California Water Science Center

Measuring and Monitoring

Basic hydrologic data collection, processing, analysis, dissemination, and archiving are major parts of the California Water Science Center program. Streamflow data, for example, are used for flood and water-supply forecasts, planning and design, river regulation, streamflow statistics, and research investigations. Much of the data are available on a near-real-time basis by satellite telemetry.

Filter Total Items: 139
Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Completed

Sources of Fecal Indicator Bacteria and Nutrients to Malibu Lagoon and Near-Shore Ocean Water, Malibu, California

Malibu Lagoon and near-shore ocean water in Malibu, Calif. have concentrations of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) that occasionally exceed public health standards for recreational water.

Contacts: John Izbicki
Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Completed

Exploring: Reservoir Capacity And Sedimentation Of The Fena Valley Reservoir Guam

The Fena Valley Reservoir, located in southern Guam, is the primary source of water for the United States Naval Base Guam and nearby village residents. At full capacity, the reservoir surface area extends approximately 0.30 mi2, and drains a watershed area of about 5.88 mi2.  After reservoir construction, periodic bathymetric surveys, coupled with sedimentation models, ...

Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Completed

Source, distribution, and management of perchlorate in water from wells in the upper Santa Ana River basin, California

Perchlorate (ClO4-), a commercially produced oxidizer used in solid propellants, has contaminated public-supply wells in parts of the upper Santa Ana River basin. Both industrial and agricultural sources of perchlorate are present within the basin. 

Contacts: John Izbicki
Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Active

Surrogate Monitoring of Sediment Transport using Hydrophones along the San Joaquin River and Tributaries

Traditional methods for measuring coarse bedload sediment transport by discrete physical sampling tend to be labor intensive and expensive (Gray and others, 2010). As such, bedload samples often are collected too infrequently to capture the temporal variability inherent in transport rates, which can vary significantly, sometimes by a factor of ten or more, over time periods of...

Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Active

Forecasting Total Dissolved Solids Concentrations of Groundwater from the Lower Colorado Water Supply Project

The All-American Canal (AAC) in southern Imperial County, California, has historically been unlined, resulting in substantial losses to seepage. In 2006, the Imperial Irrigation District (IID), under a contract with the United States Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), initiated a project to build a concrete-lined canal parallel to 23 miles of the earthen AAC. Construction was completed in...

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Continuous Monitoring of Water Quality and Suspended-Sediment Transport in the San Francisco Bay and Delta

Our group at the USGS continuously monitors suspended-sediment concentration (SSC), turbidity, dissolved oxygen, temperature, salinity, and water level at many sites throughout the San Francisco Bay (Bay) and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Rivers Delta (Delta).

Our work began in 1988 to explore the spatial and temporal variability of water quality and sediment transport and to provide...

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR)

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) is an effective way to measure changes in land surface altitude. InSAR makes high-density measurements over large areas by using radar signals from Earth-orbiting satellites to measure changes in land-surface altitude at high degrees of measurement resolution and spatial detail (Galloway and others, 2000).

Synthetic Aperture...

Contacts: Michelle Sneed
Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Completed

Pyrethroids

Pyrethroid insecticide use in California has been increasing in recent years. Pyrethroids are used in both agricultural and urban areas. They are of environmental concern because of their high toxicity to fish and invertebrates.

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Completed

Sedimentation in the Lower Laguna-Mark West Drainage

The Sonoma County Water Agency (SCWA) and the San Francisco District office of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (CORPS) have identified issues associated with sedimentation in the lower Laguna de Santa Rosa and Mark West Creek in Sonoma County. Human activities in the watershed over the last 200 years have accelerated erosion and sediment delivery to the Laguna reducing the water storage...

Date published: December 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Land Subsidence in the Santa Clara Valley

Throughout the late 1800s and into the 1920s when two thirds of the Santa Clara Valley had been irrigated, water flowed freely from wells. Water-level declines of more than 200 ft occurred in the Santa Clara Valley from the early 1900's to the mid 1960's (Fowler, 1981). Land subsidence was first detected in 1933 (...

Contacts: Michelle Sneed
Date published: December 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Methylmercury and Low Dissolved Oxygen Events in Suisun Marsh

The primary purpose of the USGS portion of this proposed study is to evaluate if spectrophotometric and spectrofluorometric methods are useful for identifying organic sources of oxygen demand by analyzing water-quality samples (DO, BOD, Chl, SSC, Salinity, THg, MeHg) collected by other agencies and project participants. Sources to be evaluated include algal production, vegetation, soils, and...

Date published: December 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Inundation Area '06 New Year's Flood in the Laguna-Mark West Drainage

The Laguna de Santa Rosa, located in Sonoma County, California, flows into Mark West Creek, which drains into the Russian River. The Laguna-Mark West drainage is the largest drainage contributing to the Russian River, encompassing approximately 21% of the total Russian River basin. Runoff from precipitation in headwater areas enters fast-flowing creeks that transport water and sediment...