Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,752
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Vegetation affects timing and location of wetland methane emissions

Common assumptions about how vegetation affects wetland methane (CH) flux include acting as conduits for CH release, providing carbon substrates for growth and activity of methanogenic organisms, and supplying oxygen to support CH oxidation. However, these effects may change through time, especially in seasonal wetlands that experience drying and...

Bansal, Sheel; Johnson, Olivia; Meier, Jacob; Xiaoyan, Zhu

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Modeling the supporting ecosystem services of depressional wetlands

We explored how a geographic information system modeling approach could be used to quantify supporting ecosystem services related to the type, abundance, and distribution of landscape components. Specifically, we use the Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs model to quantify habitats that support amphibians and birds, floral...

Mushet, David M.; Roth, Cali L.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Lark Bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys)

Keys to Lark Bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys) management include providing short vegetation with protective nest cover and tailoring grazing systems to the type of grassland. Lark Buntings have been reported to use habitats with 6–72 centimeter (cm) average vegetation height, 2–11 cm visual obstruction reading, 13–71 percent grass cover, less...

Shaffer, Jill A.; Igl, Lawrence D.; Johnson, Douglas H.; Sondreal, Marriah L.; Goldade, Christopher M.; Zimmerman, Amy L.; Euliss, Betty R.
Shaffer, J.A., Igl, L.D., Johnson, D.H., Sondreal, M.L., Goldade, C.M., Zimmerman, A.L., and Euliss, B.R., 2020, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Lark Bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys), chap. EE of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 16 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1842EE.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Population and harvest dynamics of midcontinent sandhill cranes

Sandhill cranes (Antigone canadensis) inhabiting the midcontinent of North America have been hunted since the 1960s under management goals of maintaining abundance, retaining geographic distribution, and maximizing sustainable harvest. Some biologists have raised concerns regarding harvest sustainability because sandhill cranes have lower...

Pearse, Aaron T.; Sargeant, Glen A.; Krapu, Gary; Brandt, David A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Merlin (Falco columbarius)

The key to Merlin (Falco columbarius) management is maintaining an interspersion of groves of deciduous or coniferous trees for nesting and open grasslands for hunting. Merlins do not build their own nests but rather use former nests of other bird species, including those of corvids (crows, ravens, and magpies) and accipitrids (hawks). In recent...

Konrad, Paul M.; Shaffer, Jill A.; Igl, Lawrence D.
Konrad, P.M., Shaffer, J.A., and Igl, L.D., 2020, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Merlin (Falco columbarius), chap. R of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1842R.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii)

Keys to Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii) management include providing suitable grassland habitat, especially native prairie, with intermediate vegetation height and low visual obstruction, and controlling succession therein. Sprague’s Pipits have been reported to use habitats with no more than 49 centimeters (cm) average vegetation height, 4–14...

Shaffer, Jill A.; Igl, Lawrence D.; Johnson, Douglas H.; Sondreal, Marriah L.; Goldade, Christopher M.; Nenneman, Melvin P.; Wooten, Travis L.; Thiele, Jason P.; Euliss, Betty R.
Shaffer, J.A., Igl, L.D., Johnson, D.H., Sondreal, M.L., Goldade, C.M., Nenneman, M.P., Wooten, T.L., Thiele, J.P.,and Euliss, B.R., 2020, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii), chap. W of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1842W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Low renesting propensity and reproductive success make renesting unproductive for the threatened Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)

Upon reproductive failure, many bird species make a secondary attempt at nesting (hereafter, “renesting”). Renesting may be an effective strategy to maximize current and lifetime reproductive success, but individuals face uncertainty in the probability of success because reproductive attempts initiated later in the breeding season often have...

Swift, Rose J.; Anteau, Michael J.; Ring, Megan; Toy, Dustin L.; Sherfy, Mark H.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

A review of Cattail (Typha) invasion in North American wetlands

OverviewCattail (Typha) is an iconic emergent wetland plant found worldwide. By producing an abundance of wind-dispersed seeds, cattail can colonize wetlands across great distances, and its rapid growth rate, large size, and aggressive expansion result in dense stands in a variety of aquatic ecosystems such as marshes, ponds, lakes, and riparian...

Bansal, Sheel; Tangen, Brian; Lishawa, Shane; Newman, Sue; Wilcox, Douglas
Bansal, S., Tangen, B., Lishawa, S., Newman, S., and Wilcox, D., 2020, A review of Cattail (Typha) invasion in North American wetlands: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019-3076, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193076.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Evaluation of survey methods for colonial waterbirds at Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge, North Dakota

Estimating the number of breeding pairs in a mixed-species waterbird colony is difficult because colonial waterbirds are vulnerable to human intrusion and their colonies are often in remote areas with limited access. We investigated methods to estimate the number of nests of waterbirds at a large, mixed-species colony at Chase Lake National...

Igl, Lawrence D.; Bartos, Alisa J.; Woodward, Robert O.; Scherr, Paulette; Sovada, Marsha A.
Igl, L.D., Bartos, A.J., Woodward, R.O., Scherr, P., and Sovada, M.A, 2020, Evaluation of survey methods for colonial waterbirds at Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge, North Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1008, 44 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201008.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Molecular sequencing and morphological identification reveal similar patterns in native bee communities across public and private grasslands of eastern North Dakota

Bees play a key role in the functioning of human-modified and natural ecosystems by pollinating agricultural crops and wild plant communities. Global pollinator conservation efforts need large-scale and long-term monitoring to detect changes in species’ demographic patterns and shifts in bee community structure. The objective of this project was...

Darby, Brian; Bryant, Russ; Keller, Abby; Jochim, Madison; Moe, Josephine; Schreiner, Zoe; Pratt, Carrie; Euliss, Ned; Park, Mia; Simmons, Rebecca; Otto, Clint R. V.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Heterogeneity in migration strategies of the whooping crane

Migratory birds use numerous strategies to successfully complete twice-annual movements between breeding and wintering sites. Context for conservation and management can be provided by characterizing these strategies. Variations in strategy among and within individuals support population persistence in response to changes in land use and climate....

Pearse, Aaron T.; Metzger, Kristine L.; Brandt, David A.; Bidwell, Mark T.; Harner, Mary J.; Baasch, David M.; Harrell, Wade C.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Wetland water-management may influence mercury bioaccumulation in songbirds and ducks at a mercury hotspot

Mercury is a persistent, biomagnifying contaminant that can cause negative behavioral, immunological, and reproductive effects in wildlife and human populations. We examined the role of wetland water-management on mercury bioaccumulation in songbirds and ducks at Kellys Slough National Wildlife Refuge Complex, near Grand Forks, North Dakota USA....

Winder, Virginia L.; Anteau, Michael J.; Fisher, Mark R; Wilcox, Mary Kate; Igl, Lawrence; Ackerman, Joshua T.