Pennsylvania Water Science Center

Publications

Publications are the cornerstone of the Pennsylvania Water Science Center’s dissemination of scientific data and conclusions. You can access USGS publications and journal articles here. To access the full, searchable catalog of USGS publications, please visit the USGS Publications Warehouse.

Publications Warehouse

Filter Total Items: 789
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Year Published: 2020

Groundwater quality in relation to drinking water health standards and geochemical characteristics for 54 domestic wells in Clinton County, Pennsylvania, 2017

Despite the reliance on groundwater by approximately 2.4 million rural Pennsylvania residents, publicly available data to characterize the quality of private well water are limited. As part of a regional effort to characterize groundwater in rural areas of Pennsylvania, samples from 54 domestic wells in Clinton County were collected and analyzed...

Clune, John W.; Cravotta, Charles A.
Clune, J.W., and Cravotta, C.A., III, 2020, Groundwater quality in relation to drinking water health standards and geochemical characteristics for 54 domestic wells in Clinton County, Pennsylvania, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5022, 72 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205022.

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Year Published: 2020

Fluoride occurrence in United States groundwater

Data from 38,105 wells were used to characterize fluoride (F) occurrence in untreated United States (U.S.) groundwater. For domestic wells (n = 11,032), water from which is generally not purposely fluoridated or monitored for quality, 10.9% of the samples have F concentrations >0.7 mg/L (U.S. Public Health Service recommended optimal F...

McMahon, Peter B.; Brown, Craig J.; Johnson, Tyler D.; Belitz, Kenneth; Lindsey, Bruce D.

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Year Published: 2020

Report of the River Master of the Delaware River for the period December 1, 2010–November 30, 2011

A Decree of the Supreme Court of the United States, entered June 7, 1954, established the position of Delaware River Master within the U.S. Geological Survey. In addition, the Decree authorizes diversion of water from the Delaware River Basin and requires compensating releases from certain reservoirs, owned by New York City, to be made under the...

DiFrenna, Vincent J.; Andrews, William J.; Russell, Kendra L.; Norris, J. Michael; Mason,, Robert R.
DiFrenna, V.J., Andrews, W.J., Russell, K.L., Norris, J.M., and Mason, R.R., Jr., 2020, Report of the River Master of the Delaware River for the period December 1, 2010–November 30, 2011: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1020, 127 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201020.

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of legacy sediment removal and effects on nutrients and sediment in Big Spring Run, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 2009–15

Big Spring Run is a 1.68-square mile watershed underlain by mostly carbonate rock in a mixed land-use setting (part agricultural and part developed) in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Big Spring Run is a subwatershed of Mill Creek, a tributary to the Conestoga River. These watersheds are known contributors of nutrient and sediment loads to the...

Langland, Michael J.; Duris, Joseph W.; Zimmerman, Tammy M.; Chaplin, Jeffrey J.
Langland, M.J., Duris, J.W., Zimmerman, T.M., and Chaplin, J.J., 2020, Effects of legacy sediment removal and effects on nutrients and sediment in Big Spring Run, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 2009–15: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020-5031, 28 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205031.

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Year Published: 2020

Assessment of microscopic pathology in fishes collected at sites impacted by wood tar in Pennsylvania

In an effort to determine whether fish populations in an area affected by wood tar waste exhibited health effects, fish were collected and analyzed with histopathology. Multiple species, including Mottled Sculpin (Cottus bairdii), Creek Chub (Semotilus atromaculatus), White Sucker (Catostumus commersonii), Redside Dace (Clinostomus elongatus),...

Walsh, Heather L.; Blazer, Vicki S.; Mazik, Patricia M.; Sperry, Adam J.; Pavlick, Diana
Walsh, H.L., Blazer, V.S., Mazik, P.M., Sperry, A.J., and Pavlick, D., 2020, Assessment of microscopic pathology in fishes collected at sites impacted by wood tar in Pennsylvania: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1024, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201024.

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Year Published: 2020

A historical look at changing water quality in the Delaware River Basin

In 2019 the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) launched a pilot regional Integrated Water Availability Assessment (IWAA) in the Delaware River Basin (fig. 1). IWAA is intended to explore, test, and refine systems and processes for assessing water availability for human and ecological uses and understanding their underlying controls. Water quality plays...

Murphy, Jennifer C.; Shoda, Megan E.
Murphy, J.C., and Shoda, M.E., 2020, A historical look at changing water quality in the Delaware River Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3007, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203007.

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Year Published: 2020

Pooling resources across organizations—Multisource water-quality data for the Delaware River Basin

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently launched a pilot Integrated Water Availability Assessment (IWAA) in the Delaware River Basin to explore, test, and refine systems and processes for assessing water availability for human and ecological uses based on water monitoring data. Water-quality monitoring provides citizens, managers, and...

Murphy, Jennifer C.; Shoda, Megan E.
Murphy, J.C., and Shoda, M.E., 2020, Pooling resources across organizations—Multisource water-quality data for the Delaware River Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3006, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203006.

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Year Published: 2020

Assessment of bridge scour countermeasures at selected bridges in the United States, 2014–18

Erosion of the streambed, known also as scour, around pier 3 of the New York State Thruway bridge over Schoharie Creek caused the pier to fail, which ultimately resulted in bridge failure during the flooding event of April 5, 1987. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) responded to the need for better guidance on the evaluation of bridge scour...

Suro, Thomas P.; Huizinga, Richard J.; Fosness, Ryan L.; Dudunake, Taylor
Suro, T.P., Huizinga, R.J., Fosness, R.L., and Dudunake, T.J., 2020, Assessment of bridge scour countermeasures at selected bridges in the United States, 2014–18: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5080, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195080.

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Year Published: 2020

Septic systems and rainfall influence human fecal markers and indicator organisms occurrence in private wells in southeastern Pennsylvania

In the United States approximately 48 million people are served by private wells. Unlike public water systems, private well water quality is not monitored and there are few studies on the extent and sources of contamination of private wells. We extensively investigated five private wells to understand the variability in microbial contamination,...

Murphy, Heather; McGinnis, Shannon; Blunt, Ryan; Stokdyk, Joel P.; Wu, Jingwei; Cagle, Alexander; Denno, Donna; Spencer, Susan K.; Firnstahl, Aaron; Borchardt, Mark A.

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Year Published: 2020

Does Lake Erie still have sufficient oxythermal habitat for cisco Coregonus artedi?

In Lake Erie, cisco Coregonus artedi once supported one of the most valuable freshwater fisheries on earth, yet overfishing caused their eventual extirpation from the lake. With warming lake temperatures, some have questioned whether Lake Erie still contains suitable oxythermal conditions for cisco. Using published oxythermal thresholds for cisco...

Schmitt, Joseph; Christoper S. Vandergoot; O'Malley, Brian P.; Kraus, Richard

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Year Published: 2020

Groundwater withdrawals and regional flow paths at and near Willow Grove and Warminster, Pennsylvania—Data compilation and preliminary simulations for conditions in 1999, 2010, 2013, 2016, and 2017

In 2014, groundwater samples from residential and public supply wells in the vicinity of two former U.S. Navy bases at Willow Grove and Warminster, and an active Air National Guard Station at Horsham, Bucks and Montgomery Counties, Pennsylvania, were found to have concentrations of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS...

Goode, Daniel J.; Senior, Lisa A.
Goode, D.J., and Senior, L.A., 2020, Groundwater withdrawals and regional flow paths at and near Willow Grove and Warminster, Pennsylvania—Data compilation and preliminary simulations for conditions in 1999, 2010, 2013, 2016, and 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1137, 127 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191137.

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Year Published: 2020

Identification of management thresholds of urban development in support of aquatic biodiversity conservation

Urbanization degrades stream ecosystems and causes loss of bodiversity. Using benthic macroinvertebrates as a surragate for overall aquatic diversity, we conducted a series of analytical approaches to derive management thresholds of urban development designed to link ecological responses to the primary management goal of protecting aquatic...

Snyder, Craig D.; Young, John A.