Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK)

Publications

Below is a list of available NOROCK peer reviewed and published science. If you are in search of a specific publication and cannot find it below or through a search, please contact ssoileau@usgs.gov.

Filter Total Items: 691
Year Published: 2018

Toward a social-ecological theory of forest macrosystems for improved ecosystem management

The implications of cumulative land-use decisions and shifting climate on forests, require us to integrate our understanding of ecosystems, markets, policy, and resource management into a social-ecological system. Humans play a central role in macrosystem dynamics, which complicates ecological theories that do not explicitly include human...

Kleindl, William J.; Stoy, Paul C.; Binford, Michael W.; Desai, Ankur R.; Dietze, Michael C.; Schultz, Courtney A.; Starr, Gregory; Staudhammer, Christina; Wood, David J. A.
Kleindl, W., P. Stoy, M. Binford, A. Desai, M. Dietze, C. Schultz, G. Starr, C. Staudhammer, and D. Wood. 2018. Toward a Social-Ecological Theory of Forest Macrosystems for Improved Ecosystem Management. Forests 9:200.

Year Published: 2018

Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes

Mammalian carnivores play a vital role in ecosystem functioning. However, they are prone to extinction because of low population densities and growth rates, and high levels of persecution or exploitation. In tropical biodiversity hotspots such as Peninsular Malaysia, rapid conversion of natural habitats threatens the persistence of this vulnerable...

Ratnayeke, Shyamala; van Manen, Frank T.; Clements, Gopalasamy Reuben; Mohd Kulaimi, Noor Azleen; Sharp, Stuart P.
Ratnayeke S, van Manen FT, Clements GR, Kulaimi NAM, Sharp SP (2018) Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes. PLoS ONE 13(4): e0194217.

Year Published: 2018

Size‐assortative choice and mate availability influences hybridization between red wolves (Canis rufus) and coyotes (Canis latrans)

Anthropogenic hybridization of historically isolated taxa has become a primary conservation challenge for many imperiled species. Indeed, hybridization between red wolves (Canis rufus) and coyotes (Canis latrans) poses a significant challenge to red wolf recovery. We considered seven hypotheses to assess factors influencing hybridization between...

Hinton, Joseph W.; Gittleman, John L.; van Manen, Frank T.; Chamberlain, Michael J.
Hinton JW, Gittleman JL, van Manen FT, Chamberlain MJ. Size-assortative choice and mate availability influences hybridization between red wolves (Canis rufus) and coyotes (Canis latrans). Ecol Evol. 2018;00: 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3950

Year Published: 2018

Spatiotemporal heterogeneity in prey abundance and vulnerability shapes the foraging tactics of an omnivore

Prey abundance and prey vulnerability vary across space and time, but we know little about how they mediate predator–prey interactions and predator foraging tactics. To evaluate the interplay between prey abundance, prey vulnerability and predator space use, we examined patterns of black bear (Ursus americanus) predation of caribou (Rangifer...

Rayl, Nathaniel; Bastille-Rousseau, Guillaume; Organ, John F.; Mumma, Matthew; Mahoney, Shane P.; Soulliere, Colleen; Lewis, Keith; Otto, Robert; Murray, Dennis; Waits, Lisette; Fuller, Todd
Rayl, N.D., Bastille-Rousseau, G., Organ, J.F., Mumma, M.A., Mahoney, S.P., Soulliere, C.E., Lewis, K.P., Otto, R.D., Murray, D.L., Waits, L.P., & Fuller, T.K. (2018) Data from: Spatiotemporal heterogeneity in prey abundance and vulnerability shapes the foraging tactics of an omnivore. Journal of Animal Ecology.

Year Published: 2018

Winter feeding of elk in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and its effects on disease dynamics

Providing food to wildlife during periods when natural food is limited results in aggregations that may facilitate disease transmission. This is exemplified in western Wyoming where institutional feeding over the past century has aimed to mitigate wildlife–livestock conflict and minimize winter mortality of elk (Cervus canadensis). Here we review...

Cotterill, Gavin G.; Cross, Paul C.; Cole, Eric K.; Fuda, Rebecca K.; Rogerson, Jared D.; Scurlock, Brandon M.; du Toit, Johan T.
GG Cotterill, PC Cross, EK Cole, RK Fuda, JD Rogerson, BM Scurlock, JT du Toit. 2018 Winter feeding of elk in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and its effects on disease dynamics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B. 00:000-000

Year Published: 2018

On the exchange of sensible and latent heat between the atmosphere and melting snow

The snow energy balance is difficult to measure during the snowmelt period, yet critical for predictions of water yield in regions characterized by snow cover. Robust simplifications of the snowmelt energy balance can aid our understanding of water resources in a changing climate. Research to date has demonstrated that the net turbulent flux (FT)...

Stoy, Paul C.; Peitzsch, Erich H.; Wood, David J. A.; Rottinghaus, Daniel; Wohlfahrtd, Georg; Goulden, Michael; Ward, Helen
Paul C. Stoy, Erich Peitzsch, David Wood, Daniel Rottinghaus, Georg Wohlfahrt, Michael Goulden, Helen Ward, On the exchange of sensible and latent heat between the atmosphere and melting snow, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Volume 252, 15 April 2018, Pages 167-174, ISSN 0168-1923, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.01.028.

Year Published: 2018

Annotated bibliography of scientific research on greater sage-grouse published since January 2015

The greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; hereafter GRSG) has been a focus of scientific investigation and management action for the past two decades. The 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listing determination of “not warranted” was in part due to a large-scale collaborative effort to develop strategies to conserve GRSG populations...

Carter, Sarah K.; Manier, Daniel J.; Arkle, Robert S.; Johnston, Aaron N.; Phillips, Susan L.; Hanser, Steven E.; Bowen, Zachary H.
Carter, S.K., Manier, D.J., Arkle, R.S., Johnston, A.N., Phillips, S.L., Hanser, S.E., and Bowen, Z.H., 2018, Annotated bibliography of scientific research on greater sage-grouse published since January 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1008, 183 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181008.

Year Published: 2018

Vegetation responses to sagebrush-reduction treatments measured by satellites

Time series of vegetative indices derived from satellite imagery constitute tools to measure ecological effects of natural and management-induced disturbances to ecosystems. Over the past century, sagebrush-reduction treatments have been applied widely throughout western North America to increase herbaceous vegetation for livestock and wildlife....

Johnston, Aaron N.; Beever, Erik; Merkle, Jerod A.; Chong, Geneva W.
Johnston, A. N., Beever, E. A., Merkle, J. A., Chong, G. 2018. Vegetation responses to sagebrush-reduction treatments measured by satellites. Ecological Indicators 87:66–76.

Year Published: 2018

Demographic modelling reveals a history of divergence with gene flow for a glacially tied stonefly in a changing post-Pleistocene landscape

AimClimate warming is causing extensive loss of glaciers in mountainous regions, yet our understanding of how glacial recession influences evolutionary processes and genetic diversity is limited. Linking genetic structure with the influences shaping it can improve understanding of how species respond to environmental change. Here, we used genome-...

Hotaling, Scott; Muhlfeld, Clint C.; Giersch, J. Joseph; Ali, Omar; Jordan, Steve; Miller, Michael R.; Luikart, Gordon; Weisrock, David W.

Year Published: 2018

Hydroclimatology of the Missouri River basin

Despite the importance of the Missouri River for navigation, recreation, habitat, hydroelectric power, and agriculture, relatively little is known about the basic hydroclimatology of the Missouri River basin (MRB). This is of particular concern given the droughts and floods that have occurred over the past several decades and the potential future...

Wise, Erika K.; Woodhouse, Connie A.; McCabe, Gregory; Pederson, Gregory T.; St. Jacques, Jeannine-Marie
Wise, E.K., Woodhouse, C.A., McCabe, G.J, Pederson, G.T., St. and Jacques, J., 2018, Hydroclimatology of the Missouri River Basin, Journal of Hydrometeorology, v. 19, p. 161–182, https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-17-0155.1

Year Published: 2018

Investigating runoff efficiency in upper Colorado River streamflow over past centuries

With increasing concerns about the impact of warming temperatures on water resources, more attention is being paid to the relationship between runoff and precipitation, or runoff efficiency. Temperature is a key influence on Colorado River runoff efficiency, and warming temperatures are projected to reduce runoff efficiency. Here, we investigate...

Woodhouse, Connie A.; Pederson, Gregory T.

Year Published: 2018

The northern pike, a prized native but disastrous invasive: Chapter 14

As the chapters in this book describe, the northern pike Esox lucius Linneaus, 1758 is a fascinating fish that plays an important ecological role in structuring aquatic communities (chapter 8), has the capacity to aid lake restoration efforts (chapter 11), and contributes substantially to local economies, both as a highlysought after sport fish (...

Rutz, David; Massengill, Robert L.; Sepulveda, Adam; Dunker, Kristine J.
Skov C., and P. A. Nilsson. 2018. Biology and Ecology of Pike. CRC Press