichia coli bacteria for the Chattahoochee River, Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area, Georgia, 2000–2019: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1048, 43 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201048.

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Year Published: 2020

Influence of soil microbiota on Taxodium distichum seedling performance during extreme flooding events

Plant associations with soil microbiota can modulate tree seedling growth and survival via mutualistic or antagonistic interactions. It is uncertain, however, whether soil microbiota influence seedling growth of coastal trees when exposed to extreme flooding regimes. We evaluated the role of soil microbes in promoting baldcypress (Taxodium...

Torres-Martínez, Lorena; Sánchez-Julia, Mareli; Kimbrough, Elizabeth; Hendrix, Trey; Hendrix, Miranda; Day, Richard H.; Krauss, Ken W.; Van Bael, Sunshine A

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Year Published: 2020

The field trip that changed the course of my career

After gobbling down a breakfast of sliced papaya, scrambled eggs, refried beans, and soft flour tacos, we gathered our gear and loaded it into the red zodiac that the station manager had assigned to us. My colleagues and I were headed to a pair of islands off the coast of Belize called Twin Cays, occupied by a unique group of tropical plants and...

McKee, Karen L.

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Year Published: 2020

The utility of zooarchaeological data to guide listing efforts for an imperiled mussel species (Bivalvia: Unionidae: Pleurobema riddellii)

The status of species in freshwater systems shift over time due to natural and anthropogenic causes. Determining the magnitude and cause of these shifts requires a long‐term perspective. This process is complicated when there are also questions about the taxonomic validity of a species. Addressing these issues is important because both can...

Randklev, Charles R.; Wolverton, Steve; Johnson, Nathan; Smith, Chase H.; DuBose, Traci; Robertson, Clint; Conley, Julian

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Year Published: 2020

A new species of freshwater mussel in the genus Popenaias Frierson, 1927, from the Gulf coastal rivers of central Mexico (Bivalvia: Unionida: Unionidae) with comments on the genus

The Gulf coastal drainages of central Mexico are a faunal transition zone between North and South America and harbor a unique assemblage of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionida). However, little information is available regarding the taxonomy, distribution, and evolutionary history of the Mexican mussel fauna due to limited sampling over the...

Inoue, Kentaro; Cummings, Kevin S.; Tiemann, Jeremy S.; Miller, Thomas D.; Johnson, Nathan; Smith, Chase H.; Randklev, Charles R.

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Year Published: 2020

Salinity, water level, and forest structure contribute to baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) rhizosphere and endosphere community structure

As rising sea levels alter coastal ecosystems, there is a pressing need to examine the effects of saltwater intrusion on coastal communities. Using 16S Illumina profiling, we characterized the communities of baldcypress tree (Taxodium distichum) root endosphere and rhizosphere soil bacteria. Our study utilized established sites along salinity and...

Lumibao, Candice Y; Kimbrough, Elizabeth; Formel, Steven; Day, Richard; From, Andrew; Conner, William H.; Krauss, Ken; Van Bael, Sunshine A

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Year Published: 2020

A comparative phylogeographic approach to facilitate recovery of an imperiled freshwater mussel (Bivalvia: Unionida: Potamilus inflatus)

North American freshwaters are among the world’s most threatened ecosystems, and freshwater mussels are among the most imperiled inhabiting these systems. A critical aspect of conservation biology is delineating patterns of genetic diversity, which can be difficult when a taxon has been extirpated from a significant portion of its historical range...

Smith, Chase H.; Johnson, Nathan

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Year Published: 2020

Comparative phylogenomics reveal complex evolution of life history strategies in a clade of bivalves with parasitic larvae (Bivalvia: Unionoida: Ambleminae)

Freshwater mussels are a species‐rich group with biodiversity patterns strongly shaped by a life history strategy that includes an obligate parasitic larval stage. In this study, we set out to reconstruct the life history evolution and systematics in a clade of freshwater mussels adapted to parasitizing a molluscivorous host fish. Anchored hybrid...

Smith, Chase H.; Pfeiffer, John M.; Johnson, Nathan

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Year Published: 2020

Hydrologic signals and surprises in U.S. streamflow records during urbanization

Urban development has been observed to lead to variable magnitudes of change for stormflow volume and directions of baseflow change across cities. This work examines temporal streamflow trends across the flow duration curve in 53 watersheds during periods of peak urban development, which ranged from 1939 to 2016. We used U.S. Geological Survey...

Bhaskar, Aditi S.; Hopkins, Kristina G.; Smith, Brianne K; Stephens, Tim A; Miller, Andy J

Filter Total Items: 498
Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Camp Lejeune, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. View looking northwest along the North Carolina shore. Waves and surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach, causing significant shoreline retreat and a narrower beach. An overwash channel was reactivated, moving sand inland (green arrow) burying the marsh. The

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Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Topsail, North Carolina. 
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Topsail, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Topsail, North Carolina. View looking northwest along the North Carolina shore. Elevated storm-induced water levels overtopped the low dunes here causing the dune to overwash. Sand was transported landward, burying the marsh (green arrow). The yellow arrows in each image point to the same

...
Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Oregon Inlet, North Carolina. 
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Oregon Inlet, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Oregon Inlet, North Carolina. View looking west along the North Carolina shore. High waves and storm surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach and inundated the low area in the backshore at Oregon Inlet (A, green box, blue arrows). Waves and surge also eroded the base of

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Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Rodanthe, North Carolina.
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Rodanthe, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Rodanthe, North Carolina. View looking west along the North Carolina shore. High waves and storm surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach, exposing the pilings of the homes to wave attack (green and orange arrows). The yellow box delineates the view of the low angel

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Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Salvo, North Carolina. 
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Salvo, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Salvo, North Carolina. View looking west along the North Carolina shore. Waves and surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach, causing significant shoreline retreat and a narrower beach, leaving deposits of darker sand at the base of the dune (green arrow). The yellow arrows in each image

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A healthy coral reef at Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Island
December 31, 2015

Elkhorn coral anchors a healthy reef

Healthy Elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) near unpopulated Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Islands. Elkhorn coral is one of many important reef-building species that create 3D structure on the seafloor. Coral reef structure provides habitat for marine life and helps break up waves as they approach the coastline.

aerial photographs of Hatteras, North Carolina.
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Hatteras, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Hatteras, North Carolina. View looking north along the North Carolina shore. Waves and surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beach, causing significant shoreline retreat and a narrower beach at the location of the Hurricane Isabel breach in 2003 (green arrow). The yellow

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Elkhorn coral has died and turned to rubble.
December 31, 2015

Corals die, turn to rubble

These Elkhorn corals (Acropora palmata) near Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Islands have died and collapsed into rubble. As coral reef structure degrades, valuable habitat for marine life is lost and nearby coastlines become more susceptible to storms, waves and erosion.

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of New Drum Inlet, Core Banks, North Carolina
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of New Drum Inlet, Core Banks, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of New Drum Inlet, Core Banks, North Carolina. View looking northwest along the North Carolina shore. High waves and storm surge from Hurricane Joaquin reopened New Drum Inlet, transporting sand into Core Sound (green arrow) and reworking the shoals of the flood-tidal delta behind the inlet. The

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Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Bear Inlet, North Carolina.
December 31, 2015

Aerial photographs of Bear Inlet, North Carolina

Near vertical (top, middle) and low angle oblique (bottom) aerial photographs of Bear Inlet, North Carolina. View looking northwest along the North Carolina shore. High waves and storm surge from Hurricane Joaquin eroded the beaches, moving sand inland (green arrow) and reshaping the flood-tidal shoals. The yellow arrows in each image point to the same feature. Near

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Filter Total Items: 399
USGS science for a changing world logo
May 13, 2011

Recent Landsat satellite data captured by the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA on May 10 show the major flooding of the Mississippi River around Memphis, Tenn. and along the state borders of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas as seen from 438 miles above the Earth.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 26, 2011

The National Earthquake Prediction Evaluation Council has issued a new report in which independent experts conclude that current USGS estimates for significant earthquake hazards in the New Madrid Seismic Zone—affecting eight central and eastern U.S states—are based on sound science.

USGS
December 1, 2010

Chattahoochee River Stakeholders are celebrating the 10th Anniversary of the BacteriALERT Monitoring Program. Scientists taking weekly water samples are a common sight within the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area (CRNRA).

USGS
November 17, 2010

Approximately 13 million metric tons of rare earth elements (REE) exist within known deposits in the United States, according to the first-ever nationwide estimate of these elements by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
November 16, 2010

The report, “Groundwater Availability of the Atlantic Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina,” is available online.

Large volumes of high quality groundwater fill aquifers along the Atlantic Coastal Plain (ACP) in North and South Carolina. Groundwater levels in much of the region remain relatively unchanged from predevelopment days, despite declines in some locations from large-scale pumping.

USGS
October 22, 2010

A new online and interactive flood preparedness tool is now available for the Flint River. Scientists from the U.S Geological Survey (USGS) and the National Weather Service (NWS) developed the new Flood Inundation Map to improve flood warnings and emergency management along the Flint River in Albany, Ga.

USGS
September 13, 2010

Gainesville, FL. -- The first genetic study to compare nuclear DNA of endangered Antillean manatees in Belize with Florida manatees confirmed their designation as separate subspecies. Belize’s manatees, however, were found to have extremely low genetic diversity, raising questions about their long-term genetic viability.

USGS
August 9, 2010

Identifying watersheds with naturally occurring geologic sources of phosphorus will be easier with the release of a new map by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
June 4, 2010

A wetland primer recently published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides a comprehensive new view of how central Florida’s freshwater wetlands function and how their benefits can contribute to environmental sustainability.

USGS
June 1, 2010

The importance of a ‘blanket effect’ caused by layers of fresh and salt water in two warmwater manatee refuges along the coast of southwest Florida has been documented by a team of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service scientists. 

USGS
May 13, 2010

Rivers throughout middle Tennessee crested at record high levels last week.  They exceeded previous highs at many streamgages by as much as 14 feet, according to preliminary estimates released today by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).  

USGS
May 6, 2010

The May 1-2 storm that brought heavy rains to the southeastern U.S. resulted in record high flows for many rivers in middle Tennessee, according to preliminary estimates released today by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283