Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: November 12, 2018
Status: Active

Geological Investigations of the Neogene

More than a third of the United States population lives in counties directly on the shoreline, making them vulnerable to hazards associated with changing sea level and storm surges associated with hurricanes and severe storms. The geologic record contains many examples of past intervals of warm climate and high sea level. "Geological Investigation of the Neogene" is examining proxy records of...

Date published: November 1, 2018
Status: Active

Using Molecular Tools to Recalibrate Freshwater Mussel Taxonomy with a Focus on Imperiled Species

Freshwater mussels of the family Unionidae, also known as naiads, pearly mussels, freshwater clams, or unionids, are a diverse group of bivalve mollusks that are distributed on every continent except Antarctica. Approximately 300 species are known from the United States, with most of this diversity residing in rivers of the Southeast where many endemic taxa have evolved.

Date published: October 26, 2018
Status: Active

Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont Geologic Mapping

The Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont Geologic Mapping Task (BRIP) is the western focus of geologic mapping and framework studies of the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project. BRIP will conduct modern geologic mapping and geologic framework studies in the Wytheville, Hickory and Boone 30x60-min. sheets. Collectively, the objectives of BRIP are to (1) characterize the geologic framework of the Blue Ridge...

Contacts: Arthur Merschat
Date published: October 23, 2018
Status: Completed

Fine-scale Benthic Habitat Mapping

Both ATRIS configurations was deployed in Dry Tortugas National Park (DRTO) to fill information gaps in the spatial coverage of existing habitat maps.

Date published: October 11, 2018
Status: Active

Sea Level Rise and Climate: Impacts on the Greater Everglades Ecosystem and Restoration

The Greater Everglades Ecosystem covers much of south Florida, and the highest areas are only a few meters above sea level.  Predictions of sea level rise and changes in storm intensity for the 21st century are particularly concerning to the urban population of Miami and the east coast, but also represent a challenge to Everglades National Park and Biscayne National Park resource...

Date published: October 5, 2018
Status: Active

Coral Reef Ecosystem Studies (CREST)

The specific objectives of this project are to identify and describe the processes that are important in determining rates of coral-reef construction. How quickly the skeletons of calcifying organisms accumulate to form massive barrier-reef structure is determined by processes of both construction (how fast organisms grow and reproduce) and destruction (how fast reefs break down by mechanical...

Date published: September 27, 2018
Status: Active

Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project

The Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project is a geologic mapping project supported by the USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program. The Piedmont Blue Ridge Project aims to understand the geologic framework and tectonic evolution of terranes and basins in the Appalachian Piedmont and Blue Ridge, and their significance for water, mineral and energy resources, natural hazards, and engineering/...

Date published: September 25, 2018
Status: Completed

Black-band disease in the Florida Keys

Photos of corals affected by black-band disease in the Florida Keys.

Date published: September 20, 2018
Status: Active

Hurricane Florence - Forecast and Documentation of Coastal Change

Hurricane Florence coastal change forecast and pre- and post-storm photos documenting coastal change.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: September 20, 2018
Status: Active

Webinar: Connectivity for Climate Change: Assessing Threats and Identifying Conservation Actions

View this webinar to learn how researchers are examining habitat connectivity as a conservation strategy in the face of climate change.

Contacts: Jen Costanza
Date published: September 19, 2018
Status: Active

Joint Ecosystem Modeling: Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow Helper

The Sparrow Helper tool allows for the evaluation of water management scenarios by generating, plotting, and mapping hydrologic metrics across a range of time scales to predict impacts of proposed water depth changes to sparrow subpopulations.

Date published: September 18, 2018
Status: Active

Joint Ecosystem Modeling: Wader Distribution & Evaluation Modeling (WADEM)

WADEM (Wader Distribution Evaluation Modeling) is a JEM model that estimates species-specific habitat suitability across the landscape for Great Egret (Ardea alba), White Ibis (Eudocimus albus), and Wood Stork (Mycteria americana).

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Year Published: 2021

Genetics as a tool for conservation and management of West Indian manatee populations in Brazil

A study conducted by the National Center for Research and Conservation of Aquatic Mammals (CMA), United States Geological Survey Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, and partner researchers found that the marine Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) has low genetic diversity in regions where there are territorial interfaces with the...

Luna, Fabia; Beaver, Caitlin; Nourisson, Coralie; Bonde, Robert; Attademo, Fernanda L. N.; Miranda, Adriana V.; Torres-Florez, Juan P.; de Sousa, Glaucia P.; Passavante, José Z.; Hunter, Margaret

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Year Published: 2021

Regional-scale variability in the movement ecology of marine fishes revealed by an integrative acoustic tracking network

Marine fish movement plays a critical role in ecosystem functioning and is increasingly studied with acoustic telemetry. Traditionally, this research has focused on single species and small spatial scales. However, integrated tracking networks, such as the Integrated Tracking of Aquatic Animals in the Gulf of Mexico (iTAG) network, are building...

Lowerre-Barbieri, Susan K.; Friess, Claudia; Lowerre-Barbieri, Susan K.; Poulakis, Gregg R.; Hammerschlag, Neil; Gardiner, Jayne M.; Kroetz, Andrea M.; Bassos-Hull, Kim; Bickford, Joel; Bohaboy, Erin C.; Ellis, Robert D.; Menendez, Hayden; Patterson, William F.; Price, Melissa E.; Rehage, Jennifer S.; Shea, Colin P.; Smukall, Matthew J.; Walters Burnsed, Sarah; Wilkinson, Krystan A.; Young, Joy; Collins, Angela B.; DeGroot, Breanna C.; Peterson, Cheston T.; Purtlebaugh, Caleb; Randall, Michael T.; Scharer, Rachel M.; Schloesser, Ryan W.; Wiley, Tonya R.; Alvarez, Gina A.; Danylchuk, Andy J.; Fox, Adam G.; Hill, Ashley; Grubbs, R. Dean; Locascio, James V.; O’Donnell, Patrick M.; Skomal, Gregory B.; Griffin, Lucas P.; Whoriskey, Fred G.

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Year Published: 2021

Habitat suitability index model improvement recommendations

As part of the model improvement effort for the 2023 Coastal Master Plan, the Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) models used during previous master plans were reevaluated to assess how the model relationships could be improved, and to determine what species should be included in the master plan analyses. This process considered the technical reviews...

Sable, Shaye E.; Lindquist, David C.; D'Acunto, Laura; Hijuelos, Ann; LaPeyre, Megan K.; O'Connell, Ann M.; Robinson, Elizabeth M.

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Year Published: 2021

Habitat suitability index model improvements

Habitat suitability index (HSI) models were developed for the 2023 Coastal Master Plan to evaluate the potential effects of coastal restoration and protection projects on habitat for key coastal fish, shellfish, and wildlife species. These species included: eastern oyster, brown shrimp, white shrimp, blue crab, crayfish, gulf menhaden, spotted...

Lindquist, David C.; Sable, Shaye E.; D'Acunto, Laura; Hijuelos, Ann; Johnson, Erik I.; Langlois, Summer R.M; Michel, Nicole L.; Nakashima, Lindsay; O’Connell, Ann M.; Percy, Katie L.; Robinson, Elizabeth M.

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Year Published: 2021

Assessing the effectiveness of nourishment in decadal barrier island morphological resilience

Nourishment has shown to be an effective method for short-term storm protection along barrier islands and sandy beaches by reducing flooding, wave attack and erosion. However, the ability of nourishment to mitigate the effects of storms and sea level rise (SLR) and improve coastal resilience over decadal time scales is not well understood. This...

Passeri, Davina; Bilskie, Matthew V.; Hagen, Scott C.; Mickey, Rangley C.; Dalyander, P Soupy; Gonzalez, Victor

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Year Published: 2021

Groundwater-quality and select quality-control data from the National Water-Quality Assessment Project, January 2017 through December 2019

Groundwater-quality environmental data were collected from 983 wells as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Project of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Program and are included in this report. The data were collected from six types of well networks: principal aquifer study networks, which are used to assess the quality...

Kingsbury, James A.; Bexfield, Laura M.; Arnold, Terri; Musgrove, MaryLynn; Erickson, Melinda L.; Degnan, James R.; Tesoriero, Anthony J.; Lindsey, Bruce D.; Belitz, Kenneth
Kingsbury, J.A., Bexfield, L.M., Arnold, T., Musgrove, M., Erickson, M.L., Degnan, J.R., Tesoriero, A.J., Lindsey, B.D., and Belitz, K., 2021, Groundwater-quality and select quality-control data from the National Water-Quality Assessment Project, January 2017 through December 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1136, 97 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1136.

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Year Published: 2021

Optimal allocation of law enforcement patrol effort to mitigate poaching activities

Poaching is a global problem causing the decline of species worldwide. Optimizing the efficiency of ranger patrols to deter poaching activity at the lowest possible cost is crucial for protecting species with limited resources. We applied decision analysis and spatial optimization algorithms to allocate efforts of ranger patrols throughout a...

Moore, Jennifer F.; Udell, Bradley; Martin, Julien; Turikunkiko, Ezechiel; Masozera, Michel K.

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Year Published: 2021

Reconnaissance of cumulative risk of pesticides and pharmaceuticals in Great Smoky Mountains National Park streams

The United States (US) National Park Service (NPS) manages protected public lands to preserve biodiversity. Exposure to and effects of bioactive organic contaminants in NPS streams are challenges for resource managers. Recent assessment of pesticides and pharmaceuticals in protected-streams within the urbanized NPS Southeast Region (SER) indicated...

Bradley, Paul; Kulp, Matt A.; Huffman, Bradley J.; Romanok, Kristin; Smalling, Kelly; Breitmeyer, Sara; Clark, Jimmy; Journey, Celeste A.

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Year Published: 2021

Public and private tapwater: Comparative analysis of contaminant exposure and potential risk, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA

BackgroundHumans are primary drivers of environmental contamination worldwide, including in drinking-water resources. In the United States (US), federal and state agencies regulate and monitor public-supply drinking water while private-supply monitoring is rare; the current lack of directly comparable information on contaminant-mixture exposures...

Bradley, Paul; LeBlanc, Denis R.; Romanok, Kristin; Smalling, Kelly; Focazio, Michael J.; Cardon, Mary C.; Clark, Jimmy; Conley, Justin M.; Evans, Nicola; Givens, Carrie E; Gray, James L.; Gray, L. Earl; Hartig, Phillip C.; Higgins, Christopher P.; Hladik, Michelle; Iwanowicz, Luke R.; Loftin, Keith; McCleskey, R. Blaine; McDonough, Carrie A.; Medlock-Kakaley, Elizabeth; Weis, Christopher P.; Wilson, Vickie S.

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Year Published: 2021

Quantifying thresholds of barrier geomorphic change in a cross-shore sediment-partitioning model

Barrier coasts, including barrier islands, beach-ridge plains, and associated landforms, can assume a broad spectrum of morphologies over multi-decadal scales that reflect conditions of sediment availability, accommodation, and relative sea-level rise. However, the quantitative thresholds of these controls on barrier-system behavior remain largely...

Ciarletta, Daniel J.; Miselis, Jennifer L.; Shawler, Justin L.; Hein, Christopher J.

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Year Published: 2021

The evolving perceptual model of streamflow generation at the Panola Mountain Research Watershed

The Panola Mountain Research Watershed (PMRW) is a 41‐hectare forested catchment within the Piedmont Province of the Southeastern United States. Observations, experimentation, and numerical modelling have been conducted at Panola over the past 35 years. But to date, these studies have not been fully incorporated into a more comprehensive synthesis...

Aulenbach, Brent T.; Hooper, Richard P; van Meerveld, H. J.; Burns, Douglas A.; Freer, James E.; Shanley, James B.; Huntington, Thomas; McDonnell, Jeffery J.; Norman E. Peters

Filter Total Items: 498
October 24, 2018

Image of the Week - Hurricane Michael

Hurricane Michael made landfall in the Florida Panhandle on October 10, 2018.

Landsat 7 images captured before and after highlight the destructive path of the Category 4 storm.

Mexico Beach was all but demolished, with homes left in heaps by wind and storm surge. The green leaves that pop in the September image are stripped from trees by October, and the dull

Two oceanographers look at a coral core stored in a wooden box
October 18, 2018

Coral cores like this one reveal geologic history of Keys reefs

USGS Research Oceanographer Lauren Toth and Oceanographer Anastasios Stathakopoulos study a coral-reef core in the USGS’s Core Archive in St. Petersburg, Florida. Photo: Dominique Gallery, USGS.

A deeply eroded sand dune at Cape San Blas, Florida
October 16, 2018

Hurricane Michael cut deep into Panhandle dunes

A deeply eroded sand dune on the beach at Cape San Blas shows Hurricane Michael's impact on parts of the Florida Panhandle shoreline.

Satellite image showing how Hurricane Michael affected Florida.
October 16, 2018

Hurricane Michael Batters Florida Panhandle

Landsat 7 images captured before and after highlight the destructive path of the Category 4 storm.

A house destroyed by Hurricane Michael on Cape San Blas, Florida
October 15, 2018

Hurricane Michael destroyed many houses on Cape San Blas, Florida

A beach house in Cape San Blas, Florida destroyed by Hurricane Michael, which struck the Florida Panhandle as a Category Four storm Oct. 10, 2018.

Map showing new Gulf of Mexico storm tide bracket network
October 10, 2018

New Gulf of Mexico network speeds USGS hurricane preparations

Each one these blue dots represents a site where a storm-tide sensor bracket has been installed for the Gulf of Mexico pre-defined network. There are currently 85 brackets in Florida, 6 in Alabama, 3 in Mississippi, 18 in Louisiana and 26 in Texas, for a total of 138 bracketed sites. (Not all brackets will be used in all storms.)


Hurricane Michael Flood Event Viewer (map)
October 10, 2018

This Flood Event Viewer is a one-stop information source

The USGS creates a Flood Event Viewer for major flooding incidents, as a one-stop, interactive information source. On that website, viewers can click on each red dot (storm-tide sensor) to see details about it. The Flood Event Viewer for Hurricane Michael is at https://stn.wim.usgs.gov/FEV/#MichaelOct2018

One-story yellow concrete block house in Cape San Blas, Florida
October 9, 2018

Fish Inn, the scientists' field station, before Hurricane Michael

For ten years, this yellow concrete block house in Cape San Blas, Florida, dubbed Fish Inn, was the seasonal office, laboratory and living quarters for a team of USGS sea turtle researchers during their field season from November till April.

Eastern FL Panhandle map of predicted beach erosion, overwash, inundation
October 9, 2018

Strong hurricane impacts predicted for many Panhandle beaches

Coastal Change Storm Hazard Team map created Tuesday, 10/89/18 showing current forecasted beach erosion, overwash and inundation effects of Hurricane Michael's predicted landfall in the Florida Panhandle. Forecast will change with subsequent National Hurricane Center forecasts.


October 5, 2018

Image of the Week - Hurricane Florence

Hurricane Florence hit the Carolina coast on September 14, 2018, but it took much longer for the full impact to emerge.
Remotely-sensed images show the slow devastation that 13 trillion gallons of rain can bring as it moves back toward the sea.
Each week, the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center highlights a new satellite image(s) featuring

Map shows 10.3.18 flood event viewer data for Hurricane Florence
October 3, 2018

USGS science on a map of the Carolinas after Hurricane Florence

This flood event viewer map, dated Oct. 3, 2018, shows the extent and type of information collected by USGS hydrologists in North and South Carolina in the wake of historic flooding brought on by Hurricane Florence.

A hydrographer checks a high water mark on a door frame
September 25, 2018

Double-checking a high water mark on a church door near Maxton, NC

USGS hydrographer Daniel McCay uses a level to double-check a high water mark on a church door near Maxton, NC as his USGS colleague Mary Winsor observes on Sept. 25, 2018, in the wake of flooding brought on by Hurricane Florence.

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Storm-tide sensor
October 5, 2016

Media interested in going out with USGS field crews deploying sensors please contact:

Florida: Richard Kane, rkane@usgs.gov, 813-918-1275 

Georgia: Brian McCallum, bemccall@usgs.gov, 678- 924-6672

South Carolina: John Shelton, jmshelto@usgs.gov, 803-767-5542

North Carolina: Jeanne Robbins, jrobbins@usgs.gov, 919-571-4017 

USGS: Science for a changing world
September 6, 2016

Threats to groundwater availability and sustainability in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain are dependent to a large degree by the type of aquifers used for water supply, according to a new regional assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey.

two men standing near a well. Truck-mounted rig and well head visible.
August 29, 2016

TECHNICAL ANNOUNCEMENT: Monitoring, verification and accounting are key parts to demonstrating the feasibility or success of integrated carbon capture and storage technologies.

Catawba rhododendron blooming at Round Bald, NC
August 11, 2016

“From the mountains to the coast, the southeastern U.S. contains ecosystems that harbor incredible biodiversity. Many of those ecosystems are already highly at risk from urbanization and other human land-use change. Identifying the ecosystems at risk from climate change will help inform conservation and management to ensure we don’t lose that biodiversity.” (Jennifer Constanza, report author)

Image: Methane Seeps along Offshore Virginia
June 16, 2016

Recent scientific work has confirmed the source, composition and origin of methane seeps on the Atlantic Ocean seafloor, discovered in 2012, where scientists never expected them to be.

As US models predicted Hurricane Joaquin washed out a road at Kitty Hawk, NC in 2015.
June 1, 2016

New USGS models help predict storm effects on beaches

As the 2016 hurricane season opens, weather forecasters, emergency managers and coastal residents have access to tools developed by the U.S. Geological Survey that predict, more precisely than ever, where beach erosion and beachfront flooding will take place during hurricanes and other storms.


Earth Day 2016 — USGS Graphic
April 21, 2016

Celebrate Earth Day on April 22! Learn about USGS science for a changing world.

American oystercatcher with chick.
March 16, 2016

The American oystercatchers studied on Cape Lookout National Seashore in North Carolina were disturbed more by pedestrians and off-road vehicles passing their nests than the U.S. military aircraft flying overhead.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283