Climate Research and Development Program

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The Climate Research and Development (Climate R&D) Program strives to advance the understanding of the physical, chemical, and biological components of the Earth system, the causes and consequences of climate and land use change, and the vulnerability and resilience of the Earth system to such changes.

Earth Science Matters Newsletter

Earth Science Matters Newsletter
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Climate history, land cover and land surface data and models are vital for assessing the impacts of climate change, evaluating ecosystem status and health, understanding spatial patterns of biodiversity, and informing land use planning. 

National Climate Change Viewer (NCCV)

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Date published: September 3, 2021

Picture This: A National Climate Change Viewer that Helps Land Managers and Decision Makers Plan for Climate Change

The enormity of the challenge posed by climate change makes it difficult to visualize and understand on the ground. Even though wide-ranging impacts are visible today, it’s hard to envision how tomorrow’s changes will take shape. What will the temperature be in Portland in the spring, or how much rain might Dallas get in the fall? The USGS has a tool that can help address that challenge.

Date published: July 8, 2021

USGS Participation in the Annual Natural Hazards Research and Applications Workshop

This year's Annual Natural Hazards Research and Applications Workshop, coordinated by the Natural Hazards Center at CU Boulder on July 11 – 14, 2021, is the 46th and will be organized around the theme of The Hazards and Disaster Workforce: Preparing to Meet 21st Century Challenges. Check out these sessions, posters, and research highlights featuring the USGS Risk Community of Practice members...

Date published: June 23, 2021

Greater Yellowstone Area Expected to Become Warmer, Drier

Temperature significantly increased and snowfall decreased in the iconic Greater Yellowstone Area since 1950 because of climate change, and these trends will likely continue through the rest of the century, according to a climate report published today.

Publications

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Year Published: 2021

Biogeography and ecology of Ostracoda in the U.S. northern Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas

Ostracoda (bivalved Crustacea) comprise a significant part of the benthic meiofauna in the Pacific-Arctic region, including more than 50 species, many with identifiable ecological tolerances. These species hold potential as useful indicators of past and future ecosystem changes. In this study, we examined benthic ostracodes from nearly 300 surface...

Gemery, Laura; Cronin, Thomas M.; Cooper, Lee W.; Dowsett, Harry J.; Grebmeier, Jacqueline M.

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Year Published: 2021

Stable oxygen isotopes in shallow marine ostracodes from the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas

Stable oxygen isotope measurements on calcitic valves of benthic ostracodes (δ18Oost) from the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas were used to examine ecological and hydrographic processes governing ostracode and associated seawater δ18O values. Five cryophilic taxa were analyzed for δ18Oost values: Sarsicytheridea bradii; Paracyprideis...

Gemery, Laura; Cooper, L.W.; Magen, C; Cronin, T. M.; Grebmeier, J.M.

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Year Published: 2021

Changes in ecosystem nitrogen and carbon allocation with black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) encroachment into Spartina alterniflora salt marsh

Increases in temperature are expected to facilitate encroachment of tropical mangrove forests into temperate salt marshes, yet the effects on ecosystem services are understudied. Our work was conducted along a mangrove expansion front in Louisiana (USA), an area where coastal wetlands are in rapid decline due to compounding factors, including...

Macy, Aaron; Osland, Michael; Cherry, Julia A; Cebrian, Just