Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK)

Publications

Below is a list of available NOROCK peer reviewed and published science. If you are in search of a specific publication and cannot find it below or through a search, please contact ssoileau@usgs.gov.

Filter Total Items: 681
Year Published: 2017

No evidence for ecological segregation protecting native trout from invasive hybridization

We appreciate the comments of Young et al. (2017) on our recentpaper (Muhlfeld et al., 2017) concerning spatiotemporal dynamics ofhybridization between native westslope cutthroat trout (Oncor-hynchus clarkii lewisi; WCT) and introduced coastal rainbow trout(Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus; RBT). Nevertheless, we believe there isno evidence for “...

Kovach, Ryan; Muhlfeld, Clint C.; Al-Chokhachy, Robert K.; Amish, Stephen J.; Kershner, Jeffrey L.; Leary, Robb F.; Lowe, Winsor H.; Luikart, Gordon; Matson, Phil; Schmetterling, David; Shepard, Bradley; Westley, Peter A. H.; Whited, Diane; Whiteley, Andrew R.; Allendorf, Fred W.
Kovach, Muhlfeld et al. 2017. Global Change Biology. No evidence for ecological segregation protecting native trout from invasive hybridization.

Year Published: 2017

Contact and contagion: Probability of transmission given contact varies with demographic state in bighorn sheep

Understanding both contact and probability of transmission given contact are key to managing wildlife disease. However, wildlife disease research tends to focus on contact heterogeneity, in part because the probability of transmission given contact is notoriously difficult to measure. Here, we present a first step towards empirically investigating...

Manlove, Kezia R.; Cassirer, E. Frances; Plowright, Raina K.; Cross, Paul C.; Hudson, Peter J.

Year Published: 2017

A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era

Reproducible climate reconstructions of the Common Era (1 CE to present) are key to placing industrial-era warming into the context of natural climatic variability. Here we present a community-sourced database of temperature-sensitive proxy records from the PAGES2k initiative. The database gathers 692 records from 648 locations, including all...

Emile-Geay, Julian; McKay, Nicholas P.; Kaufman, Darrell S.; von Gunten, Lucien; Wang, Jianghao; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Abram, Nerilie J.; Addison, Jason A.; Curran, Mark A.J.; Evans, Michael N.; Henley, Benjamin J.; Hao, Zhixin; Martrat, Belen; McGregor, Helen V.; Neukom, Raphael; Pederson, Gregory T.; Stenni, Barbara; Thirumalai, Kaustubh; Werner, Johannes P.; Xu, Chenxi; Divine, Dmitry V.; Dixon, Bronwyn C.; Gergis, Joelle; Mundo, Ignacio A.; Nakatsuka, T.; Phipps, Steven J.; Routson, Cody C.; Steig, Eric J.; Tierney, Jessica E.; Tyler, Jonathan J.; Allen, Kathryn J.; Bertler, Nancy A. N.; Bjorklund, Jesper; Chase, Brian M.; Chen, Min-Te; Cook, Ed; de Jong, Rixt; DeLong, Kristine L.; Dixon, Daniel A.; Ekaykin, Alexey A.; Ersek, Vasile; Filipsson, Helena L.; Francus, Pierre; Freund, Mandy B.; Frezzotti, M.; Gaire, Narayan P.; Gajewski, Konrad; Ge, Quansheng; Goosse, Hugues; Gornostaeva, Anastasia; Grosjean, Martin; Horiuchi, Kazuho; Hormes, Anne; Husum, Katrine; Isaksson, Elisabeth; Kandasamy, Selvaraj; Kawamura, Kenji; Koc, Nalan; Leduc, Guillaume; Linderholm, Hans W.; Lorrey, Andrew M.; Mikhalenko, Vladimir; Mortyn, P. Graham; Motoyama, Hideaki; Moy, Andrew D.; Mulvaney, Robert; Munz, Philipp M.; Nash, David J.; Oerter, Hans; Opel, Thomas; Orsi, Anais J.; Ovchinnikov, Dmitriy V.; Porter, Trevor J.; Roop, Heidi; Saenger, Casey; Sano, Masaki; Sauchyn, David; Saunders, K.M.; Seidenkrantz, Marit-Solveig; Severi, Mirko; Shao, X.; Sicre, Marie-Alexandrine; Sigl, Michael; Sinclair, Kate; St. George, Scott; St. Jacques, Jeannine-Marie; Thamban, Meloth; Thapa, Udya Kuwar; Thomas, E.; Turney, Chris; Uemura, Ryu; Viau, A.E.; Vladimirova, Diana O.; Wahl, Eugene; White, James W. C.; Yu, Z.; Zinke, Jens
Emile-Geay J, Mckay NP, Kaufman DS, Gunten Von L, Wang J, Anchukaitis KJ, Abram NJ, Addison JA, Curran MAJ, Evans MN, Henley BJ, Hao Z, Martrat B, McGregor HV, Neukom R, Pederson GT, Stenni B, Thirumalai K, Werner JP, Xu C, Divine DV, Dixon BC, Gergis J, Mundo IA, Nakatsuka T, Phipps SJ, Routson CC, Steig EJ, Tierney JE, Tyler JJ, Allen KJ, Bertler NAN, Björklund J, Chase BM, Chen M-T, Cook E, de Jong R, Delong KL, Dixon DA, Ekaykin AA, Ersek V, Filipsson HL, Francus P, Freund MB, Frezzotti M, Gaire NP, Gajewski K, Ge Q, Goosse H, Gornostaeva A, Grosjean M, Horiuchi K, Hormes A, Husum K, Isaksson E, Kandasamy S, Kawamura K, Kilbourne KH, Koç N, Leduc G, Linderholm HW, Lorrey AM, Mikhalenko V, Mortyn PG, Motoyama H, Moy AD, Mulvaney R, Munz PM, Nash DJ, Oerter H, Opel T, Orsi AJ, Ovchinnikov DV, Porter TJ, Roop HA, Saenger C, Sano M, Sauchyn D, Saunders KM, Seidenkrantz M-S, Severi M, Shao X, Sicre M-A, Sigl M, Sinclair K, St George S, St-Jacques J-M, Thamban M, Kuwar Thapa U, Thomas ER, Turney C, Uemura R, Viau AE, Vladimirova DO, Wahl ER, White JWC, Yu Z, Zinke J. 2017. A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era. Scientific Data. The Author(s) SN - 4: 170088. DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2017.88.

Year Published: 2017

Behavioral flexibility as a mechanism for coping with climate change

Of the primary responses to contemporary climate change – “move, adapt, acclimate, or die” – that are available to organisms, “acclimate” may be effectively achieved through behavioral modification. Behavioral flexibility allows animals to rapidly cope with changing environmental conditions, and behavior represents an important component of a...

Beever, Erik; Hall, L. Embere; Varner, Johanna; Loosen, Anne E.; Dunham, Jason; Gahl, Megan K.; Smith, Felisa A.; Lawler, Joshua J.

Year Published: 2017

Yellowstone grizzly bears: Ecology and conservation of an icon of wildness

No abstract available.

White, P.J.; Gunther, Kerry A.; van Manen, Frank T.
Yellowstone grizzly bears : ecology and conservation of an icon of wildness / editors, P.J. White, Kerry A. Gunther, and Frank T. van Manen ; contributing authors, Daniel D. Bjornlie [and thirteen others] ; managing editor, Jennifer A. Jerrett. Yellowstone National Park, [Wyoming] : National Park Service, Yellowstone National Park ; [Bozeman, Montana] : U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, 2017.

Year Published: 2017

Shifting brucellosis risk in livestock coincides with spreading seroprevalence in elk

Tracking and preventing the spillover of disease from wildlife to livestock can be difficult when rare outbreaks occur across large landscapes. In these cases, broad scale ecological studies could help identify risk factors and patterns of risk to inform management and reduce incidence of disease. Between 2002 and 2014, 21 livestock herds in the...

Brennan, Angela; Cross, Paul C.; Portacci, Katie; Scurlock, Brandon M.; Edwards, William H.
Brennan, A, PC Cross, K Portacci, BM Scurlock, WH Edwards. Accepted. Shifting brucellosis risk in livestock coincides with spreading seroprevalence in elk. PLoS ONE.

Year Published: 2017

Assessment of imperfect detection of blister rust in whitebark pine within the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem

We examined data on white pine blister rust (blister rust) collected during the monitoring of whitebark pine trees in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (from 2004-2015). Summaries of repeat observations performed by multiple independent observers are reviewed and discussed. These summaries show variability among observers and the potential for...

Wright, Wilson J.; Irvine, Kathryn M.
Wright WJ and Irvine KM. 2017. Assessment of imperfect detection of blister rust in whitebark pine within the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Natural Resource Report. NPS/GRYN/NRR—2017/1457. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado

Year Published: 2017

Unraveling the disease consequences and mechanisms of modular structure in animal social networks

Disease risk is a potential cost of group living. Although modular organization is thought to reduce this cost in animal societies, empirical evidence toward this hypothesis has been conflicting. We analyzed empirical social networks from 43 animal species to motivate our study of the epidemiological consequences of modular structure in animal...

Sah, Pratha; Leu, Stephan T.; Cross, Paul C.; Hudson, Peter J.; Bansal, Shweta
Sah, P, ST Leu, PC Cross, PJ Hudson, S Bansal. 2017. Unraveling the disease consequences and mechanisms of modular structure in animal social networks. PNAS. 114(16): 4165-4170.

Year Published: 2017

Estimating loss of Brucella abortus antibodies from age-specific serological data in elk

Serological data are one of the primary sources of information for disease monitoring in wildlife. However, the duration of the seropositive status of exposed individuals is almost always unknown for many free-ranging host species. Directly estimating rates of antibody loss typically requires difficult longitudinal sampling of individuals...

Benavides, J. A.; Caillaud, D.; Scurlock, B. M.; Maichak, E. J.; Edwards, W.H.; Cross, Paul C.
Benavides, JA, D Caillaud, BM Scurlock, EJ Maichak, WH Edwards, PC Cross. 2017.Estimating loss of Brucella abortus antibodies from age-specific serological data in elk. EcoHealth

Year Published: 2017

Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases

Despite calls for improved responses to emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, management is seldom considered until a disease has been detected in affected populations. Reactive approaches may limit the potential for control and increase total response costs. An alternative, proactive management framework can identify immediate actions that...

Grant, Evan H. Campbell; Muths, Erin L.; Katz, Rachel A.; Canessa, Stefano; Adams, Michael J.; Ballard, Jennifer R.; Berger, Lee; Briggs, Cheryl J.; Coleman, Jeremy; Gray, Matthew J.; Harris, M. Camille; Harris, Reid N.; Hossack, Blake R.; Huyvaert, Kathryn P.; Kolby, Jonathan E.; Lips, Karen R.; Lovich, Robert E.; McCallum, Hamish I.; Mendelson, Joseph R.; Nanjappa, Priya; Olson, Deanna H.; Powers, Jenny G.; Richgels, Katherine L.D.; Russell, Robin E.; Schmidt, Benedikt R.; Spitzen-van der Sluijs, Annemarieke; Watry, Mary Kay; Woodhams, Douglas C.; White, C. LeAnn
Grant, E. H. C., Muths, E., Katz, R. A., Canessa, S., Adams, M. J., Ballard, J. R., Berger, L., Briggs, C. J., Coleman, J. T. H., Gray, M. J., Harris, M C., Harris, R. N., Hossack, B., Huyvaert, K. P., Kolby, J., Lips, K. R., Lovich, R. E., McCallum, H. I., Mendelson, J. R., Nanjappa, P., Olson, D. H., Powers, J. G., Richgels, K. L. D., Russell, R. E., Schmidt, B. R., Spitzen-van der Sluijs, A., Watry, M. K., Woodhams, D. C., and White, C. L., 2017, Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, v. 15, no. 4, p. 214-221.

Year Published: 2017

Informing recovery in a human-transformed landscape: Drought-mediated coexistence alters population trends of an imperiled salamander and invasive predators

Understanding the additive or interactive threats of habitat transformation and invasive species is critical for conservation, especially where climate change is expected to increase the severity or frequency of drought. In the arid southwestern USA, this combination of stressors has caused widespread declines of native aquatic and semi-aquatic...

Hossack, Blake R.; Honeycutt, Richard; Sigafus, Brent H.; Muths, Erin L.; Crawford, Catherine L.; Jones, Thomas R.; Sorensen, Jeff A.; Rorabaugh, James C.; Chambert, Thierry
Hossack, B. R., R. K. Honeycutt, B. H. Sigafus, E. Muths, C. L. Crawford, T. R. Jones, J. A. Sorensen, J. C. Rorabaugh, and T. Chambert. 2017. Informing recovery in a human-transformed landscape: Drought-mediated coexistence alters population trends of an imperiled salamander and invasive predators. Biological Conservation 209:377–394.

Year Published: 2017

Additive impacts of experimental climate change increase risk to an ectotherm at the Arctic's edge

Globally, Arctic and Subarctic regions have experienced the greatest temperature increases during the last 30 years. These extreme changes have amplified threats to the freshwater ecosystems that dominate the landscape in many areas by altering water budgets. Several studies in temperate environments have examined the adaptive capacity of...

Davenport, Jon M.; Hossack, Blake R.; Fishback, LeeAnn
Davenport, J. M., B. R. Hossack, and L. Fishback. 2017. Additive impacts of experimental climate change increase risk to an ectotherm at the Arctic’s edge. Global Change Biology 23:2262-2271. doi:10.1111/gcb.13543.