Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 619
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Year Published: 2019

Mid-piacenzian of the north Atlantic Ocean

The Piacenzian Age (Pliocene) represents a past climate interval within which frequency and magnitude of environmental changes during a period of past global warmth can be analyzed, climate models can be tested, and results can be placed in a context to better prepare for future change. Here we focus on the North Atlantic region, incorporating new...

Dowsett, Harry J.; Robinson, Marci M.; Foley, Kevin M.; Herbert, Timothy D.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Spivey, Whittney

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Year Published: 2019

(U-Th)/He zircon dating of Chesapeake Bay distal impact ejecta from ODP site 1073

Single crystal (U‐Th)/He dating has been undertaken on 21 detrital zircon grains extracted from a core sample from Ocean Drilling Project (ODP) site 1073, which is located ~390 km northeast of the center of the Chesapeake Bay impact structure. Optical and electron imaging in combination with energy dispersive X‐ray microanalysis (EDS) of...

Biren, M.B.; Wartho, J.-A.; van Soest, M.C.; Hodges, K.V.; Cathey, H.; Glass, B.P.; Koeberl, C.; Horton, J. Wright; Hale, W.

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Year Published: 2019

Lithostratigraphic, geophysical, and hydrogeologic observations from a boring drilled to bedrock in glacial sediments near Nantucket Sound in East Falmouth, Massachusetts

In spring 2016, a 310-foot-deep boring (named MA–FSW 750) was drilled by the U.S. Geological Survey near Nantucket Sound in East Falmouth, Massachusetts, to investigate the hydrogeology of the southern coast of western Cape Cod. Few borings that are drilled to bedrock exist in the area, and the study area was selected to fill a gap between...

Hull, Robert B.; Johnson, Carole D.; Stone, Byron D.; LeBlanc, Denis R.; McCobb, Timothy D.; Phillips, Stephanie N.; Pappas , Katherine L. ; Lane, Jr., John W.
Hull, R.B, Johnson, C.D., Stone, B.D., LeBlanc, D.R., McCobb, T.D., Phillips, S.N., Pappas, K.L., and Lane, J.W., 2019, Lithostratigraphic, geophysical, and hydrogeologic observations from a boring drilled to bedrock in glacial sediments near Nantucket sound in East Falmouth, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5042, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195042.

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Year Published: 2019

Endless forams: >34,000 modern planktonic foraminiferal images for taxonomic training and automated species recognition using convolutional neural networks

Accurate planktonic foraminiferal species identification is central to many paleoceanographic studies, from selecting specific species for geochemical research to elucidating the biotic dynamics of microfossil communities relevant to physical oceanographic processes and interconnected phenomena such as climate change. However, species...

Hsiang, Allison Y.; Brombacher, Anieke; Costa Rillo, Marina; Mleneck-Vautravers, Maryline J.; Connett, Stephen; Lordsmith, Sian; Jentzen, Anna; Henehan, Michael J.; Metcalfe, Brett; Fenton, Isabel; Wade, Bridget; Fox, Lyndsey; Meilland, Julie; Davis, Catherine V.; Baranowski, Ulrike; Groeneveld, Jeroen; Edgar, Kirsty M.; Movellan, Aurore; Aze, Tracy; Dowsett, Harry J.; Miller, Giles; Rios, Nelson; Hull, Pincelli M.
Hsiang, A. Y., Brombacher, A. , Rillo, M. C., Mleneck‐Vautravers, M. J., Conn, S. , Lordsmith, S. , Jentzen, A. , Henehan, M. J., Metcalfe, B. , Fenton, I. S., Wade, B. S., Fox, L. , Meilland, J. , Davis, C. V., Baranowski, U. , Groeneveld, J. , Edgar, K. M., Movellan, A. , Aze, T. , Dowsett, H. J., Miller, C. G., Rios, N. and Hull, P. M. (2019), Endless Forams: >34,000 Modern Planktonic Foraminiferal Images for Taxonomic Training and Automated Species Recognition Using Convolutional Neural Networks. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34: 1157-1177. doi:10.1029/2019PA003612

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Year Published: 2019

Rapid inundation of the southern Florida coastline despite low relative sea-level rise rates during the late-Holocene

Sediment cores from Florida Bay, Everglades National Park were examined to determine ecosystem response to relative sea-level rise (RSLR) over the Holocene. High-resolution multiproxy analysis from four sites show freshwater wetlands transitioned to mangrove environments 4–3.6 ka, followed by estuarine environments 3.4–2.8 ka, during a period of...

Jones, Miriam; Wingard, G. Lynn; Stackhouse, Bethany; Keller, Katherine; Willard, Debra A.; Marot, Marci E.; Landacre, Bryan D.; Bernhardt, Christopher E.

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Year Published: 2019

Sampling the volatile-rich transition zone beneath Bermuda

Intraplate magmatic provinces found away from active plate boundaries, provide direct sampling of the Earth’s mantle composition and heterogeneity. Observed chemical heterogeneities in the mantle are commonly attributed to recycling during subduction1-3, which allows for the addition of volatiles and incompatible elements into the mantle. Although...

Mazza, Sarah E.; Gazel, Esteban; Bizmis, Michael; Moucha, Robert; Beguelin, Paul; Johnson, Elizabeth A.; McAleer, Ryan J.; Sobolev, Alexander

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Year Published: 2019

The benthic foraminifera cassidulina from the Arctic Ocean: Application to paleoceanography and biostratigraphy

We investigated the morphology, biostratigraphy, shell stable isotope composition and paleogeography of the common Arctic benthic foraminifera, Cassidulina teretis (Tappan 1951) (sometimes assigned to Islandiella (Nørvang 1958), for application to Quaternary paleoceanography. Cassidulina teretis, which has been studied by several generations of...

Cronin, Thomas M.; Seidenstein, Julia; Keller, Katherine; McDougall-Reid, Kristin; Reufer, Ana; Gemery, Laura

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Year Published: 2019

Geology of the Cornwall Quadrangle, Virginia

No abstract available. 

Heller, Matthew J.; Carter, Mark W.; Wilkes, G.P.; Coiner, R.L.
Heller, M.J., Carter, M.W., Wilkes, G.P., and Coiner, L.V., 2019, Geology of the Cornwall quadrangle, Virginia: Virginia Division of Geology and Mineral Resources Publication 184, 13 p.

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Year Published: 2019

Permafrost collapse is accelerating carbon release

This much is clear: the Arctic is warming fast, and frozen soils are starting to thaw, often for the first time in thousands of years. But how this happens is as murky as the mud that oozes from permafrost when ice melts.As the temperature of the ground rises above freezing, microorganisms break down organic matter in the soil. Greenhouse gases —...

Turetsky, Merritt R.; Abbott, Benjamin W.; Jones, Miriam; Walter Anthony, Katey; Olefeldt, David; Schuur, Edward A.G.; Koven, Charles; McGuire, A.D.; Grosse, Guido; Kuhry, Peter; Gustaf Hugelius; Lawrence, David M.; Gibson, Carolyn; Sannel, A. B. K.

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Year Published: 2019

The Appalachian Geo-STEM Camp: Learning about geology through experiential adventure recreation

The inaugural Appalachian Geo-STEM Camp (AGC) was a partnership between West Virginia University (WVU), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey (WVGES). Designed to engage high school students in geoscience-oriented Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) activities through adventure-...

Burns, Robert; Carter, Mark W.; Brock, John; Leveque, Jonas; Bunse, Emily; Palaseanu-Lovejoy, Monica; Guala, Gerald F.; Harlan, Nathan; Blake, Mitchel; Moreira, Jasmine; Britton, Jim; Ashton, Kenny; Nugent, Barnes; Marketti, Michael

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Year Published: 2019

Stratigraphic occurrences of sub-polar planktic foraminifera in pleistocene sediments on the Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean

Turborotalita quinqueloba is a species of planktic foraminifera commonly found in the sub-polar North Atlantic along the pathway of Atlantic waters in the Nordic seas and sometimes even in the Arctic Ocean, although its occurrence there remains poorly understood. Existing data show that T. quinqueloba is scarce in Holocene sediments from the...

O'Regan, Matt; Coxall, Helen; Cronin, Thomas M.; Gyllencreutz, Richard; Jakobsson, Martin; Kaboth, Stefanie; Löwemark, Ludvig; Wiers, Steffen; West, Gabriel

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Year Published: 2019

The Value of Data – The Qatar Geologic Mapping Project

The State of Qatar is in a period of rapid development, modernization, and population growth. One of the most important factors influencing the long-term success and sustainability of future development is a comprehensive understanding of the region’s geologic regime, geotechnical conditions, natural resources, and environmental constraints. To...

Krupansky, Joseph T.; Knight, Michael A.; Orndorff, Randall; Al-Akhras, Khaled M.; Mouradian, Ara G.; Saleh, Ali F.
Krupansky, J.T., Knight, M.A., Orndorff, R.C., Al-Akhras, K.M., Mouradian, A.G., and Sahel, A.F., 2019, The value of data – The Qatar Geologic Mapping Project, in, Meehan, C.L., Kumar, S., Pando, M.A., and Coe, J.T., eds., Data, software, education, and a tribute to Ralph Peck: American Society of Civil Engineers, Geotechnical Special Publication 314 – Geo-Congress 2019, p. 12-23.