St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 752
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Year Published: 2021

Shoreface and Holocene sediment thickness offshore of Rockaway Peninsula, New York

During September and October 2019, the U.S. Geological Survey mapped the shoreface and inner continental shelf offshore of the Rockaway Peninsula in New York using high-resolution chirp seismic reflection and single-beam bathymetry geophysical techniques. The results from this study are important for assessing the Quaternary evolution of the...

Wei, Emily A.; Miselis, Jennifer L.; Forde, Arnell S.
Wei, E.A., Miselis, J.L., and Forde, A.S., 2021, Shoreface and Holocene sediment thickness offshore of Rockaway Peninsula, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1100, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211100.

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Year Published: 2021

Distinguishing between regression model fits to global mean sea level reconstructions

Global mean sea level (GMSL) has been rising since the last century, posing a serious challenge for the coastal areas. A variety of regression models have been utilized for determining GMSL rise over the past one hundred years, resulting in a large spread of sea level rise rates and multidecadal variations. In this study, we develop a new...

Zhu, Yingli; Mitchum, Gary T.; Doran, Kara S.; Chambers, Don P.; Liang, Xinfeng

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Year Published: 2021

Hotspot dune erosion on an intermediate beach

A large, low pressure Nor’easter storm and Hurricane Joaquin contributed to multiple weeks of sustained, elevated wave and water level conditions along the southeastern Atlantic coast of the United States in Fall 2015. Sea level anomalies in excess of 1 m and offshore wave heights of up to 4 m were recorded during these storms, as observed at the...

Cohn, Nicholas; Brodie, Katherine; Johnson, Bradley; Palmsten, Margaret Louise

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Year Published: 2021

Rigorously valuing the impact of projected coral reef degradation on coastal hazard risk in Florida

The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. In the United States, the physical protective services provided by coral reefs were recently assessed, in social and economic terms, with the annual protection provided by U.S. coral reefs off the coast...

Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Yates, Kimberly K.; Cumming, Kristen A.; Cole, Aaron D.; Shope, James B.; Gaido L., Camila; Zawada, David G.; Arsenault, Stephanie R.; Fehr, Zachery W.; Nickel, Barry A.; Beck, Michael W.
Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Yates, K.K., Cumming, K.A., Cole, A.D., Shope, J.B., Gaido L., C., Zawada, D.G., Arsenault, S.R., Fehr, Z.W., Nickel, B.A., and Beck, M.W., 2021, Rigorously valuing the impact of projected coral reef degradation on coastal hazard risk in Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1055, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211055.

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Year Published: 2021

Unexpected diversity of Endozoicomonas in deep-sea corals

ABSTRACT: The deep ocean hosts a large diversity of azooxanthellate cold-water corals whose associated microbiomes remain to be described. While the bacterial genus Endozoicomonas has been widely identified as a dominant associate of tropical and temperate corals, it has rarely been detected in deep-sea corals. Determining microbial...

Kellogg, Christina A.; Pratte, Zoe A.

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Year Published: 2021

Holocene evolution of sea-surface temperature and salinity in the Gulf of Mexico

Flows into and out of the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) are integral to North Atlantic ocean circulation, and help facilitate poleward heat transport in the Western Hemisphere. The GoM also serves as a key source of moisture for much of North America. Modern patterns of sea-surface temperature (SST) and salinity in the GoM are influenced by the Loop...

Thiumalai, Kaustubh; Richey, Julie N.; Quinn, Terrence M.

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Year Published: 2021

Coastal wetland shoreline change monitoring: A comparison of shorelines from high-resolution WorldView satellite imagery, aerial imagery, and field surveys

Shoreline change analysis is an important environmental monitoring tool for evaluating coastal exposure to erosion hazards, particularly for vulnerable habitats such as coastal wetlands where habitat loss is problematic world-wide. The increasing availability of high-resolution satellite imagery and emerging developments in analysis techniques...

Smith, Kathryn; Terrano, Joseph; Pitchford, Jonathan L; Archer, Michael

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Year Published: 2021

Upwelling and the persistence of coral-reef frameworks in the eastern tropical Pacific

In an era of global change, the fate and form of reef habitats will depend on shifting assemblages of organisms and their responses to multiple stressors. Multiphyletic assemblages of calcifying and bioeroding species contribute to a dynamic balance between constructive and erosive processes, and reef-framework growth occurs only when calcium-...

Enochs, Ian C.; Toth, Lauren T.; Kirkland, Amanda; Manzello, Derek P.; Kolodziej, Graham; Morris, John T; Holstein, Daniel M; Schlenz, Austin; Randall, Carly J.; Mate, Juan L; Leichter, James J; Aronson, Richard B.

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Year Published: 2021

Comparison of preservation and extraction methods on five taxonomically disparate coral microbiomes

All animals are host to a multitude of microorganisms that are essential to the animal’s health. Host-associated microbes have been shown to defend against potential pathogens, provide essential nutrients, interact with the host’s immune system, and even regulate mood. However, it can be difficult to preserve and obtain nucleic acids from some...

Pratte, Zoe A.; Kellogg, Christina A.

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Year Published: 2021

An efficient method to calculate depth-integrated, phase-averaged momentum balances in non-hydrostatic models

Analysis of the mean (wave-averaged) momentum balance is a common approach used to explain the physical forcing driving wave set-up and mean currents in the nearshore zone. Traditionally this approach has been applied to phase-averaged models but has more recently been applied to phase-resolving models using post-processing, whereby model output...

da Silva, Renan F.; Rijnsdorp, Dirk P.; Hansen, Jeff E.; Lowe, Ryan J.; Buckley, Mark L.; Zijlema, Marcel

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Year Published: 2021

Genetic structure and diversity of the mustard hill coral Porites astreoides along the Florida Keys reef tract

Increases in local and global stressors have led to major declines in coral populations throughout the western Atlantic. While abundances of other species have declined, however, the relative abundance of the mustard hill coral, Porites astreoides, has increased. Porites astreoides is relatively resilient to some stressors, and...

Gallery, Dominique N.; Green, Michelle L.; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Lenz, Elizabeth A.; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2021

Climate and the latitudinal limits of subtropical reef development

Climate plays a central role in coral-reef development, especially in marginal environments. The high-latitude reefs of southeast Florida are currently non-accreting, relict systems with low coral cover. This region also did not support the extensive Late Pleistocene reef development observed in many other locations around the world; however,...

Toth, Lauren T.; Precht, William F.; Modys, Alexander B.; Stathakopoulos, Anastasios; Robbart, Martha L.; Hudson, J. Harold; Olenik, Anton E.; Riegl, Bernhard M; Shinn, Eugene A.; Aronson, Richard B.