Washington Water Science Center

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Filter Total Items: 735
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Year Published: 2016

Preliminary characterization of nitrogen and phosphorus in groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane, northeastern Washington, using stable nitrogen isotopes

Lake Spokane, locally referred to as Long Lake, is a 24-mile-long section of the Spokane River impounded by Long Lake Dam that has, in recent decades, experienced water-quality problems associated with eutrophication. Consumption of oxygen by the decomposition of aquatic plants that have proliferated because of high nutrient concentrations has led...

Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Cox, Stephen E.; Spanjer, Andrew R.
Gendaszek, A.S., Cox, S.E., and Spanjer, A.R., 2016, Preliminary characterization of nitrogen and phosphorus in groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane, northeastern Washington, using stable nitrogen isotopes: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016-1029, 22 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161029.

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Year Published: 2015

Transport and deposition of asbestos-rich sediment in the Sumas River, Whatcom County, Washington

Heavy sediment loads in the Sumas River of Whatcom County, Washington, increase seasonal turbidity and cause locally acute sedimentation. Most sediment in the Sumas River is derived from a deep-seated landslide of serpentinite that is located on Sumas Mountain and drained by Swift Creek, a tributary to the Sumas River. This mafic sediment contains...

Curran, Christopher A.; Anderson, Scott W.; Barbash, Jack E.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Cox, Stephen E.; Norton, Katherine K.; Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Spanjer, Andrew R.; Foreman, James R.
Curran, C.A., Anderson, S.W., Barbash, J.E., Magirl, C.S., Cox, S.E., Norton, K.K., Gendaszek, A.S., Spanjer, A.R., and Foreman, J.R., 2016, Transport and deposition of asbestos-rich sediment in the Sumas River, Whatcom County, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5177, 51 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155177.

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Year Published: 2015

Preliminary assessment of aggradation potential in the North Fork Stillaguamish River downstream of the State Route 530 landslide near Oso, Washington

On March 22, 2014, the State Route 530 Landslide near Oso, Washington, traveled almost 2 kilometers (km), destroyed more than 40 structures, and impounded the North Fork Stillaguamish River to a depth of 8 meters (m) and volume of 3.3×106 cubic meters (m3). The landslide killed 43 people. After overtopping and establishing a new channel...

Magirl, Christopher S.; Keith, Mackenzie K.; Anderson, Scott W.; O'Connor, Jim; Robert Aldrich; Mastin, Mark C.
Magirl, C.S., Keith, M.K., Anderson, S.W., O’Connor, J.E., Aldrich, Robert, and Mastin, M.C., 2015, Preliminary assessment of aggradation potential in the North Fork Stillaguamish River downstream of the State Route 530 landslide near Oso, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5173, 20 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155173.

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Year Published: 2015

Chemical concentrations and instantaneous loads, Green River to the Lower Duwamish Waterway near Seattle, Washington, 2013–15

In November 2013, U.S. Geological Survey streamgaging equipment was installed at a historical water-quality station on the Duwamish River, Washington, within the tidal influence at river kilometer 16.7 (U.S. Geological Survey site 12113390; Duwamish River at Golf Course at Tukwila, WA). Publicly available, real-time continuous data includes river...

Conn, Kathleen E.; Black, Robert W.; Vanderpool-Kimura, Ann M.; Foreman, James R.; Peterson, Norman T.; Senter, Craig A.; Sissel, Stephen K.
Conn, K.E., Black, R.W., Vanderpool-Kimura, A.M., Foreman, J.R., Peterson, N.T., Senter, C.A., and Sissel, S.K., 2015, Chemical concentrations and instantaneous loads, Green River to the Lower Duwamish Waterway near Seattle, Washington, 2013–15: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 973, 46 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds973.

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Year Published: 2015

Particle tracking for selected groundwater wells in the lower Yakima River Basin, Washington

The Yakima River Basin in south-central Washington has a long history of irrigated agriculture and a more recent history of large-scale livestock operations, both of which may contribute nutrients to the groundwater system. Nitrate concentrations in water samples from shallow groundwater wells in the lower Yakima River Basin exceeded the U.S....

Bachmann, Matthew P.
Bachmann, M.P., 2015, Particle tracking for selected groundwater wells in the lower Yakima River Basin, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5149, 33 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155149.

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Year Published: 2015

Groundwater availability of the Columbia Plateau Regional Aquifer System, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho

The Columbia Plateau Regional Aquifer System (CPRAS) covers about 44,000 square miles of southeastern Washington, northeastern Oregon, and western Idaho. The area supports a $6-billion per year agricultural industry, leading the Nation in production of apples, hops, and eight other commodities. Groundwater pumpage and surface-water diversions...

Vaccaro, J. J.; Kahle, S.C.; Ely, D.M.; Burns, E.R.; Snyder, D.T.; Haynes, J.V.; Olsen, T.D.; Welch, W.B.; Morgan, D.S.
Vaccaro, J.J., Kahle, S.C., Ely, D.M., Burns, E.R., Snyder, D.T., Haynes, J.V., Olsen, T.D., Welch, W.B., and Morgan, D.S., 2015, Groundwater availability of the Columbia Plateau Regional Aquifer System, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1817, 87 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/pp1817.

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Year Published: 2015

Groundwater resources of the Columbia Plateau regional aquifer system

The Columbia Plateau is a wide basalt plateau between the Cascade Range and the Rocky Mountains that covers parts of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. The climate over much of the Columbia Plateau is semiarid with precipitation ranging from 7 to 15 in/yr in the central part (Vaccaro and others, 2015), yet the area supports a $6 billion per year...

Kahle, Sue C.; Vaccaro, John J.
Kahle, S.C., and Vaccaro, J.J., 2015, Groundwater resources of the Columbia Plateau Regional Aquifer System: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2015-3063, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153063.

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Year Published: 2015

Nutrient attenuation in rivers and streams, Puget Sound Basin, Washington

Nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus are important for aquatic ecosystem health. Excessive amounts of nutrients, however, can make aquatic ecosystems harmful for biota because enhanced growth and decay cycles of aquatic algae can reduce dissolved oxygen in the water. In Puget Sound marine waters, low dissolved oxygen concentrations are...

Sheibley, Rich W.; Konrad, Christopher P.; Black, Robert W.
Sheibley, R.W., Konrad, C.P., and Black, R.W., 2015, Nutrient attenuation in rivers and streams, Puget Sound Basin, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5074, 67 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155074.

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Year Published: 2015

Hydrogeologic framework, groundwater movement, and water budget in the Puyallup River Watershed and vicinity, Pierce and King Counties, Washington

This report presents information used to characterize the groundwater-flow system in the Puyallup River Watershed and vicinity, and includes descriptions of the geology and hydrogeologic framework; groundwater recharge and discharge; groundwater levels and flow directions; seasonal groundwater level fluctuations; interactions between aquifers and...

Welch, Wendy B.; Johnson, Kenneth H.; Savoca, Mark E.; Lane, Ron C.; Fasser, Elisabeth T.; Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Marshall, Cameron; Clothier, Burt G.; Knoedler, Eric N.
Welch, W.B., Johnson, K.H., Savoca, M.E., Lane, R.C., Fasser, E.T., Gendaszek, A.S., Marshall, C., Clothier, B.G., and Knoedler, E.N., 2015, Hydrogeologic framework, groundwater movement, and water budget in the Puyallup River Watershed and vicinity, Pierce and King Counties, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5068, 54 p., 4 pls., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155068.

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Year Published: 2015

Geospatial assessment of ecological functions and flood-related risks on floodplains along major rivers in the Puget Sound Basin, Washington

Ecological functions and flood-related risks were assessed for floodplains along the 17 major rivers flowing into Puget Sound Basin, Washington. The assessment addresses five ecological functions, five components of flood-related risks at two spatial resolutions—fine and coarse. The fine-resolution assessment compiled spatial attributes of...

Konrad, Christopher P.
Konrad, C.P., 2015, Geospatial assessment of ecological functions and flood-related risks on floodplains along major rivers in the Puget Sound Basin, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5033, 28 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155033.

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Year Published: 2015

Contaminant removal by wastewater treatment plants in the Stillaguamish River Basin, Washington

Human activities in most areas of the developed world typically release nutrients, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, pesticides, and other contaminants into the environment, many of which reach freshwater ecosystems. In urbanized areas, wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are critical facilities for collecting and reducing the amounts of...

Barbash, Jack E.; Moran, Patrick W.; Wagner, Richard J.; Wolanek, Michael
Barbash, J.E., Moran, P.W., Wagner, R.J., and Wolanek, M., 2015, Contaminant removal by wastewater treatment plants in the Stillaguamish River Basin, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2015–3023, 4 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153023.

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Year Published: 2015

Estimated freshwater withdrawals in Washington, 2010

Every 5 years since 1950, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has compiled data on the amount of water used in homes, businesses, industries, and farms throughout the State. This water-use data, combined with other related USGS information, has facilitated a unique understanding of the effects of human activity on the State’s water resources....

Lane, Ron C.; Welch, Wendy B.
Lane, R.C., and Welch, W.B., 2015, Estimated freshwater withdrawals in Washington, 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5037, 48 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155037.