Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center

Publications

Below is a list of available NOROCK peer reviewed and published science. If you are in search of a specific publication and cannot find it below or through a search, please contact twojtowicz@usgs.gov.

Filter Total Items: 987
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Year Published: 2019

New insights into the ecology of adfluvial Bull Trout and the population response to the Endangered Species Act in the North Fork Lewis River, Washington

Like many other salmonids, Bull Trout Salvelinus confluentus migratory life-history expressions are becoming increasingly rare. A critical step in effectively refining management and conservation strategies is a robust assessment of the effectiveness of such strategies and key biological information used in monitoring and recovery planning. To...

Al-Chokhachy, Robert K.; Doyle, Jeremiah; Lampierth, James

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Year Published: 2019

Adding invasive species bio-surveillance to the U.S. Geological Survey streamgage network

The costs of invasive species in the United States alone are estimated to exceed US$100 billion per year so a critical tactic in minimizing the costs of invasive species is the development of effective, early-detection systems. To this end, we evaluated the efficacy of adding environmental (e)DNA surveillance to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)...

Sepulveda, Adam J.; Schmidt, Christian; Amberg, Jon J.; Hutchins, Patrick R.; Stratton, Christian; Mebane, Christopher A.; Laramie, Matthew; Pilliod, David

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Year Published: 2019

Epidemic growth rates and host movement patterns shape management performance for pathogen spillover at the wildlife-livestock interface

Managing pathogen spillover at the wildlife–livestock interface is a key step towards improving global animal health, food security and wildlife conservation. However, predicting the effectiveness of management actions across host–pathogen systems with different life histories is an on-going challenge since data on intervention effectiveness are...

Manlove, K.R.; Sampson, L. M.; Borremans, B.; Cassirer, E. Frances; Miller, R. S.; Pepin, K.; Besser, T. E.; Cross, Paul

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Year Published: 2019

Confronting models with data: The challenges of estimating disease spillover

For pathogens known to transmit across host species, strategic investment in disease control requires knowledge about where and when spillover transmission is likely. One approach to estimating spillover is to directly correlate observed spillover events with covariates. An alternative is to mechanistically combine information on host density,...

Cross, Paul C.; Prosser, Diann; Ramey, Andrew M.; Hanks, Ephraim M.; Pepin, Kim M.

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Year Published: 2019

Ecological interventions to prevent and manage zoonotic pathogen spillover

Spillover of a pathogen from a wildlife reservoir into a human or livestock host requires the pathogen to overcome a hierarchical series of barriers. Interventions aimed at one or more of these barriers may be able to prevent the occurrence of spillover. Here, we demonstrate how interventions that target the ecological context in which spillover...

Sokolow, S. H.; Nova, Nicole; Pepin, Kim; Peel, A. J.; Pulliam, J; Manlove, Kezia R.; Cross, Paul; Becker, D.; Plowright, RK; McCallum, Hamish; De Leo, Giulio A.

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Year Published: 2019

Return of a giant: Coordinated conservation leads to the first wild reproduction of Lahontan Cutthroat Trout in the Truckee River in nearly a century

Many freshwater fish populations have been greatly reduced, with particular loss of migratory fishes. Recovering depleted populations is challenging as threats are often plentiful and complex, especially in arid environments where demands for water resources are high. Here, we describe how a collaborative, multifaceted approach has spurred natural...

Al-Chokhachy, Robert; Heki, Lisa; Loux, Tim; Peka, Roger

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Year Published: 2019

Streamflow reconstruction in the Upper Missouri River Basin using a novel Bayesian network model

A Bayesian model that uses the spatial dependence induced by the river network topology, and the leading principal components of regional tree-ring chronologies for paleo-streamflow reconstruction is presented. In any river basin, a convergent, dendritic network of tributaries comes together to form the main stem of a river. Consequently, it is...

Ravindranath, Arun; Devineni, Naresh; Lall, Upmanu; Cook, Edward; Pederson, Gregory T.; Martin, Justin; Woodhouse, Connie A.

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Year Published: 2019

Climatic correlates of white pine blister rust infection in whitebark pine in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem

Whitebark pine, a foundation species at tree line in the Western U.S. and Canada, has declined due to native mountain pine beetle epidemics, wildfire, and white pine blister rust. These declines are concerning for the multitude of ecosystem and human benefits provided by this species. Understanding climatic correlates associated with spread is...

Thoma, David; Shanahan, Erin K.; Irvine, Kathryn

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Year Published: 2019

Glacier recession since the Little Ice Age: Implications for water storage in a Rocky Mountain landscape

Glacial ice is a significant influence on local climate, hydrology, vegetation, and wildlife. We mapped a complete set of glacier areas from the Little Ice Age (LIA) using very high-resolution satellite imagery (30-cm) within Glacier National Park, a region that encompasses over 400,000 hectares. We measured glacier change across the park using...

Mikle, Chelsea; Fagre, Daniel B.

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Year Published: 2019

Spatial capture-recapture reveals age- and sex-specific survival and movement in stream amphibians

Life history information sets the foundation for our understanding of ecology and conservation requirements. For many species, this information is lacking even for basic demographic rates such as survival and movement. When survival and movement estimates are available, they are often derived from mixed demographic groups and do not consider...

Honeycutt, R. Ken; Garwood, Justin M; Lowe, Winsor H.; Hossack, Blake R.
Honeycutt RK, Garwood JM, Lowe WH, Hossack BR (2019) Spatial capture–recapture reveals age- and sex-specific survival and movement in stream amphibians. Oecologia. doi: 10.1007/s00442-019-04464-3

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Year Published: 2019

Cohesive framework for modeling plant cover class data

The study of plant distribution and abundance is a fundamental pursuit in ecology and conservation biology. Measuring plant abundance by visually assessing percent cover and recording a cover class is a common field method that yields ordinal data. Statistical models for ordinal data exist but entail cumbersome interpretations and sometimes...

Irvine, Kathryn; Wright, Wilson J.; Shanahan, Erin K.; Rodhouse, Thomas J.

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Year Published: 2019

Predicting attenuation of salinized surface- and groundwater-resources from legacy energy development in the Prairie Pothole Region

Oil and gas (energy) development in the Williston Basin, which partly underlies the Prairie Pothole Region in central North America, has helped meet U.S. energy demand for decades. Historical handling and disposal practices of saline wastewater co-produced during energy development resulted in salinization of surface and groundwater at numerous...

Preston, Todd M.; Anderson, Chauncey W.; Thamke, Joanna N.; Hossack, Blake R.; Skalak, Katherine; Cozzarelli, Isabelle M.