St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 743
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Year Published: 2021

Online-coupling of widely-ranged timescales to model coral reef development

The increasing pressure on Earth's ecosystems due to climate change is becoming more and more evident and the impacts of climate change are especially visible on coral reefs. Understanding how climate change interacts with the physical environment of reefs to impact coral growth and reef development is critically important to predicting the...

Hendrickx, Gijs; Herman, Peter M. J.; Dijkstra, Jasper T.; Storlazzi, Curt; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2021

Impacts of sediment removal from and placement in coastal barrier island systems

Executive SummaryOn June 24, 2019, Congressman Raul Grijalva of Arizona, Chair of the House Committee on Natural Resources, sent a letter to the directors of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey to request their assistance in answering questions regarding coastal sediment resource management within the Coastal Barrier...

Miselis, Jennifer L.; Flocks, James G.; Zeigler, Sara; Passeri, Davina; Smith, David R.; Bourque, Jill; Sherwood, Christopher R.; Smith, Christopher G.; Ciarletta, Daniel J.; Smith, Kathryn; Hart, Kristen; Kazyak, David; Berlin, Alicia; Prohaska, Bianca; Calleson, Teresa; Yanchis, Kristi
Miselis, J.L., Flocks, J.G., Zeigler, S., Passeri, D., Smith, D.R., Bourque, J., Sherwood, C.R., Smith, C.G., Ciarletta, D.J., Smith, K., Hart, K., Kazyak, D., Berlin, A., Prohaska, B., Calleson, T., and Yanchis, K., 2021, Impacts of sediment removal from and placement in coastal barrier island systems: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1062, 94 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211062.

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Year Published: 2021

Emerging dominance of Paratrochammina simplissima (Cushman and McCulloch) in the northern Gulf of Mexico following hydrologic and geomorphic changes

Grand Bay estuary in coastal Mississippi and Alabama (USA) has undergone significant geomorphic changes over the last few centuries as a result of anthropogenic (bridge, road, and hardened shoreline construction) and climatic (extreme storm events) processes, which reduce freshwater input, sediment supply, and...

Ellis, Alisha M.; Smith, Christopher

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Year Published: 2021

Measuring coastal acidification using in situ sensors in the National Estuary Program

Estuaries and coastal areas are highly vulnerable to the impacts of acidification on shellfish, coral reefs, fisheries, and the commercial and recreational industries that they support. Yet, little is known about the extent of this vulnerability and the estuary-specific drivers that contribute to acidification, such as nutrient enrichment from...

Galavotti, Holly; Vasslides, James; Poach, Matthew; Bohlen, Curtis; Hunt, Christopher W.; Liebman, Matthew; Hu, Xinping; McCutcheon, Melissa; O'Donnell, Jim; Howard-Strobel, Kay; Vella, Prassede; Lehrter, John; Nielsen, Karina; Largier, John; Ford, Tom; Steele, Alex; Yates, Kimberly K.; Johnson, York; Brown, Cheryl; Pacella, Stephen R.

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Year Published: 2021

Assessing the effectiveness of nourishment in decadal barrier island morphological resilience

Nourishment has shown to be an effective method for short-term storm protection along barrier islands and sandy beaches by reducing flooding, wave attack and erosion. However, the ability of nourishment to mitigate the effects of storms and sea level rise (SLR) and improve coastal resilience over decadal time scales is not well understood. This...

Passeri, Davina; Bilskie, Matthew V.; Hagen, Scott C.; Mickey, Rangley C.; Dalyander, P Soupy; Gonzalez, Victor

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Year Published: 2021

Quantifying thresholds of barrier geomorphic change in a cross-shore sediment-partitioning model

Barrier coasts, including barrier islands, beach-ridge plains, and associated landforms, can assume a broad spectrum of morphologies over multi-decadal scales that reflect conditions of sediment availability, accommodation, and relative sea-level rise. However, the quantitative thresholds of these controls on barrier-system behavior remain largely...

Ciarletta, Daniel J.; Miselis, Jennifer L.; Shawler, Justin L.; Hein, Christopher J.

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Year Published: 2021

Gulf of Mexico blue hole harbors high levels of novel microbial lineages

Exploration of oxygen-depleted marine environments has consistently revealed novel microbial taxa and metabolic capabilities that expand our understanding of microbial evolution and ecology. Marine blue holes are shallow karst formations characterized by low oxygen and high organic matter content. They are logistically challenging to sample, and...

Patin, N.V.; Dietrich, Z.A.; Stancil, A.; Quinan, M.; Beckler, J.S.; Hall, E.R.; Culter, J; Smith, Christopher; Taillefert, Martial; Stewart, F.J.

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Year Published: 2020

Underwater photographic reconnaissance and habitat data collection in the Florida Keys—A procedure for ground truthing remotely sensed bathymetric data

Bathymetric geoprocessing analyses of the Florida Reef Tract have provided insights into trends of seafloor accretion and seafloor erosion over time and following major storm events. However, bathymetric surveys sometimes capture manmade structures and vegetation, which do not represent the desired bare-earth data. Therefore, ground truthing is...

Fehr, Zachery W.; Yates, Kimberly K.
Fehr, Z.W., and Yates, K.K., 2020, Underwater photographic reconnaissance and habitat data collection in the Florida Keys—A procedure for ground truthing remotely sensed bathymetric data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1118, 13 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201118.

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Year Published: 2020

Reestablishing a stepping-stone population of the threatened elkhorn coral Acropora palmata to aid regional recovery

Recovery of the elkhorn coral Acropora palmata is critical to reversing coral reef ecosystem collapse in the western Atlantic, but the species is severely threatened. To gauge potential for the species’ restoration in Florida, USA, we conducted an assisted migration experiment where 50 coral fragments of 5 nursery-raised genetic strains...

Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Stathakopoulos, Anastasios; Toth, Lauren T.; Bartlett, Lucy

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Year Published: 2020

Development and application of an empirical dune growth model for evaluating barrier island recovery from storms

Coastal zone managers require models that predict barrier island change on decadal time scales to estimate coastal vulnerability, and plan habitat restoration and coastal protection projects. To meet these needs, methods must be available for predicting dune recovery as well as dune erosion. In the present study, an empirical dune growth model (...

Dalyander, Patricia (Soupy); Mickey, Rangley C.; Passeri, Davina; Plant, Nathaniel G.

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Year Published: 2020

Sensitivity of storm response to antecedent topography in the XBeach model

Antecedent topography is an important aspect of coastal morphology when studying and forecasting coastal change hazards. The uncertainty in morphologic response of storm-impact models and their use in short-term hazard forecasting and decadal forecasting is important to account for when considering a coupled model framework. This study provided a...

Mickey, Rangley C.; Dalyander, P. Soupy; McCall, Robert T.; Passeri, Davina