St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 743
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Year Published: 2020

Colony-forming unit spreadplate assay versus liquid culture enrichment-polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of Bacillus Endospores in soils

A liquid culture enrichment-polymerase chain reaction (E-PCR) assay was investigated as a potential tool to overcome inhibition by chemical component, debris, and background biological impurities in soil that were affecting detection assay performance for soil samples containing Bacillus atrophaeus subsp. globigii (a surrogate for B. anthracis)....

Griffin, Dale W.; Lisle, John T.; Feldhake, David; Silvestri, Erin E.

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Year Published: 2020

An overview of bioaerosol load and health impacts associated with dust storms: A focus on the Middle East

Dust storms are an important environmental problem worldwide. The main sources of dust storms include the Sahara, the Middle East, and central and northeastern Asia. Dust storms originating from these regions can be dispersed across oceans and in some cases globally. They occur throughout the year and vary in frequency and intensity. The...

Soleimani, Zahra; Teymouri, Pari; Darvishi Boloorani, Ali; Mesdaghinia, Alireza; Middleton, Nick; Griffin, Dale W.

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Year Published: 2020

Late Quaternary evolution and stratigraphic framework influence on coastal systems along the north-central Gulf of Mexico, USA

Coastal systems in the Gulf of Mexico are threatened by reduced sediment supply, storm impacts and relative sea-level rise (RSLR). The geologic record provides insight into geomorphic evolution thresholds to these forcing mechanisms to help predict future barrier evolution in response to climate change. This study synthesizes ∼2100 km of...

Hollis, Robert S; Wallace, Davin J; Miner, Michael D; Gal, Nina S; Dike, Clayton H; Flocks, James G.

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Year Published: 2020

An integrative GIS approach to analyzing the impacts of septic systems on the coast of Florida, USA

An estimated 2.7 million septic systems in Florida, USA are potential ground and surface water contaminant sources that may affect environmental and human health. This study examined the spatial distribution of septic systems, coastal surface water contamination, and related environmental factors of coastal Florida watersheds at the 8-digit...

Flanagan, Kyle; Dixon, Barnali; Rivenbark, Tess; Griffin, Dale W.

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Year Published: 2020

Considerations for maximizing the adaptive potential of restored coral populations in the western Atlantic

Active coral restoration typically involves two interventions: crossing gametes to facilitate sexual larval propagation; and fragmenting, growing, and outplanting adult colonies to enhance asexual propagation. From an evolutionary perspective, the goal of these efforts is to establish self‐sustaining, sexually reproducing coral populations that...

Baums, Iliana B.; Baker, Andrew C; Davies, Sarah W; Grottoli, Andrea G; Kenkel, Carly D; Kitchen, Sheila A; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; LaJeunesse, Todd C; Matz, Mikhail V; Miller, Margaret W; Parkinson, John E; Shantz, Andrew A

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Year Published: 2020

Upwelling buffers climate change impacts on coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific

Corals of the eastern tropical Pacific live in a marginal and oceanographically dynamic environment. Along the Pacific coast of Panamá, stronger seasonal upwelling in the Gulf of Panamá in the east transitions to weaker upwelling in the Gulf of Chiriquí in the west, resulting in complex regional oceanographic conditions that drive differential...

Randall, Carly J.; Toth, Lauren T.; Leichter, James J; Mate, Juan L; Aronson, Richard B.

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Year Published: 2020

Enhanced El Niño-Southern Oscillation variability in recent decades

The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) represents the largest source of year-to-year global climate variability. While Earth system models suggest a range of possible shifts in ENSO properties under continued greenhouse gas forcing, many centuries of preindustrial climate data are required to detect a potential shift in the properties of recent...

Grothe, Pamela R.; Cobb, Kim M.; Liguori, Giovanni; Di Lorenzo, Emanuele; Capotondi, Antonietta; Lu, Yanbin; Cheng, Hai; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Southon, John R.; Santos, Guaciara M.; Decampo, Daniel M.; Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean; Chen, Tianran; Sayani, Hussein R.; Thompson, Diane M.; Conroy, Jessica L.; Moore, Andrea L.; Townsend, Kayla; Hagos, Melat; O’Connor, Gemma; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2019

Louisiana Coastal Zone sediment characterization; Comparison of sediment grain sizes for samples collected in 2008 and 2015–2016 from the western Chenier plain to the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana—Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring (BICM) Program

Repeated sampling and grain-size analysis of surficial sediments along the sandy shorelines of Louisiana is necessary to characterize coastal-zone sediment properties and evaluate sediment transport patterns within the nearshore environments. In 2008, and again in 2015 and 2016, sediment grab samples were collected along the shorelines of the...

Bosse, Stephen T.; Flocks, James G.; Bernier, Julie C.; Georgiou, Ioannis Y.; Kulp, Mark A.; Brown, Michael
Bosse, S.T., Flocks, J.G., Bernier, J.C., Georgiou, I.Y., Kulp, M.A., and Brown, M., 2019, Louisiana Coastal Zone sediment characterization; Comparison of sediment grain sizes for samples collected in 2008 and 2015–2016 from the western Chenier plain to the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana—Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring (BICM) Program: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1132, 17 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191132.

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Year Published: 2019

Cultivating future environmental stewards: A case study at John D. MacArthur Beach State Park

Our study supports previous research suggesting that participation in citizen-science programs can significantly enhance student learning and attitudes about science, while simultaneously promoting environmental stewardship. Providing students with the opportunity to collect scientific data through citizen-science programs can increase their...

Frehm, Veronica L.; Gravinese, Philip M.; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2019

A pragmatic approach for comparing species distribution models to increasing confidence in managing piping plover habitat

Conservation management often requires decision-making without perfect knowledge of the at-risk species or ecosystem. Species distribution models (SDMs) are useful but largely under-utilized due to model uncertainty. We provide a case study that utilizes an ensemble modeling approach of two independently derived SDMs to explicitly address common...

Maslo, Brooke; Zeigler, Sara; Drake, Evan; Pover, Todd; Plant, Nathaniel G.

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Year Published: 2019

Morphodynamic modelling of the wilderness breach, Fire Island, New York. Part I: Model set-up and validation

On October 29, 2012, storm surge and large waves produced by Hurricane 13 Sandy resulted in the formation of a breach in eastern Fire Island, NY. The goals of this study 14 are to gain a better understanding of the physical processes that govern breach behavior and 15 to assess whether process-based models can be used to forecast the evolution of...

van Ormondt, Maarten; Nelson, Timothy; Hapke, Cheryl; Roelvink, Dano

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Year Published: 2019

Hurricane Matthew: Predictions, observations, and an analysis of coastal change

Hurricane Matthew, the strongest Atlantic hurricane of the 2016 hurricane season, made land-fall south of McClellanville, S.C., around 1500 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) on October 8, 2016. Hurricane Matthew affected the States of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina along the U.S. Atlantic coastline. Numerous barrier islands...

Birchler, Justin J.; Doran, Kara S.; Long, Joseph W.; Stockdon, Hilary F.
Birchler, J.J., Doran, K.S., Long, J.W., and Stockdon, H.F., 2019, Hurricane Matthew—Predictions, observations, and an analysis of coastal change: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1095, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191095.