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Year Published: 2016

Mid-latitude shrub steppe plant communities: Climate change consequences for soil water resources

In the coming century, climate change is projected to impact precipitation and temperature regimes worldwide, with especially large effects in drylands. We use big sagebrush ecosystems as a model dryland ecosystem to explore the impacts of altered climate on ecohydrology and the implications of those changes for big sagebrush plant communities...

Palmquist, Kyle A.; Schlaepfer, Daniel R.; Bradford, John B.; Lauenroth, Willliam K.
Palmquist, K.A., Schlaepfer, D.R., Bradford, J.B., and Lauenroth, W.K., 2016, Mid-latitude shrub steppe plant communities: Climate change consequences for soil water resources: Ecology, v. online, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ecy.1457/full and http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1457.

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Year Published: 2016

Extremes of heat, drought and precipitation depress reproductive performance in shortgrass prairie passerines

Climate change elevates conservation concerns worldwide because it is likely to exacerbate many identified threats to animal populations. In recent decades, grassland birds have declined faster than other North American bird species, a loss thought to be due to habitat loss and fragmentation and changing agricultural practices. Climate change...

Conrey, Reesa Y.; Skagen, Susan K.; Yackel, Amy; Panjabi, Arvind O.
Conrey RY, SK Skagen, AA Yackel Adams and AO Panjabi. 2016. Extremes of heat, drought and precipitation depress reproductive performance in shortgrass prairie passerines. Ibis, doi: 10.1111/ibi.12373

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Year Published: 2016

Terrestrial nitrogen cycling in Earth system models revisited

Understanding the degree to which nitrogen (N) availability limits land carbon (C) uptake under global environmental change represents an unresolved challenge. First-generation ‘C-only’vegetation models, lacking explicit representations of N cycling,projected a substantial and increasing land C sink under rising atmospheric CO2...

Stocker, Benjamin; Prentice, I. Colin; Cornell, Sarah; Davies-Barnard, T; Finzi, Adrien; Franklin, Oskar; Janssens, Ivan; Larmola, Tuula; Manzoni, Stefano; Näsholm, Torgny; Raven, John; Rebel, Karin; Reed, Sasha C.; Vicca, Sara; Wiltshire, Andy; Zaehle, Sönke
Stocker, B.D., Prentice, I.C., Cornell, S.E., Davies-Barnard, T., Finzi, A.C., Franklin, S., Janssens, I., Larmola, T., Manzoni, S., Näsholm, T., Raven, J.A., Rebel, K.T., Reed, S., Vicca, S., Wiltshire, A., and Zaehle, S., 2016, Terrestrial nitrogen cycling in Earth system models revisited: New Phytologist, v. 210, no. 4, p. 1165-1168, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nph.13997/full and http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.13997.

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Year Published: 2016

Recruitment synchrony of yellow perch (Perca flavescens, Percidae) in the Great Lakes region, 1966–2008

Population-level reproductive success (recruitment) of many fish populations is characterized by high inter-annual variation and related to annual variation in key environmental factors (e.g., climate). When such environmental factors are annually correlated across broad spatial scales, spatially separated populations may display recruitment...

Honsey, Andrew E.; Bunnell, David B.; Troy, Cary D.; Fielder, David G.; Thomas, Michael V.; Knight, Carey T.; Chong, Stephen; Hook, Tomas O.

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Year Published: 2016

Inferring social structure and its drivers from refuge use in the desert tortoise, a relatively solitary species

For several species, refuges (such as burrows, dens, roosts, nests) are an essential resource for protection from predators and extreme environmental conditions. Refuges also serve as focal sites for social interactions, including mating, courtship, and aggression. Knowledge of refuge use patterns can therefore provide information about social...

Sah, Pratha; Nussear, Kenneth E.; Esque, Todd C.; Aiello, Christina M.; Hudson, Peter J.; Bansal, Shweta
Sah, P, KE Nussear, TC Esque, CM Aiello, PJ Hudson, S Bansal. 2016-In Press. Inferring social structure and its drivers from refuge use in the desert tortoise, a relatively solitary species. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/025494

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Year Published: 2016

Resource subsidies between stream and terrestrial ecosystems under global change

Streams and adjacent terrestrial ecosystems are characterized by permeable boundaries that are crossed by resource subsidies. Although the importance of these subsidies for riverine ecosystems is increasingly recognized, little is known about how they may be influenced by global environmental change. Drawing from available evidence, in this review...

Larsen, Stefano; Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.; Marti Roca, Maria Eugenia
Larsen, S., Muehlbauer, J.D., and Marti, E., 2016, Resource subsidies between stream and terrestrial ecosystems under global change: Global Change Biology, online, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.13182/abstract.

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Year Published: 2016

Avian fatalities at wind energy facilities in North America: A comparison of recent approaches

Three recent publications have estimated the number of birds killed each year by wind energy facilities at 2012 build-out levels in the United States. The 3 publications differ in scope, methodology, and resulting estimates. We compare and contrast characteristics of the approaches used in the publications. In addition, we describe decisions made...

Johnson, Douglas H.; Loss, Scott R.; Smallwood, K. Shawn; Erickson, Wallace P.
Johnson, D. H., S. R. Loss, K. S. Smallwood, and W. P. Erickson. 2016. Avian fatalities at wind energy facilities in North America: a comparison of recent approaches. Human-Wildlife Interactions 10(1):7-18.

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Year Published: 2016

Modeling suitable habitat of invasive red lionfish Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) in North and South America’s coastal waters

We used two common correlative species-distribution models to predict suitable habitat of invasive red lionfish Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) in the western Atlantic and eastern Pacific Oceans. The Generalized Linear Model (GLM) and the Maximum Entropy (Maxent) model were applied using the Software for Assisted Habitat Modeling. We compared...

Evangelista, Paul H.; Young, Nicholas E.; Schofield, Pamela J.; Jarnevich, Catherine S.
Evangelista, P.H., Young, N.E., Schofield, P.J., and Jarnevich, C.S., 2016, Modeling suitable habitat of invasive red lionfish Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) in North and South America’s coastal waters: Aquatic Invasions, Open Access, http://www.aquaticinvasions.net/2016/AI_2016_Evangelista_etal.pdf. DOI: 10.3391/ai.2016.11.3.09

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Year Published: 2016

Integrating early detection with DNA barcoding: species identification of a non-native monitor lizard (Squamata: Varanidae) carcass in Mississippi, U.S.A.

Early detection of invasive species is critical to increasing the probability of successful management. At the primary stage of an invasion, invasive species are easier to control as the population is likely represented by just a few individuals. Detection of these first few individuals can be challenging, particularly if they are cryptic or...

Reed, Robert N.; Hopken, Matthew W.; Steen, David A.; Falk, Bryan G.; Piaggio, Antoinette J.

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Year Published: 2016

Long-term continuous acoustical suspended-sediment measurements in rivers - Theory, application, bias, and error

It is commonly recognized that suspended-sediment concentrations in rivers can change rapidly in time and independently of water discharge during important sediment‑transporting events (for example, during floods); thus, suspended-sediment measurements at closely spaced time intervals are necessary to characterize suspended‑sediment loads. Because...

Topping, David J.; Wright, Scott A.
Topping, D.J., and Wright, S.A., 2016, Long-term continuous acoustical suspended-sediment measurements in rivers—Theory, application, bias, and error: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1823, 98 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/pp1823.

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Year Published: 2016

Hydrothermal vents and methane seeps: Rethinking the sphere of influence

Although initially viewed as oases within a barren deep ocean, hydrothermal vent and methane seep communities are now recognized to interact with surrounding ecosystems on the sea floor and in the water column, and to affect global geochemical cycles. The importance of understanding these interactions is growing as the potential rises for...

Levin, Lisa A.; Baco, Amy; Bowden, David; Colaco, Ana; Cordes, Erik E.; Cunha, Marina; Demopoulos, Amanda W.J.; Gobin, Judith; Grupe, Ben; Le, Jennifer; Metaxas, Anna; Netburn, Amanda; Rouse, Greg; Thurber, Andrew; Tunnicliffe, Verena; Van Dover, Cindy L.; Vanreusel, Ann; Watling, Les
Levin, L., Baco, A., Bowden, D., Colaco, A., Cordes, E., Cunha, M., Demopoulos, A.W., Gobin, J., Grupe, B., Le, J., Metaxas, A., Netburn, A., Rouse, G., Thurber, A., Tunnicliffe, V., Van Dover, C., Vanreusel, A., and Watling, L., 2016, Hydrothermal vents and methane seeps: rethinking the sphere of influence: Frontiers in Marine Science, Online Early, v. 3, p. 72-xx, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2016.00072 or http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2016.00072/abstract.

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Year Published: 2016

Vegetation of semi-stable rangeland dunes of the Navajo Nation, Southwestern USA

Dune destabilization and increased mobility is a worldwide issue causing ecological, economic, and health problems for the inhabitants of areas with extensive dune fields. Dunes cover nearly a third of the Navajo Nation within the Colorado Plateau of southwestern USA. There, higher temperatures and prolonged drought beginning in 1996 have produced...

Thomas, Kathryn A.; Redsteer, Margaret H.
Thomas, Kathryn A., and Margaret H. Redsteer. (2016). Vegetation of semi-stable rangeland dunes of the Navajo Nation, Southwestern USA. Arid Land Research and Management. Taylor and Francis online. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15324982.2016.1138157. DOI: 10.1080/15324982.2016.1138157