Virginia and West Virginia Water Science Center

Water Quality

A measure of the suitability of water for a particular use based on physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.

Filter Total Items: 17
Date published: March 1, 2021
Status: Active

Hydrologic, Water-Quality, and Ecological Monitoring and Analysis to Support Stream Restoration Research in Reston, Virginia

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Resource Protection Group, Inc. is partnering with Reston Association to monitor the hydrology, water-quality, and ecology of two restored urban streams in Reston, Virginia – Snakeden Branch and The Glade. A combination of continuous and discrete hydrologic and water-quality data are collected to evaluate stream conditions and estimate sediment...

Contacts: Brendan Foster
Date published: September 30, 2016
Status: Active

Appalachian Plateau Groundwater Availablity Study

Pennsylvanian- and Mississippian-age aquifers occupy approximately 86,000 square-miles in the Appalachian Plateaus Physiographic Province of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama. As one of several USGS Regional Groundwater Studies, the primary goal of this study is to provide a regional understanding of groundwater flow and availability in the...

Date published: September 30, 2016
Status: Active

Fairfax County Water Resources Monitoring Network

Hundreds of millions of dollars have been invested into the implementation of Best Management Practices (BMPs), with the explicit goal of improving water quality. Earlier research has demonstrated that these implemented BMPs are effective at the plot-scale and the field-scale; however, less information is available to document the effectiveness of these BMPs at the watershed scale - precisely...

Contacts: John D Jastram
Date published: September 30, 2016
Status: Active

Hampton Roads Regional Water Quality Monitoring Program

In 2014, the U.S. Geological Survey partnered with the Hampton Roads Sanitation District (HRSD) in cooperation with the Hampton Roads Planning District Commission to implement a water-quality monitoring program with the goals of (1) collecting high quality nutrient and sediment data representative of the Coastal Plain, (2) computing loads that can be compared to those developed for the...

Contacts: Aaron J Porter
Date published: September 20, 2016
Status: Active

Clinch River Water Quality and Mussel Health

The Clinch and Powell Rivers flowing from southwestern Virginia through parts of East Tennessee (see figure) support unique and nationally significant endemic and endangered populations of fresh-water mussels and other aquatic fauna. Surveys of mussel and fish community structure over past decades have shown a pattern of decline throughout the Powell River and on parts of the upper Clinch that...

Contacts: Jennifer L Rapp
Date published: September 30, 2015
Status: Active

James River Research Corridor: Mountains to Sea Innovative Water Quality Network

This successful partnership brings together Randolph-Macon College (RMC), Washington and Lee University (W&L), and Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), in partnership with the US Geological Survey (USGS) to foster growth in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) through summer student internship experience, awareness of USGS science in the class room, and increased...

Contacts: Jennifer L Rapp, Douglas L Moyer, Dr. Charles Gowan , Dr. Robert Humston, Dr. Paul Bukaveckas , Dr. Greg Garman
Date published: September 30, 2014
Status: Active

Shenandoah River Instream Flow Studies

As urban and rural growth continues, competition for clean water expands into stream areas previously capable of meeting local water-use demands. Conflicts among instream and offstream users of streamflow increase as flows decrease. This research enhances understanding of summer low-flow conditions in the North Fork, South Fork, and Shenandoah Rivers, relating water availability to physical...

Contacts: Jennifer L Rapp
Date published: October 25, 2010

Virginia Chloride Monitoring Network

Objectives of the program are to (1) evaluate the spatial and temporal distribution of chloride concentrations in the aquifers, (2) evaluate the factors that affect the spatial and temporal distributions of chloride, and (3) assess the potential for upconing or lateral intrusion of saline water in the aquifers.

Date published: August 24, 2010
Status: Active

Virginia Coastal Plain Aquifer Analysis

Groundwater is a heavily used source of water in the Virginia Coastal Plain. Long term and widespread groundwater withdrawals have resulted in regional water-level declines, and created the potential for saltwater intrusion. Sound management of this vital resource relies on continual improvement of the scientific understanding of the aquifer system.

Contacts:
Date published: May 25, 2010

South River Mercury TMDL

The objective of the South River Mercury TMDL study is to develop a better understanding of methyl mercury cycling in the South River and calculate mercury loading reductions that would protect fish from high mercury concentrations.

Date published: March 31, 2010

Continuous Water-Quality Monitoring for the Roanoke River Flood Reduction Project

This project:

- Initiates a continuous water-quality monitoring study for the Roanoke River in the area upstream and downstream of the RRFRP project area. 
- Provides a mechanism for detecting short- and long-term changes in Roanoke River suspended sediment water quality during and after the RRFRP implementation.
- Assesses trends in suspended sediment water quality in this...

Date published: March 31, 2010

Continuous Water-Quality Monitoring in Indian Creek

The primary objective of the USGS monitoring effort will be to identify whether the construction of the Indian Creek pipeline crossings will adversely impact the sediment water quality in Indian Creek. To accomplish this goal, continuous real-time water-quality monitoring will be the primary focus of the effort.

Contacts: John D Jastram