Landsat Missions

Landsat Science Products

Landsat Level-2 and Level-3 Science Products Examples

The USGS has developed research-quality, applications-ready, Level-2 and Level-3 science products derived from Landsat Level-1 data, which can be used to monitor, assess, and project how changes in land use, land cover, and land condition affect people and nature.

The images above show the Landsat Science Products from Landsat ARD Tile 004002 acquired July 23, 2017. From left to right: Landsat Surface Reflectance, Landsat Provisional Surface Temperature, Landsat Dynamic Surface Water Exent, Landsat Burned Area, and Landsat Fractional Snow Covered Area. 

Landsat Level-2

Level-2 Science Products are time-series observational data of sufficient length, consistency, and continuity to record effects of climate change, and serve as input into Landsat Level-3 Science Products.

Surface Reflectance

Measures the fraction of incoming solar radiation that is reflected from Earth's surface to the Landsat sensor. 

Landsat Surface Reflectance-Derived Spectral Indices

Vegetation and moisture measurements, along with burn ratio indices are available. 

Provisional Surface Temperature 

Represents the temperature of the Earth's surface in Kelvin (K). 

Landsat Level-3

Level-3 products represent biophysical properties of the Earth's surface and are generated from U.S. Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD) inputs.

Dynamic Surface Water Extent 

Describes the existence and condition of surface water.

Fractional Snow Covered Area 

Indicates the percentage of a pixel covered by snow.

Burned Area 

Represents per pixel burn classification and burn probability.


Landsat Science Products News Archive