Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 486
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1999

Hawaiian Goose (Branta sandvicensis)

Evolving in the remote Hawaiian Archipelago and having the smallest range of any living goose, the Hawaiian Goose, or better known by its Hawaiian name—Nënë, is among the most isolated, sedentary, and threatened of waterfowl. The Nënë is also highly terrestrial, and several structural features demonstrate its adaptation to life on islands with...

Banko, Paul C.; Black, Jeffrey M.; Banko, Winston E.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1999

Septoria hodgesii sp. nov.: A potential biocontrol agent for Myrica faya in Hawai‘i

Septoria hodgesii sp. nov. is described. This fungus is a common leaf pathogen of Myrica cerifera in the southeastern U.S., where it usually has been identified as S. myricae. It also has been shown by artificial inoculation to be pathogenic on M. faya, an introduced forest weed in Hawai'i. Comparison of S. hodgesii with the types of S. myricae,...

Gardner, Donald E.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1999

An autogamous rainforest species of Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae) from East Maui, Hawaiian Islands

A new autogamous species of Schiedea is described and illustrated. It is known only from cliff habitat in rainforest on a single ridge in the Natural Area Reserve, Hanawi, East Maui. With the addition of this species there are 28 species in this endemic Hawaiian genus. The new species appears to be most closely related to Schiedea nuttallii, a...

Wagner, W.L.; Weller, S.G.; Sakai, A.K.; Medeiros, A.C.
An autogamous rainforest species of Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae) from East Maui, Hawaiian Islands; 1999; Article; Journal; Novon; Wagner, W. L.; Weller, S. G.; Sakai, A. K.; Medeiros, A. C.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1999

Hemosporidiosis

Hemosporidia are microscopic, intracellular parasitic protozoans found within the blood cells and tissues of their avian hosts. Three closely related genera, Plasmodium, Haemoproteus, and Leucocytozoon, are commonly found in wild birds. Infections in highly susceptible species and age classes may result in death.

Atkinson, Carter T.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1999

Survival and physiologic response of Common Amakihi and Japanese White-eyes during simulated translocation

We evaluated the effects of three translocation trials on Common Amakihi (Hemignathus virens) and Japanese White-eyes (Zosterops japonicus). Trial 1 involved capturing birds, transporting them on rough roads for 4 hr followed by holding in an aviary for 48 hr without overnight thermal support prior to release. Trial 2 involved capture, then...

Work, T.M.; Massey, J.G.; Johnson, L.; Dougill, S.; Banko, P.C.
Survival and physiologic response of Common Amakihi and Japanese White-eyes during simulated translocation; 1999; Article; Journal; Condor; Work, T. M.; Massey, J. G.; Johnson, L.; Dougill, S.; Banko, P. C.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1999

Survival and physiologic response of common Amakihi and Japanese white-eyes during simulated translocation

We evaluated the effects of three translocation trials on Common Amakihi (Hemignathus virens) and Japanese White-eyes (Zosterops japonicus). Trial 1 involved capturing birds, transporting them on rough roads for 4 hr followed by holding in an aviary for 48 hr without overnight thermal support prior to release. Trial 2 involved capture, then...

Work, Thierry M.; Massey, J. Gregory; Johnson, Luanne; Dougill, Steve; Banko, Paul C.
Survival and physiologic response of common Amakihi and Japanese white-eyes during simulated translocation; 1999; Article; Journal; The Condor; Work, T. M.; Massey, J. G.; Johnson, L.; Dougill, S.; Banko, P. C.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1998

Bait preference by the Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Haleakala National Park, Hawaii

The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), has proven to be a threat to native arthropod species in Haleakala National Park, Maui, HI, and is also a potential threat to the park's native flora. As it continues to expand its range, an effort has been undertaken to eradicate it, or at the least, control its spread. The 1st part of this effort...

Krushelnycky, Paul D.; Reimer, Neil J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1998

Efficacy of Maxforce bait for control of the Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii

In an effort to develop a chemical control strategy for the invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), in Haleakala National Park, Maxforce, which is formulated with 0.9% hydramethylnon, was used in test plots to determine the efficacy of the ant bait in the field. Initially, Maxforce was tested at 2 application rates: broadcast at 2....

Krushelnycky, Paul D.; Reimer, Neil J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1998

Microsatellite primers for Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus, the vector of avian malaria in Hawaii

The southern house mosquito, Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae), was introduced accidentally to Hawaii in 1826 (van Riper et al. 1986). There it eventually became the vector of avian malaria, Plasmodium relictum, a disease that severely limits the size and distribution of endemic forest bird populations in Hawaii (Atkinson et al....

Fonseca, Dina M.; Atkinson, Carter T.; Fleischer, Robert C.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1998

Lanai Hookbill (Dysmorodrepanis munroi

No abstract available.

Snetsinger, Thomas J.; Reynolds, Michelle; Hermann, Christina M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1998

Vulnerability of island tropical montane cloud forests to climate change, with special reference to East Maui, Hawaii

Island tropical montane cloud forests may be among the most sensitive of the world's ecosystems to global climate change. Measurements in and above a montane cloud forest on East Maui, Hawaii, document steep microclimatic gradients. Relatively small climate-driven shifts in patterns of atmospheric circulation are likely to trigger major local...

Loope, Lloyd L.; Giambelluca, Thomas W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1998

Nest relocation using PVC "spotters"

A simple device to aid in the rapid relocation of nests, composed on PVC pipe and tie wire, is described. A 16-18 cm length of pipe can be attached to a supporting structure with a section of wire and adjusted to point at the target nest by its discoverer. Used like an lensless spotting scope, the “spotter” allows other observers to quickly and...

Simon, John C.