St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 742
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Year Published: 2021

Rigorously valuing the impact of projected coral reef degradation on coastal hazard risk in Florida

The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. In the United States, the physical protective services provided by coral reefs were recently assessed, in social and economic terms, with the annual protection provided by U.S. coral reefs off the coast...

Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Yates, Kimberly K.; Cumming, Kristen A.; Cole, Aaron D.; Shope, James B.; Gaido L., Camila; Zawada, David G.; Arsenault, Stephanie R.; Fehr, Zachery W.; Nickel, Barry A.; Beck, Michael W.
Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Yates, K.K., Cumming, K.A., Cole, A.D., Shope, J.B., Gaido L., C., Zawada, D.G., Arsenault, S.R., Fehr, Z.W., Nickel, B.A., and Beck, M.W., 2021, Rigorously valuing the impact of projected coral reef degradation on coastal hazard risk in Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1055, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211055.

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Year Published: 2021

Unexpected diversity of Endozoicomonas in deep-sea corals

ABSTRACT: The deep ocean hosts a large diversity of azooxanthellate cold-water corals whose associated microbiomes remain to be described. While the bacterial genus Endozoicomonas has been widely identified as a dominant associate of tropical and temperate corals, it has rarely been detected in deep-sea corals. Determining microbial...

Kellogg, Christina A.; Pratte, Zoe A.

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Year Published: 2021

Holocene evolution of sea-surface temperature and salinity in the Gulf of Mexico

Flows into and out of the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) are integral to North Atlantic ocean circulation, and help facilitate poleward heat transport in the Western Hemisphere. The GoM also serves as a key source of moisture for much of North America. Modern patterns of sea-surface temperature (SST) and salinity in the GoM are influenced by the Loop...

Thiumalai, Kaustubh; Richey, Julie N.; Quinn, Terrence M.

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Year Published: 2021

Coastal wetland shoreline change monitoring: A comparison of shorelines from high-resolution WorldView satellite imagery, aerial imagery, and field surveys

Shoreline change analysis is an important environmental monitoring tool for evaluating coastal exposure to erosion hazards, particularly for vulnerable habitats such as coastal wetlands where habitat loss is problematic world-wide. The increasing availability of high-resolution satellite imagery and emerging developments in analysis techniques...

Smith, Kathryn; Terrano, Joseph; Pitchford, Jonathan L; Archer, Michael

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Year Published: 2021

An efficient method to calculate depth-integrated, phase-averaged momentum balances in non-hydrostatic models

Analysis of the mean (wave-averaged) momentum balance is a common approach used to explain the physical forcing driving wave set-up and mean currents in the nearshore zone. Traditionally this approach has been applied to phase-averaged models but has more recently been applied to phase-resolving models using post-processing, whereby model output...

da Silva, Renan F.; Rijnsdorp, Dirk P.; Hansen, Jeff E.; Lowe, Ryan J.; Buckley, Mark L.; Zijlema, Marcel

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Year Published: 2021

Genetic structure and diversity of the mustard hill coral Porites astreoides along the Florida Keys reef tract

Increases in local and global stressors have led to major declines in coral populations throughout the western Atlantic. While abundances of other species have declined, however, the relative abundance of the mustard hill coral, Porites astreoides, has increased. Porites astreoides is relatively resilient to some stressors, and...

Gallery, Dominique N.; Green, Michelle L.; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Lenz, Elizabeth A.; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2021

Climate and the latitudinal limits of subtropical reef development

Climate plays a central role in coral-reef development, especially in marginal environments. The high-latitude reefs of southeast Florida are currently non-accreting, relict systems with low coral cover. This region also did not support the extensive Late Pleistocene reef development observed in many other locations around the world; however,...

Toth, Lauren T.; Precht, William F.; Modys, Alexander B.; Stathakopoulos, Anastasios; Robbart, Martha L.; Hudson, J. Harold; Olenik, Anton E.; Riegl, Bernhard M; Shinn, Eugene A.; Aronson, Richard B.

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Year Published: 2021

Processing coastal imagery with Agisoft Metashape Professional Edition, version 1.6—Structure from motion workflow documentation

IntroductionStructure from motion (SFM) has become an integral technique in coastal change assessment; the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) used Agisoft Metashape Professional Edition photogrammetry software to develop a workflow that processes coastline aerial imagery collected in response to storms since Hurricane Florence in 2018. This report...

Over, Jin-Si R.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Kranenburg, Christine J.; Brown, Jenna A.; Buscombe, Daniel D.; Noble, Tom; Sherwood, Christopher R.; Warrick, Jonathan A.; Wernette, Phillipe A.
Over, J.R., Ritchie, A.C., Kranenburg, C.J., Brown, J.A., Buscombe, D., Noble, T., Sherwood, C.R., Warrick, J.A., and Wernette, P.A., 2021, Processing coastal imagery with Agisoft Metashape Professional Edition, version 1.6—Structure from motion workflow documentation: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1039, 46 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211039.

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Year Published: 2021

Lateral shoreline erosion and shore-proximal sediment deposition on a coastal marsh from seasonal, storm and decadal measurements

The persistence of coastal marsh is dependent on its ability to maintain elevation relative to sea level, particularly for marshes experiencing high rates of shoreline erosion due to wave-attack, storms, and sea level rise. Sediments eroded at the marsh edge are either delivered onto the marsh platform or into the estuary, the...

Smith, Kathryn; Terrano, Joseph; Khan, Nicole S.; Smith, Christopher; Pitchford, Jonathan L

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Year Published: 2021

Persistent multidecadal variability since the 15th century in the southern Barents Sea derived from annually resolved shell-based records

In the North Atlantic Ocean, multidecadal variability in sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the past several centuries has largely been inferred through terrestrial proxies and decadally resolved marine proxies. Annually resolved proxy records from marine archives provide valuable insight into this variability, but are especially rare from high...

Mette, Madelyn Jean; Wanamaker, Alan D.; Retelle, Michael J.; Carroll, Michael L.; Andersson, Carin; Ambrose, William G.

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Year Published: 2021

Remote and local drivers of Pleistocene South Asian summer monsoon precipitation: A test for future predictions

South Asian precipitation amount and extreme variability are predicted to increase due to thermodynamic effects of increased 21st-century greenhouse gases, accompanied by an increased supply of moisture from the southern hemisphere Indian Ocean. We reconstructed South Asian summer monsoon precipitation and runoff into the Bay of Bengal to assess...

Clemens, Steven C; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Thirumalai, Kaustubh; Giosan, Liviu; Richey, Julie N.; Nilson-Kerr, Katrina; Rosenthal, Yair; Anand, Pallavi; McGrath, Sarah M

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Year Published: 2021

Online-coupling of widely-ranged timescales to model coral reef development

The increasing pressure on Earth's ecosystems due to climate change is becoming more and more evident and the impacts of climate change are especially visible on coral reefs. Understanding how climate change interacts with the physical environment of reefs to impact coral growth and reef development is critically important to predicting the...

Hendrickx, Gijs; Herman, Peter M. J.; Dijkstra, Jasper T.; Storlazzi, Curt; Toth, Lauren T.