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Cyanobacteria, cyanotoxins and associated characteristics across the North Atlantic Appalachian Region

April 29, 2024

This data release contains cyanotoxin, chlorophyll-a, and pheophytin-a concentration, cyanobacterial genetics, phytoplankton community composition, and multiparameter sonde data collected from 20 sites in five northeastern United States river basins (Penobscot (ME), Santuit (MA), York (VA-WV), Salem (NJ), and Peconic (NY)). Solid Phase Adsorption Toxin Tracking (SPATT) passive samplers were deployed at all sites between August 31 and September 2, 2020, and retrieved after 7 days. Discrete water samples were collected when SPATTs were deployed, and at 2 sites (USGS station IDs 01670257, 0167014792), samples were also collected when the SPATTs were recovered. Sonde data were collected when deploying and retrieving the SPATTs. The SPATT samples were extracted and analyzed for cyanotoxins (anatoxin-a, cylindrospermopsin, microcystin, saxitoxin) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Sonde data included measurements of water temperature, pH, specific conductance, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, chlorophyll, phycocyanin, and phycoerythrin fluorescence (in relative fluorescence units and micrograms per liter), and nitrate, however some sensors were not available at all locations. Discrete samples were analyzed for total cyanotoxin concentration (anatoxin-a, cylindrospermopsin, microcystin, saxitoxin) by ELISA and LC/MS/MS, chlorophyll-a, pheophytin-a, cyanotoxin synthetase genes, and phytoplankton community composition. Saxitoxin could not being analyzed by LC/MS/MS so an additional ELISA analysis was performed instead.

Publication Year 2024
Title Cyanobacteria, cyanotoxins and associated characteristics across the North Atlantic Appalachian Region
DOI 10.5066/P94LAHHM
Authors Jess M. Trevino, Jennifer L Graham, Guy M Foster, Sabina R Gifford, Joshua J Rosen, James F Coles, Charles W Culbertson, Heather A Heckathorn, John D Jastram, Hayley T Olds, William B Schill, Erin A Stelzer
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization New York Water Science Center