Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,755
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Performance of the GenEst Mortality Estimator Compared to The Huso and Shoenfeld Estimators

The impacts of wind power development on bat and bird populations are commonly assessed by estimating the number of fatalities at wind power facilities through post-construction monitoring (PCM) studies. Standard methodology involves periodic carcass searches on plots beneath turbines (Strickland et al. 2011, US Fish and Wildlife Service 2012)....

Rabie, Paul; Riser-Espinoza, Daniel; Studyvin, Jared; Dalthorp, Daniel; Huso, Manuela

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Fish habitat use and food web structure following pond and plug restoration of a Montane Meadow in the Sierra Nevada, California

Montane meadows are areas of high biodiversity and provide many important ecosystem services; however, degradation of 40–60% of these habitats in the Sierra Nevada region of California has left many of these areas impaired. The “pond-and-plug” meadow-restoration technique is 1 type of treatment implemented to restore montane meadows. The...

Tennant, Lora; Eagles-Smith, Collin; Willacker, James; Johnson, Matthew

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Weather and distance to fire refugia limit landscape‐level occurrence of fungal disease in an exotic annual grass

The enemy release hypothesis proposes that invasion by exotic plant species is driven by their release from natural enemies (i.e. herbivores and pathogens) in their introduced ranges. However, in many cases, natural enemies, which may be introduced or managed to regulate invasive species, may fail to impact target host populations. Landscape...

Applestein, Cara; Simler-Williamson, Allison Barbara; Germino, Matthew J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Surface-air mercury fluxes and a watershed mass balance in forested and harvested catchments

Forest soils are among the world’s largest repositories for long-term accumulation of atmospherically deposited mercury (Hg), and understanding the potential for remobilization through gaseous emissions, aqueous dissolution and runoff, or erosive particulate transport to down-gradient aquatic ecosystems is critically important for...

Eckley, Chris S.; Eagles-Smith, Collin; Tate, Michael T.; Krabbenhoft, David P.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Rock gnome lichen (Gymnoderma lineare) monitoring assessment, southern Appalachian Mountains, 1983–2008

Rock gnome lichen (Gymnoderma lineare [Evans] Yoshimura and Sharp) was listed as a federally endangered species in 1995. It is endemic to the southern Appalachian Mountains, with most known populations occurring in North Carolina, where it grows on vertical rock faces in the fog zone above an elevation of 1,525 meters or in humid, deep river...

Woodward, Andrea
Woodward, A., 2021, Rock gnome lichen (Gymnoderma lineare) monitoring assessment, southern Appalachian Mountains, 1983–2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1011, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211011.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Detecting shrub recovery in sagebrush steppe: Comparing Landsat-derived maps with field data on historical wildfires

BackgroundThe need for basic information on spatial distribution and abundance of plant species for research and management in semiarid ecosystems is frequently unmet. This need is particularly acute in the large areas impacted by megafires in sagebrush steppe ecosystems, which require frequently updated information about increases in exotic...

Applestein, Cara; Germino, Matthew

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Shade, light, and stream temperature responses to riparian thinning in second-growth redwood forests of northern California

Resource managers in the Pacific Northwest (USA) actively thin second-growth forests to accelerate the development of late-successional conditions and seek to expand these restoration thinning treatments into riparian zones. Riparian forest thinning, however, may impact stream temperatures–a key water quality parameter often regulated to protect...

Roon, David; Dunham, Jason B.; Groom, Jeremiah D

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Climate-mediated changes to linked terrestrial and marine ecosystems across the northeast Pacific coastal temperate rainforest margin

Coastal margins are important areas of materials flux that link terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Consequently, climate-mediated changes to coastal terrestrial ecosystems and hydrologic regimes have high potential to influence nearshore ocean chemistry and food web dynamics. Research from tightly coupled, high-flux coastal ecosystems can advance...

Bidlack, Allison L.; Bisbing, Sarah; Buma, Brian; Diefenderfer, Heida; Fellman, Jason; Floyd, William; Giesbrecht, Ian; Lally, Amritpal; Lertzman, Ken; Perakis, Steven; Butman, David; D'Amore, David; Fleming, Sean W.; Hood, Eran W.; Hunt, Brianna K.; Kiffney, Peter; McNicol, Gavin; Menounos, Brian; Tank, Suzanne E.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Evaluating coexistence of fish species with coastal cutthroat trout in low order streams of western Oregon and Washington, USA

When multiple species of fish coexist there are a host of potential ways through which they may interact, yet there is often a strong focus on studies of single species without considering these interactions. For example, many studies of forestry–stream interactions in the Pacific Northwest have focused solely on the most prevalent species:...

Martens, Kyle D; Dunham, Jason B.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Stream restoration is influenced by details of engineered habitats at a headwater mine site

A lack of information regarding which ecological factors influence restoration success or failure has hindered scientifically based restoration decision-making. We focus on one headwater site to examine factors influencing divergent ecological outcomes of two post-mining stream restoration projects designed to improve instream conditions following...

Arkle, Robert; Pilliod, David

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Great expectations: Deconstructing the process pathways underlying beaver-related restoration

Beaver-related restoration is a process-based strategy that seeks to address wide-ranging ecological objectives by reestablishing dam building in degraded stream systems. Although the beaver-related restoration has broad appeal, especially in water-limited systems, its effectiveness is not yet well documented. In this article, we present a process...

Nash, Caroline; Grant, Gordon E.; Charnley, Susan; Dunham, Jason B.; Gosnell, Hannah; Hausner, Mark B.; Pilliod, David S.; Taylor, Jimmy D.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Eagle fatalities are reduced by automated curtailment of wind turbines

Collision‐caused fatalities of animals at wind power facilities create a ‘green versus green’ conflict between wildlife conservation and renewable energy. These fatalities can be mitigated via informed curtailment whereby turbines are slowed or stopped when wildlife are considered at increased risk of collision. Automated monitoring systems could...

McClure, Christopher J W; Roleck, Brian W; Dunn, Leah; McCabe, Jennifer D; Martinson, Luke; Katzner, Todd E.