Astrogeology Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 771
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Year Published: 2016

High concentrations of manganese and sulfur in deposits on Murray Ridge, Endeavour Crater, Mars

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE images and Opportunity rover observations of the ~22 km wide Noachian age Endeavour Crater on Mars show that the rim and surrounding terrains were densely fractured during the impact crater-forming event. Fractures have also propagated upward into the overlying Burns formation sandstones. Opportunity’s...

Arvidson, Raymond E.; Squyres, Steven W.; Morris, Richard V.; Knoll, Andrew H.; Gellert, Ralf; Clark, Benton C.; Catalano, Jeffrey G.; Jolliff, Bradley L.; McLennan, Scott M.; Herkenhoff, Kenneth E.; VanBommel, Scott; Mittelfehldt, David W.; Grotzinger, John P.; Guinness, Edward A.; Johnson, Jeffrey R.; Bell, James F.; Farrand, William H.; Stein, Nathan; Fox, Valerie K.; Golombek, Matthew P.; Hinkle, Margaret A. G.; Calvin, Wendy M.; de Souza, Paulo A.

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Year Published: 2016

The potassic sedimentary rocks in Gale Crater, Mars, as seen by ChemCam Onboard Curiosity

The Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity encountered potassium-rich clastic sedimentary rocks at two sites in Gale Crater, the waypoints Cooperstown and Kimberley. These rocks include several distinct meters thick sedimentary outcrops ranging from fine sandstone to conglomerate, interpreted to record an ancient fluvial or fluvio-deltaic...

Le Deit, Laetitia; Mangold, Nicolas; Forni, Olivier; Cousin, Agnes; Lasue, Jeremie; Schröder, Susanne; Wiens, Roger C.; Sumner, Dawn Y.; Fabre, Cecile; Stack, Katherine M.; Anderson, Ryan; Blaney, Diana L.; Clegg, Samuel M.; Dromart, Gilles; Fisk, Martin; Gasnault, Olivier; Grotzinger, John P.; Gupta, Sanjeev; Lanza, Nina; Le Mouélic, Stephane; Maurice, Sylvestre; McLennan, Scott M.; Meslin, Pierre-Yves; Nachon, Marion; Newsom, Horton E.; Payre, Valerie; Rapin, William; Rice, Melissa; Sautter, Violaine; Treiman, Allan H.

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Year Published: 2016

Fluvial erosion as a mechanism for crater modification on Titan

There are few identifiable impact craters on Titan, especially in the polar regions. One explanation for this observation is that the craters are being destroyed through fluvial processes, such as weathering, mass wasting, fluvial incision and deposition. In this work, we use a landscape evolution model to determine whether or not this is a viable...

Neish, Catherine D.; Molaro, J. L.; Lora, J. M.; Howard, A.D.; Kirk, Randolph L.; Schenk, P.; Bray, V.J.; Lorenz, R.D.

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Year Published: 2016

Nature, distribution, and origin of Titan’s Undifferentiated Plains

The Undifferentiated Plains on Titan, first mapped by Lopes et al. (Lopes, R.M.C. et al., 2010. Icarus, 205, 540–588), are vast expanses of terrains that appear radar-dark and fairly uniform in Cassini Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images. As a result, these terrains are often referred to as “blandlands”. While the interpretation of several other...

Lopes, Rosaly; Malaska, M. J.; Solomonidou, A.; Le, Gall A.; Janssen, M.A.; Neish, Catherine D.; Turtle, E.P.; Birch, S. P. D.; Hayes, A.G.; Radebaugh, J.; Coustenis, A.; Schoenfeld, A.; Stiles, B.W.; Kirk, Randolph L.; Mitchell, K.L.; Stofan, E.R.; Lawrence, K. J.

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Year Published: 2016

The tectonics of Titan: Global structural mapping from Cassini RADAR

The Cassini RADAR mapper has imaged elevated mountain ridge belts on Titan with a linear-to-arcuate morphology indicative of a tectonic origin. Systematic geomorphologic mapping of the ridges in Synthetic Aperture RADAR (SAR) images reveals that the orientation of ridges is globally E–W and the ridges are more common near the equator than the...

Liu, Zac Yung-Chun; Radebaugh, Jani; Harris, Ron A.; Christiansen, Eric H.; Neish, Catherine D.; Kirk, Randolph L.; Lorenz, Ralph D.

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Year Published: 2016

A revised surface age for the North Polar Layered Deposits of Mars

The North Polar Layered Deposits (NPLD) of Mars contain a complex stratigraphy that has been suggested to retain a record of past eccentricity- and obliquity-forced climate changes. The surface accumulation rate in the current climate can be constrained by the crater retention age. We scale NPLD crater diameters to account for icy target strength...

Landis, Margaret E.; Byrne, Shane; Daubar, Ingrid J.; Herkenhoff, Kenneth E.; Dundas, Colin M.

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Year Published: 2016

A revised surface age for the North Polar Layered Deposits of Mars

The North Polar Layered Deposits (NPLD) of Mars contain a complex stratigraphy that has been suggested to retain a record of past eccentricity- and obliquity-forced climate changes. The surface accumulation rate in the current climate can be constrained by the crater retention age. We scale NPLD crater diameters to account for icy target strength...

Landis, Margaret E.; Byrne, Shane; Daubar, Ingrid J.; Herkenhoff, Kenneth E.; Dundas, Colin M.

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Year Published: 2016

Composition of conglomerates analyzed by the Curiosity rover: Implications for Gale Crater crust and sediment sources

Mangold, Nicolas; Thompson, L.M.; Forni, O.; Fabre, C.; Le Deit, L.; Wiens, R.C.; Williams, A.J.; Williams, R.; Anderson, Ryan; Blaney, Diana L.; Calef, Fred J.; Cousin, Agnes; Clegg, Samuel M.; Dromart, Gilles; Dietrich, William E.; Edgett, Kenneth S.; Fisk, Martin R.; Gasnault, Olivier; Gellert, Ralf; Grotzinger, John P.; Kah, Linda C.; Le Mouélic, Stephane; McLennan, Scott M.; Maurice, Sylvestre; Meslin, Pierre-Yves; Newsom, Horton E.; Palucis, Marisa C.; Rapin, William; Sautter, Violaine; Siebach, Kirsten L.; Stack, Katherine M.; Sumner, Dawn Y.; Yingst, Aileen
Mangold, N., et al. (2016), Composition of conglomerates analyzed by the Curiosity rover: Implications for Gale Crater crust and sediment sources, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 121, 353–387, doi:10.1002/2015JE004977.

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Year Published: 2016

Mountain building on Io driven by deep faulting

Jupiter’s volcanic moon Io possesses some of the highest relief in the Solar System: massive, isolated mountain blocks that tower up to 17 km above the surrounding plains. These mountains are likely to result from pervasive compressive stresses induced by subsidence of the surface beneath the near-continual emplacement of volcanic...

Bland, Michael T.; McKinnon, William B

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Year Published: 2016

The geologic history of Margaritifer basin, Mars

In this study, we investigate the fluvial, sedimentary, and volcanic history of Margaritifer basin and the Uzboi-Ladon-Morava (ULM) outflow channel system. This network of valleys and basins spans more than 8000 km in length, linking the fluvially dissected southern highlands and Argyre Basin with the northern lowlands via Ares Vallis....

Salvatore, M. R.; Kraft, M. D.; Edwards, Christopher; Christensen, P.R.
Salvatore, M. R., M. D. Kraft, C. S. Edwards, and P. R. Christensen (2016), The Geologic History of Margaritifer Basin, Mars. J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 120, doi: 10.1002/2015JE004938.

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Year Published: 2016

Reflectance spectroscopy (0.35–8 μm) of ammonium-bearing minerals and qualitative comparison to Ceres-like asteroids

Ammonium-bearing minerals have been suggested to be present on Mars, Ceres, and various asteroids and comets. We undertook a systematic study of the spectral reflectance properties of ammonium-bearing minerals and compounds that have possible planetary relevance (i.e., ammonium carbonates, chlorides, nitrates, oxalates, phosphates, silicates, and...

Berg, Breanne L.; Cloutis, Edward A.; Beck, P.; Vernazza, P.; Bishop, Janice L; Takir, Driss; Reddy, V.; Applin, D.; Mann, Paul
Berg, B.L., Cloutis, E.A., Beck, P., Vernazza, P., Bishop, J.L., Takir, D., Reddy, V., Applin, D., Mann, P., Reflectance spectroscopy (0.35-8 μm) of ammonium-bearing minerals and qualitative comparison to Ceres-like asteroids, Icarus (2015)

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Year Published: 2016

Observing outer planet satellites (except Titan) with the James Webb Space Telescope: Science justification and observational requirements

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will allow observations with a unique combination of spectral, spatial, and temporal resolution for the study of outer planet satellites within our Solar System. We highlight the infrared spectroscopy of icy moons and temporal changes on geologically active satellites as two particularly valuable...

Kestay, Laszlo P.; Grundy, Will; Stansberry, John; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Thatte, Deepashri; Gudipati, Murthy; Tsang, Constantine; Greenbaum, Alexandra; McGruder, Chima