Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,755
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Year Published: 2020

Annotated bibliography of scientific research on greater sage-grouse published from 2015 to 2019

The greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; hereafter GRSG) has been a focus of scientific investigation and management action for the past two decades. The 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listing determination of “not warranted” was in part due to a large-scale collaborative effort to develop strategies to conserve GRSG populations...

Carter, Sarah K.; Arkle, Robert S.; Bencin, Heidi L.; Harms, Benjamin R.; Manier, Daniel J.; Johnston, Aaron N.; Phillips, Susan L.; Hanser, Steven E.; Bowen, Zachary H.
Carter, S.K., Arkle, R.S., Bencin, H.L., Harms, B.R., Manier, D.J., Johnston, A.N., Phillips, S.L., Hanser, S.E., and Bowen, Z.H., 2020, Annotated bibliography of scientific research on greater sage-grouse published from 2015 to 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1103, 264 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201103.

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Year Published: 2020

Integrating climate change considerations into natural resource planning—An implementation guide

Executive SummaryClimate change vulnerability assessments and associated adaptation strategies and actions connect existing climate science with possible effects on natural resources and highlight potential responses. However, these assessments, which are commonly generated for large regional areas, suggest management options in general terms...

Kershner, Jessi; Woodward, Andrea; Torregrosa, Alicia
Kershner, J., Woodward, A., and Torregrosa, A., 2020, Integrating climate change considerations into natural resource planning—An implementation guide: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 6, chap. C2, 58 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm6C2.

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Year Published: 2020

Illegal killing of nongame wildlife and recreational shooting in conservation areas

Illegal killing of nongame wildlife is a global yet poorly documented problem. The prevalence and ecological consequences of illegal killing are often underestimated or completely unknown. We review the practice of legal recreational shooting and present data gathered from telemetry, surveys, and observations on its association with illegal...

Katzner, Todd E.; Carlisle, Jay D.; Poessel, Sharon; Thomason, Eve C.; Pauli, Benjamin P.; Pilliod, David; Belthoff, James R.; Heath, Julie A.; Parker, Kristina J.; Warner, Kevin S.; Hayes, Heather; Aberg, Madeline; Ortiz, Patricia; Amdor, Sandra; Alsup, Steven; Coates, Stephanie E.; Miller, Tricia A.; Duran, Zoe K. T.

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Year Published: 2020

Unfamiliar territory: Emerging themes for ecological drought research and management

Novel forms of drought are emerging globally, due to climate change, shifting teleconnection patterns, expanding human water use, and a history of human influence on the environment that increases the probability of transformational ecological impacts. These costly ecological impacts cascade to human communities, and understanding this changing...

Crausbay, Shelley D.; Betancourt, Julio L.; Bradford, John; Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Dennison, William C.; Dunham, Jason B.; Enquist, Carolyn Armstrong; Frazier, Abby G. ; Hall, Kimberly R.; Littell, Jeremy S.; Luce, Charlie H.; Palmer, Richard; Ramirez, Aaron R.; Rangwala, Imtiaz; Thompson, Laura; Walsh, Brianne M.; Carter, Shawn

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Year Published: 2020

U.S. Geological Survey sagebrush ecosystem research annual report for 2020

The sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) ecosystem extends across 251,473 square miles over portions of 13 western States. Affected by multiple stressors, including interactions among fire, invasive plants, and human land uses, this ecosystem has experienced significant loss, fragmentation, and degradation of landscapes once dominated by sagebrush. In turn...

Hanser, Steve E.; Wiechman, Lief A.
Hanser, S.E., and Wiechman, L.A., eds., 2020, U.S. Geological Survey sagebrush ecosystem research annual report for 2020: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1470, 94 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1470.

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Year Published: 2020

Distribution and abundance of Aquila chrysaetos (golden eagles) in East Contra Costa County Habitat Conservation Plan/Natural Community Conservation Plan area, California

The East Contra Costa County Habitat Conservation Plan/Natural Community Conservation Plan (HCP/NCCP) Preserve System was designed to protect and enhance ecological diversity and function in eastern Contra Costa County, California. Aquila chrysaetos (golden eagle) is a special-status species expected to benefit from biological goals of the HCP/...

Wiens, J. David; Kolar, Patrick S.; Bell, Douglas A.
Wiens, J.D., Kolar, P.S., and Bell, D.A., 2020, Distribution and abundance of Aquila chrysaetos (golden eagles) in East Contra Costa County Habitat Conservation Plan/Natural Community Conservation Plan area, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020-1107, 11 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201107.

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Year Published: 2020

Impact of unburned remnant sagebrush versus outplants on post-fire landscape rehabilitation

Nearly half of the vast sagebrush steppe in the western United states has lost many or nearly all native plant species, largely due to the interaction of invasive species and increased wildfire. Re-establishing sagebrush, a keystone component of these ecosystems, has become a management focus in recent decades using aerial broadcast seeding or...

Applestein, Cara; Caughlin, Trevor; Germino, Matthew

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Year Published: 2020

Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health, Version 5: Bureau of Land Management Technical Reference 1734-6

The Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health (IIRH) protocol is designed for assessing ecosystem function on rangelands and woodlands. The protocol was developed by an interagency cadre of technical experts and has been in use by for two decades. The protocol is well accepted and is a valuable tool for communicating rangeland conditions with...

Pellant, Mike; Shaver, Patrick L; Pyke, David A.; Herrick, Jeffrey E.; Lepak, Nika; Riegel, Gregg; Kachergis, Emily; Newingham, Beth A.; Toledo, David; Busby, Frank E
Pellant, M., Shaver, P.L., Pyke, D.A., Herrick, J.E., Lepak, N., Riegel, G., Kachergis, E.J., Newingham, B.A., Toledo, D.P., Busby, F.E., 2020, Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health, Version 5: Bureau of Land Management Technical Reference 1734-6, p. 187

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Year Published: 2020

Spatial grain of adaptation is much finer than ecoregional-scale common gardens reveal

Adaptive variation among plant populations must be known for effective conservation and restoration of imperiled species and predicting their responses to a changing climate. Common‐garden experiments, in which plants sourced from geographically distant populations are grown together such that genetic differences may be expressed, have provided...

Davidson, Bill; Germino, Matthew J.

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Year Published: 2020

Beyond sticks and stones: Integrating physical and ecological conditions into watershed restoration assessments using a food web modeling approach

Watershed assessments have become common for prioritizing restoration in river networks. These assessments primarily focus on geomorphic conditions of rivers but less frequently incorporate non-geomorphic abiotic factors such as water chemistry and temperature, and biotic factors such as the structure of food webs. Using a dynamic food web model...

Whitney, Emily J; Bellmore, James R; Benjamin, Joseph R.; Jordan, Chris E; Dunham, Jason B.; Newsom, Michael; Nahorniak, Matt

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Year Published: 2020

Postfire growth of seeded and planted big sagebrush - Strategic designs for restoring Greater Sage-grouse nesting habitat

Wildfires change plant community structure and impact wildlife habitat and population dynamics. Recent wildfire‐induced losses of big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) in North American shrublands are outpacing natural recovery and leading to substantial losses in habitat for sagebrush‐obligate species such as Greater Sage‐grouse. Managers are...

Pyke, David A.; Shriver, Robert K.; Arkle, Robert; Pilliod, David; Aldridge, Cameron L.; Coates, Peter S.; Germino, Matthew; Heinrichs, Julie Arlene; Ricca, Mark A.; Shaff, Scott

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Year Published: 2020

Small mammals and ungulates respond to and interact with revegetation processes following dam removal

Terrestrial wildlife communities are often overlooked as components of ecosystem restoration following dam removal. However, a diverse mammalian fauna colonizes habitat on dewatered reservoirs and may influence restoration processes. We studied mammalian colonization and ungulate herbivory from 2014 to 2018 following the removal of two large dams...

McCaffery, Rebecca; Jenkins, Kurt J.; Cendejas-Zarelli, Sara; Happe, Patricia J.; Sager-Fradkin, K.A.