Core Science Systems

Publications

Here you will find publications, reports and articles produced by Core Science System scientists. For a comprehensive listing of all USGS publications please click the button below.

USGS Pubs

Filter Total Items: 139
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Year Published: 2017

Partial polygon pruning of hydrographic features in automated generalization

This paper demonstrates a working method to automatically detect and prune portions of waterbody polygons to support creation of a multi-scale hydrographic database. Water features are known to be sensitive to scale change; and thus multiple representations are required to maintain visual and geographic logic at smaller scales. Partial pruning of...

Stum, Alexander K. ; Buttenfield, Barbara P.; Stanislawski, Larry V.
Stum AK, Buttenfield BP, Stanislawski LV. Partial polygon pruning of hydrographic features in automated generalization. Trans in GIS. 2017;00(0):1–18.

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Year Published: 2017

A reference landform ontology for automated delineation of depression landforms from DEMs

Abstract The landform reference ontology (LFRO) is being developed to formalize ontological distinctions underlying naïve geographic cognition and reasoning about landforms. The LFRO taxonomy is currently based only on form-based distinctions. In this significantly revised version, several new categories have been added to explicate ontological...

Sinha, Gaurav; Arundel, Samantha; Hahmann, Torsten; Usery, E. Lynn; Stewart, Kathleen C.; Mark, David

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Year Published: 2017

The National Map seamless digital elevation model specifications

This specification documents the requirements and standards used to produce the seamless elevation layers for The National Map of the United States. Seamless elevation data are available for the conterminous United States, Hawaii, Alaska, and the U.S. territories, in three different resolutions—1/3-arc-second, 1-arc-second, and 2-arc-second. These...

Archuleta, Christy-Ann M.; Constance, Eric W.; Arundel, Samantha T.; Lowe, Amanda J.; Mantey, Kimberly S.; Phillips, Lori A.
Archuleta, C.M., Constance, E.W., Arundel, S.T., Lowe, A.J., Mantey, K.S., and Phillips, L.A., 2017, The National Map seamless digital elevation model specifications: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 11, chap. B9, 39 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm11B9.

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Year Published: 2017

Elevation Difference and Bouguer Anomaly Analysis Tool (EDBAAT) User's Guide

This report describes a software tool that imports gravity anomaly point data from the Gravity Database of the United States (GDUS) of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and University of Texas at El Paso along with elevation data from The National Map (TNM) of the U.S. Geological Survey that lie within a user-specified geographic area of...

Smittle, Aaron M.; Shoberg, Thomas G.
Smittle, A.M., and Shoberg, T.G., 2017, Elevation Difference and Bouguer Anomaly Analysis Tool (EDBAAT) user’s guide: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2017–1036, 9 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171036.

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Year Published: 2017

Integrating multiple data sources in species distribution modeling: A framework for data fusion

The last decade has seen a dramatic increase in the use of species distribution models (SDMs) to characterize patterns of species’ occurrence and abundance. Efforts to parameterize SDMs often create a tension between the quality and quantity of data available to fit models. Estimation methods that integrate both standardized and non-standardized...

Pacifici, Krishna; Reich, Brian J.; Miller, David A.W.; Gardner, Beth; Stauffer, Glenn E.; Singh, Susheela; McKerrow, Alexa J.; Collazo, Jaime A.
Pacifici, K., Reich, B. J., Miller, D. A. W., Gardner, B., Stauffer, G., Singh, S., McKerrow, A. and Collazo, J. A. (2017), Integrating multiple data sources in species distribution modeling: a framework for data fusion*. Ecology, 98: 840–850.

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Year Published: 2017

Long-term fish monitoring in large rivers: Utility of “benchmarking” across basins

In business, benchmarking is a widely used practice of comparing your own business processes to those of other comparable companies and incorporating identified best practices to improve performance. Biologists and resource managers designing and conducting monitoring programs for fish in large river systems tend to focus on single river basins or...

Ward, David L.; Casper, Andrew F.; Counihan, Timothy D.; Bayer, Jennifer M.; Waite, Ian R.; Kosovich, John J.; Chapman, Colin; Irwin, Elise R.; Sauer, Jennifer S.; Ickes, Brian; McKerrow, Alexa J.
Ward, D.L., Casper, A.F., Counihan, T.D., Bayer, J.M., Waite, I.R., Kosovich, J.J., Chapman, C.G., Irwin, E.R., Sauer, J.S., Iches, B.S., and McKerrow, A.J., 2017,Long-Term Fish Monitoring in Large Rivers: Utility of “Benchmarking” across Basins: Fisheries, no. 42, v. 2, p

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Year Published: 2017

Shapes on a plane: Evaluating the impact of projection distortion on spatial binning

One method for working with large, dense sets of spatial point data is to aggregate the measure of the data into polygonal containers, such as political boundaries, or into regular spatial bins such as triangles, squares, or hexagons. When mapping these aggregations, the map projection must inevitably distort relationships. This distortion can...

Battersby, Sarah E.; Strebe, Daniel “daan”; Finn, Michael P.

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Year Published: 2016

TopoLens: Building a cyberGIS community data service for enhancing the usability of high-resolution National Topographic datasets

Geospatial data, often embedded with geographic references, are important to many application and science domains, and represent a major type of big data. The increased volume and diversity of geospatial data have caused serious usability issues for researchers in various scientific domains, which call for innovative cyberGIS solutions. To address...

Hu, Hao; Hong, Xingchen; Terstriep, Jeff; Liu, Yan; Finn, Michael P.; Rush, Johnathan; Wendel, Jeffrey; Wang, Shaowen

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Year Published: 2016

A comparison of NLCD 2011 and LANDFIRE EVT 2010: Regional and national summaries.

In order to provide the land cover user community a summary of the similarity and differences between the 2011 National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD) and the Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools Program Existing Vegetation 2010 Data (LANDFIRE EVT), the two datasets were compared at a national (conterminous U.S.) and regional (Eastern...

McKerrow, Alexa J.; Dewitz, Jon; Long, Donald G.; Nelson, Kurtis; Connot, Joel A.; Smith, Jim
McKerrow, A., J. Dewitz, and D. Long. 2016. A Comparison of NLCD 2011 and LANDFIRE EVT 2010: Regional and National Summaries.

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Year Published: 2016

Defining resilience: A preliminary integrative literature review

The term “resilience” is ubiquitous in technical literature; it appears in numerous forms, such as resilience, resiliency, or resilient, and each use may have a different definition depending on the interpretation of the writer. This creates difficulties in understanding what is meant by ‘resilience’ in any given use case, especially in...

Wilt, Bonnie; Long, Suzanna K.; Shoberg, Thomas G.
Wilt, B., Long. S., and Shoberg, T., 2016. Defining Resilience: A Preliminary Integrative Literature Review, Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Management 2016 International Annual Conference S. Long, E-H. Ng, C. Downing, and B. Nepal eds., ASEM, Charlotte, NC,

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Year Published: 2016

Measuring distance “as the horse runs”: Cross-scale comparison of terrain-based metrics

Distance metrics play significant roles in spatial modeling tasks, such as flood inundation (Tucker and Hancock 2010), stream extraction (Stanislawski et al. 2015), power line routing (Kiessling et al. 2003) and analysis of surface pollutants such as nitrogen (Harms et al. 2009). Avalanche risk is based on slope, aspect, and curvature, all...

Buttenfield, Barbara P.; Ghandehari, M; Leyk, S; Stanislawski, Larry V.; Brantley, M E; Qiang, Yi
Buttenfield, B.P., Ghandehari, M., Leyk, S., Stanislawski, L.V., and Brantley, M.E., 2016, Measuring distance “as the horse runs”: cross-scale comparision of terrain-based metrics, GIScience 2016, Sept. 27-30, 2016, Montreal, Canada.

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Year Published: 2016

Use of lidar point cloud data to support estimation of residual trace metals stored in mine chat piles in the Old Lead Belt of southeastern, Missouri

Historic lead and zinc (Pb-Zn) mining in southeast Missouri’s ―Old Lead Belt‖ has left large chat piles dominating the landscape where prior to 1972 mining was the major industry of the region. As a result of variable beneficiation methods over the history of mining activity, these piles remain with large quantities of unrecovered Pb and Zn and to...

Witt, Emitt C.
Witt III, E.C., 2016, Use of lidar point cloud data to support estimation of residual trace metals stored in mine chat piles in the Old Lead Belt of southeastern, Missouri: AIMS Environmental Science, 3(3), p. 509-524.