Landslide Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 876
Year Published: 2017

Landslide monitoring in the Atlantic Highlands area, New Jersey

Shallow and deep-seated landslides have occurred episodically on the steep coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands area (Boroughs of Atlantic Highlands and Highlands) in New Jersey. The oldest documented deep-seated landslide occurred in April 1782 and significantly changed the morphology of the bluff. However, recent landslides have been mostly...

Reilly, Pamela A.; Ashland, Francis X.; Fiore, Alex R.
Reilly, P.A., Ashland, F.X., and Fiore, A.R., 2017, Landslide monitoring in the Atlantic Highlands area, New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2017–3068, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20173068.

Year Published: 2017

Using multi-date satellite imagery to monitor invasive grass species distribution in post-wildfire landscapes: An iterative, adaptable approach that employs open-source data and software

Among the most pressing concerns of land managers in post-wildfire landscapes are the establishment and spread of invasive species. Land managers need accurate maps of invasive species cover for targeted management post-disturbance that are easily transferable across space and time. In this study, we sought to develop an iterative, replicable...

West, Amanda M.; Evangelista, Paul H.; Jarnevich, Catherine S.; Kumar, Sunil; Swallow, Aaron; Luizza, Matthew; Chignell, Steve
West, A. M., P. H. Evangelista, C. S. Jarnevich, S. Kumar, A. Swallow, M. W. Luizza, and S. M. Chignell. 2017. Using multi-date satellite imagery to monitor invasive grass species distribution in post-wildfire landscapes; an iterative, adaptable approach that employs open-source data and software. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 59:135-146.

Year Published: 2017

Geomorphic response of the North Fork Stillaguamish River to the State Route 530 landslide near Oso, Washington

On March 22, 2014, the State Route 530 Landslide near Oso, Washington mobilized 8 million cubic meters of unconsolidated Pleistocene material, creating a valley‑spanning deposit that fully impounded the North Fork Stillaguamish River. The river overtopped the 8-meter high debris impoundment within 25 hours and began steadily incising a new channel...

Anderson, Scott W.; Keith, Mackenzie K.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Wallick, J. Rose; Mastin, Mark C.; Foreman, James R.
Anderson, S.W., Keith, M.K., Magirl, C.S., Wallick, J.R., Mastin, M.C., and Foreman, J.R., 2017, Geomorphic response of the North Fork Stillaguamish River to the State Route 530 landslide near Oso, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5055, 85 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175055.

Year Published: 2017

Characterizing meteorological and hydrologic conditions associated with shallow landslide initiation in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey

Meteorological and hydrologic conditions associated with shallow landslide initiation in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey remain undocumented despite a history of damaging slope movement extending back to at least 1903. This study applies an empirical approach to quantify the rainfall conditions leading to shallow...

De Graff, Jerome V.; Shakoor, Abdul; Ashland, Francis; Fiore, Alex R.; Reilly, Pamela A.
Ashland, F.X., Fiore, A.R., and Reilly, P.A., 2017, Characterizing meteorological and hydrologic conditions associated with shallow landslide initiation in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, in De Graff, J.V., and Shakur, A., eds. Landslides: Putting Experience, Knowledge and Emerging Technologies into Practice: Proceedings of the 3rd North American Symposium on Landslides, Roanoke, V.A., June 4–8, 2017, Association of Environmental & Engineering Geologists Special Publication 27, p. 461-472, ISBN: 978-0-9897253-7-8

Year Published: 2017

Debris flow initiation by runoff in a recently burned basin: Is grain-by-grain sediment bulking or en masse failure to blame?

Postwildfire debris flows are frequently triggered by runoff following high-intensity rainfall, but the physical mechanisms by which water-dominated flows transition to debris flows are poorly understood relative to debris flow initiation from shallow landslides. In this study, we combined a numerical model with high-resolution hydrologic and...

McGuire, Luke; Rengers, Francis K.; Kean, Jason W.; Staley, Dennis M.
McGuire, L. A., F. K. Rengers, J. W. Kean, and D. M. Staley (2017), Debris flow initiation by runoff in a recently burned basin: Is grain-by-grain sediment bulking or en masse failure to blame?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074243.

Year Published: 2017

Prediction of spatially explicit rainfall intensity–duration thresholds for post-fire debris-flow generation in the western United States

Early warning of post-fire debris-flow occurrence during intense rainfall has traditionally relied upon a library of regionally specific empirical rainfall intensity–duration thresholds. Development of this library and the calculation of rainfall intensity-duration thresholds often require several years of monitoring local rainfall and hydrologic...

Staley, Dennis M.; Negri, Jacquelyn; Kean, Jason W.; Laber, Jayme L.; Tillery, Anne C.; Youberg, Ann M.

Year Published: 2017

An updated geospatial liquefaction model for global application

We present an updated geospatial approach to estimation of earthquake-induced liquefaction from globally available geospatial proxies. Our previous iteration of the geospatial liquefaction model was based on mapped liquefaction surface effects from four earthquakes in Christchurch, New Zealand, and Kobe, Japan, paired with geospatial explanatory...

Zhu, Jing; Baise, Laurie G.; Thompson, Eric M.

Year Published: 2017

Precipitation thresholds for landslide occurrence near Seattle, Mukilteo, and Everett, Washington

Shallow landslides along coastal bluffs frequently occur in the railway corridor between Seattle and Everett, Washington. These slides disrupt passenger rail service, both because of required track maintenance and because the railroad owner, Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway, does not allow passenger travel for 48 hours after a disruptive...

Scheevel, Caroline R.; Baum, Rex L.; Mirus, Benjamin B.; Smith, Joel B.
Scheevel, C.R., Baum, R.L., Mirus, B.B., and Smith, J.B., 2017, Precipitation thresholds for landslide occurrence near Seattle, Mukilteo, and Everett, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1039, 51 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171039.

Year Published: 2017

Effect of hydraulic hysteresis on the stability of infinite slopes under steady infiltration

Hydraulic hysteresis, including capillary soil water retention (SWR), air entrapment SWR, and hydraulic conductivity, is a common phenomenon in unsaturated soils. However, the influence of hydraulic hysteresis on suction stress, and subsequently slope stability, is generally ignored. This paper examines the influence of each of these three types...

Chen, Pan; Mirus, Benjamin B.; Lu, Ning; Godt, Jonathan W.
Chen, P, BB Mirus. N Lu, JW Godt, 2017. Effect of hydraulic hysteresis on the stability of infinite slopes under steady infiltration. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001724.

Year Published: 2017

Capturing spatiotemporal variation in wildfires for improving postwildfire debris-flow hazard assessments: Chapter 20

Wildfires can increase the frequency and magnitude of catastrophic debris flows. Integrated, proactive natural hazard assessment would therefore characterize landscapes based on the potential for the occurrence and interactions of wildfires and postwildfire debris flows. This chapter presents a new modeling effort that can quantify the variability...

Haas, Jessica R.; Thompson, Matthew P.; Tillery, Anne C.; Scott, Joe H.

Year Published: 2017

Landslide kinematics and their potential controls from hourly to decadal timescales: Insights from integrating ground-based InSAR measurements with structural maps and long-term monitoring data

Knowledge of kinematics is rudimentary for understanding landslide controls and is increasingly valuable with greater spatiotemporal coverage. However, characterizing landslide-wide kinematics is rare, especially at broadly ranging timescales. We used highly detailed kinematic data obtained using photogrammetry and field mapping during the 1980s...

Schulz, William; Coe, Jeffrey A.; Ricci, P.P; Smoczyk, Gregory M.; Shurtleff, Brett L; Panosky, J
Schulz W.H., Coe J.A., Ricci P.P., Smoczyk G.M., Shurtleff B.L., Panosky J. Landslide kinematics and their potential controls from hourly to decadal timescales: Insights from integrating ground-based InSAR measurements with structural maps and long-term monitoring data Geomorphology 285 (2017) 121–136, doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.02.011