Pennsylvania Water Science Center

Publications

Publications are the cornerstone of the Pennsylvania Water Science Center’s dissemination of scientific data and conclusions. You can access USGS publications and journal articles here. To access the full, searchable catalog of USGS publications, please visit the USGS Publications Warehouse.

Publications Warehouse

Filter Total Items: 765
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Year Published: 2015

Summary of hydrologic modeling for the Delaware River Basin using the Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (WATER)

The Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (WATER) is a decision support system for the nontidal part of the Delaware River Basin that provides a consistent and objective method of simulating streamflow under historical, forecasted, and managed conditions. In order to quantify the uncertainty associated with these simulations, however...

Williamson, Tanja N.; Lant, Jeremiah G.; Claggett, Peter R.; Nystrom, Elizabeth A.; Milly, Paul C.D.; Nelson, Hugh L.; Hoffman, Scott A.; Colarullo, Susan J.; Fischer, Jeffrey M.
Williamson, T.N., Lant, J.G., Claggett, P.R., Nystrom, E.A., Milly, P.C.D., Nelson, H.L., Hoffman, S.A., Colarullo, S.J., and Fischer, J.M., 2015, Summary of hydrologic modeling for the Delaware River Basin using the Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (WATER): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5143, 68 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155143.

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Year Published: 2015

User manuals for the Delaware River Basin Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (DRB–WATER) and associated WATER application utilities

The Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (WATER) is a decision support system (DSS) for the nontidal part of the Delaware River Basin (DRB) that provides a consistent and objective method of simulating streamflow under historical, forecasted, and managed conditions. WATER integrates geospatial sampling of landscape characteristics,...

Williamson, Tanja N.; Lant, Jeremiah G.
Williamson, T.N., and Lant, J.G., 2015, User manuals for the Delaware River Basin Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (DRB–WATER) and associated WATER application utilities: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1196, 32 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151196.

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Year Published: 2015

Bathymetry and capacity of Chambers Lake, Chester County, Pennsylvania

Introduction Chambers Lake is a manmade reservoir on Birch Run, a tributary to West Branch Brandywine Creek in Chester County, Pennsylvania. The lake was created in 1994 after the completion of Multi-Purpose Dam PA-436F (Hibernia Dam), which was built under the Watershed Protection & Flood Control Prevention Act (U.S. Soil Conservation Service...

Gyves, Matthew C.
Gyves, M.C., 2015, Bathymetry and capacity of Chambers Lake, Chester County, Pennsylvania: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3346, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sim3346.

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Year Published: 2015

Monitoring, field experiments, and geochemical modeling of Fe(II) oxidation kinetics in a stream dominated by net-alkaline coal-mine drainage, Pennsylvania, USA

Watershed-scale monitoring, field aeration experiments, and geochemical equilibrium and kinetic modeling were conducted to evaluate interdependent changes in pH, dissolved CO2, O2, and Fe(II) concentrations that typically take place downstream of net-alkaline, circumneutral coal-mine drainage (CMD) outfalls and during aerobic treatment of such CMD...

Cravotta, Charles A.

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Year Published: 2015

Temporal geochemical variations in above- and below-drainage coal mine discharge

Water quality data collected in 2012 for 10 above- and 14 below-drainage coal mine discharges (CMDs), classified by mining or excavation method, in the anthracite region of Pennsylvania, USA, are compared with data for 1975, 1991, and 1999 to evaluate long-term (37 year) changes in pH, SO42−, and Fe concentrations related to...

Burrows, Jill E.; Peters, Stephen C.; Cravotta, Charles A.
Burrows, J.E., Peters, S.C., and Cravotta, C.A. (2015) Temporal geochemical variations in above- and below-drainage coal mine discharge: Applied Geochemistry, v. 62, p. 84-95 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.03.001)

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Year Published: 2015

Water-budgets and recharge-area simulations for the Spring Creek and Nittany Creek Basins and parts of the Spruce Creek Basin, Centre and Huntingdon Counties, Pennsylvania, Water Years 2000–06

This report describes the results of a study by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with ClearWater Conservancy and the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection to develop a hydrologic model to simulate a water budget and identify areas of greater than average recharge for the Spring Creek Basin in central Pennsylvania. The model...

Fulton, John W.; Risser, Dennis W.; Regan, R. Steve; Walker, John F.; Hunt, Randall J.; Niswonger, Richard G.; Hoffman, Scott A.; Markstrom, Steven L.
Fulton, J.W., Risser, D.W., Regan, R.S., Walker, J.F., Hunt, R.J., Niswonger, R.G., Hoffman, S.A., and Markstrom, S.L., 2015, Water-budgets and recharge-area simulations for the Spring Creek and Nittany Creek Basins and parts of the Spruce Creek Basin, Centre and Huntingdon Counties, Pennsylvania, Water Years 2000–06: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5073, 86 p, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155073.

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Year Published: 2015

Effects of high salinity wastewater discharges on unionid mussels in the Allegheny River, Pennsylvania

We examined the effect of high salinity wastewater (brine) from oil and natural gas drilling on freshwater mussels in the Allegheny River, Pennsylvania, during 2012. Mussel cages (N = 5 per site) were deployed at two sites upstream and four sites downstream of a brine treatment facility on the Allegheny River. Each cage contained 20 juvenile...

Patnode, Kathleen A.; Hittle, Elizabeth ; Anderson, Robert; Zimmerman, Lora; Fulton, John W.
Kathleen A. Patnode, Elizabeth Hittle, Robert M. Anderson, Lora Zimmerman, and John W. Fulton (2015) Effects of High Salinity Wastewater Discharges on Unionid Mussels in the Allegheny River, Pennsylvania. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management: June 2015, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 55-70.

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Year Published: 2015

Annual and average estimates of water-budget components based on hydrograph separation and PRISM precipitation for gaged basins in the Appalachian Plateaus Region, 1900-2011

As part of the U.S. Geological Survey’s Groundwater Resources Program study of the Appalachian Plateaus aquifers, annual and average estimates of water-budget components based on hydrograph separation and precipitation data from parameter-elevation regressions on independent slopes model (PRISM) were determined at 849 continuous-record...

Nelms, David L.; Messinger, Terence; McCoy, Kurt J.
Nelms, D.L., Messinger, Terence, and McCoy, K.J., 2015, Annual and average estimates of water-budget components based on hydrograph separation and PRISM precipitation for gaged basins in the Appalachian Plateaus Region, 1900–2011: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 944, 10 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds944.

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Year Published: 2015

AMDTreat 5.0+ with PHREEQC titration module to compute caustic chemical quantity, effluent quality, and sludge volume

Alkaline chemicals are commonly added to discharges from coal mines to increase pH and decrease concentrations of acidity and dissolved aluminum, iron, manganese, and associated metals. The annual cost of chemical treatment depends on the type and quantities of chemicals added and sludge produced. The AMDTreat computer program, initially developed...

Cravotta, Charles A.; Means, Brent P; Arthur, Willam; McKenzie, Robert M; Parkhurst, David L.
Cravotta III, C. A., Means, B.P., Arthur, W., McKenzie, R.M., and Parkhurst, D.L. (2014) AMDTreat 5.0+ with PHREEQC Titration Module to Compute Caustic Chemical Quantity, Effluent Quality, and Sludge Volume: Mine Water and the Environment, v. _____, p. ___________.

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Year Published: 2015

Priority pollutants and associated constituents in untreated and treated discharges from coal mining or processing facilities in Pennsylvania, USA

Clean sampling and analysis procedures were used to quantify more than 70 inorganic constituents, including 35 potentially toxic or hazardous constituents, organic carbon, and other characteristics of untreated (influent) and treated (effluent) coal-mine discharges (CMD) at 38 permitted coal-mining or coal-processing facilities in the bituminous...

Cravotta, III, Charles A.; Brady, Keith B.C.
Cravotta, C.A. III, and Brady, K.B.C. (2015) Priority Pollutants in untreated and treated discharges from coal mines in Pennsylvania, U.S.A.: Applied Geochemistry, v. 62, p. 108-130. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.03.001)

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Year Published: 2015

Sediment transport and capacity change in three reservoirs, Lower Susquehanna River Basin, Pennsylvania and Maryland, 1900-2012

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has conducted numerous sediment transport studies in the Susquehanna River and in particular in three reservoirs in the Lower Susquehanna River Basin to determine sediment transport rates over the past century and to document changes in storage capacity. The Susquehanna River is the largest tributary to Chesapeake...

Langland, Michael J.
Langland, M.J., 2015, Sediment transport and capacity change in three reservoirs, Lower Susquehanna River Basin, Pennsylvania and Maryland, 1900–2012: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014–1235, 18 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141235.

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Year Published: 2015

The quality of our nation's waters: water quality in the Principal Aquifers of the Piedmont, Blue Ridge, and Valley and Ridge regions, eastern United States, 1993-2009

The aquifers of the Piedmont, Blue Ridge, and Valley and Ridge regions underlie an area with a population of more than 40 million people in 10 states. The suburban and rural population is large, growing rapidly, and increasingly dependent on groundwater as a source of supply, with more than 550 million gallons per day withdrawn from domestic wells...

Lindsey, Bruce D.; Zimmerman, Tammy M.; Chapman, Melinda J.; Cravotta, Charles A.; Szabo, Zoltan
Lindsey, B.D., Zimmerman, T.M., Chapman, M.J., Cravotta, C.A., III, and Szabo, Zoltan, 2014, The quality of our Nation’s waters—Water quality in the Principal Aquifers of the Piedmont, Blue Ridge, and Valley and Ridge regions, eastern United States, 1993–2009: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1354, 107 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/cir1354.