Pennsylvania Water Science Center

Publications

Publications are the cornerstone of the Pennsylvania Water Science Center’s dissemination of scientific data and conclusions. You can access USGS publications and journal articles here. To access the full, searchable catalog of USGS publications, please visit the USGS Publications Warehouse.

Publications Warehouse

Filter Total Items: 765
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Year Published: 2017

Hydrological and geophysical investigation of streamflow losses and restoration strategies in an abandoned mine lands setting

Longitudinal discharge and water-quality campaigns (seepage runs) were combined with surface-geophysical surveys, hyporheic-temperature profiling, and watershed-scale hydrological monitoring to evaluate the locations, magnitude, and impact of streamwater losses from the West Creek subbasin of the West West Branch Schuylkill River into the...

Cravotta, Charles A.; Sherrod, Laura; Galeone, Daniel G.; Lehman, Wayne G.; Ackman, Terry E.; Kramer, Alexa
Cravotta, C.A. III, Sherrod, L., Galeone, D., Lehman, W., Ackman, T., and Kramer, A. (2017) Hydrological and geophysical investigation of streamflow losses and restoration strategies in an abandoned mine lands setting: Environmental & Engineering Geoscience, v. 23, no. 4, p. 243-273. (http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/EEG-1905)

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Year Published: 2017

Enhanced Al and Zn removal from coal-mine drainage during rapid oxidation and precipitation of Fe oxides at near-neutral pH

Net-alkaline, anoxic coal-mine drainage containing ∼20 mg/L FeII and ∼0.05 mg/L Al and Zn was subjected to parallel batch experiments: control, aeration (Aer 1 12.6 mL/s; Aer 2 16.8 mL/s; Aer 3 25.0 mL/s), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to test the hypothesis that aeration increases pH, FeII oxidation, hydrous FeIII oxide (...

Burrows, Jill E.; Cravotta, Charles A. ; Peters, Stephen C.
Burrows, J.E., Cravotta, C.A. III, and Peters, S.C. (2017) Enhanced Al and Zn removal from coal-mine drainage during rapid oxidation and precipitation of Fe oxides at near-neutral pH: Applied Geochemistry, v. 78, p. 194-210. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.12.019)

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Year Published: 2017

Dissolution of fluorapatite by Pseudomonas fluorescens P35 resulting in fluorine release

Chemical weathering of fluorine-bearing minerals is widely accepted as the main mechanism for the release of fluorine (F) to groundwater. Here, we propose a potential mechanism of F release via microbial dissolution of fluorapatite (Ca5(PO4)3F), which has been neglected previously. Batch culture experiments were conducted at 30°C with a phosphate-...

Zhou, Jianping; Wang, Hongmei; Cravotta, Charles A.; Dong, Qiang; Xiang, Xing
Jianping Zhou, Hongmei Wang, Charles A. Cravotta III, Qiang Dong & Xing Xiang (2016): Dissolution of Fluorapatite by Pseudomonas fluorescens P35 Resulting in Fluorine Release, Geomicrobiology Journal, DOI:10.1080/01490451.2016.1204376

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Year Published: 2017

Baseline assessment of groundwater quality in Wayne County, Pennsylvania, 2014

The Devonian-age Marcellus Shale and the Ordovician-age Utica Shale, geologic formations which have potential for natural gas development, underlie Wayne County and neighboring counties in northeastern Pennsylvania. In 2014, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Wayne Conservation District, conducted a study to assess baseline...

Senior, Lisa A.; Cravotta, III, Charles A.; Sloto, Ronald A.
Senior, L.A., Cravotta, C.A., III, and Sloto, R.A., 2017, Baseline assessment of groundwater quality in Wayne County, Pennsylvania, 2014 (ver. 1.1, March 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5073, 136 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165073.

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Year Published: 2016

Estimated use of water in the Delaware River Basin in Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania, 2010

The Delaware River Basin (DRB) was selected as a Focus Area Study in 2011 by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of the USGS National Water Census. The National Water Census is a USGS research program that focuses on national water availability and use and then develops new water accounting tools and assesses water availability at both the...

Hutson, Susan S.; Linsey, Kristin S.; Ludlow, Russell A.; Reyes, Betzaida; Shourds, Jennifer L.
Hutson, S.S., Linsey, K.S., Ludlow, R.A., Reyes, Betzaida, and Shourds, J.L., 2016, Estimated use of water in the Delaware River Basin in Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania, 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5142, 76 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155142.

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Year Published: 2016

Acid mine drainage

Acid mine drainage (AMD) consists of metal-laden solutions produced by the oxidative dissolution of iron sulfide minerals exposed to air, moisture, and acidophilic microbes during the mining of coal and metal deposits. The pH of AMD is usually in the range of 2–6, but mine-impacted waters at circumneutral pH (5–8) are also common. Mine drainage...

Bigham, Jerry M.; Cravotta, Charles A.
Bigham, J.M., and Cravotta, C.A. III (2016) Acid mine drainage, in Lal, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Soil Science (3rd), CRC Press, Taylor & Francis LLC, p. 6-10. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-ESS-120001582)

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Year Published: 2016

Estimation of daily mean streamflow for ungaged stream locations in the Delaware River Basin, water years 1960–2010

The ability to characterize baseline streamflow conditions, compare them with current conditions, and assess effects of human activities on streamflow is fundamental to water-management programs addressing water allocation, human-health issues, recreation needs, and establishment of ecological flow criteria. The U.S. Geological Survey, through the...

Stuckey, Marla H.
Stuckey, M.H., 2016, Estimation of daily mean streamflow for ungaged stream locations in the Delaware River Basin, water years 1960–2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5157, 42 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155157.

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Year Published: 2016

User’s guide for the Delaware River Basin Streamflow Estimator Tool (DRB-SET)

IntroductionThe Delaware River Basin Streamflow Estimator Tool (DRB-SET) is a tool for the simulation of streamflow at a daily time step for an ungaged stream location in the Delaware River Basin. DRB-SET was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and funded through WaterSMART as part of the National Water Census, a USGS research program...

Stuckey, Marla H.; Ulrich, James E.
Stuckey, M.H., and Ulrich, J.E., 2016, User’s Guide for the Delaware River Basin Streamflow Estimator Tool (DRB-SET): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1192, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151192.

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Year Published: 2016

Map visualization of groundwater withdrawals at the sub-basin scale

A simple method is proposed to visualize the magnitude of groundwater withdrawals from wells relative to user-defined water-resource metrics. The map is solely an illustration of the withdrawal magnitudes, spatially centered on wells—it is not capture zones or source areas contributing recharge to wells. Common practice is to scale the size (area...

Goode, Daniel J.
Goode, D.J. Hydrogeol J (2016) 24: 1057-1065. doi:10.1007/s10040-016-1379-x

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Year Published: 2016

Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of selected headwater streams along the Allegheny Front, Blair County, Pennsylvania, July 2011–September 2013

The Altoona Water Authority (AWA) obtains all of its water supply from headwater streams that drain western Blair County, an area underlain in part by black shale of the Marcellus Formation. Development of the shale-gas reservoirs will require new access roads, stream crossing, drill-pad construction, and pipeline installation, activities that...

Low, Dennis J.; Brightbill, Robin A.; Eggleston, Heather L.; Chaplin, Jeffrey J.
Low, D.J., Brightbill, R.A., Eggleston, H.L., and Chaplin, J.J., 2016, Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of selected headwater streams along the Allegheny Front, Blair County, Pennsylvania, July 2011–September 2013: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1173, 66 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151173.

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Year Published: 2016

Occurrence and trends in the concentrations of fecal-indicator bacteria and the relation to field water-quality parameters in the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio Rivers and selected tributaries, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, 2001–09

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Allegheny County Health Department and Allegheny County Sanitary Authority, collected surface-water samples from the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio Rivers and selected tributaries during the period 2001–09 to assess the occurrence and trends in the concentrations of fecal-indicator...

Fulton, John W.; Koerkle, Edward H.; McCoy, Jamie L.; Zarr, Linda F.
Fulton, J.W., Koerkle, E.H., McCoy, J.L., and Zarr, L.F., 2016, Occurrence and trends in the concentrations of fecal-indicator bacteria and the relation to field water-quality parameters in the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio Rivers and selected tributaries, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, 2001–09: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5136, 47 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155136.

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Year Published: 2016

Water data to answer urgent water policy questions: Monitoring design, available data, and filling data gaps for determining whether shale gas development activities contaminate surface water or groundwater in the Susquehanna River Basin

Throughout its history, the United States has made major investments in assessing natural resources, such as soils, timber, oil and gas, and water. These investments allow policy makers, the private sector and the American public to make informed decisions about cultivating, harvesting or conserving these resources to maximize their value for...

Betanzo, Elin A.; Hagen, Erik R.; Wilson, John T.; Reckhow, Kenneth H.; Hayes, Laura; Argue, Denise M.; Cangelosi, Allegra A.
Betanzo, E.A., Hagen, E.R., Wilson, J.T., Reckhow, K.H., Hayes, L., Argue, D.M., and Cangelosi, A.A., 2016, Water data to answer urgent water policy questions: Monitoring design, available data and filling data gaps for determining whether shale gas development activities contaminate surface water or groundwater in the Susquehanna River Basin, Northeast-Midwest Institute Report, 238 p., available at http://www.nemw.org/.