Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,755
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Genomic signatures of thermal adaptation are associated with clinal shifts of life history in a broadly distributed frog

Temperature is a critical driver of ectotherm life-history strategies, whereby a warmer environment is associated with increased growth, reduced longevity and accelerated senescence. Increasing evidence indicates that thermal adaptation may underlie such life-history shifts in wild populations. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and copy...

Cayuela, Hugo; Dorant, Yann; Forester, Brenna R; Jeffries, Dan L; McCaffery, Rebecca; Eby, Lisa A; Hossack, Blake R.; Gippet, Jérôme M W; Pilliod, David; Funk, W Chris

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

N supply mediates the radiative balance of N2O emissions and CO2 sequestration driven by N-fixing vs. non-fixing trees

Forests are a significant CO2 sink. However, CO2 sequestration in forests is radiatively offset by emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O), a potent greenhouse gas, from forest soils. Reforestation, an important strategy for mitigating climate change, has focused on maximizing CO2 sequestration in plant biomass without integrating N2O...

Kou-Giesbrecht, Sian; Funk, Jennifer L; Perakis, Steven; Wolf, Amelia A.; Menge, Duncan

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Linking behavioral states to landscape features for improved conservation management

A central theme for conservation is understanding how animals differentially use, and are affected by change in, the landscapes they inhabit. However, it has been challenging to develop conservation schemes for habitat-specific behaviors.Here we use behavioral change point analysis to identify behavioral states of golden eagles (Aquila ...

Sur, Maitreyi; Woodbridge, Brian; Esque, Todd C.; Belthoff, Jim R; Bloom, Peter H.; Fisher, R. N.; Longshore, Kathleen; Nussear, Kenneth E.; Tracey, Jeff A.; Braham, Melissa A.; Katzner, Todd E.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Range-wide declines of northern spotted owl populations in the Pacific Northwest: A meta-analysis

The northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) inhabits older coniferous forests in the Pacific Northwest and has been at the center of forest management issues in this region. The immediate threats to this federally listed species include habitat loss and competition with barred owls (Strix varia), which invaded from...

Franklin, Alan B.; Dugger, Katie M.; Lesmeister, Damon B.; Davis, Raymond J.; Wiens, J. David; White, Gary C.; Nichols, James D.; Hines, James E.; Yackulic, Charles B.; Schwarz, Carl J.; Ackers, Steven H.; Stevens, Andrew L.; Bailey, Larissa L.; Brown, Robin G.; Burgher, Jesse; Burnham, Kenneth P.; Carlson, Peter C.; Chestnut, Tara; Conner, Mary M; Dilione, Krista E.; Forsman, Eric D.; Glenn, Elizabeth M.; Gremel, Scott A.; Hamm, Keith A.; Herter, Dale R.; Higley, J. Mark; Horn, Rob B.; Jenkins, Julianna M.; Kendall, William L.; Lamphear, David W; McCafferty, Christopher; McDonald, Trent L.; Reid, Janice A; Rockweit, Jeremy T.; Simon, David C.; Sovern, Stan G.; Swingle, James; Wise, Heather

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Establishment and survival of subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) in meadows of Olympic National Park, Washington

Establishment of trees in subalpine meadows is a potential indicator of ecological effects of climate change. Tree establishment is a multi-year process including cone and seed production, germination, establishment, and growth, with each demographic step possibly sensitive to different climate limitations. While most studies have focused on one...

Woodward, Andrea; Soll, Jonathan A.
Woodward, A., Soll, J.A., 2021, Establishment and survival of subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) in meadows of Olympic National Park, Washington: Northwest Science, v. 94, no. 3-4, p. 256-270, https://doi.org/10.3955/046.094.0304.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Endangered Australian top predator is frequently exposed to anticoagulant rodenticides

Anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs) used to control mammalian pest populations cause secondary exposure of predatory species throughout much of the world. It is important to understand the drivers of non-target AR exposure patterns as context for assessing long-term effects and developing effective mitigation for these toxicants. In...

Pay, James M.; Katzner, Todd E.; Hawkins, Clare E.; Barmuta, Leon A.; Brown, William E.; Koch, Amelia J.; Mooney, Nick J.; Cameron, Elissa Z.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Enigmatic near‐extirpation in a boreal toad metapopulation in northwestern Montana

North America's protected lands harbor biodiversity and provide habitats where species threatened by a variety of stressors in other environments can thrive. Yet disease, climate change, and other threats are not limited by land management boundaries and can interact with conditions within protected landscapes to affect sensitive populations. We...

McCaffery, Rebecca; Russell, Robin E.; Hossack, Blake R.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Differential reliance on aquatic prey subsidies influences mercury exposure in riparian arachnids and songbirds

Cross-ecosystem subsidies move substantial amounts of nutrients between ecosystems. Emergent aquatic insects are a particularly important prey source for riparian songbirds but may also move aquatic contaminants, such as mercury (Hg), to riparian food webs. While many studies focus on species that eat primarily emergent aquatic insects, we instead...

Jackson, Allyson K.; Eagles-Smith, Collin; Robinson, W Douglas

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Demethylation of methylmercury in bird, fish, and earthworm

Toxicity of methylmercury (MeHg) to wildlife and humans results from its binding to cysteine residues of proteins, forming MeHg-cysteinate (MeHgCys) complexes that hinder biological functions. MeHgCys complexes can be detoxified in vivo, yet how this occurs is unknown. We report that MeHgCys complexes are transformed into selenocysteinate (Hg(Sec)...

Manceau, Alain; Bourdineaud, Jean-Paul; Oliveira, Ricardo B.; Sarrazin, Sandra LF; Krabbenhoft, David P.; Eagles-Smith, Collin; Ackerman, Joshua T.; Stewart, Robin; Ward-Deitrich, Christian; del Castillo Busto, M Estela; Goenaga-Infante, Heidi; Wack, Aude; Retegan, Marius; Detlefs, Blanka; Glatzel, Pieter; Bustamante, Paco; Nagy, Kathryn L.; Poulin, Brett

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

U.S. Geological Survey wildland fire science strategic plan, 2021–26

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Wildland Fire Science Strategic Plan defines critical, core fire science capabilities for understanding fire-related and fire-responsive earth system processes and patterns, and informing management decision making. Developed by USGS fire scientists and executive leadership, and informed by conversations with...

Steblein, Paul F.; Loehman, Rachel A.; Miller, Mark P.; Holomuzki, Joseph R.; Soileau, Suzanna C.; Brooks, Matthew L.; Drane-Maury, Mia; Hamilton, Hannah M.; Kean, Jason W.; Keeley, Jon E.; Mason, Robert R.; McKerrow, Alexa J.; Meldrum, James R.; Molder, Edmund B.; Murphy, Sheila F.; Peterson, Birgit; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Shinneman, Douglas J.; van Mantgem, Phillip J.; York, Alison
Steblein, P.F., Loehman, R.A., Miller, M.P., Holomuzki, J.R., Soileau, S.C., Brooks, M.L., Drane-Maury, M., Hamilton, H.M., Kean, J.W., Keeley, J.E., Mason, R.R., Jr., McKerrow, A., Meldrum, J.R., Molder, E.B., Murphy, S.F., Peterson, B., Plumlee, G.S., Shinneman, D.J., van Mantgem, P.J., and York, A., 2021, U.S. Geological Survey wildland fire science strategic plan, 2021–26: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1471, 30 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1471.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Predicted climate-induced reductions in scavenging in eastern North America

Scavenging is an important function within ecosystems where scavengers remove organic matter, reduce disease, stabilize food webs, and generally make ecosystems more resilient to environmental changes. Global change (i.e., changing climate and increasing human impact) is currently influencing scavenger communities. Thus, understanding what...

Marneweck, Courtney J.; Katzner, Todd E.; Jachowski, David S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Sagebrush recovery patterns after fuel treatments mediated by disturbance type and plant functional group interactions

Fire and fuel management is a high priority in North American sagebrush ecosystems where the expansion of piñon and juniper trees and the invasion of nonnative annual grasses are altering fire regimes and resulting in loss of sagebrush species and habitat. We evaluated 10-yr effects of woody fuel treatments on sagebrush recruitment and plant...

Chambers, Jeanne C.; Urza, Alexandra K.; Board, David I.; Miller, Richard F.; Pyke, David A.; Roundy, Bruce A.; Schupp, Eugene W.; Tausch, Robin J.