Geologic Hazards Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,058
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Year Published: 2021

A review of timing accuracy across the Global Seismographic Network

The accuracy of timing across a seismic network is important for locating earthquakes as well as studies that use phase‐arrival information (e.g., tomography). The Global Seismographic Network (GSN) was designed with the goal of having reported timing be better than 10 ms. In this work, we provide a brief overview of how timing is kept across...

Ringler, Adam T.; Anthony, Robert E.; Wilson, David C.; Auerbach, D.; Bargabus, S.; Davis, P.W.; Gunnels, M.; Hafner, K.; Holland, James; Kearns, A.; Klimczak, E.

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Year Published: 2021

Rayleigh wave amplitude uncertainty across the Global Seismographic Network and potential implications for global tomography

The Global Seismographic Network (GSN) is a multiuse, globally distributed seismic network used by seismologists, to both characterize earthquakes and study the Earth’s interior. Most stations in the network have two collocated broadband seismometers, which enable network operators to identify potential metadata and sensor issues. In this study,...

Ringler, Adam T.; Anthony, Robert E.; Dalton, C. A.; Wilson, David C.

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Year Published: 2021

Extreme precipitation across adjacent burned and unburned watersheds reveals impacts of low severity wildfire on debris-flow processes

In steep landscapes, wildfire-induced changes to soil and vegetation can lead to extreme and hazardous geomorphic responses, including debris flows. The wildfire-induced mechanisms that lead to heightened geomorphic responses, however, depend on many site-specific factors including regional climate, vegetation, soil texture, and soil burn severity...

McGuire, Luke A.; Youberg, Ann M.; Rengers, Francis K.; Abramson, Nathan S.; Ganesh, Indujaa; Gorr, Alex N.; Hoch, Olivia; Johnson, Justin C.; Lamom, Patt; Prescott, Alexander B.; Zanetell, Jessica; Fenerty, Brendan

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Year Published: 2021

Rapid-response unsaturated zone hydrology: Small-scale data, small-scale theory, big problems

The unsaturated zone (UZ) extends across the Earth’s terrestrial surface and is central to many problems related to land and water resource management. Flow of water through the UZ is typically thought to be slow and diffusive, such that it could attenuate fluxes and dampen variability between atmospheric inputs and underlying aquifer systems....

Nimmo, John R.; Perkins, Kimberlie; Plampin, Michelle R.; Walvoord, Michelle A.; Ebel, Brian A.; Mirus, Benjamin B.

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Year Published: 2021

Geological constraints on the mechanisms of slow earthquakes

The recognition of slow earthquakes in geodetic and seismological data has transformed the understanding of how plate motions are accommodated at major plate boundaries. Slow earthquakes, which slip more slowly than regular earthquakes but faster than plate motion velocities, occur in a range of tectonic and metamorphic settings. They exhibit...

Kirkpatrick, James D.; Fagereng, Åke; Shelly, David R.

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Year Published: 2021

The 2018 update of the US National Seismic Hazard Model: Ground motion models in the central and eastern US

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Seismic Hazard Model (NSHM) is the scientific foundation of seismic design regulations in the United States and is regularly updated to consider the best available science and data. The 2018 update of the conterminous US NSHM includes major changes to the underlying ground motion models (GMMs)....

Rezaeian, Sanaz; Powers, Peter M.; Shumway, Allison; Petersen, Mark D.; Luco, Nicolas; Frankel, Arthur; Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; McNamara, Daniel

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Year Published: 2021

Temporal seismic velocity variations: Recovery following from the 2019 Mw 7.1 Ridgecrest, California earthquake

We investigated seismic velocity changes (dv/v) associated with the 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence with high‐frequency autocorrelations of ambient seismic noise data. Daily autocorrelation functions were computed for the entirety of 2019 and the first quarter of 2020 for broadband stations within the region, including the temporary broadband...

Boschelli, Joshua Dakota; Moschetti, Morgan P.; Sens-Schonfelder, C

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Year Published: 2021

Extreme-event magnetic storm probabilities derived from rank statistics of historical Dst intensities for solar cycles 14-24

A compilation is made of the largest and second-largest magnetic-storm-maximum intensities, −Dst1 and −Dst2, for solar cycles 14–24 (1902–2016) by sampling Oulu Dcx for cycles 19–24, using published −Dstm values for 4 intense storms in cycles 14, 15, and 18 (1903, 1909, 1921, 1946), and calculating 15 new storm-maximum −Dstm...

Love, Jeffrey J.

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Year Published: 2021

Numerical analysis of the effect of subgrid variability in a physically based hydrological model on runoff, soil moisture, and slope stability

In coarse resolution hydrological modeling we face the problem of subgrid variability, the effects of which are difficult to express and are often hidden in the parameterization and calibration. We present a numerical experiment with the physically based hydrological model ParFlow‐CLM with which we quantify the effect of subgrid heterogeneities in...

Leonarduzzi, E.; Maxwell, R. M.; Mirus, Benjamin B.; Molnar, P.

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Year Published: 2021

Slip distribution and rupture history of the August 11, 2012, double earthquakes in Ahar – Varzaghan, Iran, using joint inversion of teleseismic broadband and local strong motion data

We use combined teleseismic and strong motion data sets to investigate finite-fault slip models for a double of earthquakes that occurred on August 11, 2012, in northwestern Iran near the cities of Ahar and Varzaghan. The data include teleseismic P-waveforms retrieved from broadband seismic stations located between 30°–94° from the earthquakes and...

Saltanatpouri, Atefeh; Hartzell, Stephen H.; Rahimi, Habib; Rouhollahi, Rahmatollah; Amiri Fard, Rouholla

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Year Published: 2021

Incorporating the effects of complex soil layering and thickness local variability into distributed landslide susceptibility assessments

Incorporating the influence of soil layering and local variability into the parameterizations of physics-based numerical models for distributed landslide susceptibility assessments remains a challenge. Typical applications employ substantial simplifications including homogeneous soil units and soil-hydraulic properties assigned based only on...

Fusco, F.; Mirus, Benjamin B.; Baum, Rex L.; Calcaterra, D.; De Vita, P.

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Year Published: 2021

Geomagnetic monitoring in the mid-Atlantic United States

Near historic battlegrounds of the American Civil War, southeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, on a secluded grassy glade surrounded by forest, a specially designed observatory records the Earth’s changing magnetic field. This facility, the Fredericksburg Magnetic Observatory, is 1 of 14 observatories the U.S. Geological Survey Geomagnetism Program...

Love, Jeffrey J.; Lewis, Kristen A.
Love, J.J., and Lewis, K.A., 2021, Geomagnetic monitoring in the mid-Atlantic United States: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021-3001, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213001.