Astrogeology Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 860
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Year Published: 2018

Shaler: in situ analysis of a fluvial sedimentary deposit on Mars

This paper characterizes the detailed sedimentology of a fluvial sandbody on Mars for the first time, and interprets its depositional processes and palaeoenvironmental setting. Despite numerous orbital observations of fluvial landforms on the surface of Mars, ground-based characterization of the sedimentology of such fluvial deposits has not...

Edgar, Lauren A.; Gupta, Sanjeev; Rubin, David M.; Lewis, Kevin W.; Kocurek, Gary A.; Anderson, Ryan; Bell, James F. ; Dromart, Gilles; Edgett, Kenneth S.; Grotzinger, John P.; Hardgrove, Craig; Kah, Linda C.; LeVeille, Richard A.; Malin, Michael C.; Mangold, Nicholas; Milliken, Ralph E.; Minitti, Michelle; Palucis, Marisa C.; Rice, Melissa; Rowland, Scott K.; Schieber, Juergen; Stack, Kathryn M.; Sumner, Dawn Y.; Wiens, Roger C.; Williams, Rebecca M.E.; Williams, Amy J.
Edgar, L. A., Gupta, S., Rubin, D. M., Lewis, K. W., Kocurek, G. A., Anderson, R. B., Bell, J. F., Dromart, G., Edgett, K. S., Grotzinger, J. P., Hardgrove, C., Kah, L. C., Leveille, R., Malin, M. C., Mangold, N., Milliken, R. E., Minitti, M., Palucis, M., Rice, M., Rowland, S. K., Schieber, J., Stack, K. M., Sumner, D. Y., Wiens, R. C., Williams, R. M.E. and Williams, A. J. (2017), Shaler: In situ analysis of a fluvial sedimentary deposit on Mars. Sedimentology. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1111/sed.12370

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Year Published: 2018

Crater density differences: Exploring regional resurfacing, secondary crater populations, and crater saturation equilibrium on the moon

The global population of lunar craters >20 km in diameter was analyzed by Head et al., (2010) to correlate crater distribution with resurfacing events and multiple impactor populations. The work presented here extends the global crater distribution analysis to smaller craters (5–20 km diameters, n = 22,746). Smaller...

Povilaitis, R. Z.; Robinson, M. S.; van der Bogert, C. H.; Hiesinger, Harald; Meyer, H. M.; Ostrach, Lillian
Povilaitis, R.Z., Robinson, M.S., van der Bogert, C.H., Hiesinger, H., Meyer, H.M., Ostrach, L.R.. Crater density differences: Exploring regional resurfacing, secondary crater populations, and crater saturation equilibrium on the Moon. Planetary and Space Science, in press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2017.05.006.

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Year Published: 2018

Interoperability in planetary research for geospatial data analysis

For more than a decade there has been a push in the planetary science community to support interoperable methods for accessing and working with geospatial data. Common geospatial data products for planetary research include image mosaics, digital elevation or terrain models, geologic maps, geographic location databases (e.g., craters,...

Hare, Trent M.; Rossi, Angelo P.; Frigeri, Alessandro; Marmo, Chiara

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Year Published: 2017

Effects of lava heating on volatile-rich slopes on Io

The upper crust of Io may be very rich in volatile sulfur and SO2. The surface is also highly volcanically active, and slopes may be warmed by radiant heat from the lava. This is particularly the case in paterae, which commonly host volcanic eruptions and long-lived lava lakes. Paterae slopes are highly variable, but some are greater than 70°. I...

Dundas, Colin M.
Dundas, C. M. Effects of lava heating on volatile-rich slopes on Io. J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 122, 546-559, doi:10.1002/2016JE005177.

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Year Published: 2017

Granular flows at recurring slope lineae on Mars indicate a limited role for liquid water

Recent liquid water flow on Mars has been proposed based on geomorphological features, such as gullies. Recurring slope lineae — seasonal flows that are darker than their surroundings — are candidate locations for seeping liquid water on Mars today, but their formation mechanism remains unclear. Topographical analysis shows that the terminal...

Dundas, Colin M.; McEwen, Alfred S.; Chojnacki, Matthew; Milazzo, Moses; Byrne, Shane; McElwaine, Jim; Urso, Anna
Dundas, C. M., et al. (2017). Granular flows at Recurring Slope Lineae on Mars indicate a limited role for liquid water. Nature Geosci., 10, 903-907, doi:10.1038/s41561-017-0012-5.

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Year Published: 2017

Geologic overview of the Mars Science Laboratory rover mission at the Kimberley, Gale crater, Mars

The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity rover completed a detailed investigation at the Kimberley waypoint within Gale crater from sols 571-634 using its full science instrument payload. From orbital images examined early in the Curiosity mission, the Kimberley region had been identified as a high-priority science target based on its clear...

Rice, Melissa; Gupta, Sanjeev; Treiman, Allan H.; Stack, Kathryn M.; Calef, Fred J.; Edgar, Lauren A.; Grotzinger, John P.; Lanza, Nina L.; Le Deit, Laetitia; Lasue, Jeremie; Siebach, Kirsten L.; Vasavada, Ashwin R.; Wiens, Roger C.; Williams, Josh

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Year Published: 2017

Evidence for the interior evolution of Ceres from geologic analysis of fractures

Ceres is the largest asteroid belt object, and the Dawn spacecraft observed Ceres since 2015. Dawn observed two morphologically distinct linear features on Ceres's surface: secondary crater chains and pit chains. Pit chains provide unique insights into Ceres's interior evolution. We interpret pit chains called the Samhain Catenae as the surface...

Scully, Jennifer E. C.; Buczkowski, Debra; Schmedemann, Nico; Raymond, Carol A.; Castillo-Rogez, Julie C.; Scott King; Bland, Michael T.; Ermakov, Anton; O'Brien, D.P.; Marchi, S.; Longobardo, A.; Russell, C.T.; Fu, R.R.; Neveu, M.
Scully, J. E. C., Buczkowski, D. L., Schmedemann, N., Raymond, C. A., Castillo-Rogez, J. C., King, S. D., … Neveu, M. (2017). Evidence for the interior evolution of Ceres from geologic analysis of fractures. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 9564–9572. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075086

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Year Published: 2017

Basalt–trachybasalt samples in Gale Crater, Mars

The ChemCam instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover, Curiosity, observed numerous igneous float rocks and conglomerate clasts, reported previously. A new statistical analysis of single‐laser‐shot spectra of igneous targets observed by ChemCam shows a strong peak at ~55 wt% SiO2 and 6 wt% total alkalis, with a minor...

Edwards, Peter H.; Bridges, John C.; Wiens, Roger C.; Anderson, Ryan B.; Dyar, M. Darby; Fisk, Martin; Thompson, Lucy; Gasda, Patrick J.; Filiberto, Justin; Schwenzer, Susanne P.; Blaney, Diana L.; Hutchinson, Ian

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Year Published: 2017

Preface: The lunar reconnaissance orbiter

When the call for papers for a special issue of Icarus devoted to analysis of data from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission was announced in March 2015 we envisioned a single issue with only a possibility of a second. We certainly were gratified by the response from within and outside the LRO instrument teams such that we were compelled to...

Keller, John W; Gaddis, Lisa R.; Petro, Noah E.; Aharonson, Oded
Keller, John W., Gaddis, L., Petro, N., and Aharonson, O., 2017, Preface--The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter: Icarus, v. 298, 1 p., https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2017.09.001.

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Year Published: 2017

CO2 cycle

This chapter discusses the use of models, observations, and laboratory experiments to understand the cycling of CO2 between the atmosphere and seasonal Martian polar caps. This cycle is primarily controlled by the polar heat budget, and thus the emphasis here is on its components, including solar and infrared radiation, the effect of clouds (water...

Titus, Timothy N.; Byrne, Shane; Colaprete, Anthony; Forget, Francois; Michaels, Timothy I.; Prettyman, Thomas H.

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Year Published: 2017

Community tools for cartographic and photogrammetric processing of Mars Express HRSC images

The High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on the Mars Express orbiter (Neukum et al. 2004) is a multi-line pushbroom scanner that can obtain stereo and color coverage of targets in a single overpass, with pixel scales as small as 10 m at periapsis. Since commencing operations in 2004 it has imaged ~ 77 % of Mars at 20 m/pixel or better. The...

Wu, B.; Di, K.; Oberst, J.; Karachevtseva, I.; Kirk, Randolph L.; Howington-Kraus, Elpitha; Edmundson, Kenneth L.; Redding, Bonnie L.; Galuszka, Donna M.; Hare, Trent M.; Gwinner, K.
Kirk, R.L., Howington-Kraus, E., Edmundson, K., Redding, B., Galuszka, D., Hare, T., and Gwinner, K.: Community tools for cartographic and photogrammetric processing of Mars express HiRISE images, International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, v. XLII-3/W1, p. 69-76, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-3-W1-69-2017, 2017.

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Year Published: 2017

Correcting spacecraft jitter in HiRISE images

Mechanical oscillations or vibrations on spacecraft, also called pointing jitter, cause geometric distortions and/or smear in high resolution digital images acquired from orbit. Geometric distortion is especially a problem with pushbroom type sensors, such as the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) instrument on board the Mars...

Wu, B.; Di, K.; Oberst, J.; Karachevtseva, I.; Sutton, S. S.; Boyd, A.K.; Kirk, Randolph L.; Cook, Debbie; Backer, Jean; Fennema, A.; Heyd, R.; McEwen, A.S.; Mirchandani, S.D.
Sutton, S.S., Boyd, A.K., Kirk, R.L., Cook, D., Backer, J.W., Fennema, A., Heyd, R., McEwen, A.S., and Mirchandani, S.D., 2017, Correcting spacecraft jitter in HiRISE images: International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, v. XLII-3/W1, p. 141-148, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-3-W1-141-2017.