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How is avian influenza spread?

State and federal government experts continue to evaluate how Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) viruses can spread and impact wild and domestic birds.

The global spread of HPAI subtype H5N8 has been driven in large part by migratory waterfowl. Knowledge about migratory patterns and intercontinental associations of waterfowl, as well as genetic analyses of viral strains support the hypothesis that HPAI H5N8 entered North America from Asia via migratory birds.

Wild waterfowl and other species shed the virus into the environment through their oral and nasal secretions and feces.

Learn more: USGS Avian Influenza