Washington Water Science Center

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Filter Total Items: 735
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Year Published: 2018

Concentrations of nitrate in drinking water in the lower Yakima River Basin, Groundwater Management Area, Yakima County, Washington, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the lower Yakima River Basin Groundwater Management Area (GWMA) group, conducted an intensive groundwater sampling collection effort of collecting nitrate concentration data in drinking water to provide a baseline for future nitrate assessments within the GWMA. About every 6 weeks from April through...

Huffman, Raegan L.
Huffman, R.L., 2018, Concentrations of nitrate in drinking water in the lower Yakima River Basin, Groundwater Management Area, Yakima County, Washington, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1084, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1084.

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Year Published: 2018

Effect of river confinement on depth and spatial extent of bed disturbance affecting salmon redds

Human impacts on rivers threaten the natural function of riverine ecosystems. This paper assesses how channel confinement affects the scour depth and spatial extent of bed disturbance and discusses the implications of these results for salmon-redd disturbance in gravel-bedded rivers. Two-dimensional hydrodynamic models of relatively confined and...

Christiana R. Czuba; Czuba, Jonathan A. ; Magirl, Christopher S.; Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Konrad, Christopher P.

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Year Published: 2018

Analysis of groundwater response to tidal fluctuations, Operable Unit 2, Area 8, Naval Base Kitsap, Keyport, Washington

Operable Unit 2, Area 8, at Naval Base Kitsap, Keyport is the site of a former chrome-plating facility that released metals (primarily chromium and cadmium), chlorinated volatile organic compounds, and petroleum compounds into the local environment. To ensure long-term protectiveness, as stipulated in the Fourth Five-Year Review for the site,...

Opatz, Chad C.; Dinicola, Richard S.
Opatz, C.C., and Dinicola, R.S., 2018, Analysis of groundwater response to tidal fluctuations, Operable Unit 2, Area 8, Naval Base Kitsap, Keyport, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018-1082, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181082.

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Year Published: 2018

Uranium concentrations in groundwater, northeastern Washington

A study of uranium in groundwater in northeastern Washington was conducted to make a preliminary assessment of naturally occurring uranium in groundwater relying on existing information and limited reconnaissance sampling. Naturally occurring uranium is associated with granitic and metasedimentary rocks, as well as younger sedimentary deposits,...

Kahle, Sue C.; Welch, Wendy B.; Tecca, Alison E.; Eliason, Devin M.
Kahle, S.C., Welch, W.B., Tecca, A.E., and Eliason, D.M., 2018, Uranium concentrations in groundwater, northeastern Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3401, 1 sheet, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3401.

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Year Published: 2018

Suspended-sediment transport from the Green-Duwamish River to the Lower Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, Washington, 2013–17

The Green-Duwamish River transports watershed-derived sediment to the Lower Duwamish Waterway Superfund site near Seattle, Washington. Understanding the amount of sediment transported by the river is essential to the bed sediment cleanup process. Turbidity, discharge, suspended-sediment concentration (SSC), and particle-size data were collected by...

Senter, Craig A.; Conn, Kathleen E.; Black, Robert W.; Peterson, Norman; Vanderpool-Kimura, Ann M.; Foreman, James R.
Senter, C.A., Conn, K.E., Black, R.W., Peterson, N., Vanderpool-Kimura, A., and Foreman, J.R., 2018, Suspended-sediment transport from the Green-Duwamish River to the Lower Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, Washington, 2013–17: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1029, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181029.

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Year Published: 2018

Assessing the influence of multiple stressors on stream diatom metrics in the upper Midwest, USA

Water resource managers face increasing challenges in identifying what physical and chemical stressors are responsible for the alteration of biological conditions in streams. The objective of this study was to assess the comparative influence of multiple stressors on benthic diatoms at 98 sites that spanned a range of stressors in an...

Munn, Mark D.; Waite, Ian R.; Konrad, Christopher P.
Munn, M.D., I. Waite, and C.P. Konrad. 2017. Assessing the influence of multiple stressors on stream diatom metrics in the upper Midwest, USA. Ecological Indicators. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.09.005

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Year Published: 2018

Chemical concentrations in water and suspended sediment, Green River to Lower Duwamish Waterway near Seattle, Washington, 2016–17

From August 2016 to March 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collected representative samples of filtered and unfiltered water and suspended sediment (including the colloidal fraction) at USGS streamgage 12113390 (Duwamish River at Golf Course, at Tukwila, Washington) during 13 periods of differing flow conditions. Samples were analyzed by...

Conn, Kathleen E.; Black, Robert W.; Peterson, Norman T.; Senter, Craig A.; Chapman, Elena A.
Conn, K.E., Black, R.W., Peterson, N.T., Senter, C.A., and Chapman, E.A., 2018, Chemical concentrations in water and suspended sediment, Green River to Lower Duwamish Waterway near Seattle, Washington, 2016–17: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1073, 17 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1073.

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Year Published: 2018

Characterizing aquatic habitats for long‐term monitoring of a fourth‐order, regulated river in the Pacific Northwest, USA

A pragmatic approach to the long‐term monitoring of rivers leverages available information with targeted field investigations to address key uncertainties relevant to management decisions. An over‐arching management issue for many rivers is how reservoir operation affects the amount and location of in‐channel sediment and the resulting...

Konrad, Christopher P.; Burton, K.; Little, R.; Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Munn, Mark D.; Anderson, Scott W.
Konrad CP, Burton K, Little R, Gendaszek AD, Munn MD, Anderson SW. Characterizing aquatic habitats for long-term monitoring of a fourth-order, regulated river in the Pacific Northwest, USA. River Res Applic. 2017;1–10. https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.3230

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Year Published: 2018

Streambed scour of salmon spawning habitat in a regulated river influenced by management of peak discharge

In the Pacific Northwest of the United States, salmon eggs incubating within streambed gravels are susceptible to scour during floods. The threat to egg-to-fry survival by streambed scour is mitigated, in part, by the adaptation of salmon to bury their eggs below the typical depth of scour. In regulated rivers globally, we suggest that water...

Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Burton, Karl D.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Konrad, Christopher P.
Gendaszek AS, Burton K, Magirl CS, Konrad CP. Streambed scour of salmon spawning habitat in a regulated river influenced by management of peak discharge. Freshwater Biol. 2017;00:1–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12987

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Year Published: 2017

Flood runoff in relation to water vapor transport by atmospheric rivers over the western United States, 1949–2015

Atmospheric rivers (ARs) have a significant role in generating floods across the western United States. We analyze daily streamflow for water years 1949 to 2015 from 5,477 gages in relation to water vapor transport by ARs using a 6 h chronology resolved to 2.5° latitude and longitude. The probability that an AR will generate 50 mm/d of...

Konrad, Christopher P.; Dettinger, Michael D.
Konrad, C. P., & Dettinger, M. D. (2017). Flood runoff in relation to water vapor transport by atmospheric rivers over the western United States, 1949–2015. Geophysical Research Letters, 44. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075399

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Year Published: 2017

Influence of sediment chemistry and sediment toxicity on macroinvertebrate communities across 99 wadable streams of the Midwestern USA

Simultaneous assessment of sediment chemistry, sediment toxicity, and macroinvertebrate communities can provide multiple lines of evidence when investigating relations between sediment contaminants and ecological degradation. These three measures were evaluated at 99 wadable stream sites across 11 states in the Midwestern United States during the...

Moran, Patrick W.; Nowell, Lisa H.; Kemble, Nile E.; Mahler, Barbara; Waite, Ian R.; Van Metre, Peter C.
Science of the Total Environment- Accepted Manuscript, . Ref. No.: STOTEN-D-17-01553R1

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Year Published: 2017

Hydrologic metrics for status-and-trends monitoring in urban and urbanizing watersheds

Local governmental agencies are increasingly undertaking potentially costly “status-and-trends” monitoring to evaluate the effectiveness of stormwater control measures and land-use planning strategies, or to satisfy regulatory requirements. Little guidance is presently available for such efforts, and so we have explored the application,...

Booth, Derek B.; Konrad, Christopher P.
Booth DB, Konrad CP. Hydrologic metrics for status-and-trends monitoring in urban and urbanizing watersheds. Hydrological Processes. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.11369