St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 743
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Year Published: 2018

How do upwelling and El Niño impact coral reef growth? A guided, inquiry-based lesson

This lesson uses real-world data to guide students toward understanding how climate and ocean variables impact coral reef growth. To begin this activity, students hypothesize how changes in environmental conditions could affect coral reef growth. They then compare metrics for reef growth (linear growth and percent coral cover) between two reefs in...

Gravinese, Philip M.; Toth, Lauren T.; Randall, Carly J.; Aronson, Richard B.

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Year Published: 2018

Sediment data from vibracores collected in 2016 from Fire Island, New York

Researchers from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducted a long-term coastal morphologic-change study at Fire Island, New York, prior to and after Hurricane Sandy impacted the area in October 2012. The Fire Island Coastal Change project objectives include understanding the morphologic evolution of the barrier island system on a...

Buster, Noreen A.; Bernier, Julie C.; Brenner, Owen T.; Kelso, Kyle W.; Tuten, Thomas M.; Miselis, Jennifer L.
Buster, N.A., Bernier, J.C., Brenner, O.T., Kelso, K.W., Tuten, T.M., and Miselis, J.L., 2018, Sediment data from vibracores collected in 2016 from Fire Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1100, https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1100.

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Year Published: 2018

Analysis of multi-decadal wetland changes, and cumulative impact of multiple storms 1984 to 2017

Land-cover classification analysis using Landsat satellite imagery acquired between 1984 and 2017 quantified short- (post-Hurricane Sandy) and long-term wetland-change trends along the Maryland and Virginia coasts between Metompkin Bay, VA and Ocean City, MD. Although there are limited options for upland migration of wetlands in the study area,...

Douglas, Steven H.; Bernier, Julie C.; Smith, Kathryn

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Year Published: 2018

Quantifying uncertainty in Sr/Ca-based estimates of SST from the coral Orbicella faveolata

The strontium to calcium ratio (Sr/Ca) in aragonitic skeletons of massive corals provides a proxy for sea surface temperature (SST) that can be used to reconstruct paleoclimates across decades, centuries, and, potentially, millennia. Determining the reproducibility of Sr/Ca records among contemporaneous coral colonies from the same region is...

Flannery, Jennifer A.; Richey, Julie N.; Toth, Lauren T.; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Poore, Richard Z.

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Year Published: 2018

Assessing the impact of open-ocean and back-barrier shoreline change on Dauphin Island, Alabama, at multiple time scales over the last 75 years

Dauphin Island and Little Dauphin Island, collectively, make up a geomorphically complex barrier island system located along Alabama’s southern coast, separating Mississippi Sound from the Gulf of Mexico and Mobile Bay. The barrier island system provides numerous economical (tourism, fisheries) and natural (habitat for migratory birds, natural...

Smith, Christopher G.; Long, Joseph W.; Henderson, Rachel E.; Nelson, Paul R.
Smith, C.G., Long, J.W., Henderson, R.E., and Nelson, P.R., 2018, Assessing the impact of open-ocean and back-barrier shoreline change on Dauphin Island, Alabama, at multiple time scales over the last 75 years: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1170, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181170.

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Year Published: 2018

Reconnaissance of mixed organic and inorganic chemicals in private and public supply tapwaters at selected residential and workplace sites in the United States

Safe drinking water at the point-of-use (tapwater, TW) is a United States public health priority. Multiple lines of evidence were used to evaluate potential human health concerns of 482 organics and 19 inorganics in TW from 13 (7 public supply, 6 private well self-supply) home and 12 (public supply) workplace locations in 11 states. Only uranium (...

Bradley, Paul M.; Kolpin, Dana W.; Romanok, Kristin M.; Smalling, Kelly L.; Focazio, Michael J.; Brown, Juliane B.; Cardon, Mary C.; Carpenter, Kurt; Corsi, Steven R.; DeCicco, Laura A.; Dietze, Julie E.; Evans, Nicola; Furlong, Edward T.; Givens, Carrie E.; Gray, James L.; Griffin, Dale W.; Higgins, Christopher P.; Hladik, Michelle L.; Iwanowicz, Luke R. ; Journey, Celeste A.; Kuivila, Kathryn ; Masoner, Jason R.; McDonough, Carrie A.; Meyer, Michael T.; Orlando, James L.; Strynar, Mark J.; Weis, Christopher P.; Wilson, Vickie S.
Attribution: California Water Science Center, Colorado Water Science Center, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Kansas Water Science Center, Leetown Science Center, Michigan Water Science Center, Michigan-Ohio Water Science Center, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, New Jersey Water Science Center, Oregon Water Science Center, South Atlantic Water Science Center (SAWSC), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Eastern Ecological Science Center, Water Resources, Ecosystems, Contaminant Biology, Toxic Substances Hydrology, Environmental Health Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), National Water Quality Laboratory

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Year Published: 2018

A 3,000‐year lag between the geological and ecological shutdown of Florida's coral reefs

The global‐scale degradation of coral reefs has reached a critical threshold wherein further declines threaten both ecological functionality and the persistence of reef structure. Geological records can provide valuable insights into the long‐term controls on reef development that may be key to solving the modern coral‐reef crisis. Our analyses of...

Toth, Lauren T.; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Stathakopoulos, Anastasios; Shinn, Eugene A.

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Year Published: 2018

A model archive for sediment transport model including short-lived radioisotopes: Model description and idealized test cases

This dataset includes model input, code, and output used in the publication Birchler et al. (2018, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering), which used a coupled hydrodynamic-sediment transport-biogeochemical model to investigate the roles of resuspension, deposition, on biodiffusion on the behavior of short-lived radioisotopes in an idealized...

Birchler, Justin; Harris, Courtney K.; Kniskern, Tara A.
Birchler, Justin J.; Harris, Courtney K.; and Kniskern, Tara A., "A model archive for sediment transport model including short-lived radioisotopes: Model description and idealized test cases" (2018). Data. 391. https://doi.org/10.25773/9fb7-0z25

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Year Published: 2018

Nearshore single-beam bathymetry data collected in 2015, Dauphin Island, Alabama

Dauphin Island, Alabama, is a barrier island located in the northern Gulf of Mexico that supports local residences, tourism, commercial infrastructure, and historic Fort Gaines. During the past decade, Dauphin Island was affected by several major hurricanes—Hurricanes Ivan (2004), Katrina (2005), and Isaac (2012)—and storms, along with sea-level...

DeWitt, Nancy T.; Stalk, Chelsea A.; Flocks, James G.; Bernier, Julie C.; Kelso, Kyle W.; Fredericks, Jake J.; Tuten, Thomas M.
DeWitt, N.T., Stalk, C.A., Flocks, J.G., Bernier, J.C., Kelso, K.W., Fredericks, J.J., and Tuten, T.M., 2018, Nearshore single-beam bathymetry data collected in 2015, Dauphin Island, Alabama: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1095, https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1095.

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Year Published: 2018

Field observations of alongshore runup variability under dissipative conditions in presence of a shoreline sandwave

Video measurements of runup were collected at low tide along several profiles covering an alongshore distance of 500 m. The morphology displayed a complex shape with a shoreline sandwave in the lower beach face of about 250 m long mirrored in the inner sandbar. Wave conditions were stationary and moderate (offshore height of 2 m and...

Senechal, Nadia; Coco, Giovanni; Plant, Nathaniel G.; Bryan, Karin R.; Brown, Jennifer; MacMahan, Jamie
Senechal, N., Coco, G., Plant, N., Bryan, K.R., Brown, J.A., MacMahan, J.H.M. (2018). Field observations of alongshore runup variability under dissipative conditions in the presence of a shoreline sandwave, J. Geophys Res.: Oceans, 123, doi:10.1029/2018JC014109.

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Year Published: 2018

Hydrodynamics and sediment mobility processes over a degraded senile coral reef

Coral reefs can influence hydrodynamics and morphodynamics by dissipating and refracting incident wave energy, modifying circulation patterns, and altering sediment transport pathways. In this study, the sediment and hydrodynamic response of a senile (dead) barrier reef (Crocker Reef, located in the upper portion of the Florida Reef Tract) to...

Torres-Garcia, Legna M.; Dalyander, P. Soupy; Long, Joseph W.; Zawada, David G.; Yates, Kimberly K.; Moore, Christopher; Olabarrieta, Maitane

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Year Published: 2018

Effects of proposed navigation channel improvements on sediment transport in Mobile Harbor, Alabama

A Delft3D model was developed to evaluate the potential effects of proposed navigationchannel deepening and widening in Mobile Harbor, Alabama. The model performance wasassessed through comparisons of modeled and observed data of water levels, velocities, and bedlevel changes; the model captured hydrodynamic and sediment transport patterns in the...

Passeri, Davina; Long, Joseph W.; Jenkins, Robert L.; Thompson, David M.
Passeri, D.L., Long, J.W., Jenkins, R.L., and Thompson, D.M., 2018, Effects of proposed navigation channel improvements on sediment transport in Mobile Harbor, Alabama: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1123, 22 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181123.