Geologic Hazards Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,058
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Year Published: 2021

Rapid sensitivity analysis for reducing uncertainty in landslide hazard assessments

One of the challenges in assessing temporal and spatial aspects of landslide hazard using process-based models is estimating model input parameters, especially in areas where limited measurements of soil and rock properties are available. In an effort to simplify and streamline parameter estimation, development of a simple, rapid approach to...

Baum, Rex L.

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Year Published: 2021

Progress and lessons learned from responses to landslide disasters

Landslides have the incredible power to transform landscapes and also, tragically, to cause disastrous societal impacts. Whereas the mechanics and effects of many landslide disasters have been analyzed in detail, the means by which landslide experts respond to these events has garnered much less attention. Herein, we evaluate nine landslide...

Collins, Brian D.; Reid, Mark E.; Coe, Jeffrey A.; Kean, Jason W.; Baum, Rex L.; Jibson, Randall W.; Godt, Jonathan W.; Slaughter, Stephen; Stock, Greg M.

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Year Published: 2021

Numerical simulations of the geospace response to the arrival of an idealized perfect interplanetary coronal mass ejection

Previously, Tsurutani and Lakhina (2014, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058825) created estimates for a “perfect” interplanetary coronal mass ejection and performed simple calculations for the response of geospace, including . In this study, these estimates are used to drive a coupled magnetohydrodynamic-ring current-ionosphere model...

Welling, Daniel T.; Love, Jeffrey J.; Rigler, E. Joshua; Oliveira, Denny M.; Komar, Colin M.; Morley, Steven

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Year Published: 2021

The 2018 update of the US National Seismic Hazard Model: Additional period and site class data

As part of the update of the 2018 National Seismic Hazard Model (NSHM) for the conterminous United States (CONUS), new ground motion and site effect models for the central and eastern United States were incorporated, as well as basin depths from local seismic velocity models in four western US (WUS) urban areas. These additions allow us, for the...

Shumway, Allison; Petersen, Mark D.; Powers, Peter M.; Rezaeian, Sanaz; Rukstales, Kenneth S.; Clayton, Brandon

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Year Published: 2021

Spectral inversion for seismic site response in central Oklahoma: Low-frequency resonances from the Great Unconformity

We investigate seismic site response by inverting seismic ground‐motion spectra for site and source spectral properties, in a region of central Oklahoma, where previous ground‐motion studies have indicated discrepancies between observations and ground‐motion models (GMMs). The inversion is constrained by a source spectral model, which we computed...

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Hartzell, Stephen H.

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Year Published: 2021

Proposed AASHTO guidelines for performance-based seismic bridge design

No abstract available.

Murphy, Thomas P.; Marsh, Lee; Bennion, Stuart; Buckle, Ian G.; Luco, Nicolas; Anderson, Donald; Kowalsky, Mervyn; Restrepo, Jose

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Year Published: 2021

Leveraging deep learning in global 24/7 real-time earthquake monitoring at the National Earthquake Information Center

Machine‐learning algorithms continue to show promise in their application to seismic processing. The U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) is exploring the adoption of these tools to aid in simultaneous local, regional, and global real‐time earthquake monitoring. As a first step, we describe a simple framework to...

Yeck, William L.; Patton, John; Ross, Zachary E.; Hayes, Gavin P.; Guy, Michelle; Ambruz, Nicholas; Shelly, David R.; Benz, Harley M.; Earle, Paul S.

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Year Published: 2020

Debris-flow growth in Puerto Rico during Hurricane Maria: Preliminary results from analyses of pre- and post-event lidar data

On September 20, 2017, Hurricane Maria triggered widespread debris flows in Puerto Rico. We used field observations and pre- and post-Maria lidar to study the volumetric growth of long-travelled (>400 m) debris flows in four basins. We found overall growth rates that ranged from 0.7 to 30.4 m3 per meter of channel length. We partitioned the...

Coe, Jeffrey A.; Bessette-Kirton, Erin K.; Brien, Dianne L.; Reid, Mark E.

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Year Published: 2020

Generalizing the inversion‐based PSHA source model for an interconnected fault system

This article represents a step toward generalizing and simplifying the procedure for constructing an inversion‐based seismic hazard source model for an interconnected fault system, including the specification of adjustable segmentation constraints. A very simple example is used to maximize understandability and to counter the notion that an...

Field, Edward H.; Milner, Kevin R.; Page, Morgan T.

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Year Published: 2020

Wildfire and landscape change

Wildfire is a worldwide phenomenon that is expected to increase in extent and severity in the future, due to fuel accumulations, shifting land management practices, and climate change. It immediately affects the landscape by removing vegetation, depositing ash, influencing water-repellent soil formation, and physically weathering boulders and...

Santi, Paul M.; Rengers, Francis K.

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Year Published: 2020

Wildfire and Earth surface processes

Wildfire is a worldwide phenomenon that is expected to increase in extent and severity in the future, due to fuel accumulations, shifting land management practices, and climate change. It immediately affects the landscape by removing vegetation, depositing ash, influencing water-repellent soil formation, and physically weathering boulders and...

Santi, Paul M; Rengers, Francis K.

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Year Published: 2020

On the size of the flare associated with the solar proton event in 774 AD

The 774 AD solar proton event (SPE) detected in cosmogenic nuclides had an inferred >1 GV (>430 MeV) fluence estimated to have been ~30–70 times larger than that of the 1956 February 23 ground level event (GLE). The 1956 GLE was itself ~2.5 times larger at >430 MeV than the episode of strong GLE activity from 1989 August–October. We use...

Cliver, E. W.; Hayakawa, H.; Love, Jeffrey J.; Neidig, D. F.