Climate Research and Development Program

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The Climate Research and Development (Climate R&D) Program strives to advance the understanding of the physical, chemical, and biological components of the Earth system, the causes and consequences of climate and land use change, and the vulnerability and resilience of the Earth system to such changes.

Earth Science Matters Newsletter

Earth Science Matters Newsletter
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Climate history, land cover and land surface data and models are vital for assessing the impacts of climate change, evaluating ecosystem status and health, understanding spatial patterns of biodiversity, and informing land use planning. 

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June 1, 2021

Earth Science Matters - Volume 12, Spring 2021

This issue of Earth Science Matters highlights recently published research from the Climate Research and Development Program that contributes to an improved understanding of how changing land use, climate, and environment affect communities, ecosystems, and the services they provide.

Date published: May 31, 2021

Comparing tree-ring based reconstructions of snowpack variability at different scales for the Navajo Nation

This article is part of the Spring 2021 issue of the Earth Science Matters Newsletter. 

Date published: May 31, 2021

Using tree-rings to unravel avalanche frequency and associated climate drivers in the northern Rocky Mountains

This article is part of the Spring 2021 issue of the Earth Science Matters Newsletter.

Publications

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Year Published: 2021

Biogeography and ecology of Ostracoda in the U.S. northern Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas

Ostracoda (bivalved Crustacea) comprise a significant part of the benthic meiofauna in the Pacific-Arctic region, including more than 50 species, many with identifiable ecological tolerances. These species hold potential as useful indicators of past and future ecosystem changes. In this study, we examined benthic ostracodes from nearly 300 surface...

Gemery, Laura; Cronin, Thomas M.; Cooper, Lee W.; Dowsett, Harry J.; Grebmeier, Jacqueline M.

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Year Published: 2021

Stable oxygen isotopes in shallow marine ostracodes from the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas

Stable oxygen isotope measurements on calcitic valves of benthic ostracodes (δ18Oost) from the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas were used to examine ecological and hydrographic processes governing ostracode and associated seawater δ18O values. Five cryophilic taxa were analyzed for δ18Oost values: Sarsicytheridea bradii; Paracyprideis...

Gemery, Laura; Cooper, L.W.; Magen, C; Cronin, T. M.; Grebmeier, J.M.

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Year Published: 2021

Processes influencing marsh elevation change in low- and high-elevation zones of a temperate salt marsh

The movement of salt marshes into uplands and marsh submergence as sea level rises is well documented; however, predicting how coastal marshes will respond to rising sea levels is constrained by a lack of process-based understanding of how various marsh zones adjust to changes in sea level. To assess the way in which salt marsh zones differ in...

Blum, Linda K.; Christian, Robert R.; Cahoon, Donald; Wiberg, Patricia L.