Core Science Systems

Publications

Here you will find publications, reports and articles produced by Core Science System scientists. For a comprehensive listing of all USGS publications please click the button below.

USGS Pubs

Filter Total Items: 142
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Year Published: 2018

Modeling and simulation of emergent behavior in transportation infrastructure restoration

The objective of this chapter is to create a methodology to model the emergent behavior during a disruption in the transportation system and that calculates economic losses due to such a disruption, and to understand how an extreme event affects the road transportation network. The chapter discusses a system dynamics approach which is used to...

Ojha, Akhilesh; Corns, Steven; Shoberg, Thomas G.; Qin, Ruwen; Long, Suzanna K.
Ojha, A., Corns, S., Shoberg, T., Qin, R., and Long, S., 2018. Modeling and Simulation of Emergent Behavior in Transportation Infrastructure Restoration, in Mittal, S., Diallo, S., and Tolk, A., eds., Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering: A Modeling Simulation Approach. Chapter 15. 349-368.

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Year Published: 2018

An open source high-performance solution to extract surface water drainage networks from diverse terrain conditions

This paper describes a workflow for automating the extraction of elevation-derived stream lines using open source tools with parallel computing support and testing the effectiveness of procedures in various terrain conditions within the conterminous United States. Drainage networks are extracted from the US Geological Survey 1/3 arc-second 3D...

Stanislawski, Larry V.; Survila, Kornelijus; Wendel, Jeffrey; Liu, Yan; Buttenfield, Barbara P.
Stanislawski, L.V., Survila, K., Wendel, J., Liu, Y., and Buttenfield, B.P. 2016. An Open Source Solution to High Performance Processing for Extracting Surface Water Drainage Networks from Diverse Terrain Conditions. AutoCarto 2016, September 14-16, Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Year Published: 2018

A linked GeoData map for enabling information access

OverviewThe Geospatial Semantic Web (GSW) is an emerging technology that uses the Internet for more effective knowledge engineering and information extraction. Among the aims of the GSW are to structure the semantic specifications of data to reduce ambiguity and to link those data more efficiently. The data are stored as triples, the basic data...

Powell, Logan J.; Varanka, Dalia E.
​Powell, L.J., and Varanka, D.E., 2018, A linked GeoData map for enabling information access: U.S. Geological Survey Open–File Report 2017–1150, 6 p, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171150.

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Year Published: 2017

Partial polygon pruning of hydrographic features in automated generalization

This paper demonstrates a working method to automatically detect and prune portions of waterbody polygons to support creation of a multi-scale hydrographic database. Water features are known to be sensitive to scale change; and thus multiple representations are required to maintain visual and geographic logic at smaller scales. Partial pruning of...

Stum, Alexander K. ; Buttenfield, Barbara P.; Stanislawski, Larry V.
Stum AK, Buttenfield BP, Stanislawski LV. Partial polygon pruning of hydrographic features in automated generalization. Trans in GIS. 2017;00(0):1–18.

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Year Published: 2017

A reference landform ontology for automated delineation of depression landforms from DEMs

Abstract The landform reference ontology (LFRO) is being developed to formalize ontological distinctions underlying naïve geographic cognition and reasoning about landforms. The LFRO taxonomy is currently based only on form-based distinctions. In this significantly revised version, several new categories have been added to explicate ontological...

Sinha, Gaurav; Arundel, Samantha; Hahmann, Torsten; Usery, E. Lynn; Stewart, Kathleen C.; Mark, David

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Year Published: 2017

The National Map seamless digital elevation model specifications

This specification documents the requirements and standards used to produce the seamless elevation layers for The National Map of the United States. Seamless elevation data are available for the conterminous United States, Hawaii, Alaska, and the U.S. territories, in three different resolutions—1/3-arc-second, 1-arc-second, and 2-arc-second. These...

Archuleta, Christy-Ann M.; Constance, Eric W.; Arundel, Samantha T.; Lowe, Amanda J.; Mantey, Kimberly S.; Phillips, Lori A.
Archuleta, C.M., Constance, E.W., Arundel, S.T., Lowe, A.J., Mantey, K.S., and Phillips, L.A., 2017, The National Map seamless digital elevation model specifications: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 11, chap. B9, 39 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm11B9.

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Year Published: 2017

Elevation Difference and Bouguer Anomaly Analysis Tool (EDBAAT) User's Guide

This report describes a software tool that imports gravity anomaly point data from the Gravity Database of the United States (GDUS) of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and University of Texas at El Paso along with elevation data from The National Map (TNM) of the U.S. Geological Survey that lie within a user-specified geographic area of...

Smittle, Aaron M.; Shoberg, Thomas G.
Smittle, A.M., and Shoberg, T.G., 2017, Elevation Difference and Bouguer Anomaly Analysis Tool (EDBAAT) user’s guide: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2017–1036, 9 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171036.

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Year Published: 2017

Integrating multiple data sources in species distribution modeling: A framework for data fusion

The last decade has seen a dramatic increase in the use of species distribution models (SDMs) to characterize patterns of species’ occurrence and abundance. Efforts to parameterize SDMs often create a tension between the quality and quantity of data available to fit models. Estimation methods that integrate both standardized and non-standardized...

Pacifici, Krishna; Reich, Brian J.; Miller, David A.W.; Gardner, Beth; Stauffer, Glenn E.; Singh, Susheela; McKerrow, Alexa J.; Collazo, Jaime A.
Pacifici, K., Reich, B. J., Miller, D. A. W., Gardner, B., Stauffer, G., Singh, S., McKerrow, A. and Collazo, J. A. (2017), Integrating multiple data sources in species distribution modeling: a framework for data fusion*. Ecology, 98: 840–850.

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Year Published: 2017

Long-term fish monitoring in large rivers: Utility of “benchmarking” across basins

In business, benchmarking is a widely used practice of comparing your own business processes to those of other comparable companies and incorporating identified best practices to improve performance. Biologists and resource managers designing and conducting monitoring programs for fish in large river systems tend to focus on single river basins or...

Ward, David L.; Casper, Andrew F.; Counihan, Timothy D.; Bayer, Jennifer M.; Waite, Ian R.; Kosovich, John J.; Chapman, Colin; Irwin, Elise R.; Sauer, Jennifer S.; Ickes, Brian; McKerrow, Alexa J.
Ward, D.L., Casper, A.F., Counihan, T.D., Bayer, J.M., Waite, I.R., Kosovich, J.J., Chapman, C.G., Irwin, E.R., Sauer, J.S., Iches, B.S., and McKerrow, A.J., 2017,Long-Term Fish Monitoring in Large Rivers: Utility of “Benchmarking” across Basins: Fisheries, no. 42, v. 2, p

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Year Published: 2017

Shapes on a plane: Evaluating the impact of projection distortion on spatial binning

One method for working with large, dense sets of spatial point data is to aggregate the measure of the data into polygonal containers, such as political boundaries, or into regular spatial bins such as triangles, squares, or hexagons. When mapping these aggregations, the map projection must inevitably distort relationships. This distortion can...

Battersby, Sarah E.; Strebe, Daniel “daan”; Finn, Michael P.

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Year Published: 2016

TopoLens: Building a cyberGIS community data service for enhancing the usability of high-resolution National Topographic datasets

Geospatial data, often embedded with geographic references, are important to many application and science domains, and represent a major type of big data. The increased volume and diversity of geospatial data have caused serious usability issues for researchers in various scientific domains, which call for innovative cyberGIS solutions. To address...

Hu, Hao; Hong, Xingchen; Terstriep, Jeff; Liu, Yan; Finn, Michael P.; Rush, Johnathan; Wendel, Jeffrey; Wang, Shaowen

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Year Published: 2016

A comparison of NLCD 2011 and LANDFIRE EVT 2010: Regional and national summaries.

In order to provide the land cover user community a summary of the similarity and differences between the 2011 National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD) and the Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools Program Existing Vegetation 2010 Data (LANDFIRE EVT), the two datasets were compared at a national (conterminous U.S.) and regional (Eastern...

McKerrow, Alexa J.; Dewitz, Jon; Long, Donald G.; Nelson, Kurtis; Connot, Joel A.; Smith, Jim
McKerrow, A., J. Dewitz, and D. Long. 2016. A Comparison of NLCD 2011 and LANDFIRE EVT 2010: Regional and National Summaries.