Astrogeology Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 830
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Year Published: 2017

The planetary data system

In the early 1980s, the Space Science Board (SSB) of the National Research Council was concerned about the poor and inconsistent treatment of scientific information returned from NASA’s space science missions. The SSB formed a panel [The Committee on Data Management and Computation (CODMAC)] to assess the situation and make recommendations to NASA...

Acton, Charles; Slavney, Susan; Arvidson, Raymond E.; Gaddis, Lisa R.; Gordon, Mitchell; Lavoie, Susan
Acton, C., Slavney, S., Arvidson, R., Gaddis, L., Gordon, M. and Lavoie, Susan, 2017, The Planetary Data System, Lunar and Planetary Information Bulletin, Issue 150, Sept. 2017, pp. 2-12.

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Year Published: 2017

An evaluation of sampling and full enumeration strategies for Fisher Jenks classification in big data settings

Large data contexts present a number of challenges to optimal choropleth map classifiers. Application of optimal classifiers to a sample of the attribute space is one proposed solution. The properties of alternative sampling-based classification methods are examined through a series of Monte Carlo simulations. The impacts of spatial...

Rey, Sergio J.; Stephens, Philip A.; Laura, Jason R.
Rey SJ, Stephens P, Laura J. An evaluation of sampling and full enumeration strategies for Fisher Jenks classification in big data settings. Transactions in GIS. 2017;21:796–810. https://doi.org/10.1111/tgis.12236

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Year Published: 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey Astrogeology Science Center

In 1960, Eugene Shoemaker and a small team of other scientists founded the field of astrogeology to develop tools and methods for astronauts studying the geology of the Moon and other planetary bodies. Subsequently, in 1962, the U.S. Geological Survey Branch of Astrogeology was established in Menlo Park, California. In 1963, the Branch moved to...

Kestay, Laszlo P.; Vaughan, R. Greg; Gaddis, Lisa R.; Herkenhoff, Kenneth E.; Hagerty, Justin J.

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Year Published: 2017

Geomorphology of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko

We present a global geomorphological map of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko (67P/C-G) using data acquired by the Rosetta Orbiter’s OSIRIS Narrow Angle Camera. The images used in our study were acquired between 2014 August and 2015 May, before 67P/C-G passed through perihelion. Imagery of the Southern hemisphere was included in our study...

Birch, Samuel P. D.; Tang, Y.; Hayes, A. G.; Kirk, Randolph L.; Bodewitz, D.; Campins, H.; Fernandez, Y.; de Freitas Bart, R.; Kutsop, N. W.; Sierks, H.; Soderblom, J. M.; Squyres, S. W.; Vincent, J.-B.
Birch, S.P.D., Tang, Y., Hayes, A.G., Kirk, R.L., Bodewits, D., Campins, H., Fernandez, Y., de Freitas, B.R., Kutsop, N.W., Sierks, H., Soderblom, J.M., Squyres, S.W., and Vincent, J-B., 2017, Geomorphology of comet 67P/Churyumov--Gerasimenko: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, p. S50-S67, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx1096.

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Year Published: 2017

Towards a planetary spatial data infrastructure

Planetary science is the study of planets, moons, irregular bodies such as asteroids and the processes that create and modify them. Like terrestrial sciences, planetary science research is heavily dependent on collecting, processing and archiving large quantities of spatial data to support a range of activities. To address the complexity of...

Laura, Jason; Hare, Trent M.; Gaddis, Lisa R.; Fergason, Robin L.; Skinner, James; Hagerty, Justin J.; Archinal, Brent

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Year Published: 2017

The morphology of transverse aeolian ridges on Mars

A preliminary survey of publicly released high resolution digital terrain models (DTMs) produced by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter identified transverse aeolian ridges (TARs) in 154 DTMs in latitudes from 50°S to 40°N. Consistent with previous surveys, the TARs identified in HiRISE...

Geissler, Paul; Wilgus, Justin T.
Paul E. Geissler and Justin T. Wilgus, 2017, The morphology of transverse aeolian ridges on Mars, Aeolian Research, v. 26, p. 63-71, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2016.08.008.

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Year Published: 2017

Sedimentological and petrographic analysis of drill core FC77-1 from the flank of the central uplift, Flynn Creek impact structure, Tennessee

Drill core FC 77‐1 on the flank of the central uplift, Flynn Creek impact structure, Tennessee, contains 175 m of impact breccia lying upon uplifted Lower Paleozoic carbonate target stratigraphy. Sedimentological analysis of this 175‐m interval carbonate breccia shows that there are three distinct sedimentological units. In stratigraphic...

Adrian, D. R.; King, D. T.; Jaret, S. J.; Ormo, J.; Petruny, L. W.; Hagerty, Justin J.; Gaither, Tenielle A.

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Year Published: 2017

Geomorphological evidence for ground ice on dwarf planet Ceres

Five decades of observations of Ceres suggest that the dwarf planet has a composition similar to carbonaceous meteorites and may have an ice-rich outer shell protected by a silicate layer. NASA’s Dawn spacecraft has detected ubiquitous clays, carbonates and other products of aqueous alteration across the surface of Ceres, but surprisingly it has...

Schmidt, Britney E.; Hughson, Kynan H.G.; Chilton, Heather T.; Scully, Jennifer E. C.; Platz, Thomas; Nathues, Andreas; Sizemore, Hanna; Bland, Michael T.; Byrne, Shane; Marchi, Simone; O'Brien, David; Schorghofer, Norbert; Hiesinger, Harald; Jaumann, Ralf; Hendrick Pasckert, Jan; Lawrence, Justin D.; Buzckowski, Debra; Castillo-Rogez, Julie C.; Sykes, Mark V.; Schenk, Paul M.; DeSanctis, Maria-Cristina; Mitri, Giuseppe; Formisano, Michelangelo; Li, Jian-Yang; Reddy, Vishnu; Le Corre, Lucille; Russell, Christopher T.; Raymond, Carol A.

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Year Published: 2017

Bedrock and structural geologic maps of eastern Candor Sulci, western Ceti Mensa, and southeastern Ceti Mensa, Candor Chasma, Valles Marineris region of Mars

This map product contains a set of three 1:18,000-scale maps showing the geology and structure of study areas in the western Candor Chasma region of Valles Marineris, Mars. These maps are part of an informal series of large-scale maps and map-based topical studies aimed at refining current understanding of the geologic history of western Candor...

Okubo, Chris H.; Gaither, Tenielle A.
Okubo, C.H., and Gaither, T.A., 2017, Bedrock and structural geologic maps of eastern Candor Sulci, western Ceti Mensa, and southeastern Ceti Mensa, Candor Chasma, Valles Marineris region of Mars: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3359, pamphlet 12 p., scale 1:18,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3359.

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Year Published: 2017

Large crater clustering tool

In this paper we present the Large Crater Clustering (LCC) tool set, an ArcGIS plugin that supports the quantitative approximation of a primary impact location from user-identified locations of possible secondary impact craters or the long-axes of clustered secondary craters. The identification of primary impact craters directly supports planetary...

Laura, Jason; Skinner, James A.; Hunter, Marc A.

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Year Published: 2017

Diagenetic silica enrichment and late-stage groundwater activity in Gale crater, Mars

Diagenetic silica enrichment in fracture-associated halos that crosscut lacustrine and unconformably overlying aeolian sedimentary bedrock is observed on the lower north slope of Aeolis Mons in Gale crater, Mars. The diagenetic silica enrichment is colocated with detrital silica enrichment observed in the lacustrine bedrock yet extends into a...

Frydenvang, Jens; Gasda, Patrick J.; Hurowitz, Joel A.; Grotzinger, John P.; Wiens, Roger C.; Newsom, Horton E.; Edgett, Ken S.; Watkins, Jessica; Bridges, John C.; Maurice, Sylvestre; Fisk, Martin R.; Johnson, Jeffrey R.; Rapin, William; Stein, Nathan; Clegg, Sam M.; Schwenzer, S. P.; Bedford, C.; Edwards, P.; Mangold, Nicolas; Cousin, Agnes; Anderson, Ryan; Payre, Valerie; Vaniman, David; Blake, David; Lanza, Nina L.; Gupta, Sanjeev; Van Beek, Jason K.; Sautter, Violaine; Meslin, Pierre-Yves; Rice, Melissa; Milliken, Ralf; Gellert, Ralf; Thompson, Lucy; Clark, Ben C.; Sumner, Dawn Y.; Fraeman, Abigail A.; Kinch, Kjartan M; Madsen, Morten B.; Mitofranov, Igor; Jun, Insoo; Calef, Fred J.; Vasavada, Ashwin R.
Frydenvang, J., et al. (2017), Diagenetic silica enrichment and late-stage groundwater activity in Gale crater, Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 4716–4724, doi:10.1002/2017GL073323.

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Year Published: 2017

Geologic map of Meridiani Planum, Mars

Introduction and BackgroundThe Meridiani Planum region of Mars—originally named due to its proximity to the Martian prime meridian—contains a variety of geologic units, including those that are crater‑related, that span the Early Noachian to Late Amazonian Epochs. Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) data indicate this area contains extensive layered...

Hynek, Brian M.; Di Achille, Gaetano
Hynek, B.M., and Di Achille, G., 2017, Geologic map of Meridiani Planum, Mars (ver. 1.1, April 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3356, pamphlet 9 p., scale 1:2,000,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3356.