Stacey A Archfield

My current research is focused on understanding hydrologic change for water resources applications. I also maintain an interest in the use of statistical approaches to characterize hydrologic information at unmonitored locations. 



  • Co-Editor, Hydrologic Sciences Journal (2018-Present)
  • Associate Editor, Water Resources Research (2017-Present)
  • Editor, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (2012-Present)


  • Doctor of Philosophy, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, 2009
  • Master of Science, Geosystems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2001
  • Bachelor of Science, Geology, Northeastern University, 1999 (Minor in Mathematics)

PROFESSIONAL APPOINTMENTS                                              

  • U.S. Geological Survey, Integrated Modeling and Prediction Division
    • Research Hydrologist, 2017-Present   
  • U.S. Geological Survey, National Research Program (Dissolved in 2017)
    • Research Hydrologist, 2013-2017                                        
  • U.S. Geological Survey, Massachusetts-Rhode Island Water Science Center
    • Research Hydrologist, 2008-2013
    • Hydrologist (Project Chief), 2004-2008
    • Hydrologist, 1998-2004
  • Tufts University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    • Research Assistant, 2004-2009
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Earth Resources Laboratory
    • Research Assistant, 2001
  • Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Space Geodesy Group
    • Research Associate, 1999      


  • University of Bristol, College of Engineering, United Kingdon, March-April 2013
  • Vienna University of Technology, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources Management, Austria, April-May 2013


  • 2014 Editors’ Citation for Excellence in Refereeing for Water Resources Research (2015).
  • Archfield and Vogel [2010] paper was featured in the EOS Research Spotlight: Eos Trans. AGU, 92(6), 52, doi:10.1029/2011EO060009. Papers featured in the Research Spotlight are selected by the editors of the 18 journals published by the American Geophysical Union. Only 3 to 4 papers are selected bi-weekly to be featured. (2011).
  • Hirsch, Moyer and Archfield [2010] paper was selected as one of four finalists for the William R. Boggess Award. This award is given to a paper published in the Journal of the American Water Resources Association that best describes, delineates, or analyzes a major problem or aspect of water resources from either a theoretical, applied, or philosophical standpoint. (
  • Selected to deliver the 2010 U.S. Geological Survey Chief Hydrologist Seminar (2010).
  • Outstanding Student Paper Award, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting (2009).
  • Tufts University Civil & Environmental Engineering Department Littleton Professional Promise Award (2009).
  • U.S. Geological Survey Special Thanks for Achieving Results (STAR) awards, Recognition of contributions to various studies (2002; 2001; 1999).
  • Northeastern University Student Commencement Speaker (1999).
  • Northeastern University Wendy Breen Kline Professional Promise Award (1999).
  • Northeastern University Gregory Jarvis Scholarship Recipient (1999).
  • Northeastern University Student Body President (1997-1998).


Helsel, D., R.M. Hirsch, K.R. Ryberg, S.A. Archfield, and E. Gilroy, 2020, Statistical Methods for Water Resources, U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, 454 p., (Hardcover book available for purchase at:

Sankarasubramanian, A., D. Wang, S.A. Archfield, M. Reitz, R.M. Vogel, A. Mazrooei, and S. Mukhopadhyay, 2020, HESS Opinions: Beyond the long-term water balance: evolving Budyko's supply–demand framework for the Anthropocene towards a global synthesis of land-surface fluxes under natural and human-altered watersheds, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1975–1984,, 2020.

Blum, A.G., P.J. Ferraro, S.A. Archfield, and K.R. Ryberg, 2020, Causal effect of imperviousness on annual flood magnitude for the United States, Geophysical Research Letters,

Blum, A.G., S.A. Archfield, R.M. Hirsch, R.M. Vogel, J.E. Kiang, R.W. Dudley, 2019, Updating estimates of low streamflow statistics to account for possible trends, Hydrologic Sciences Journal,

Hodgkins, G.A., R.W. Dudley, S.A. Archfield, B. Renard, 2019, Effects of regulation and urbanization on historical flood trends in the United States, Journal of Hydrology, v. 573, June 2019, Pages 697-709,

Drexler, J.Z., C.C Fuller, and S.A. Archfield, 2018, The approaching obsolescence of 137 Cd dating of wetland soils in North America, Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 199, p. 83-96

Crankshaw, I.M., S.A. Archfield, A.C. Newman, D. Bergfeld, L.E. Clor, K.R. Spicer, P.J. Kelly, W.C. Evans, S.E. Ingebritsen, 2018, Multi-year high-frequency hydrothermal monitoring of selected highthreat Cascade Range volcanoes, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 356, p. 24–35.

Blum, A. G., S.A. Archfield, and R.M. Vogel, 2017, On the probability distribution of daily streamflow in the United States, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21, 3093-3103,, 2017.

Bassiouni, M., R.M. Vogel, and S. A. Archfield, 2016, Panel regressions to estimate low-flow response to rainfall variability in ungaged basins, Water Resources Research, 52, doi:10.1002/ 2016WR018718.

Archfield, S.A., R.M. Hirsch, A. Viglione, and G. Blöschl, 2016, Fragmented patterns of flood change across the United States, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL070590.

A. Pugliese, W.H. Farmer, A. Castellarin, S.A. Archfield, and R.M. Vogel, 2016, Regional flow duration curves: Geostatistical techniques versus multivariate regression, Advances in Water Resources, Volume 96, October 2016, Pages 11-22, ISSN 0309-1708.

Bhaskar, A.S., D.M. Hogan, and S.A. Archfield, 2016, Urban base flow with Low Impact Development, Hydrologic Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.10808. [Link]

Hirsch, R.M. and S.A. Archfield, 2015, Flood trends: Not higher but more often, Nature Climate Change 5, 198-199, doi:10.1038/nclimate2551. [Link]

R.M. Hirsch, S.A. Archfield, and L.A. De Cicco, 2015, A bootstrap method for estimating uncertainty of water quality trends, Environmental Modelling & Software, v. 73, November 2015, 148-166, doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2015.07.017. [Link]

Archfield, S.A, M. Clark, B. Arheimer, L.E. Hay, W.H. Farmer, H. McMillan, J. Seibert, J.E. Kiang, T. Wagener, A. Bock, K. Hakala, V. Andréassian, S. Attinger, A. Viglione, R.R. Knight, and T.M. Over, 2015, Accelerating advances in continental domain hydrologic modeling, Water Resources Research, 51, 10078–10091, doi:10.1002/2015WR017498. [Link]

Singh, R., S.A. Archfield, and T. Wagener, 2014, Identifying dominant controls on hydrologic model parameter transfer from gauged to ungauged basins - a comparative hydrology approach, Journal of Hydrology, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.06.030, 2014. [Link]

Kiang, J.E., D. Stewart, S.A. Archfield, E.B. Osborne, and K. Eng, 2013, A National Streamflow Network Gap Analysis, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5013, 79 p. plus one appendix as a separate file [Link]

Archfield S.A., A. Pugliese, A. Castellarin, J.O. Skøien, and J.E. Kiang, 2013, Topological and canonical kriging for design flood prediction in ungauged catchments: an improvement over a traditional regional regression approach?, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 1575-1588, doi:10.5194/hess-17-1575-2013, 2013. [Link]

Archfield, S. A., Steeves, P. A., Guthrie, J. D., and Ries III, K. G., 2013, Towards a publicly available, map-based regional software tool to estimate unregulated daily streamflow at ungauged rivers, Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 101-115, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-101-2013.[Link]

Parajka, J., V. Andréassian, S.A. Archfield, A. Bárdossy, G. Blöschl, F. Chiew, Q. Duan, A. Gelfan, K. Hlavčová, R. Merz, N. McIntyre, L. Oudin, C. Perrin, M. Rogger, J.L. Salinas, H.G. Savenije, J.O. Skøien, T. Wagener, E. Zehe, and Y. Zhang (Contributors listed in alphabetical order), 2013, “Chapter 10. Prediction of runoff hydrographs in ungauged basins.” In: Runoff Prediction in Ungauged Basins: Synthesis across Processes, Places and Scales, Bloeschl, G., M. Sivapalan, T. Wagener, A. Viglione, H. Savenije, (Eds.). Cambridge University Press, UK.

Archfield, S.A., 2013, “Chapter 11.7. Setting Environmental Flow Targets in Northeast USA.” In: Runoff Prediction in Ungauged Basins: Synthesis across Processes, Places and Scales, Bloeschl, G., M. Sivapalan, T. Wagener, A. Viglione, H. Savenije, (Eds.). Cambridge University Press, UK.

Archfield, S.A., J.G. Kennen, D.M. Carlisle, D.M. Wolock, 2013, An objective and parsimonious approach for classifying natural flow regimes at a continental scale, River Research and Applications, doi: 10.1002/rra.2710. [Link]

Medalie, L., R.M. Hirsch, and S.A. Archfield, 2012, Use of flow-normalization to evaluate nutrient concentration and flux changes in Lake Champlain tributaries, 1990–2009, Journal of Great Lakes Research, 38(1): 58–67, doi: 10.1016/j.jglr.2011.10.002.

Linhart, S.M., J.F. Nania, C.L. Sanders, L. Curtis Jr., and S.A. Archfield, 2012. Computing daily mean streamflow at ungaged locations in Iowa by using the Flow Anywhere and Flow Duration Curve Transfer statistical methods. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012-5232, vi, 50 p.

Levin, S.B., S.A. Archfield, and A.J. Massey, 2011. Refinement and evaluation of the Massachusetts firm-yield estimator model version 2.0. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5125, vii, 41 p.; Appendices; Appendix Selector [Link]

Weiskel, P.K.. S.L. Brandt, L.A. DeSimone, L.J. Ostiguy, and S.A. Archfield, 2010. Indicators of Streamflow Alteration, Habitat Fragmentation, Impervious Cover, and Water Quality for Massachusetts Stream Basins. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5272, Report: x, 70 p. Appendices [Link]

Archfield, S.A., R.M. Vogel, P.A. Steeves, S.L. Brandt, P.K. Weiskel, and S.P. Garabedian, 2010. The Massachusetts Sustainable-Yield Estimator: A decision-support tool to assess water availability at ungaged stream locations in Massachusetts. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5227, Report: viii, 43 p.; Appendix: 4 Plates - Plate 1: 50 x 36 inches, Plates 2 thru 4: each 36 x 24 inches; Estimator Tool; Also available on CD-ROM [Link]

Hirsch, R.M., D. Moyer, and S.A. Archfield, 2010, Analysis of long-term surface water quality data using Weighted Regressions on Time, Discharge, and Season (WRTDS): motivations, method, and application to Chesapeake Bay River Input Monitoring data, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 46(5):857-880, DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2010.00482.x. [Link]

Vogel, R.M., J. Sieber, S.A. Archfield, M.P. Smith, C.D. Apse and A. Huber-Lee, 2007, Relations among storage, yield and instream flow, Water Resources Research, 43, doi:10.1029/2006WR005226, 2007.

Archfield, S.A. and C.S. Carlson, 2006. Ground-Water Contributions to Reservoir Storage and the Effect on Estimates of Firm Yield for Reservoirs in Massachusetts. U.S. Geological Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5045, viii, 27 p. [Link]

Waldron, M.C. and S.A. Archfield, 2006. Factors Affecting Firm Yield and the Estimation of Firm Yield for Selected Streamflow-Dominated Drinking-Water-Supply Reservoirs in Massachusetts. U.S. Geological Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5044, vi, 39 p. [Link]

Archfield, S.A. and D.R. LeBlanc, 2005. Comparison of diffusion- and pumped-sampling methods to monitor volatile organic compounds in ground water, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, July 1999-December 2002. U.S. Geological Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5010, 53 p. [Link]

Bent, G.C. and S.A. Archfield, 2002. A logistic regression equation for estimating the probability of a stream flowing perennially in Massachusetts. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 2002-4043, 45 p. [Link]