Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,752
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Year Published: 2020

Swanson, George: Making a legacy on the Missouri Coteau

No abstract available.

Mushet, David M.

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Year Published: 2020

An updated genetic marker for detection of Lake Sinai Virus and metagenetic applications

BackgroundLake Sinai Viruses (LSV) are common RNA viruses of honey bees (Apis mellifera) that frequently reach high abundance but are not linked to overt disease. LSVs are genetically heterogeneous and collectively widespread, but despite frequent detection in surveys, the ecological and geographic factors structuring their distribution in A...

Iwanowicz, Deborah D.; Wu-Smart, Judy Y.; Olgun, Tugce; Smart, Autumn; Otto, Clint R. V.; Lopez, Dawn; Evans, Jay D.; Cornman, Robert S.

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Year Published: 2020

Forage and habitat for pollinators in the northern Great Plains—Implications for U.S. Department of Agriculture conservation programs

Managed and wild pollinators are critical components of agricultural and natural systems. Despite the well-known value of insect pollinators to U.S. agriculture, Apis mellifera (Linnaeus, 1758; honey bees) and wild bees currently face numerous stressors that have resulted in declining health. These declines have engendered support for pollinator...

Otto, Clint R. V.; Smart, Autumn; Cornman, Robert S.; Simanonok, Michael; Iwanowicz, Deborah D.
Otto, C.R.V., Smart, A., Cornman, R.S., Simanonok, M., and Iwanowicz, D.D., 2020, Forage and habitat for pollinators in the northern Great Plains—Implications for U.S. Department of Agriculture conservation programs: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1037, 64 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201037.

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Year Published: 2020

The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Keys to Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis) management are providing extensive grasslands of intermediate height and density with a well-developed litter layer, controlling succession, and protecting nesting habitat from disturbance during the breeding season. Savannah Sparrows have been reported to use habitats with 11–190 centimeters (...

Swanson, David A.; Shaffer, Jill A.; Igl, Lawrence D.
Swanson, D.A., Shaffer, J.A., and Igl, L.D., 2020, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis), chap. FF of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1842FF.

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Year Published: 2020

Energy Development and Production in the Great Plains: Implications and Restoration Opportunities

Energy is an integral part of society. The major US energy sources of fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas); biofuels (ethanol); and wind are concentrated in grassland ecosystems of the Great Plains. As energy demand continues to increase, mounting pressures will be placed on North American grassland systems. In this review, we present the...

Ott, Jacqueline P.; Hanberry, Brice B.; Khalil, Mona; Paschke, Mark W.; Post van der Burg, Max; Prenni, Anthony J.

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Year Published: 2020

The effects of management practices on grassland birds—LeConte’s Sparrow (Ammospiza leconteii)

Keys to LeConte’s Sparrow (Ammospiza leconteii) management include controlling succession and providing uplands and lowlands with tall, thick herbaceous vegetation and thick litter. LeConte’s Sparrows have been reported to use habitats with 30–90 centimeters (cm) average vegetation height, 19–41 cm visual obstruction reading, 35–43 percent grass...

Shaffer, Jill A.; Igl, Lawrence D.; Johnson, Douglas H.; Sondreal, Marriah L.; Goldade, Christopher M.; Zimmerman, Amy L.; Euliss, Betty R.
Shaffer, J.A., Igl, L.D., Johnson, D.H., Sondreal, M.L., Goldade, C.M., Zimmerman, A.L., and Euliss, B.R., 2020, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—LeConte’s Sparrow (Ammospiza leconteii), chap. JJ of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1842JJ.

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Year Published: 2020

The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Baird’s Sparrow (Centronyx bairdii)

Keys to Baird’s Sparrow (Centronyx bairdii) management are providing native or tame grasslands with moderately deep litter, controlling excessive grazing, and curtailing shrub encroachment. Baird’s Sparrows have been reported to use habitats with less than or equal to (≤) 101 centimeters (cm) average vegetation height, 3–46 cm visual obstruction...

Shaffer, Jill A.; Igl, Lawrence D.; Johnson, Douglas H.; Sondreal, Marriah L.; Goldade, Christopher M.; Nenneman, Melvin P.; Euliss, Betty R.
Shaffer, J.A., Igl, L.D., Johnson, D.H., Sondreal, M.L., Goldade, C.M., Nenneman, M.P., and Euliss, B.R., 2020, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Baird’s Sparrow (Centronyx bairdii), chap. HH of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1842HH.

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Year Published: 2020

Asymmetric benefits of a heterospecific breeding association vary with habitat, conspecific abundance and breeding stage

Heterospecific breeding associations may benefit individuals by mitigating predation risk but may also create costs if they increase competition for resources or are more easily detectable by predators. Our understanding of the interactions among hetero‐ and conspecifics is often lacking in mixed species colonies. Here, we test how the presence of...

Swift, Rose J.; Anteau, Michael J.; Roche, Erin A.; Sherfy, Mark H.; Toy, Dustin L.; Ring, Megan

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Year Published: 2020

The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus)

Keys to Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus) management are providing and maintaining native pastures with fairly short overall vegetation and sparse litter accumulation but with areas of taller and denser vegetation and accumulated litter for nesting, and tailoring grazing intensity to local conditions. Chestnut-collared Longspurs have...

Shaffer, Jill A.; Igl, Lawrence D.; Johnson, Douglas H.; Sondreal, Marriah L.; Goldade, Christopher M.; Nenneman, Melvin P.; Wooten, Travis L.; Euliss, Betty R.
Shaffer, J.A., Igl, L.D., Johnson, D.H., Sondreal, M.L., Goldade, C.M., Nenneman, M.P., Wooten, T.L., and Euliss, B.R., 2020, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus), chap. X of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1842X.

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Year Published: 2020

Unexplained patterns of grey wolf Canis lupus natal dispersal

Natal dispersal (movement from the site of birth to the site of reproduction) is a pervasive but highly varied characteristic of life forms. Thus, understanding it in any species informs many aspects of biology, but studying it in most species is difficult. In the grey wolf Canis lupus, natal dispersal has been well studied. Maturing members...

Mech, L. David

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Year Published: 2020

Managing invasive plants on Great Plains grasslands: A discussion of current challenges

The Great Plains of North America encompass approximately 1,300,000 km2 of land from Texas to Saskatchewan. The integrity of these lands is under continual assault by long-established and newly-arrived invasive plant species, which can threaten native species and diminish land values and ecological goods and services by degrading desired grassland...

Gaskin, John F.; Espeland, Erin; Johnson, Casey D.; Larson, Diane L.; Mangold, Jane M.; McGee, Rachel A.; Milner, Chuck; Paudel, Shishir; Pearson, Dean E.; Perkins, Lora B.; Prosser, Chadley W.; Runyon, Justin B.; Sing, Sharlene E.; Sylvain, Zachary A.; Symstad, Amy; Tekiela, Daniel R.

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Year Published: 2020

Testing environmental DNA from wolf snow tracks for species, sex, and individual identification

Monitoring elusive, relatively low-density, large predators, such as the grey wolf (Canis lupus), has often been accomplished by live-capture and radiocollaring. Increasingly, non-invasive methods are considered best practice whenever it is possible to use them. Recently, environmental DNA (eDNA) deposited in snow tracks was demonstrated as useful...

Barber-Meyer, Shannon; Dysthe, Joseph C.; Pilgrim, Kristine